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in  ils  TERRI'POIlmiL  DHP 

F=  L.  Billon; 











Cornell  University 

The  original  of  tiiis  book  is  in 
tine  Cornell  University  Library. 

There  are  no  known  copyright  restrictions  in 
the  United  States  on  the  use  of  the  text. 

'AN    LiNAHAlSr; 


521  Market  Street^    ST.  LOUIS, 
50.CX)0  Vels.  Standard  Books, 


Fred'o  L.  Billon,  at  the  age  of  45. 

Takbn  at  Philadelphia,  1846. 



FROM  1804  TO  1821 









4  74 


'Press  of  Nixon-Jones  Printinq  Co, 

912  Pine  St.,  St.  Louis    Mo. 


By  an  act  of  Congress  of  May  7,  1800,  the 
Z' ]!^orth west  Territory  "  was  divided  into  two  sep- 
arate governments. 

That  portion  immediately  west  and  adjoining 
Pennsylvania,  became  the  territory  of  Ohio,  and  the 
balance  of  the  country,  extending  west  to  the  Missis- 
sippi river,  was  formed  into  the  new  territory  of  In- 

On  May  13,  G-en.  "Wm.  Henry  Harrison,  of  Vir- 
ginia, was  appointed  the  Governor,  and  John  Gibson, 
of  Pennsylvania,  Secretary  of  the  new  territory  — 
and  shortly  afterwards  Wm.  Clark,  Henry  Vander- 
berg  and  John  Griffin,  Territorial  Judges,  who  held 
the  first  term  of  their  court  at  Vincennes,  on  March 
3,  1801. 

The  population  of  the  new  Territory,  embracing  all 
the  country  now  Indiana,  Illinois,  Michigan  and  Wis- 
consin was  4,875,  about  one-half  in  the  settlements 
in  the  American  bottom  on  the  Mississippi,  and  the 
balance  on  the  Ohio,  Illinois,  Wabash  and  other 

The  Second  census  of  the  United  States  (that  of 

1800) ,  had  been  taken  only  the  year  previously,  ex- 



hibiting  a  population  of  5,305,366  souls  in  the  thert 
sixteen  States  and  three  territories  of  the  Union,  of 
which  over  40,000  were  included  within  the  bound- 
aries of  that  portion  of  the  Northwest  Territory,  which 
became  the  State  of  Ohio,  leaving,  as  aforesaid, 
4,875  in  the  new  territory  of  Indiana. 

At  the  date  of  our  purchase  of  Louisiana  from 
France  in  1803,  Ohio  had  just  adopted  a  State  con- 
stitution, and  been  admitted  into  the  Federal  Union 
as  the  seventeenth  State. 

The  large  mass  of  the  American  people,  at  that 
day,  occupying  the  old  States  on  the  Atlantic  borders 
knew  but  little  of  the  country  west  of  the  Alleghany 
Mountains.  Up  to  this  period  there  had  been  no  in- 
tercourse between  the  peoples  of  the  two  sections. 
Separated  by  a  wilderness  of  hundreds  of  miles,  un- 
inhabited except  by  a  few  roving  tribes  of  savages, 
an  occasional  straggler  from  the  east  in  search  of 
adventure,  had  found  his  way  to  the  shores  of  the 
Mississippi,  but  very  few,  if  any,  had  ever  retraced 
his  steps.  But  under  the  change  of  ownership,  a 
new  era  was  now  to  commence,  destined  in  but  a 
few  brief  years,  to  transform  this  wilderness  into  a 
vast  garden,  teeming  with  a  busy  hive  of  humanity > 
and  abounding  in  all  the  essentials  that  conduce  to- 
the  happiness  and  pleasure  of  mankind. 



After  the  transfer  of  Upper  Louisiana  to  Captain 
Stoddard  on  March  10,  1804,  he  remained  in  tempo- 
rary command  as  Governor  until  Sept.  30,  1804, 
with  instructions  to  make  little,  if  any,  change  in 
the  modus  operandi  of  administering  the  govern- 
ment, until  Congress  would  pass  the  laws  necessary 
for  its  future  government. 

Congress  then  attached  it  temporarily  to  the  Ter- 
ritory of  Indiana,  which  then  extended  to  the  east 
bank  of  the  Mississippi  River,  with  authority  and  in- 
structions to  the  Governor  and  Judges  of  said 
Territory,  to  enact  such  laws  for.  its  immediate  gov- 
ernment as  they  might  find  necessary. 

Wm.  Henry  Harrison,  then  Governor,  and 
Thomas  Terry  Davis,  Henry  Yanderberg  and  John 
GriflSn,  Judges  of  Indiana,  enacted  at  Yincennes, 
the  seat  of  government  of  Indiana,  a  number  of 
laws  for  the  district  of  Louisiana  — 1804,  Oct.  1. 
Five  districts  were  established,  St.  Charles,  St. 
Louis,  St.  Genevieve,  Cape  Girardeau  and  New 



Courts  of  Quarter  Sessions  were  established  for 
each  district,  the  terms  for  the  St.  Louis  district  to 
be  held  in  St.  Louis  on  the  third  Tuesdays  of  June, 
September,  December  and  March. 

A  Sheriff  for  each  of  the  five  distiicts  of  Louisi- 
ana, and  also  a  Recorder  for  each,  to  be  appointed 
by  the  Governor. 


1806,  May  6,  by  James  Wilkinson,  Governor,  and 
John  B.  C.  Lucas  and  Return  J.  Meigs,  Jr., 

"An  act  for  an  Attorney-General  for  the  Territory 
"  to  be  appointed  by  the  Governor." 

1806,  June  27.  "Arkansas  district  cut  off  from  the 
"  southwest  part  of  New  Madrid,  and  a  general 
"  court  established,  to  set  twice  a  year  in  St. 
"Louis,  in  May  and  October." 

By  Joseph  Browne,   Secretary  of  the  Territory, 
and  John  B.  C.  Lucas  and  Otho  Strader,  two  of  the 
1806,  Oct.  28.     "An  act  for  the  appointment  of  a 

"  Clerk  of  the  General  Court."  * 

*  This  was  a  Supreme  Court  or  Court  of  Appeals,  which  sat  in  St. 
Louis  twice  a  year. 

GOV.  M.  LEWIS.  3 

By  Frederick  Bates,  Secretary  of  the  Territory, 
and  Jno.  B.  C.  Lucas  and  Otho  Strader,  Judges. 
1807,  July  3.     "An  act  establishing  courts,"  etc. 

Five  Judges  of  the  Common  Pleas  and  Quarter 
Sessions  to  be  appointed  by  the  Governor  for  each 
district  for  four  years.  Two  to  be  a  quorum  to  hold 
court.  Three  terms  annually  in  each  district.  In 
St.  Loviis  on  the  first  Mondays  of  March,  July  and 

A  court  of  Oyer  and  Terminer  and  general  jail 
delivery  established,  to  consist  of  one  of  the  Judges 
of  the  General  Court  and  the  Common  Pleas  Judges 
of  the  respective  district.  Quarter  Sessions  to  have 
jurisdiction  of  criminal  eases,  except  those  punish- 
able by  death,  which  can  be  tried  only  in  the  Oyer 
and  Terminer  by  one  of  the  General  Court  Judges. 

One  clerk  to  be  appointed  by  the  Governor  for 
each  district  for  the  three  courts  of  that  district. 

The  Supreme  Court  of  record,  styled  the  "  Gen- 
eral Court,"  shall  sit  in  St.  Louis  the  first  Monday 
of  May  and  October. 
1807,    July  4.      An    act    to    divide    districts    into 

townships  by  commissioners,  prior  to  September 

1st  next. 

By  Meriwether  Lewis,  Governor,  and  John  B.  C. 
Lucas  and  Otho  Strader,  Judges,  being  the  Legisla- 

1808,  June  18.  "An  act  concerning  Towns." 
Two-thirds  of  the  voters  in  any  of  the  villages, 
applying  therefor,   can   be   incorporated    by  the 


Court  of  Common  Pleas,  the  eom-t  to  appoint  two 

commissioners  to  superintend  the  first  election  of 

five  trustees  to  serve  one  year. 

By  the  same. 
1808,  June  20.     "An  act  to  lay~  out  a  road  froin  St. 

"Louis  to  St.  Genevieve,  thence  to  Cape  Girar- 

"  dead,  thence  to  ISTew  Madrid."  * 

The  laws  of  the  Territory  of  ''Louisiana,''  were 
first  printed  in  the  year  1808,  by  Mr.  Charless,  Sr., 
shortly  after  he  had  established  his  printing  busi- 
ness in  St.  Louis.  It  is  a  book  of  three  hundred 
and  seventy-two  pages,  embracing  all  the  laws  of 
the  Territory  to  the  close  of  the  year  1808,  and  cer- 
tified to  by  Frederick  Bates,  Secretary. 

The  first  book  printed  in  St.  Louis. 


1803,  April  30.  Treaty  of  cession  at  Paris. 
1803,  July  31.  Eatification  of  the  Treaty. 
1803,  Dec.  20.     Transfer  of  the  lower  part  of  the 

country  at  New  Orleans  to  Gen.  "Wilkinson  and 

Governor  C.  C.  Claiborne. 
1801,  March  10.     Transfer  of  the  upper  part  of  the 

country  at  St.  Louis  to  Capt.  Amos  Stoddard,  U. 

S.    Army.     Capt.  -Stoddard   was   instructed    by 

President  Jefferson  to  make   no  change  in   the 

♦  Some  ol  the  enactments  of  tMs  period  are  signed  by  John  Coburn, 
the  third  Judge. 


modus  operandi,  but  to  administer  the  govern- 
ment, as  his  predecessors  had  done,  under  the 
Spanish  laws. 

1803,  March  26.  An  act  of  Congress,  dividing 
Louisiana  by  the  33rd  degree  of  latitude,  the 
southern  portion  to  be  called  the  ' '  District  of 
N^ew  Orleans,"  and  the  northern  portion  "  Dis- 
trict of  Louisiana" — to  be  attached  to  Indiana 
Territory,  whose  Judges  shall  hold  two  courts  a 
year  at  St.  Louis,  and  enact  such  laws  for  its  im- 
mediate government  as  they  may  find  necessary. 
Accordingly  — 

Wm.  Henry  Harrison,  Grovernor,  and  Thos. 
Terry  Davis,  Henry  Vanderburgh  and  John 
Griffin,  Judges  of  Indiana,  at  Vincennes,  enacted 
a  number  of  laws  for  the  government  of  upper 
Louisiana,  and  on  October  1,  arrived  at  St.  Louis, 
and  put  them  in  operation.  They  established  five 
districts,  St.  Charles,  St.  Louis,  St.  Genevieve, 
Cape  Girardeau  and  New  Madrid.  A  court  of 
Quarter  Sessions,  to  hold  four  terms  each  year, 
with  a  Sheriff  and  Recorder  for  each  District. 
The  court  at  St.  Louis,  the  3rd  Tuesdays  of  June, 
September,  December  and  March. 

1805,  March  3.  An  act  of  Congress  changing  the 
name  of  "  District  of  Louisiana"  to  "Louisi- 
ana Territory,"  with  a  Governor  for  3  years, 
and  Secretary  for  4  years.  The  legislative  power 
to  be  the  Governor  and  three  Judges  appointed 
for  four  years,  to  go  into  effect  July  4,  1805,  on 
which  day  Gen.  James  "WilWnson,  Governor,  and 


Joseph  Browne,  first  Secretary,  entered  upon  the 

discharge  of  theh'  duties. 
1806.     By  Jas.  Wilkinson,  Governor,  and  J,  B.  C. 

Lucas  and  E.  J.  Meigs,  Judges. 
1806,  May  6.     "An  act  for  an  Attorney-General 

"  for  the  Territory." 
1806,  June  27.     "An  act  establishing  the  district  of 

"Arkansaw  from   the   southwest    part   of    IS'ew 

"  Madrid,  and  for  a  General  Court  to  sit  twice  a 

"year  in  St.  Louis,  in  May  and  October." 

1806,  Oct.  28.  An  act  for  a  Clerk  of  the  General 

1807.  By  Frederick  Bates,  Secretary  and  acting 
Governor,  and  Judges  Lucas  and  Strader,  the 

1807,  July  3.     An  act  regulating  the  Courts. 

' '  Judges  of  the  Common  Pleas  to  be  appointed 
"  by  the  Governor  for  four  years,  two  a  quorum 
"  for  business,  three  terms  a  year.  In  St.  Louis 
"the  first  Mondays  of  March,  July  and  ]!^ovem- 

"And  a  court  of  Oyer  and  Terminer  (criminal), 
"to  consist  of  the  Judges  of  the  General  Court, 
' '  and  the  Common  Pleas  Judges  of  the  respective 
"  districts,  when  the  punishment  involves  life  or 
"  death.  Other  criminal  cases  can  be  tried  in  the 
"  Quarter  Sessions,  with  a  clerk  for  each  district." 

A  Supreme  Court,  called  General  Court,  shall 
sit  in  St.  Louis  the  first  Mondays  of  May  and 

Jos.  V.  Gamier  was  appointed  this  Clerk. 


1807,  July  4.  "An  act  to  divide  the  districts  into 
"Townships  by  commissioners,  by  September 

1808.  By  Meriwether  Lewis,  Governor,  and  Jno. 
B.  C.  Lucas  and  Otho  Strader,  Judges,  the 

1808,  June  18.     "  An  act  concerning  Towns." 

"  Two-thirds  of  the  voters  in  any  village  can  be 

"  incorporated  by  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas," 

1808,  June  20.     "An  act  to  lay  out  a  road  from  St. 

"  Louis  to  Ste.  Genevieve,  Cape  Girardeau  and 

"  'Ne-w  Madrid"  by  the  same,  with  John  Coburn, 

3rd  Judge. 
1808,   Dec.     The  first  book  printed   in  St.  Louis, 

was  "  The  Laws  of  the  Territory  of  Louisiana,"  a 

book  of  372  pages,  by  Frederick  Bates ;  printed 

by  Joseph  Charless,  Sr. 


1807,  July.  Gov.  M.  Lewis  arrived  and  assumed 
the  government. 

1808,  Oct.  5.  His  proclamation  dividing  the  [N'ew 
Madrid  District  into  two  parts,  it  being  too  large ; 
from  the  Mississippi  river  opposite  the  Second 
Bluff,  running  west  indefinitely,  the  south  part  to 
the  33rd  degree,  to  be  called  Arkansas. 

1809,  Oct.     Office  of  Governor  vacant  by  the  sui- 
cide of  Gov.  M.  Lewis  on  his  route  to  Washing 
ton  City. 


1810,  April  17.  Appointment  of  Benjamin  How- 
ard, member  of  Congress  from  Lexington,  to  be 
Governor  of  Louisiana  Territory. 

1810,  Sept.  17.  Arrival  of  the  new  Governor  at  St. 

1810,  Oct.  31.  Thos.  T.  Crittenden,  of  St.  Gene- 
vieve, appointed  Attorney-General  of  the  Terri- 
tory vice  Hempstead  resigned. 

1811,  Sept.  19.  Gen.  Wm.  Clark  re-appointed 
Brigadier-General  of  the  militia  of  the  Territory. 

1812,  June  4.  Act  of  Congress  creating  Missouri  a 
Territory  of  the  second  grade. 

1812,  Oct.  1.  Governor  Howard's  proclamation 
dividing  the  Territory  into  five  counties. 

St.  Charles,  north  of  the  Missouri  river,  to  have 
two  representatives  in  the  assembly. 

St.  Louis  county,  from  the  Missouri  to  Platin, 
four ;  St.  Genevieve,  from  the  Platin  to  Apple 
creek,  three;  Cape  Girardeau  to  the  old  line  of 
]Srew  Madrid,  two ;  JSTew  Madrid  to  the  33rd  de- 
gree to  have  two.  Total,  13.  Election  to  be 
held  on  the  2nd  Monday  of  ISTovember.  Assem- 
bly to  meet  in  St.  Louis  on  the  first  Monday  of 
December,  1812. 

1812,  N'ov.  9.  Edward  Hempstead  elected  the  first 
delegate  to  Congress  from  Missouri  Territory. 

The  first  Courts  held  in  Upper  Louisiana  from 
a  book  labelled  — 

"Kecord  of  Oyer  and  Terminer,  1804  to  1813," 
322  pages. 



"ST.    LOUIS   DISTRICT.       J 

"At  a  court  of  General  Quarter  Sessions  of  the 
peace,  began  and  holden  at  the  house  of  Emilien 
Yousti  in  the  town  of  St.  Louis,  in  and  for  the  dis- 
trict of  St.  Louis,  in  the  district  of  Louisiana,  on  the 
third  Tuesday  in  December  (18tli),  one  thousand 
eight  hundred  and  four,  present :  — 

Auguste  Chouteau,  Jacques  Glamorgan,  David 
Delaunay  and  James  Mackay,  Judges.  James 
RanMn,  Sheriff  of  the  said  district,  returned  the  fol- 
lowing list  of  Grand  Jurors,  to  wit,  Antoine  Soulard, 
Bernard  Pratte,  Thos.  F.  Kiddick,  Wilson  Hunt, 
Jacob  Harry,  Joseph  Brasau,  Antoine  Vincent,  Sil- 
vestre  Labbadie,  Joseph  M.  Papin,  Jean  Baptiste 
Trudeau,  Francis  M.  Benoit,  Boyd  Denny,  Pierre 
Didier,  Calvin  Adams,  Emilien  Yousti,  Benito 
Basquez,  Giome  Hebert,  Patrick  Lee,  Yacinte  Eg- 
lize,  Andre  Andreville,  Hyacinthe  St.  Cyr,  Joseph 
Hortiz,  Louis  Brazeau  and  Joseph  Perkins,  24,  who 
being  severally  called,  there  were  absent  four,  Joseph 
Brazeau,  Jno.  B.  Trudeau,  F.  M.  Benoit  and  Pat- 
rick Lee  —  court  adjourned. 

Wednesday,  Dec.  19th. 
Present   as   yesterday,    with   others.      Court  ap- 
pointed Edward  Hempstead  Deputy  Attorney-Gen- 
eral for  the  time,  and  for  Constables,  Wm.  SulKvan, 
St.    Louis;    John    E.    Allen,    Coldwater;     Gabriel 


Long,    St.    Andrews;    Matthew  Lord,  Merrimack, 
and  Charles  Desjarlais,  Florisant,  who  were  sworn. 

Thuesdat,  Dec.  20th. 

Hon.  Charles  Gratiot  presiding,  with  same  asso- 

The  four  absent  Grand  Jurors  were  fined  $5  each. 

The  court  rented  from  Jacques  Glamorgan  a  house 
near  his  dwelling,  for  a  prison,  at  $15  per  month, 
from  ISTov.  20th  last,  and  expended  |133.40  in  re- 
pairs on  the  house. 

John  Boly  licensed  to  keep  a  ferry  across  the 
Merrimack  for  three  years,  and  the  court  established 
the  following  ferry  rates  :  For  a  man  25  cents,  horse 
25  cents,  cart  and  team  50  cents,  wagon  and  team 
fl,  yoke  of  oxen  25  cents,  cow  and  calf  25  cents, 
and  the  following  rates  over  the  Mississippi  and 
Missouri,  man  25  cents,  man  and  horse  62 V2  cents, 
wagon  $1,  each  horse  50  cents,  cart  and  horse  $1.50, 
first  cow  or  ox  50  cents,  additional  ones  25  cents 
each,  hogs  and  sheep  12V2  each,  merchandise  12 Vj 
cents  100  lbs.,  marketing  6V4.  Constables'  fees, 
serving  a  writ  37V2  cents,  a  summons  25  cents,  an 
execution  25  cents  —  end  of  the  first  term. 

(Signed)  Chaeles  Gratiot. 

RiiFUS  Eastok,  Prothonotary . 

1805,  March  Term,  Tuesday  19th. 

Charles  Gratiot  presiding,  and  eight  associates,  in 
addition  to  the  former,  Richard  Caulk,  James  Eich- 


ardson,  and  John  Allen  from  the  country,  and  Alex- 
ander McNair  from  St.  Louis. 

Rufus  Easton  presented  to  the  court  his  commis- 
sion as  Attorney-General  for  the  district. 

Jno.  B.  Belan  was  licensed  to  keep  a  ferry  across 
the  Missouri  at  St.  Charles,  same  ferry  rates  allowed 
him  as  before  established. 
1805,   April  15.     A  special   session  of  the  court  to 

regulate  taxes  and  licenses. 

Each  ferry  across  the  Mississippi  to  pay  $10. 
Across  the  Missouri  at  St.  Charles  $10,  at  Hens- 
ley's,  six  miles  above  St.  Charfes,  $5.  Billiard 
tables,  $100  each.  Taverns  $25.  Taxes  can  be 
paid  in  shaven  deer-sldns,  at  the  rate  of  three 
pounds  to  the  dollar  (iJSVs  cents)  from  October  to 
April,  after  that  time  in  cash. 

Monday,  April  29th,  special  session. 

Calvin  Adams,  Andre  Andreville  and  "Wm.  Sulli- 
van, of  St.  Louis,  were  licensed  to  keep  tavern. 

James  Rankin,  Sheriff,  was  fined  $6.33  for  inso- 
lence and  contempt  of  court. 

1805,  June  Term,  Tuesday  18th. 

Charles  Gratiot,  presiding,  and  associates. 

Josiah  McLanahan  presented  his  commission  as 
Sheriff,  and  Edward  Hempstead  appointed  Deputy 

1805,  Sept.  Term,  Tuesday,  17th. 

Charles  Gratiot  and  associates  — nothing  especial. 


1806,  March  Term,  Tuesday  18th. 

Joseph  Browne  presiding,  and  associates. 

A  commission  from  his  excellency,  James  Wilkin- 
son, Governor,  appointing  Joseph  Browne,  Esq., 
first  Justice  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  in  and 
for  the  District  of  St.  Louis,  was  read  and  ordered 
to  be  filed. 

Andrew  Steele  presented  to  the  court  a  commis- 
sion from  Governor  Wilkinson,  appointing  him  Pro- 
thonotary  of  the  court  of  Common  Pleas,  in  and  for 
the  district  of  Louisiana,  read  and  ordered  to  be 

1806,  Special  Session,  April  4. 

Permission  requested  and  obtained  from  Governor 
Wilkinson,  to  use  the  military  guard  house  in  the 
fort  on  the  hill  as  a  jail  until  one  can  be  built. 

1806,  Aug.  29.  Gauche  Becquet  died  suddenly. 
Wm.  Sullivan,  Coroner,  held  an  inquest  on  his 
body.     Verdict,  "  died  a  natural  death." 

1806,  Sept.  Term,  Tuesday  17th. 

Present,  Glamorgan,  Christy  and  Pratte. 

"  Jeremiah  Connor,  Sheriff,  presents  to  the  court 
"  that  the  jail  in  its  present  condition  is  insufficient 
"  to  secure  the  safety  of  prisoners  confined  in  it,  and 
"  prays  the  court  to  take  such  steps  in  the  premises 
"  as  the  necessity  of  the  case  may  require." 

The  court  thereupon  made  an  order  "  that  the  offi- 
"  cer  commanding  the  militia  of  the  district  be  re- 


quested  to  furnish  a  guard  for  the  security  of  the 
prisoners  until  such  time  as  the  jail  can  be  made 

1806,  December  Term,  Tuesday,  16th. 

Court  ordered  the  houses  in  the  garrison  to  be  re- 
paired for  the  use  of  the  courts,  and  a  stove  and 
wood  for  the  jail  to  be  furnished. 

1807,  March  Term,  Tuesday  17th.' 

Wm.  Christy  appointed  clerk  of  the  Court  of 
Quarter  Sessions,  by  Joseph  Browne,  Secretary, 
acting  Governor. 

1807,  June  Term,  Tuesday  13th. 

Silas  Bent  presented  his  commission  from  Frede- 
rick  Bates,  Secretary  and  Acting    Governor,  ap- 
pointing him  first  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas.* 
1807,  July  1.     The  courts  were  reorganized.     Silas 
Bent,   first    Justice ;    Chouteau,  Pratte  and  La- 
beaume,  associates,  were  all  newly  commissioned, 
and  Thomas   F.    Kiddick,    Clerk,   and  Jeremiah 
Connor,  Sheriff. 

The  commissioners  of  rates  and  levies  for  the  dis- 
trict of  St.  Louis,  made  their  report  August  6, 
1807,  of  the  division  of  the  district  into  four  Town- 


*  This  is  ttie  first  official  act  of  P.  Bates  as  Secretary  on  record. 


ships  and  the  number  of  taxable  inhabitants  in  each 
Township;  St.  Louis,  257;  St.  Ferdinand,  205; 
Bonhomme,  126;  and  Joachim,  141.     Total,  729. 

Bee:nard  Prattb,  )   Qomrs. 

Thos.  F.  Eibdiok,  f 

The  sessions  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas  were 
now  changed  to  three  terms  a  year,  on  the  first 
Mondays  of  iN^ovember,  March  and  July. 

1807,  IS'ovember  term  Monday  1st. 

Silas  Bent,  Augustus  Chouteau,  Bernard  Pratte 
and  Louis  Labeaume  presented  their  new  commis- 
sions from  M.  Lewis,  the  new  Governor,  and  took 
their  seats. 

1808.     Nothing  special  occurred   this    year  in   the 

Common  Pleas. 

In  the  Oyer  and  Terminer,  Jno.  B.C.  Lucas  pre- 
sided, with  Aug.  Chouteau,  associate. 

1809.     Common  Pleas,  March  term,  Monday  6th. 

The  Secretary  of  the  Territory  returned  into  court 
a  plat  of  the  road  ordered  by  the  act  for  laying  out  a 
road  from  St.  Louis  to  Ste.  Genevieve,  Cape  Girar- 
deau and  ISTew  Madrid.  The  court  approved  the 
same,  and  ordered  the  road  to  be  cut  out. 


1809.  Oyer  and  Terminer,  special  term,  May  29. 
Jno,  B.  C.  Lncas,  presiding,  and  Silas  Bent, 
associate.  Edward  Hempstead  presented  his 
commission  from  Gov.  Merriwether  Lewis,  ap- 
pointing him  Attorney-General  of  the  Territory 
of  Louisiana. 

1809.     Special  term,  August  14th. 

Jno.  B.C.  Lucas  presiding,  and  Silas  Bent  and 

Aug.  Chouteau,  associates. 

"  On  Monday,  June  26,  1809,  at  Long's  Mill,  in 
"the  Township  of  Bonhomme,  in  the  County  of 
"  St.  Louie,  John  Long,  Jr.,  shot,  with  a  rifle,  and 
"  killed  one  George  Gordon,  the  stepfather  of 
"  Long. 

"At  a  special  term  of  the  '  Oyer  and  Terminer,' 
"held  at  St.  Louis,  August  14,  1809,  he  was  in- 
"  dieted  by  the  Grand  Jury  for  murder  in  the  first 
"  degree,  and  on  Monday,  the  21st,  he  was  tried  for 
"the  murder,  found  guilty,  and  sentenced  to  be 
"  hanged  until  dead,  on  Saturday,  September  16, 
"  1809,  between  the  hovirs  of  11  o'clock  a.  m.  and  3 
"  o'clock  p.  m.,  which  sentence  was  duly  executed." 

The  Jury  that  convicted  him  were :  John  Brown 
(of  Coldwater),  foreman;  Daniel  Hodges,  Alexis 
Lalande,*  Antoine  Barada,  James  Glamorgan, 
Michel  Honore,  Benjamin  Wilkinson,  Thomas  R. 
Musick,  Joseph  Moore,  Henry  M.  Shreve,  Peter 
Primm  and  Joseph  Philipson. 

*  Alexis. Lalande  subsequently  made  oath  that  he  neither  spoke  nor 
understood  a  word  of  English. 


1809,  June  1.     Oyer  and  Terminer. 

Judsre  Jno.  B.  C.  Lucas  and  Silas  Bent. 

A  case  against  one  Samuel  IS^ugent  for  assault, 
came  on  for  trial,  but  owing  to  the  absence  of  one 
IS'ancy  West,  an  important  witness,  the  trial  was  de- 
ferred until  the  following  day,  and  the  Sheriff  or- 
dered to  bring  in  the  witness  on  an  attachment.  On 
the  next  day  the  Sheriff  had  his  witness  in  court  to 
purge  herself  of  the  contempt,  when  the  following 
colloquy  took  place  between  the  court  and  the  wit- 
ness :  — 

Question.  "  What  was  your  reason  for  disobeying 
"the  summons  served  on  you  yesterday?  " 

Answer.  "  I  thought  that  having  appeared  once 
"  before  the  Grand  Jury,  and  given  in  my  testi- 
"  mony,  that  I  needn't  appear  any  more." 

Ques.  "  Did  you  know,  or  did  you  not  know,  the 
"  contents  of  that  summons?  " 

Ans.  "  I  did  not  know  the  contents,  and  thought 
"  once  appearing  was  enough." 

Ques.  "Did  the  Sheriff  inform  you  of  the  con- 
"  tents  of  the  summons?  ''' 

Ans.  "  The  Sheriff  served  a  summons  on  me." 

Ques.  "Did  any  person  advise  you  not  to  ap- 
pear? " 

Ans.  "No  person  advised  me.  When  I  went 
"  away  from  Mr.  Kinney's,  Mrs.  Kinney  asked  me 
"  where  I  was  going.  I  said  I  was  going  to  Mr. 
"  Webster's,  but  I  didn't  go  to  Mr.  Webster's,  but 
"  went  away  to  some  other  place,  and  didn't  return 
"  until  evening." 

Ques.  "  Did  you,  or  did  you  not,  hear  that  Sam- 
"  uel  IS'ugent  was  to  be  tried  on  yesterday  for   a 

NANCY  "WEST.  17 

"  capital  crime,  and  thcxt  your  testimony  would  be 

Ans.  "  I  did  hear  that  Samuel  Nugent  was  to  be 

Ques.   "  On  what  day  did  you  hear  that  said  ]S"u- 
"  gent  was  to  be  tried?  " 
Ans.   "  I  don't  know." 

Ques.  "  Did  you  or  did  you  not  know  that  your 
"  testimony  would  be  wanted  when  said  Nugent 
"  should  be  tried?  " 

Ans.  "I  had  given  in  my  testimony  once,  and  I 
"  thought  that  that  was  enough." 

Ques.  "  Did  you  or  did  you  not  go  away  from 
"  Mr.  Kinney's  yesterday  morning  with  an  intention 
"  of  avoiding  the  process  of  the  court?  " 

Ans.  "  If  I  had  had  an  intention  of  keeping  out  of 
' '  the  way  I  would  not  have  come  back  in  the  evening. ' ' 
The  court  for  the  present  postponed  further  ex- 
amination, and  ordered  that  Nancy  West  remain  in 
the  custody  of  the  Sheriff.  The  trial  of  Nugent 
then  proceeded,  and  he  being  found  not  guilty  by 
the  jury  was  discharged. 

Nancy  West  was  then  called  up  a  second  time, 
and  then  saying,  "  she  did  not  go  away  from  Mr. 
Kinney's  to  avoid  the  process,  of  the  court,  that 
she  intended  to  return  this  day  if  her  testimony 
should  be  wanted,  that  she  had  never  been  a  wit- 
ness before  in  a  court  of  justice,  and  therefore  felt 
an  embarrassment.'' 
Therefore  the  court  discharged  her  from  the  at- 

JiSro.  B.  C-  LuoAS,  Presiding  Justice. 



'1810,  November  5.     Common  Pleas. 

Alexander  McKair  presented  to  the  court  his 
commission  from  Frederick  Bates,  Secretary  and 
acting  Governor,  appointing  him  Sheriff  of  St. 
Louis  County. 

Thomas  T.  Crittenden,  appointed  by  Governor 
Howard,  Attorney-General  for  the  Territory. 

Oyer  and  Terminer. 

1811,  Aug.  12.     Special  term. 

Judges  Lucas  &  Chouteau. 

Trial  of  an  Indian  for  the  murder  of  a  squaw ;  he 
was  acquitted. 


1811,  I^ov.  Term  4th. 

Eobert  Wash,  Attorney-General. 

Territory  of   Missouri. 

1813,  March,  Monday  1st. 

IS'ew  court,  William  Christy  presiding. 

David  V.  Walker,  Aug.  P.  Chouteau  and  George 
Tompkins,  associates. 

Grand  Jury  —  Horace  Austin,  foreman  ;  Julius 
Demun,  John  McKnight,  James  Irwin,  Francis  M. 
Benoit,    Charles    Davis,    Peter    Primm,    Matthew 


Kerr,  Chas.  Sanguinet,  Joseph  Bush,  John  A. 
Bright,  James  Thomas,  James  Anderson,  Benjamin 
Quick,  Saml.  Solomon,  Judathan  Kendall — 16. 

David  Barton,  Dep.  Attorney-General. 

Jno.  W-  Thompson,  Sheriff. 

July  term  ended  8th. 

First  Record  Book,  322  pages,  ended. 


Presiding  Justices.  By  whom  appointed^ 

1.  Charles  Gratiot,  Dec.  1804 Gov.  Harrison, 

2.  Joseph  Browne,  March,  1806.. Gov.  Wilkinson. 

3.  Silas  Bent,  June,  1807 Sec.  Browne. 

4.  William  Christy,  March,  1813.Gov.  Howard. 

Prothonotaries . 

1.  Rufus  Easton,  Dec,  1804 Gov.  Harrison. 

2.  Thos.  F.  Eiddick,  March,1805.Gov.  Harrison. 

3.  Andrew  Steele,  March,  1806. ..Gov.  Wilkinson. 

4.  Wm.  Christy,  March,  1807....  Act.  Go  v.  Browne. 

5.  Thos.  F.  Riddick,  July,  1807.Act.  Gov.  Bates. 


1.  James  Rankin,  Dec,  1804 Gov.  Harrison. 

2.  Josiah  McLanahan,  June, 1805. Gov.  Harrison. 

3.  Jeremiah  Connor,  Sept.,  1806.Gov.  Wilkinson. 

4.  Alex.  Mcl^air,  I^ov.,1810 Act.   Gov.  Bates. 

5.  J.  W.  Thompson,  July,  1813.. Gov.  Clark. 

6.  Jos.  C.  Brown,  April,  1819.... Gov.  Clark. 


Dep.  Attorney- Gen' I.  By  whom  appointed. 

1.  Bdw.  Hempstead,  Dec,  1804. .Gov.  Harrison. 

2.  Rufus  Easton,  March,  1805.... Gov.  Harrison. 

3.  Edw.  Hempstead,  June,  1805.Gov.  Harrison. 

4.  Jas.  L.  Donaldson,  Dec,  1805.Gov.  Wilkinson. 

5.  Edw.  Hempstead,  May,  1809.. Gov.  Lewis. 

6.  T.  F.  Crittenden,  l*fov.,  1810.Gov.  Howard. 

7.  Eobert  Wash,  Nov.,  1811 Act.   Gov.  Bates. 

8.  David  Barton,  March,  1813.... Act.  Gov.   Bates. 

Coroner  and  Constable. 

William  Sullivan,  Dec,  1804 Gov.  Harrison. 

The  courts  sat  from  Dec,  1804,  to  Dec,  1806,  at 
Yostis'  tavern  Main  and  Locust. 
1806  to  18      on  the  hill. 
In  1815,  Sanguinet's  on  2d  Street. 
In  1817,  Mad.  Dubreuil's  house,  2d  Street. 


An  act  of  the  Territorial  Legislature,  June  18, 
1808,  "  authorized  the  people  of  any  village  in  the 
"  Territory,  on  petition  of  two-thirds  of  their  inhab- 
"  itants  to  be  incorporated  into  a  Town  on  applica- 
"  tion  to  the  proper  court.'' 

On  Saturday,  July  28,  1808,  they  held  an  election 
for  five  trustees  for  the  Town,  and  elected  the  fol- 
lowing gentlemen :  Auguste  Chouteau,  Bernard 
Pratte,  Edward  Hempstead,  Peter  Chouteau  and 
Alexander  McNair. 

In  their  eagerness  to  rank  as  a  Town,  they  had 
overlooked  the  fact  that  they  had  first  to  be  incor- 

TOWN  OF  ST.  LOUIS.  21 

f ' 

porated  by  the  proper  court,  as  the  above  election 
took  place  but  five  weeks  after  the  passage  of  the 
act  concerning  Towns,  doubtless  supposing  that 
two-thirds  of  the  inhabitants  voting  for  Trustees 
made  them  a  town  without  any  further  steps ;  at 
any  rate  they  discovered  their  mistake  and  rectified 
it  after  the  delay  of  a  year.* 

1809,  Thursday,  ISTov.  9.     Common  Pleas. 

Petition  of  the  inhabitants  residing  within  the  fol- 
lowing limits,  to  be  incorporated  as  the  Town  of  St. 
Louis :  — 

"  Beginning  at  Antoine  Roy's  mill,  on  the  bank 
"of  the  Mississippi,  thence  running  60  arpents 
"  west,  thence  south  on  said  line  60  arpents  in  the 
' '  rear,  until  the  same  comes  to  the  Barriere  des 
"  Noyers,  thence  due  south  until  it  comes  to  the 
"  Sugar-loaf,  thence  due  east  to  the  Mississippi, 
"  thence  by  the  Mississippi  to  the  place  of  begin- 
"  ning." 

The  court  having  approved  of  the  same,  appointed 
Wm.  C.  Carr  and  David  Delaunay,  commissioners, 
to  superintend  the  first  election  for  Trustees,  to  take 
place  Monday,  Dec.  4,  1809. 


Notice  to  Travelers 
of  Ferry  Rates  at  St.  Louis  to  the  east  shore. 

*  Dec.  11th.     A  meeting  held  at  Auguste  Chouteau's  of  the  Inhabi- 
tants to  correct  their  precipitancy  in  the  matter. 


One  person,  25  cents ;  a  horse,  50  cents ;  cattle, 
each  50  cents ;  a  cart,  50  cents ;  a  wagon,  |1.50 ; 
lumber  I2V2  cents  a  hundred. 

1809,  ISTov.  27.     First  Election  of  Town   Trustees. 

1810,  Dec.  11.  Auguste  Chouteau,  Town  Treas- 
urer's statement:  — 

Receipts  from  all  sources $529.68 

Total  expenditures 399.15 

Balance  in  Treasury     .  $130.53 

1812,  July  11.  Receipt  of  the  President's  procla- 
mation declaring  war  against  England.  A  town 
meeting  held.  Resolutions  adopted  declaring 
their  gratification  thereat,  and  determination  to 
support  the  government. 

Sept.  1.  Completion  of  the  new  Market  House  on 
the  Place  d'Armes  with  twelve  stalls.  A  clerk 
of  the  same  appointed,  to  receive  a  salary  of  $104 
per  annum. 

1818,  June.  First  survey  of  the  Town  by  Jos.  C. 
Brown,  U.  S.  Deputy  Surveyor. 


In  1804  the  river  front  presented  a  perpendicular 
lime  stone  bluff,  extending  from  the  foot  of  what  is 
uow  Poplar  street,  northwards  to  near  Rocky 
Branch,  over  two  miles,  on  a  level  with  Main  street, 
about  forty  feet  above  the  ordinary  stage  of  water 
in  the  river.  There  was  a  narrow  road  on  the  sand 
at  the  foot  of  the  bluff,  used  as  a  tow  path  for  cor- 

ST.  LOUIS  IN  1804.  23 

delling  boats,  which,  m  high  stages  of  water,  was 
completely  covered.  The  only  road  then  and  for 
some  years  thereafter  to  get  from  our  present  Main 
street  to  the  river,  was  at  our  present  Market  street, 
which  had  been  roughly  quarried  out  by  the  early 
inhabitants  to  get  to  the  river  for  water. 

The  principal  road  up  from  the  Main  street  to  the 
hill  in  rear  of  the  village,  was  our  present  Walnut 
street,  at  that  day  called  "  Rue  de  la  Tour,"  Tower 
street,  leading  up  from  the  Government  Office,  at 
the  southeast  corner  of  Main  and  Walnut  (now 
Block  6),  to  the  Fort  and  the  soldiers'  quarters  on 
the  hill  at  Fourth  street. 

Main  street  was  but  36  feet  wide,  and  in  some 
places,  where,  in  the  early  days,  some  of  the  lot 
holders  had  not  been  very  particular  about  a  few 
feet,  and  had  built  outside  this  line,  there  was  not 
more  than  30  feet  from  house  to  house,  and  what 
are  now  our  cross  streets,  were  then  simply  narrow 
lanes  left  between  the  blocks,  from  25  to,  30  feet 
wide,  upon  which  there  were  no  houses  until  long 
after  our  acquisition  of  the  country. 

Market  street,  going  west  from  Main  to  the  foot 
of  the  hill,  at  3rd,  was  but  little  used,  it  being  low 
at  2nd  and  3rd,  and  in  wet  weather  much  water  run- 
ning down  it,  over  the  bare  rock,  which  extended 
for  some  distance  west  of  Main  street,  the  soil, 
which  originally  covered  it,  having  been  washed  off 
in  the  course  of  years. 

For  the  first  few  years  after  the  transfer,  there 
was  but  little,  if  any,  increase  in  either  population 
or  houses,  a  few  of  the  latter,  generally  log,  were 


now  and  then  added  to  the  place,  as  the  gradual  in- 
crease of  the  population  seemed  to  require. 

Then  came  the  war  with  England,  in  June,  1812, 
which  continued  until  the  early  part  of  the  year 
1815.  During  the  three  years'  continuance  of  this 
war,  the  General  Government  deemed  it  necessary 
to  keep  up  a  pretty  large  force  of  men  here,  as  a 
protection  to  our  frontier  inhabitants,  from  inroads 
on  the  part  of  the  British  and  Indians,  this  post  be- 
ing then  the  westernmost  military  post  of  the  United 

These  troops  were  cantoned  at  Belief ontaine,  on 
the  Missouri,  in  this  county,  and  the  officers  had 
almost  daily  intercourse  with  the  people  of  the  place. 
After  the  close  of  the  war,  and  the  consequent  re- 
duction of  the  army  to  the  peace  establishment, 
many  of  these  troops,  both  officers  and  men  re- 
mained in  the  west,  and  became  permanent  residents 
of  the  country,  thereby  adding  materially  to  the 
population.  Added  to  this  was  the  revival  of  busi- 
ness throughout  the  country,  east  and  west,  conse- 
quent upon  the  peace,  which  gave  an  impetus  to  the 
place,  so  that  in  the  next  few  years,  at  the  date  of 
my  arrival  here  in  1818,  the  population  was  esti- 
mated at  three  thousand  souls. 

During  this  period  up  to  1816,  the  Town  was 
confined  to  "the  three  original  streets  on  the  lower 
plateau,  but  after  the  close  of  the  war,  the  pros- 
pective increase  in  the  place  induced  Col.  Chouteau 
and  Judge  Lucas,  who  were  the  sole  owners  of  the 
land  on  the  "  MZ,"  back  of  the  village,  as  it  was 
then  called,  in  contradistinction  to  the  old  or  lower 

/    i 

II  t 

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mWM    S 



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1 1 



Town,  Col.  C.  owning  south  and  Judge  Lucas 
north  of  Market  street,  their  dividing  line,  to  lay  out 
an  addition  to  the  Town,  which  was  accordingly- 
done  in  May,  1816,  and  the  lots  brought  into  mar- 
ket. A  number  of  them  in  the  center  near  to  Mar- 
ket street  were  sold,  and  a  few  houses  erected 
thereon  of  brick  and  frame. 

Prior  to  1816,  there  were  but  two  houses  on  the 
"  Hill,"  both  stone ;  one  inside  the  old  fortification, 
completed  in  1791,  for  the  residence  of  the  officers 
of  the  few  troops  in  the  garrison  —  and  the  other, 
built  by  Judge  Lucas  in  1812,  for  his  residence,  on 
the  ground  now  occupied  by  the  Public  School 
Library,  7th  and  Chestnut. 


built  on  the  public  square  (Block  7) ,  was  the  first 
one  west  of  the  Mississippi  river.  It  was  completed 
and  opened  Sept.  1,  1812.  Sixty-four  feet  long  by 
30  feet  wide,  with  12  stalls.  Eent,  from  $10  to  |30 
per  annum.  A  clerk  of  the  Market  appointed,  to 
be  paid  $104  per  annum. 

The  first  survey  of  the  Town  to  ascertain  the  true 
corners  and  fines  of  the  blocks  and  streets,  was 
made  in  the  year  1818,  by  Joseph  C.  Brown,  U.  S. 
Deputy  Surveyor,  — previous  to  which  period,  every 
person  who  inclosed  his  lot,  or  built  a  house,  fixed 
its  location  as  best  he  could  from  the  surroundings, 
usually  taking  Laclede's  Block  as  the  initial  point, 
and  as  some  of  the  early  improvements  were  made  a 
long  distance  from  this,  and  the  place  thickly  cov- 


ered  with  timber,  it  was  almost  impossible  to  be  any- 
way accurate.  Mr.  Brown  found  it  a  difficult  and 
tedious  job,  he  was  a  long  time  at  it,  taking  La- 
clede's Block  as  his  starting  point,  the  lines  of 
which  he  first  established,  and  then  all  the  others 
seriatim,  driving  cedar  stakes  in  the  precise  center 
of  the  intersections  —  making  two  plats  of  the  same. 


1812,  June  4. 

The  territory  heretofore  called  "  Louisiana,"  shall 
hereafter  be  called  "Missouri." 

The  Governor  shall  be  appointed  by  the  Presi- 
dent for  3  years,  and  must  reside  in  the  territory. 

The  Secretary  for  4  years,  also  to  reside  in  the 

The  General  Assembly  shall  consist  of  the  Gov- 
ernor, Legislative  Council  and  House  of  Represen- 
tatives. The  representatives  to  be  elected  by  the 
voters  for  two  years,  every  500  inhabitants  to  be  en- 
titled to  one  representative,  until  they  number  25, 
then  the  ratio  to  be  regulated  by  the  General  As- 
sembly. For  the  first  election  there  shall  be  13 
elected,  for  which  purpose  the  Governor  shall  divide 
the  territory  into  13  precincts  previous  to  October 
1st  next. 

These  first  representatives  will  meet  in  St.  Louis, 
on  the  first  Monday  of  December,  1812.  They  shall 
nominate  18  persons  to  the  President  of  the  United 
States,  who  will  appoint  nine  of  them  as  members 
of  the   Legislative    Council.     And    the    Governor 


shall  convene  the  first  General  Assembly  at  St. 
Louis,  as  soon  as  may  be  convenient  after  the  ap- 
pointment of  the  Legislative  Council. 

Afterwards  the  General  Assembly  shall  meet 
once  iji  each  year  at  St.  Louis,  on  the  first  Monday 
of  December. 

A  delegate  to  Congress  shall  be  elected  by  the 
people  at  the  election  for  the  Assembly. 

This  act  to  go  into  effect  on  the  first  Monday  in 
October,  1812. 

Heistry  Clay, 
Speaker  House  of  Sepresentatives. 
Wm.  H.  CiiAwroRD, 
PresH  Senate  pro  tern. 
Approved,  James  Madison, 


1812,  Dec.  5.  The  first  meeting  of  the  Territorial 
House  of  Representatives,  to  select  a  Legislative 
Council,  was  held  at  the  house  of  Major  Peter 
Chouteau,  Sr. 

1813,  July  3.  Gen.  Wm.  Clark  has  accepted  the 
governorship  of  the  territory.  He  arrived  here 
on  Thursday  last. 

1813,  July  17.  Gov.  Clark's  proclamation  for  an 

1814,  Sept.  24.  Gov.  Clark's  proclamation  declar- 
ing Eufus  Baston  elected  delegate  to  Congress  on 
Sept.  17th.  Easton  948,  McIsTair  854,  Hammond 
744,  Riddick  35.     Total  2581  votes. 


1816,  Sept.  21.     Gov.  Clark's  proclamation  of  re- 
sult of  election  for  delegate  in  Congress  August 
5th;  for   John   Scott  1816,  Eufus  Easton  1801. 
Scott's  majority  15.     Total  votes  3617. 
Easton  contested  Scott's  right  to  the  seat  on  the 
score  of  fraud  in  the  election.     The  committee  on 
elections  in  Congress,  reported  that  "  John  Scott  is 
"  not  entitled    to  a  seat  in  this  house  as  delegate 
"from  the  territory  of   Missouri,"   and  "resolved 
"  that  Eufus  Easton  is  entitled  to  the  seat."     How- 
ever the   house  decided  that,    "  the  election  being 
"illegally  conducted,  the  seat  of  the  delegate  from 
"  that  territory  was  vacant." 

1817,  Sept.  13.  Election  for  delegate  to  Congress, 
Aug.  4.  John  Scott  2406,  Rufus  Easton  2014. 
Total  4420.     Majority  for  Scott  392. 

1819,  Sept.  15.     Proclamation  of  Frederick  Bates, 
Acting  Governor,  of  the  result  of  the  election  for 
delegate  to  Congress  August  6th. 
John  Scott  1824,  Saml.  Hammond  1105,  Scatter- 
ing 4.     Total  2933.     Scott's  majority  715. 


1813,  July  28.     First  act  regulating  weights   and 

1813,  July  29.     A  Sheriff  to  be   appointed  by  the 

Governor  for  each  county  for  two  years. 


A  census  of  the  inhabitants  to  be  taken  October 

1,  1813. 

1813,  Aug.  20.  The  old  courts  abolished,  and  three 
judges  ot'  common  pleas  for  each  county,  for  four 
years,  three  terms  each  year.  For  St.  Louis,  third 
Mondays  of  February  and  September,  and  first 
Monday  in  June,  and  a  clerk  for  each  court  to  be 
Recorder,  to  take  effect  Sept.  1.  Wm.  Clark  then 

1813,  Aug.  21.     Bank  of  St.  Louis  incorporated. 

1813,  Aug.  21.  County  of  Washingtoil  established, 
the  7th  county. 

1813,  Dec.     First  Legislature  in  session. 

1813,  Dec.  Boundaries  of  the  seven  counties  de- 

1814,  Jan.  4.  Elections  to  be  held  first  Mondays  of 

1815,  Jan.  4.  A  county  court  to  be  established  for 
each  county  except  Arkansaw,  to  be  composed  of 
the  justices  of  the  peace  of  said  counties,  four 
terms  each  year,  in  St.  Louis,  second  Monday  of 
March,  June,  September  and  January.  A  clerk 
for  each  to  be  Recorder. 

Two  circuits  established,  St.  Charles,  St.  Louis, 
and  Washington,  the  northern.  Ste.  Genevieve, 
Cape  Girardeau  and  IS'ew  Madrid  the  southern, 
three  terms  a  year  in  St.  Louis,  the  second  Mondays 
of  April,  July  and  October,  a  clerk  in  each  county 
of  the  circuit.  The  Superior  Court  hereafter  but 
one  term  a  year  in  each  county,  in  St.  Louis  first 


Monday  in  February.     Office  of  Attorney-General 

abolished,  and   a  circuit  attorney  for  each    circuit 


1815,  Jan.  21.     An  act  for  a  survey  of  the  town  of 

St.  Louis  and  plat  of  the  same. 

Legislature  sat  in  Sanguinet's  old  log  house  on 
2nd  street. 
1815,  Jan.  15.     Lawrence  County  established. 

1816,  Jan.  21.  Superior  Court  to  hold  two  terms 
annually  in  each  circuit,  in  St.  Louis,  for  Northern 
Circuit,  third  Mondays  March  and  September,  a 
clerk  for  each  circuit  to  be  appointed  by  the 
judge.  County  courts  abolished,  their  duties 
transferred  to  the  Circuit  and  Superior  Courts. 

1816,  Jan.  23.     Howard  County  established. 

John  Rice  Jones,  of  Ste.  Glenevieve,  president  of 

the  council. 

1816,  Jan.  25.  An  act  for  a  jail  in  St.  Louis 

1816,  April  29.  Act  of  Congress,  a  member  of  the 
Legislative  council  from  each  county  for  two 
years,  and  the  Legislature  to  meet  once  in  two 
years  instead  of  annually. 

1817,  Feb.  1.     Bank  of  Missouri  incorporated,  capi- 
tal $250,000. 
This  Legislature  sat  in  Madame  Dubreuil's  house 

on  Second  Street. 


1818,  Dee .  17.     The  ratio  for  a  representative  was 

increased  to  700. 
1818,  Dec.  17.     Eight  new  counties  were  organized 

as  follows :  — 

Jefferson,  Franldin,  Wayne,  Lincoln,  Madison, 
Montgomery,  Pike  and  Cooper,  and  Lawrence  abol- 
ished, increasing  the  counties  to  fifteen,  and  dividing 
them  into  three  circuits,  as  follows :  — 

Cooper,  Howard,  Montgomery,  Lincoln  and  Pike, 
the  northwest ;  St.  Charles,  Fi-anklin,  "Washington, 
Jefferson  and  St.  Louis,  the  northern ;  Ste.  Gen- 
evieve, Madison,  "Wayne,  T^ew  Madrid  and  Cape 
Girardeau,  the  southern. 


Acts  of  Congress  relating  to  Land  claims,  and 
Public  land  in  the  district  of  Louisiana :  — 
1805,  March  2.  Provides  for  a  Register  or  Re- 
corder of  Land  titles,  to  commence  his  duties  on 
or  before  Sept.  1,  1805,  and  two  Commissioners 
to  be  appointed  by  the  President,  who,  with  the 
Recorder,  compose  the  Board  of  Land  Commis-^ 
sioners,  to  commence  on  "or  before  Dec.  1,  1805  — 
each  to  receive  $2,000  in  full,  with  a  Clerk  and 
translator  of  the  Spanish  and  French  languages,. 
to  receive  $600. 

This  Board  was  composed  at  first  of  Jno.  B.C. 
Lucas  and  Clement  B.  Penrose,  commissioners,  and 
James  Lowry  Donaldson,  Recorder,  with  Thos.  F. 
Riddick,  Clerk.  They  entered  upon  their  duties  in 
January,  1806,  and  in   July,  1807,   Donaldson  re- 


turned  to  Baltimore,  and  was  succeeded  as  Recorder 
by  Frederick  Bates. 

They  made  report,  from  time  to  time,  to  the  com- 
missioner of  the  General  Land  Office,  at  Washing- 
ton, of  their  confirmations,  viz.,  from  IS'o.  1,  Dec. 
S,  1808,  to  'No.  1342,  Jan.  15,  1812,  accompanied  by 
a  statement  of  all  the  claims  rejected  by  the  Board, 
with  the  testimony  and  reasons  in  each  case.  Under 
the  act  of  March  3,  1811,  the  duties  of  the  Board 
ceased,  and  a  "Register  and  Receiver  were  pro- 
"  vided  for,  when  they  should  become  necessary." 
Congress  extended  the  time  to  file  claims,  at  differ- 
ent periods,  until  June  13,  1812,  when  they  passed 
a  final  "Act"  to  allow  "Actual  Settlers^'  to  file 
their  claims  with  the  Recorder  until  Dec.  1.  He  to 
report  to  the  General  Land  Ofiice,  at  Washington, 
to  be  submitted  to  Congress. 

April  29,  1816.  Act  of  Congress  to  provide  for  a 
Surveyor-General  for  Illinois  and  Missouri.  Gen. 
Wm.  Rector  was  appointed,  and  in  1817,  had  St. 
Louis  County  surveyed  by  a  Wm.  S.  Pettus.  In 
1818,  Alexander  McN'air  was  appointed  Register, 
and  Col.  Samuel  Hammond,  Receiver,  for  the  land 
district  of  St.  Louis. 


1807.  In  the  spring,  Manuel  Lisa,  a  trader,  and 
George  Drouillard,  who  had  crossed  the  Rocky 
Mountains  to  the  Pacific,  with  Lewis  and  Clark, 
embarked  in  the  Upper  Missouri  River  fur  trade 
with  the  Indians,  with  an  outfit  of  |16,000. 


1808.  Fort  Osage  was  commenced  early  in  this 
year.  Gen.  Clark  held  a  treaty  with  the  Osages, 
early  in  the  summer,  escorted  to  the  JS^ation  by 
Capt.  M.  Wherry's  troop  of  horse  from  St. 
Charles,  immediately  after  which  Fort  Osage  was 
built,  and  commanded  in  1809,  by  Capt.  Eli  B, 
Clemson,  of  the  1st  Regiment,  U.  S.  Infantry, 
whose  headquarters  are  at  Bellefontaine  under 
Col.  Bissell. 

1808.  In  August,  Gov.  Lewis  held  a  council  in  St. 
Louis,  with  the  Sacs  and  Foxes  and  lowas  of  the 
upper  Mississippi,  when  a  tract  of  three  miles 
square,  was  ceded  by  them  to  the  United  States,  at 
the  head  of  the  lower  rapids  for  the  purpose,  on 
which  Fort  Madison  was  built  the  same  fall,  the 
first  fort  built  by  the  United  States  up  the  Miss- 
issippi, Lieut.  Kingsley  in  command. 

1809.  Early  in  this  year,  Wm.  Clark,  Manuel  Lisa 
and  Silvestre  Labadie  formed  a  copartnership 
under  the  title  of  the  American  Fur  Company, 
with  a  capital  of  $27,000 —  |9,000  each,  to  trade 
with  the  Indian  tribes,  in  the  upper  Missouri  to 
the  mountains. 

1809,  May  1.  "Big  swamp  of  Louisiana  !  !  !  " 
"  What  citizen  is  there,  who  is  in  the  smallest  de- 
"  gree  alive  to  the  prosperity  of  our  happy  country,. 
"  who  does  not  feel  indignant  at  the  gross  false- 
"  hoods  and  ignorant  philippics  published  against 
"the  Jefferson  administration,  concerning  the  pur- 
"  chase  of  Louisiana?  We  would  recommend  these 
"  incendiary  editors  to  the  study  of  Geography,  and 
"  they  will  discover  that  Louisiana  possesses  a  soil 


"  equal  to  any  other  State  or  Territory  in  the  Union, 
"  rich  in  minerals,  numerous  navigable  rivers  and 
"  many  other  advantages,  place  this  desirable  coun- 
"  try-far  above  the  calumny  of  the  miserable  scrib- 
"  biers.  Give  us  industrious  planters,  and  in  a 
"  short  period  Louisiana  will  become  the  bright  star 
"  in  the  Federal  constellation." 

Prediction  of  Joseph  Charless,  Sr.,  in  his  Gazette 
of  above  date. 

Has  it  not  been  verified  ? 


1809,  Aug.  16. 

"Rogers,  chief  of  the  Meramec  Shawnees,  tells 
"us  that  he  received  a  summons  from  Waubeteth- 
"  theh,  Delaware  chief,  and  Thathaway,  Shawanee 
"  chief,  to  attend  a  solemn  council  at  their  Town 
"  near  Cape  Girardeau,  where  the  three  Indians  and 
"  a  squaw  were  tried,  she  acquitted  and  the  three 
"  men  found  guilty  of  murder.  They  were  led  out 
"into  a  thick  woods  and  tomahawked,  then  placed 
"  on  an  immense  pile  of  wood  and  burnt  to  ashes, 
"  upwards  of  one  hundred  men  assisting  at  the  ex- 
"  ecution." 

The  Shawanees  still  occupied  their  village  up  the 
Meramec,  known  to  the  whites  as  Rogers'  Town, 
after  their  then  chief,  they  frequently  visited  St. 
Louis,  where  they  procured  their  supplies.  They 
were  very  friendly,  many  of  them  being  partially 
civilized.  They  were  still  there  at  the  admis/sion  in 
1820.     At  same  period  other  Shawanees  and  Dela- 


wares  had   their   village  on  the   waters  of  the  St. 
Francis,  in  the  district  of  ISTew  Madrid. 

South  of  these  there  are  no  others  until  you 
reach  the  Choctaws  and  Cherokees  from  the  east 
side,  Tennessee  and  Mississippi,  in  the  White 
river  country. 

Whole   number   of   Indians  in   the   Territory   in. 
1810 :  Sacs,  Foxes,  Shawanees,  Delawares,  Chero- 
kees and  Choctaws,  about    3,000  warriors,  15,000 
souls.     Osages  of  the  Arkansas  and  Osage  Rivers, 
1,500  warriors,  5,000  souls. 

FBOM   LOUISIANA    GAZETTE,    FEB.    35,    1810. 

"Died,  in  the  island  of  Santa  Margaretta,  near 
"the  frontier  of  France,  in  Provence,  '  Barnaba 
"  Chiaramonti '  (Pope  Pius  7th),  who  was  born 
"  in  Cesene,  Romania,  April  14,  1742,  created 
"cardinal  April,  1785,  elected  Pope  at  Venice, 
"March  14,  1800,  and  crowned  the  2l8t  of  the 
"same  month.  Spanish  papers  say  he  was  poi- 
"soned,  and  that  his  successor  as  head  of  the 
"  church,  is  to  be  Cardinal  Fesch,  the  uncle  of 
"  Bonaparte." 

GAZETTE,   1810. 

1810.     Carondelet,  218  souls.     Florisant,  270. 

Herculaneum,  200  souls ;  20  houses,  1  store,  1 
blacksmith,  1  hatter,  2  shot  towers,  Maclot's 
just  below  the  Town,  and  Bates'  just  above 
the  Town.     Several  mills  near  the  village. 


1811,  March  11.  ''Wilson  P.  Hunt  left  St.  Louis 
"  with  70  men  in  barges,  on  his  expedition  to  the 
"Columbia,  where  he  is  to  meet  the  JNew  York 
"Fur  Company's  ship,  which  is  now  on  its  voyage 
"around  to  the  shores  of  the  Pacific,  accompa- 
"  nied  by  Messrs.  Bradbury  and  I^uttall,  Bnghsh 
"  Botanists,  to  gather  new  plants  for  that 
"  country." 

To  Mr.  Joseph  Charless,  Editor  of  the  Louisiana 

Gazette : 

Sir  —  I  cannot  but  feel  gratified  by  the  flatter- 
ing terms  in  which  you  speak  of  the  hasty  and  im- 
perfect essays  of  mine  published  in  your  paper,  on 
the  topography  of  this  territory;  but  I  have  read 
with  regret,  in  the  same  paragraph,  a  statement  of 
my  having  set  out  on  a  journey  to  the  westward,  with 
the  intention  of  visiting  the  city  of  Mexico,  and  of 
publishing  the  result  of  my  travels,  on  my  return  to 
my  own  country.  It  is  true,  I  have  more  than  once 
expressed  an  opinion  that  such  a  tour,  in  case  of  the 
independence  of  the  Mexican  colonies,  and  of  an 
amicable  intercourse  between  them  and  the  United 
States,  would  be  highly  interesting ;  but  having  de- 
voted myself  to  a  different  pursuit,  and  besides  feel- 
ing deficient  in  the  qualifications  which  a  person 
undertaking  such  a  tour  ought  to  possess,  I  never 
had  any  serious  thought  of  it.  You  will  forgive  me 
for  troubling  you  upon  a  subject  which  can  be  of  no 
public  interest,  but  which  if  passed  by  in  silence^ 
would  place  me  in  a  disagreeable  embarrassment, 
with  respect  to  my  acquaintances,  who  may  suppose 
that  I  have  left  the  United  States. 


An  excursion  which  I  made  up  the  Missouri,  has 
doubtless  given  rise  to  the  idea.  It  had  been  my 
intention  to  have  descended  the  Mississippi  last 
spring,  in  order  to  settte  myself  in  my  profession  in 
the  lower  country,  but  circumstances  preventing,  I 
postponed  it  until  fall,  and  in  the  mean  time,  I  was 
induced  to  accompany  Mr.  Manual  Lisa  to  the  Man- 
dan  villages,  from  whence  I  returned  a  few  days 
ago,  in  company  with  Mr.  Bradbury,  who  had  as- 
cended the  river  for  the  purpose  of  pursuing  his  re- 
searches on  the  natural  history  of  the  country. 
With  sentiments  of  respect, 
I  am  yours,  &c. 

H.    M.  BRACKEimiDGE. 

St.  Louis,  Aug.  2,  1811. 


against  England  June  19,  1812.  The  news  reached 
St.  Louis  on  July  9th,  and  was  received  with  delight 
by  the  large  mass  of  the  people  of  the  place,  partic- 
ularly the  American  portion,  as  it  had  been  expected 
for  some  time.  A  town  meeting  was  held  on  the 
succeeding  day,  at  which  a  preamble  and  resolu- 
tions, expressive  of  the  sense  of  the  people  on  this 
subject,  were  unanimously  adopted,  concluding  as 
follows :  — 

Resolved  unanimously,  that  having  learned  that 
several  companies  of  volunteers,  belonging  to  the 
State  of  Kentucky,  have  generously  offered  their 
services  to  the  Governor  for  the  protection  of  this 
territory,  the  thanks  of  this  meeting  be  offered  to 


the  said  volunteers.  The  evils  of  our  exposed  situ- 
ation are  alleviated  by  the  assurance  that  we  have  in 
our  neighborhood,  hearts  to  feel  for  our  possible 
sufferings,  and  hands  to  relieve  them. 

Resolved  unanimously,  that  the  proceedings  of 
this  meeting  be  publislied  in  the  paper  of  this  place, 
and  in  one  of  the  Gazettes  of  Lexington,  Kentucky, 
and  that  a  copy  of  them  be  transmitted  by  the  chair- 
man to  the  President  of  the  United  States. 

Charles  Gratiot, 

James  F.  Hull, 

July  11,  1812. 


of  a  large  number  of  the  principal  inhabitants  of  St. 
Louis  held  Monday,  February  15,  1813,  to  consult 
on  the  situation  of  the  country  in  consequence  of 
the  war. 

Major  Wm.  Christy,  Chairman,  and  Wm.  C. 
Carr,  Secretary. 

' '  Resolved,  that  a  committee  of  five  persons  be 
' '  appointed  to  take  into  consideration  the  situation 
"  of  the  town  of  St.  Louis,  and  report  thereon  to  a 
"  subsequent  meeting  of  the  inhabitants." 

"  Resolved,  that  Col.  A.  Chouteau,  C.  B.  Pen- 
"rose,  Wm.  Christy,  B.  Pratt  and  Ber'd  G.  Farrar 
"  be  the  committee." 

"  Resolved,  that  the  said  committee  report  on 
**■  Wednesday  next  at  2  o'clock  p.  m. 


Wednesday,  February  17,  1813. 

Pursuant  to  the  resolutions  of  the  15th  inst. ,  the 
committee  made  their  report  to  the  present  meeting, 
which  being  read,  with  its  accompanying  resolutions, 
were  unanimously  adopted,  viz. :  — 

"■Resolved,  that  it  is  the  unanimous  opinion  of  this 
'Assembly  that  the  town  of  St.  Louis  ought  to  be 
'  fortified,  or  put  in  a  state  of  defense,  as  speedily 
'  as  practicable,  and  in  order  that  the  objects  em- 
'  braced  by  these  resolutions,  equally  dear  and  de- 
'  sii-able  to  us  all,  may  be  the  more  conveniently 
'  effected,  it  is  furthermore, 

'•'■Resolved  unanimously  that  a  committee  of 
'  seven  be  appointed  to  be  called  and  styled  the 
'  '  Committee  of  Safety  '  for  the  town  of  St.  Louis, 
*  vested  with  absolute  power  not  only  to  adopt  and 
'  devise  the  best  measures  for  our  defense  or  fortifi- 
'  cations,  but  also  to  have  the  same  carried  into 
'  effect." 

"  Resolved,   also,  unanimously,  that   as   soon  as 

'  those  measures  of  defense  or  fortification  shall  be 

'  adopted  and  made  known  by  the  said  committee  to 

'  the  citizens  of  this  place  and  those  of  the  vicinity 

'  who  may   wish  to  be  associated   with  them,  the 

'  present   assembly  pledge   themselves   to   support 

'  them,  and  to  aid  in  carrying  them  into  immediate 

'  operation." 

Resolved,  that  the  said  committee  shall  apportion 

as  justly  and  equally  as  may  be,  according  to  the 

property  and  means  possessed  by  each  person,  the 

proportion  of  work  that  may  be  necessary  for  them 


to  perform ;  and  for  as  much  as  this  is  a  free  and 
vohmtary  association  for  objects  common  to  us  all, 
to  wit :  the  defense  of  our  property  and  lives,  and 
the  protection  of  our  wives  and  children,  it  is 
therefore  "  Resolved,  that  if  any  pei'son  shall  refuse 
"  or  neglect  to  perform  the  portion  of  work  requested 
"  of  them  as  aforesaid,  they  shall  and  ought  to  be 
"  considered  enemies  to  their  country." 

'■^Resolved,  that  Col.  A.  Chouteau,  George  Wil- 
"  son,  William  Christy,  Francois  Guyol,  Robert  Lu- 
"  cas,  Clement  B.  Penrose  and  William  Smith,  be 
"  and  they  are  hereby  appointed  the  Committee  of 
"  Safety  for  the  town  of  St.  Louis." 

'•'■Resolved,  lastly,  that  a  copy  of  these  proceedings 
be  presented  by  the  '  Committee  of  Safety '  to  each 
inhabitant  of  St.  Louis  and  its  environs  for  their  sig- 

Wm.  Christy,  Chairman. 

Wm.  Co  Caer,  Sec. 

Feb.  20,  1813. 


A  majority  sent  a  remonstrance  to  Congress  against 
the  war  with  Great  Britain,  and  other  measures  of 
the  General  Government. 

A  patriotic  minority  of  the  Legislature  protested 
against  this  action  of  the  majority  of  their  body,  and 
in  an  address  to  Congress,  condemns  the  action  of 
the  said  majority  as  unwise  and  unpatriotic,  and  set 


forth  their  views  upholding  and  sustaining  the  Gen- 
eral Government  in  the  war. 

The  address  is  signed  on  hehalf  of  the  minority  by 
JoHi^r  Holmes,         Wm.  Moody, 
Solomon  Aiken,      Joshua  Prentiss, 
John  Hunt,  Ambrose  Hall. 

Boston,  June  16,  1813. 

census    of     1810, 

Eepresentation    under   the 
,    approved   December    21, 


Eatio,  35,000. 


1  !N"ew  Hampshire,  6 

2  Massachusetts,    20 

10  Maryland, 

11  Virginia, 


3  Vermont, 


12  IS'orth  Carolina, 


4  Ehode  Island, 


13  South  Carolina, 


5  Connecticut, 


14  Georgia, 


6  ]^ew  York, 


15  Kentucky, 


7  ]S"ew  Jersey 

8  Pennsylvania^ 

9  Delaware, 



16  Ohio, 

17  Tennessee, 

18  Louisiana, 


99  182 

The  representative  from  Louisiana,  was  admitted 
April  11,  1812. 

congressional,    relating   to   MISSOURI,    ETC. 

1812.  June  4.     Act  changing  the  name  Louisiana, 
to  Missouri  Territory,  and  providing  for  a  Terri- 
torial Assembly,  and  a  Delegate  in  Congress. 
Gazette,  July  18,  1812. 



"  Our  first  Territorial  election  was  held  on  Mon- 
"  day  last,  as  soon  as  we  can  procure  complete  re- 
"  turns  we  will  publish  them.  We  believe  that 
"  Edward  Hempstead  is  elected  delegate  to  Con- 
"  gress." 

The  returns  were  never  published. 

Mr.  Hempstead  went  to  "Washington,  in  Decem- 
ber, and  was  in  his  seat  as  Delegate,  prior  to  Janu- 
ary 7,  1813,  date  of  his  letter  to  Mr.  Charless,  of 
the  Gazette,  and  was  his  correspondent  during  the 

Gazette,  Feb.  13,  1813. 

1813.  Jan.  15.  Mr.  H.,  from  Missouri,  spoke  on 
the  bill  to  give  further  time  to  produce  proofs  to 
Land  Claims.     The  Act  approved  March  3,  1813. 

1813.  Monday,    May   24.     Special  Session   of    the 
13th  Congress.     Mr.  Hempstead  was  in  his  seat, 
and  made  several  motions  on  June  4.' 
This  special  session  ended  Aug.  2,  1813. 
Edward  Hempstead  was  Delegate  from  ]S'ov.  12, 

1812,  to  Nov.  12,  1814.  —  2 years. 


of  the  Governor,  Wm.  Clark,  apportioning  the  rep- 
resentation in  the  Territorial  Assembly,  according 
to  the  census  recently  made,  and  ordering  an  elec- 
tion for  same  on  the  first  Monday  in  August,  and 
for  a  delegate  to  Congress. 
July,  1814. 



of   Governor  Clark,  announcing  the  result  of  the 

election  for  Delegate  to  Congress,  Monday,  Aug.  1, 


Eufus  Easton,  948.  Saml.  Hammond,  744. 

Alex.  Mc^air,  854.  Thos.  F.  Eiddick,  35. 

Rufus  Easton  declared  duly  elected. 
Sept.  24,  1814. 

1814,  ]S"ov.    16.     Rufus   Easton,  Hempstead's  suc- 
cessor took  his  seat. 
Gazette,  Dec.  17,  1814. 

Aug.  5,  1816.  Election  for  Delegate  to  Congress. 
John  Scott,  1,816;  R.  Easton,  1,801;  all  others, 
30;  total,  3,647;  Scott's  plurality,  15,  who  re- 
ceived the  certificate  of  election,  it  was  contested 
by  Easton,  on  the  ground  that  the  vote  of  Cote 
Sans  Dessein  precinct,  which  had  given  Scott,  23, 
and  Easton  but  1,  was  illegal,  the  judges  not 
having  been  sworn.  This  fact  being  established, 
Congress  ordered  a  new  election  to  fill  the  va- 
cancy, which  came  off  Aug.  4,  1817 ;  result  John 
Scott,  2,406;  Rufus  Easton,  2,014;  total,  4,420; 
Scott's  majority,  392. 

Sept.  27,  1817. 

Tereitokial    Legislature,  From  the  Gazette. 


1812,  Oct.  1,  dividing  the  Territory  into  five  dis- 
tricts or  counties,  and  apportioning  their  repre- 
sentation, based  upon  the  U.  S.  census  of  1810. 


1st.  St.    Charles,  north  of  Mo.^Kiver  to  have  2 

members ; 
2d.  St.  Louis  to  Platin  Creek  to  have  4  members  ; 
3d.  St.    Genevieve   to   Apple    Creek   to    have    3 

members ; 
4th.  Cape  Girardeau  to  have  2  members  ; 
5th.  jSTew  Madrid  to  33d  degree  to  have  2  mem- 
bers ;  13  in  all ; 
and  ordering  the  election  on  2d  Monday  of  No- 
vember  (9th),  next,  and  returns  of  same  to  be 
made  to  the  Governor. 


1812,  Monday,  Dec.  7th ;  ivom  the  Journal.     First 
Session . 

The   House   assembled  pursuant  to    the    Gov- 
ernor's  proclamation   in  a  room  of  the  house  of 
Peter  Chouteau,  Sr.,  and  w^ere  qualified  by  Judge 
J.  B.  C.  Lucas. 
Present : 

From  St.  Charles,  John  Pittman   and  Robert 
Spencer,  2. 

From   St.    Louis,   David  Musick,  Bernard   G. 
Parrar,  Wm.  C.  Carr  and  Richard  Caulk,  4. 

From   St.  Genevieve,  George  Bullitt,  Richard 
S.  Thomas  and  Israel  McGrady,  3. 

From  Cape   Girardeau,  Geo.  F.  Bollinger  and 
Stephen  Byrd,  2. 

From  JSTew  Madrid,  John  Strader  and  Samuel 
Phillips,  2;  13  in  all. 


Hon :  Wm.  C.  Carr  was  elected  Speaker  pro 
tem.,  and  Thomas  F.  Riddick,  Clerk  pro  tern. ; 
Tuesday,  Dec.  8.  A  Committee  on  Eules  and  a 
committee  to  wait  on  acting  Gov.  Bates,  were 
appointed ;  adjourned. 
"Wednesday,  Dec.  9.  Wm.  C.'Carr  elected  perma- 
nent Speaker. 

They  were  in  session  six  days,  and  adjourned  on 
Saturday,  Dec.  12th  without  day,  their  only  busi- 
ness being  to  select  eighteen  persons  to  be  sub- 
mitted to  the  President  of  the  United  States,  to 
select  therefrom  nine,  to  compose  the  legislative- 
council  of  the  territory.  And  electing  Andrew 
Scott,  clerk  of  the  House. —  Gazette,  Dec.  19,  1812. 


1813,  June  3.  That  the  President  of  the  U.  S.  had 
selected  for  the  Legislative  Council, 

James  Flaugherty  and  Benj.  Emmons  of  St. 
Charles,  2; 

Augustus  Chouteau  and  Samuel  Hammond,  of 
St.  Louis,  2 ; 

John  Scott  and  James  Maxwell  of  St.  Gene- 
vieve, 2 ; 

William  ISTeely  and  George  Cavener  of  Cape 
Girardeau,  2 ; 

And  Joseph  Hunter  of  Kew  Madrid,  1  —  9 ; 
and  the  first  Monday  of  July  was  designated  for 
the  first  meeting  of  the  General  Assembly  at  St. 


1813,  July  5  —  First  Monday :  — 

Both  houses  united  in  an  address  to  the  new 
Governor,  Wm.  Clark,  signed  by  Wm.  C.  Carr, 
Speaker  of  the  House  of  Representatives,  and 
Samuel  Hammond,  Pres't  of  the  Council,  no  date. 

The  Governor  being  absent  on  public  business, 
his  reply  to  the  address  was  not  received  until 
July  26th. 

Owing  to  the  war,  the  special  session  soon  ter- 
minated —  no  official  journal  of  its  acts  was  ever 


1813,  Monday,  Dec.  6,  present:  — 

George  Bullitt,  George  F.  Bollinger,  Stephen 
Byrd,  Wm.  C.  Carr,  Richard  Caulk,  Bern'd  G. 
Farrar,  John  Pittman,  John  Shrader,  Robt.  Spen- 
cer—  9;  George  Bullitt  was  elected  Speaker, 
Andrew  Scott,  Clerk,  and  Wm.  Sullivan,  Door- 
keeper, and  house  adjourned. 

Tuesday,  7th.  Israel  McGrady  in  his  seat,  as  also 
Sam'l  Phillips,  'New  Madrid;  Messrs.  Pittman 
and  Caulk  a  committee  to  wait  on  the  Governor. 

Wednesday,  8th.  The  Governor  met  both  branches 
of  the  Legislature  in  the  Representative  Chamber 
and  delivered  his  address. 

9th  and  10th.  Richard  S.  Thomas,  St.  Genevieve, 
and  Barnabas  Harris,  St.  Louis,  in  their  seats. 

1814,  Jan.  4.     Act  to  regulate  Elections  approved. 
''Elections  to  beheld  on  the  first  Monday  of 

CENSUS   OF   18U. 


"  August,  1814,  and  every  second  year  thereafter, 
"  and  Legislatures  to  meet  on  the  first  Monday  of 
"  December." 
1814,  Jan.  19.     Samuel  Hammond  resigned  his  seat 
in  the  Council,  and  James  Maxwell  of  Ste.  Gene- 
vieve elected  President  in  his  place. 
The   house    nominated    Abraham    Gallatin    and 
David  Musick  for  the  President's  choice  to  fill  this 
vacancy.     Adjourned  sine  die  —  Jan.  19. 


1814,  June  23.  Proclamation  of  Governor  Wm. 
Clark,  apportioning  members  of  Assembly,  and 
ordering  an  election  on  1st  Monday  of  August. 

St.  Charles  County .   .   .  1696         3  members 

St.  Louis  do 

Washington     do 

Ste. Genevieve  do 

Cape  Girardeau 

]S"ew  Madrid 

Arkansas  ..... 















•  do 




11993      22  members. 


1814,  Dec.   5;  Monday;  First    Session;  from   the 

St.  Charles  County :  John  Pittman,  Peter  Jour- 
ney and  Jno.  G.  Heath,  3; 


St.  Louis  County :  Barnabas  Harris,  Rich'd 
Cault,  Wm.  C.  Caxr,  Robert  Simpson,  Kincaid 
Caldwell,  5 ; 

Washington  County :  ISTicholas  Wilson,  Philip 
McGuire,  2 ; 

Ste.  Genevieve  County :  Richard  S.  Thomas, 
Jas.  Caldwell,  Aug.  Demun,  3; 

Cape  Girardeau  County :  Stephen  Byrd,  Geo.  F. 
Bollinger,  Robert  English,  and  Joseph  Sewell,  4 ; 

ISTew  Madrid  County :  John  Davidson,  Geo.  C. 
Hart,  Hy.  H.  Smith,  3. 

Arkansas  County,  1  —  22. 

James  Caldwell,  of  Ste.  Genevieve,  elected 
Speaker ;  Andrew  Scott,  Clerk ;  William  Sullivan, 

Wm.  l^eely  elected  President  Council,  to  suc- 
ceed James  Maxwell,  deed. 

Seth  Emmons,  Representative  of  St.  Louis 
County,  had  died,  and  Chas.  Lucas  was  elected 
to  the  vacancy. 

John   Rice  Jones   and  Alexander  Henry  were 
named  to  fill  the  vacancy  of  Maxwell,  dec'd,  and 
Jones  appointed  by  the  President. 
Tues.  6.  —  Governor's  Message  received. 

Legislature    occupied  two  rooms   in   Sanguinet's 

Session  closed  in  January,  1815. 
Proceedings  not  found  in  Gazette. 


1815.     Monday,  Dec.  4,  at  the  house  of  Mad'e  Du- 
breuil,  Second  Street,  from 


St.  Charles  —  John  Pittman,  Peter  Journey 
and  John  G.  Heath,  3 ; 

St.  Louis  —  Barnabas  Harris,  Eichard  Caulk, 
Eobert  Simpson,  Win.  C.  Carr,  Kincaid  Cald- 
well, and  Charles  Lucas,  6  ; 

Washington  —  Hardage  Lane  and  Stephen  P. 
Austin,  2 ; 

Ste.  Genevieve — James  Caldwell,  Isadore 
Moore,  and  August  Demun,  3 ; 

Cape  Girardeau  —  Stephen  Byrd,  George  P. 
Bollinger,  Robert  English  and  Joseph  Sewell,  4 ; 

Kew  Madrid — Eobert  D.  Dawson  and  John 
Davidson,  2. 

Arkansas  —  Henry  Cassidy,  1  — 21. 

James  Caldwell,  elected  Speaker. 

Andrew  Scott,  Clerk. 

William  Sullivan,  Doorkeeper. 
Adjourned  sine  die,  Thursday,  Jan.  25,  1816. 

Matthias  McGirk  was  in  the  Council  from  St. 


1816.     Pirst  Monday,  Dec.  2nd. 

St.  Charles  —  Hugh  McDermid, — Evans,  and  — 
Spencer,  3 ; 

St.  Louis  —  Edward  Hempstead,  James  Mackey, 
John  Coons,  Jno.  W-  Honey,  Barnabas  Harris, 
Jesse  Murphy,  and  Jno.  E.  Allen,  7 ; 

Washington  —  Hardage  Lane  and. Stephen  P. 
Austin,  2 ; 

Ste.  Genevieve  —  l!^athaniel  Cookj  Isadore 
Moore  and  John  McArthur,  3  : 


Cape    Girardeau  —  G-eo.    F.  Bollinger,  Robert 
English  and  John  Dunn,  3  ; 

New  Madrid — Robert  D.  Dawson,  1. 

Arkansas — Edward  Hogan,  1; 

Howard  —  Benjamin  Cooper,  James  Alcorn,  2 ; 

Lawrence  —  Joseph  Hardin  and  Alex.  S. 
Walker,  2  —  24. 

Edward  Hempstead,  Speaker. 

Andrew  Scott,  Clerk. 

William  Sullivan,  Doorkeeper. 
House    adjourned    sine    die,  Saturday,  Feby.  1,. 


LEGISLATIVE    COUNCIL,  MONDAY,    DEO.    2,  1816. 

St.  Charles  —  Benjamin  Emmons. 

St.  Louis  —  John  Ward. 

Washington  — Samuel  Perry. 

Ste.  Genevieye  —  Joseph  Bogy. 

Cape  Girardeau  —  William  [N'eely . 

ISTew  Madrid  —  Joseph  Hunter. 

Arkansas  —  James  Cummins. 

Lawrence  —  Richard  Murphy. 

Wm .  JS'eely ,  President,  unanimously  ;  Joseph 
v.  Garnier,  Sec'y. 

The  only  time  the  Council  doings  were  printed, 
Deer.  17,  1816;  and  Feb.  15,  1817. 

1816.  April  29;  An  Act  of  Congress  amending 
the  Act  of  June  4,  1812,  in  relation  to  the  Leg- 
islative Council,  fixing  the  number  at  one  member 
from  each  County,  to  be  elected  by  the  voters  at 
each  general  election  to  serve  two  years. 


The  Legislature  to  meet  biennially,  in  lieu  Of 
annual  sessions. 

Enumeration  of  white  males  in  1818,  and  appor- 
tionment of  members  of  the  Legislature  under  the 
same,  the  ratio  being  afterwards  raised  to  700. 

Howard  County 3,386     6  Mem.  Surplus  386 




Sjt.    Charles  County  ....2,866  5 

St.  Louis   County 4,725  9 

Ste.  Genevieve  County. 2, 205  4 

Washington  County .....1,245  2 

Cape  Girardeau  County. 2, 593  5 

New   Madrid  County...    669  1 

Lawrence   County 1,529  3 

Arkansas  County 827  1 

20,045  36  2,045 


August  31,  1818,  convening  a  special  session  of  the 
Legislature  of  the  Territory  of  Missouri,  on  the 
fourth  Monday,  October  the  26th,  1818,  at  B. 
Maury's  Hotel,  on  Second  Street. 

From  Howard  County,  John  Adams,  Samuel 
Brown,  David  Jones,  Daniel  Munro,  Thomas 
Eogers  and  George  Tompkins,  6. 

From  St.  Charles  County,  Hugh  McDermid,  Chris- 
topher Clark,  Wm.  Smith,  James  Talbot  and  Ira 
Cottle,  5. 

From  St.  Louis  County,  David  Barton,  Barnabas 
Harris,  Hy.  S.  Geyer,  Eobert  Wash,  John  W- 
Harvfey,  Jno.  C.  Sullivan,  Marie  P.  Leduc,. 
Daniel  Eichardson,  David  Musick,  9. 


From    Washington    County,    Lionel     Brown    and 

Stephen  F.  Austin,  2. 
From  St.  Genevieve  County,  Isadore  Moore,  Davis 

F.  Marks,  William  Shannon  and  Joab  Walters,  4. 
From    Cape    Girardeau,   Johnson  Ranney,    Robert 

English,  Joseph  Sewell,  Erasmus  Ellis  and  James 

Ravenscroft,  5. 
From  Kew  Madrid  County,  Stephen  Ross,  1. 
From  Lawrence  County,  Perry  G.  Magness,  Joseph 

Harden  and  Jno.  Davidson,  3.     . 
From  Arkansas  County,  Edmund  Hogan,  1 —  36. 
Organization,     David     Barton,     elected      Speaker 

unanimously ;    Andrew    Scott,    Clerk  j    William 

Sullivan,    Door-keeper. 

Fred'k    Bates,    Acting    Governor,    delivered  his 

John  C.  Sullivan,    St.  Louis,  resigned  his  seat, 
and  Chas.  S.  Hempstead,  elected. 


Benjamin  Emmons,  St.  Charles,  President. 

Thomas  F.  Riddick,  St.  Louis. 

Samuel  Perry,  Washington. 

Jno.  D.  Cook,  St.  Genevieve. 

Geo.  F.  Bollinger,  Cape  Girardeau. 

Robert  D.  Dawson,  l^ew  Madrid. 

Henry  Cassiday,  Arkansas. 

Adjourned  sine  die  December  23rd,  1818.  The 
journal  was  printed  to  December  the  12th.  This, 
the  last  territorial  Legislature,  adopted  a  memorial 
to  Congress,  praying  the  establishment  of,  a  State 



1808.     Established  in  the  Spring  of  1808. 

Col.  Eufus  Baston  appointed  by  the  President 
first  Postmaster  at  St.  Louis.  His  first  quarterly 
list  of  letters  remaining  in  the  P.  O.  June  30, 
1808,  was  forty. 

1808,  Aug.  10.  An  article  in  the  Gazette  complains 
of  the  failure  of  the  mails  from  Vincennes  and  St. 
Genevieve  to  Cahokia,  from  which  place  another 
rider  brings  them  to  St.  Louis  and  St.  Charles. 
These  were  all  the  mail  routes  then  west  of  Indi- 
ana and  Kentucky.  Mails  from  Philadelphia  and 
IN^ew  York  usually  about  six  weeks  on  their  way, 
and  from  Europe  three  months. 

1809,  Jan'y.  25.  "  No  mail  from  the  east  for  more 
"than  two  months.  Excessively  cold  and  no 
"  thermometer  in  the  place  to  record  the  degree." 

1810,  ]N^ov.  7.  Rufus  Easton,  Postmaster,  advertises 
for  carrying  the  mails  once  a  fortnight  from  St. 
Louis,  by  Mine  a  Burton  (now  Potosi),  to  St. 

IS^ov.  14.  The  mails  from  St.  Louis  to  Cahokia 
east,  once  a  week.  St.  Louis  to  Herculaneum, 
Mine  a  Burton  and  St.  Genevieve  once  in  two 
weeks,  and  St.  Louis  to  St.  Charles  once  a  week. 
Easton  was  Postmaster  for  6  1-2  years,  and 
kept  the  Post-ofiice  at  his  residence.  Elm  and 
Third,  and  getting  tired  of  it  turned  it  over  to  his 
brother-in-law,  Doct.  Robert  Simpson,  in  Octo- 
ber, 1814,  who  being  in  the  drug  business,  kept 


the  P.  O.  in  his  store ;  he  was  Postmaster  four 

Capt.  A.  T.  Crane,  late  of  the  Army,  succeed- 
ed Simpson  in  October,  1818;  he  died  in  1819, 
holding  the  office  a  year. 

Col.  Elias  Kector,  the  fourth,  succeeded  Capt. 
Crane  in  1819,  and  died  in  1822,  being  in  office 
three  years.  The  P.  O.  was  then  in  the  old  man- 
sion of  Mrs.  Chouteau,  southwest  corner  of  Main 
and  Chestnut  streets. 


1809,  June  14.  Some  straggling  loway  Indians,  in- 
festing the  country  on  the  other  side,  between 
Cahokia  and  Wood  river  for  several  weeks,  steal- 
ing pigs,  etc.,  crawling  on  all  fours,  and  imitating 
the  notes  of  the  mud-lark.  One  poor  devil  being 
more  successful  than  the  rest  in  his  imitations,  and 
being  obscured  by  the  bushes,  was  fired  on  and 
killed.  This  has  put  a  stop  for  the  present  to  their 

Sept.  27.  A  brief  notice  of  the  death  at  Yienna, 
May  31st,  of  Haydn,  the  celebrated  composer  of 

1^10,  Sept.  21.  Charles  Cotesworth  Pinckney,  of 
South  Carolina,  has  been  promoted  from  the  Pres- 
idency of  the  Jockey  Club,  to  the  Presidency  of 
the  Bible  Society  in  Charleston. 

"  The  kingdom  of  Heaven  suffereth   violence, 
"  and  the  violent  take  it  by  force." 


1811,  Jan.  16.  notice. 

Several  persons  having  shown  to  the  monks  of 
Latrappe,  a  desire  to  purchase  watches,  if  they 
would  sell  them  for  trade  —  the  said  monks,  in 
order  to  satisfy  everybody,  give  notice  to  the  pub- 
lic, that  until  the  end  of  the  year  1811,  they  will 
sell  watches,  clocks,  and  other  silver-smith  work, 
and  also  fine  horses,  for  the  following  articles  in 
trade — viz. :  wheat,  corn,  linen,  beef,  pork,  cat- 
tle, leather,  tallow,  blankets,  etc. 

Ukban  Guillet, 
Of  the  monks  of  Latrappe,  at  the  mound,  9  miles 
from  Cahokia. 
N.  B.     Cheaper  for  money. 


1810,  Sept.  27.  On  Monday,  the  24th  inst.,  a  pub- 
lie  dinner  was  tendered  by  the  citizens  of  St. 
Louis  to  Gov.  Howard. 

In  the  evening  the  Assembly  Eoom  was  thrown 
open  to  a  crowded  assemblage  of  beauty  and 
fashion,  when  the  lovers  of  the  mazy  dance  en- 
joyed themselves  until  morning. 


1812,  Feb.  15.  A  full  return  of  the  killed  and 
wounded  at  this  battle  is  given  by  the  Adjutant 
Col.  John  O'Fallon  in  this  Gazette  with  names 
of   the   officers. 


Nov.  21,  1812.         GOV.  HOWAKD. 

A  dinner  was  given  by  a  large  number  of  citi- 
zens of  St.  Louis  on  this  day,  to  Gov.  Howard, 
as  a  mark  of  their  appreciation  of  his  efficiency  in 
the  measures  taken  by  him  for  the  defense  of  the 

1813,  May  8th.  Eobert  Steuart,  Ramsey  Crooks, 
Joseph  Miller  and  Robert  McClelland,  with  three 
hunters,  arrived  a  few  days  ago  from  the  mouth 
of  the  Columbia  river. 


In  despite  of  the  Savages,  Indian  and  British, 
the  country  is  progressing  in  improvements.  A  red 
and  white  lead  manufactory  has  been  established  in 
this  place  by  a  citizen  of  Philadelphia,  by  the  name 
of  Hartzhog.*  This  enterprising  citizen  has  caused 
extensive  works  to  be  erected,  to  which  he  has  added 
a  handsome  brick  house,  on  our  principal  street,  for 
retailing  merchandise. 

We  understand  that  his  agent  here  has  already 
sent  several  hundred  thousand  weight  of  manufac- 
tured lead  to  the  Atlantic  States. 

Editorial,  July  17th,  1813. 

*  This  was  Joseph  Hertzog,  of  Philadelphia,  uncle  to   Christian  and 
Andrew  Wilt. 


NO     NEWS  !  !  ! 

We  are  again  tantalized  with  a  defalcation  in  the 
mail  department ;  the  weather  is  too  warm  for  these 
tender  gentry  to  travel,  and  the  Postmasters  are  too 
good  natured  to  tell  tales  at  Washington.  How  the 
Shawaneetown  Postmaster  can  get-  over  his  oath  is 
not  an  easy  task  to  tell  —  for  he  swears  he  will 
faithfully  perform  his  duties. 

The  Post-office  law  says  he  must  employ  a  rider  in 
case  of  failure  in  those  who  have  the  contract. 

Editorial,  Aug.  14,  1813. 


In  a  part  of  our  impression  of  last  week  we  an- 
nounced the  approach  of  our  red  hrethren  in  consid- 
erable force ;  late  on  Saturday  night  an  express 
arrived  with  a  contradiction  of  the  report,  but  too 
late  to  stop  the  march  of  the  volunteers ;  numbera 
had  rode  off  to  the  frontier  to  join  in  the  repulsion 
of  the  savages.  We  understand  that  the  propaga- 
tor of  the  mischievous  story  has  been  severely  pun- 

August  14,  1813. 


For  the  relief  of  Col.  Daniel  Boone,  confirms  to 
him  1000  arpents  of  land,  claimed  by  him  under  a 
grant,  bearing  date  January  28,  1798,  and  the  Re- 
corder of  Land  titles,  for  the  territory  of  Missouri, 


is  directed  to  issue  to 'the  said  Boone,  a  certificate 

for  the  same. 


James  Madisok,  PresH. 
Jan.  17,  1814. 


1814.  In  the  spring  of  this  year,  Governor  Clark 
started  with  five  barges  and  about  200  volunteers, 
under  Capts.  Yeizer  and  Sullivan,  and  60  U.  S- 
Regulars  under  Lieuts.  Joseph  Perkins  and  Geo. 
H.  Kennerly,  to  take  possession  of  Prairie  du 
Chien,  which,  although  an  American  Territory, 
was  still  occupied  by  Indians  and  traders  to  the 
exclusion  of  Americans,  and  establish  a  garrison 
there  —  which  having  accomplished,  and  com- 
menced the  erection  of  a  fort,  Clark  returned  to 
St.  Louis  with  his  volunteers  in  July,  leaving  the 
regulars  to  garrison  the  place. 

In  the  summer  of  1814,  many  families  and  indi- 
viduals were  surprised  and  butchered  by  Indians 
within  a  short  distance  of  St.  Louis,  on  Wood 
Eiver,  Illinois,  several  families  in  St.  Charles 
County,  etc. 


on  Sunday,  Sept.   18,  1814,  of  a  short  but  severe 
illness,  is  announced. 
Sept.  24,  1814. 



In  a  short  editorial  to  his  patrons,  informs  them, 
that  the  large  increase  to  his  subscription  list,  in- 
duces him  to  order  a  new  printing  press,  paper  and 
materials  for  a  paper  of  larger  size  —  which  he  will 
receive  by  the  first  arrivals  in  the  spring. 

Dec.  17,  1814. 

Also  a  notice  of  the  death  at  Washington  City, 
of  Elbridge  Gerry,  Vice-President  of  the  United 
States,  on  Nov.  24. 


The  subscribers  are  anxious  to  raise  an  infantry 
company  of  young  men  between  14  and  18  years  of 
age,  to  do  duty  when  called  upon,  south  of  the  Mis- 
souri river.  Those  who  wish  to  join,  first  obtaining 
the  consent  of  their  parents,  will  apply  to 

Edward  Charless  or  John  Russ. 

Jan.  21,  1815. 

1815,  Feb.  I^ews  received  of  Jackson's  victory  at 
l!^ew  Orleans  on  Jan.  8.  A  Solemn  High  Mass 
and  Te  Deum  was  celebrated  in  the  church,  and  a 
patriotic  discourse  by  the  Rev'd  Father  Savigne. 


Extract  from  Major-Gen.  Carroll  to  W.  Tanne- 
hlll,  at  U.  S.  Saline. 

I!^EW  Orleans,  Jan.  18,  1815. 

"  I  pass  over  the  battle  of  the  23d,  etc.,  and  in- 
form you  of  the  event  of  the  8th  inst.     At  daybreak 


they  advanced  in  great  force  on  the  left  of  our  line 
where  the  Tennessee  militia  were  stationed.  At  75 
yards  distance,  they  displayed  column  under  a  heavy 
fire  from  our  small  arms,  grape  and  cannister  and  ar- 
tillery. They  came  within  a  few  paces  of  our  works, 
but  were  repulsed  with  great  loss.  They  were  soon 
reinforced,  and  renewed  the  attack  with  double  vigor, 
but  were  again  repulsed  and  routed,  in  two  hours  the 
battle  was  over,  not  more  than  about  400  had  reached 
our  entrenchments,  such  as  were  not  killed  were  made 
prisoners.  Their  loss  was  about  500  killed,  1000 
wounded  and  prisoners.     Total  in  this  battle,  1,500. 

Lieut. -General  Sir  Edward  Packenham,  brother- 
in-law  of  the  Duke  of  Wellington,  Major-General 
Keene  and  other  officers  of  high  rank  killed. 
Americans  killed,  6 ;  wounded,  24 ;  total,  30. 

Feb.  11,  1815. 


New  Orleai^s,  Jan.  14,  1815. 

The  enemy  have  re-embarked  leaving  their 
wounded  and  prisoners,  they  landed  9,966  men,  after 
the  action  1,906  were  missing  in  the  next  morning's 
report.  They  acknowledge  a  loss  in  the  various  en- 
gagements of  over  3,600.  Their  total  loss  may  be 
fairly  put  down  at  4,000. 

Feb.  18,  1815. 


will  be  fired  this  evening,  and  the  citizens  are  re- 
quested to  illuminate  their  windows  in  honor  of  the 


brilliant   success    of    the   American    arms    at  IsTew 

Feb.  18,  1815. 


The  news  Avas  received  at  Philadelphia,  on  Sunday, 
the  12th  of  February,  by  the  British  sloop  of  war 
Favorite,  at  ISTew  York,  the  10th,  and  was  ratified  at 
"Washington  on  the  17th,  the  President's  Procla- 
mation announcing  the  same,  was  issued  on  the 
18th,  and  appeared  in  the  Gazette  of  Saturday, 
March  25th,  with  a  copy  of  the  Treaty  in  full. 


In  a  hand-bill  published  by  Major  Berry,  on  Tues- 
day last,  I  have  been  severely  censured,  and  charged 
with  making  ^'^ fallacious  and  disrespectful  remarhs,^'' 
in  publishing  an  account  of  his  mission  to  Rock 
River.  Those  who  may  have  read  the  last  Q-azette, 
and  his  hand-bill  will  acquit  me  of  fallacy;  'tis  true 
'  I  did  not  give  his  report  in  full,  because  I  always 
give  preference  to  merit  in  the  selections  for  my 
paper.  On  the  charge  of  disrespect,  I  must  plead 
want  of  information,  for  until  the  Major  informed 
me  that  he  ranked  as  Major  in  the  line,  and  was  a 
Deputy  Quartermaster  General,  I  was  ignorant  of 
the  matter.  But  should  my  pen  or  press  be  employed 
in  recording  any  of  his  achievements  in  future,  I 
will  announce  him.  Major  Taylor  Berry,  Deputy 
Quartermaster  General.  Jos.  Charless. 

May  6,  1815. 



assembled  at  the  City  of  Washington,  to  curtail  the 
army,  has  performed  that  unpleasant  task  and  retired. 

The  Army  Register,  according  to  the  new  estab- 
lishment, has  been  printed  and  published  by  author- 
ity at  Washington. 

The  United  States  are  formed  into  two  Military 
Divisions,  the  North  and  South.  General  Brown  to 
command  the  former,  and  Greneral  Jackson  the 
latter,  as  Major  Generals.  Under  General  Brown, 
Generals  Ripley  and  Macomb,  will  serve  as  Briga- 
diers, as  will  Gaines  and  Scott  under  Gen.  Jackson. 

June  17,  1815. 


1816.  In  the  Spring  of  this  year.  Judge  Jno.  B.  C. 
Lucas  laid  out  his  addition  to  the  Town  of  St. 
Louis  on  the  hill  west  of  Fourth  Street.  His  first 
deed  for  a  lot  in  this  addition  was  to  the  County 
of  St.  Louis  for  the  northwest  quarter  of  Block 
No.  114,  upon  which  to  erect  a  County  Jail,  the* 
lot  was  135  feet  on  Chestnut  Street  by  115  on 
6th.  The  Jail  was  commenced  in  1817,  but  for 
want  of  funds  it  progressed  slowly,  and  was  not 
completed  until  the  winter  of  1819-20.  The  build- 
ing covered  nearly  the  whole  lot,  with  the  excep- 
tion of  a  small  portion  reserved  from  the  south 
part  of  the  lot  for  a  Jail  yard.  It  was  used  as 
such  for  many  years,  and  on  the  completion  of 
the  Four  Courts  it  was  removed,  and  the  Laclede 
Hotel  now  occupies  its  site. 



The  Gazette  announces  the  death  in  Baltimore  on 
the  3rd,  December  ult.,  of  this  venerable  Prelate,  in 
the  eightieth  year  of  his  age. 

July  13,  1816. 


Approved  March  25,  1816,  provides  for  the  Reg- 
istry of  Lands  in  the  District  of  St.  Louis.  Notice 
is  given  by  Alex.  McIsTair,  Register,  that  the  Land 
Office  at  St.  Louis  is  now  open  for  the  entry  of 
Lands,  &c. 
June  13,  1816. 


The  Georgetovpn  Messenger,  of  Sept.  22d,  an- 
nounces that:  "Yesterday  morning  between  the 
"  hours  of  9  and  10  o'clock,  Tobias  Lear,  Esq.,  ac- 
"  countant  of  the  War  Department,  put  a  period  to 
"his  existence  by  shooting  himself  through  the- 

"  We  have  not  as  yet  learned  the  causes  which  led 
"to  the  perpetration  of  this  unhappy  deed;  Mr, 
"  Lear  was  naturally  cheerful  and  pleasant;  on  the- 
"fatal  morning,  Mr.  Lear  breakfasted  with  his 
"  family  in  his  usual  good  humor,  and  was  proceed- 
"  ing,  as  they  thought,  to  his  office,  when  the  re- 
"  port  of  a  pistol  was  heard  from  the  back  part  of 
"  the  garden.  Mr.  Lear,  son  of  the  deceased,  im- 
"  mediately  proceeded  to  the  spot  from  whence  the 


"sound   appeared  to   issue,    and   found  his  father 
^'  weltering  in  his  blood." 
-Nor.  30,  1816. 

In  the  year  1811  James  Baird,  a  blacksmith, 
put  up  a  large  frame  building  for  his  shop  on  3rd, 
below  Spruce.  It  was  afterwards  used  for  other 
purposes ;  theatricals,  exhibitions,  religious  meet- 
ings, preaching,  etc.,  etc.,  but  was  for  some  years 
generally  called  the  Theatre. 

1816,  Oct.  5.  Divine  service  will  be  performed  in  the 
Theatre  on  Sunday, "the  27th  inst.,  by  the  Eev'd 
Mr.  Blackburn,  from  Tennessee. 

1816,  Oct.  12.  The  Eev'd  Mr.  Brown,  from  Vir- 
ginia, will  perform  divine  service  at  the  Theatre 
to-morrow,  to  commence  at  11  o'clock  a.  m. 

1816,  Nov.  16.  The  Eev'd  Mr.  Giddings  will 
preach  at  the  'Theatre  to-morrow  at  11  o'clock 

a.  in. 

1817,  April  26. 

"In  Boonsborough,  Maryland,  by  the  Eev'd 
"Frederick  Underducker,  Mr.  Michael  Lingum- 
' '  f  eltz  to  Miss  Kitty  Fertzelhunter  —  the  brides- 
"  maid  was  Miss  Peggy  Shellhammer  and  grooms- 
"  man  Mr.  John  Smackpepper." 

1817,  Sept.  13.  Mr.  August  P.  Chouteau,  Mr. 
Demun  and  companions,  after  forty-eight  days' 
confinement  in  the  prison  of  Santa  Fe,  returned  on 
Sunday  last  to  their  rejoicing  families  and  friends. 



1818,  April  10.  A   KESOLUTION" 

of  the  House  of  Representatives  of  the  United 
States  calling  on  the  President  for  any  informa- 
tion he  may  possess,  relating  to  the  imprisonment 
at  Santa  Fe,  ISTew  Mexico,  of  Aug.  P.  Chouteau, 
Julius  Demun,  Robert  McKnight,  James  Baird, 
J.  Harro  and  others  adopted. 




1809,  Mar.  8. 

jfof.  President. 
James  Madison    . 
Chas.  C.  Pinckney 
George  Clinton 


.  48 
.     6 

George  Clinton     . 
Rufus  King     .     . 
Scattering  .     .     . 


Total  votes 



1813,  April  17. 
James  Madison    . 
George  Clinton    . 


Elbridge  Gerry     . 
C.  I.  IngersoU 



Total    .     . 



1817,  Mar.  29. 
James  Monroe 
Rufus  King     . 

183     Dan'lD.  Tompkins  183 
31     Scattering  ...       31 





1810.  Third  U.  S.  Census,  for  Missouri  Territory. 
District  of  St.  Charles,  3,505;  St.  Louis,  5,667; 
St.  G-enevieve,  4,620;  Cape  Girardeau,  3,888; 
New  Madrid,  2,103 ;  Hope  and  St.  Francois,  188 ; 
Arkansas,  874.     Total  Territory,  20,845. 

1815,  Dec.  9.     By  John  W.  Thompson,  Sheriff. 
Town  of  St.  Louis,  2,000;  whole  county,  7,395; 
gain  in  2  years,  1,200. 

1820,  Aug.  1.     U.  S.  Census,  Town  about  4,000; 
whole  county,  9,732. 

ILLINOIS  Towisr. 

1817.     Opposite   St.  Louis,  was  laid  out  by  John 
McKnight  and  Thomas  Brady,  in  Oct.,  1817. 

In  1818,  Mr.  Charless  issued  his  first  Missouri 
Almanac,  which  he  continued  annually  for  many 

1818.  THE    U.    8.    LAKD    OFFICE, 

for  the  entry  of  Public  Lands  was  opened  early  in 
1818,  Alexander  MclS'air,  Register,  and  Samuel 
Hammond,  Receiver.  The  county  had  been  sur- 
veyed in  1817  by  Wm.  S.  Pettus,  a  Deputy  U.  S. 

erin  benevolent  society.  qf 

1818.        mechanics'  benevolent  society, 

April  17,  organized,  Joseph  Charless,  Sr.,  Presi- 
dent, and  Abraham  Keys,  Secretary, 

1818,  Feb.  9.      EEIN   BENEVOLENT   SOCIETY. 

A  meeting  of  Irishmen  to  form  a  benevolent  so- 
ciety was  held  at  the  house  of  Jeremiah  Connor. 
Thomas  Brady,  Chairman,  and  Thomas  Hanly^ 
Sec'y.  A  committee  of  five,  Jeremiah  Connor, 
James  McGunnegle,  John  Mullanphy,  Alex. 
Blackwell  and  Arthur  Magenis,  was  appointed 
to  frame  resolutions.  Adjourned  to  meet  Tuesday 
24th  inst.,  at  10  o'clock  A.  M.,  at  the  house  of 
Thomas  Brady. 

1819,  Oct.  10.  A  meeting  of  Irish  Citizens,  held 
at  the  house  of  Jeremiah  Connor,  at  which  he  pre- 
sided, and  James  ISTagle,  Esq.,  acted  as  Secretary, 
adopted  a  Constitution  for  the  "  Erin  Benevolent 
Society,"  and  adjourned  to  Thursday,  the  21st, 
for  an  election  for  officers,  etc. 

Oct.  21.  Met  pursuant  to  adjournment,  and  pro- 
ceeded to  the  election.  Jeremiah  Connor,  Prest.  j 
Thomas  Hanly,  Vice-Prest. ;  Hugh  Eanken, 
Treas. ;  Laurence  Ryan,  Sec. ;  Thos.  Enghsh, 
James  Timon,  Robt.  ]S^.  Catherwood,  Joseph 
Charless  and  Hugh  O'JSTeil,  Standing  Committee, 
and  John  Timon,  Eobt.  Ranken  and  Frans.  Roch- 
ford,  Visiting  Committee. 


ST.  Patrick's  day. 

1820,  March  17.  The  first  observance  of  the  day  in 
St.  Louis  occurred  on  this  day,  by  a  procession  of 
the  Society,  and  a  dinner,  at  which  a  number  of 
toasts  and  sentiments  were  drank  —  the  first  one 
"The  17th  of  March,  the  1326th' Anniversary, 


organized  this  year,  was  composed  of  Manuel  Lisa, 
President;  Thomas  Hempstead,  Joshua  Pilcher, 
Joseph  Perkins,  Andrew  Woods,  Moses  B.  Car- 
son, Jno.  B.  Zenoni,  Andrew  Drips  and  Robert 
Jones — 9. 


1819.  The  Eev'd  John  "Ward,  Episcopalian,  from 
Lexington,  Ky.,  preached  at  the  Baptist  Church, 
corner  of  3rd  and  Market,  on  Sunday,  Oct.  7th, 
the  first  sermon  to  the  few  Episcopalians  at  that 
day  in  St.  Louis. 

Dec.  8.  After  due  notice,  a  tneeting  took  place  at 
the  ofiice  of  Thos.  P.  Riddick  on  Monday,  Dec. 
6,  1819,  to  elect  Wardens  and  Yestry  men  for 
the  congregation  of  Christ  Church  about  to  be 
formed — and  the  following  gentlemen  were 
elected  to  serve  until  Easter  Monday,  1820: 

Thos.   P.    Riddick    and   Wilson  P.  Hunt,  for 
Wardens ;  Wm.  Stokes,  Jos.  Y .  Garnier,  Robert 


Wash,  Wm.  Rector,  Henry  Von  Phnl,  James 
Kennerly,  James  Clemens,  Jr.,  and  Sam']  Ham- 
mond, for  Vestry  men. 

Theodobe  Hunt,  Manager  of  Election. 

Mr.  John  Ward  was  the  first  "Rector  for  some 

Their  first  church  was  a  large  one  story  frame 
of  30  feet  by  70,  on  the  west  side  of  2nd,  just 
below  Walniit,  which  they  occupied  for  'some 
years,  and  in  1826  built  their  first  brick  at  the 
northwest  corner  of  Chestnut  and  Third,  on  the 
ground  now  covered  by  the  southeast  corner  of 
the  Merchants'  Exchange  building.  Mr.  Ward 
being  succeeded  by  the  Rev'd  Thos.  Horrell  as 

1819,  June  9.  A  meeting  of  citizens  was  held  at 
Col.  Riddick's  auction  house,  to  make  prepara- 
tions for  the  reception  of  the  President,  James 
Monroe,  then  on  a  Western  tour,  and  expected 
in  St.  Louis. 

But  after  reaching  IS'ashville,  Tenn.,  he  was 
unexpectedly  called  back  to  Washington  by  im- 
portant public  business. 


Until  recent  years,  and  that  not  very  long  back, 
we  had  no  "Legal  Holidays"  made  so  by  enact- 

The  Fourth  of  July,  our  only  national  day  for 
many  years,  after  we  had  accomplished  our  Inde- 


pendence  grew  to  be  generally  observed,  in  cities 
and  large  towns  by  military  displays,  and  other 
festivities,  and  in  small  communities  by  public  din- 
ners, balls  and  parties. 

1808.  AT    ST.    CHARLES. 

July  4,  a  public  dinner  at  which  Mr.  Timothy 
Kibbey  was  President,  and  Francis  Saucier,  Vice- 

1809.  AT    HARRISOIsrVILLE,  ST.  CLAIR  CO., 

At  the   house   of  Capt.  Tabor  Washburn,  Shad- 
rack  Bond,  President ;  Abijah  Ward,  Yice-Prest. 

Peter  Darling  and  other  citizens  to  fire  the 
fieldpiece,  one  gun  at  day  hraJce,  followed  by  17 

At  one  o'clock  P.  M.  Mr.  Murphy  sang  a 
hymn  and  delivered  an  appropriate  prayer. 

Then  the  address  by  Jacob  A.  Boyes,  Esqr., 
commencing  "  Fellow  Citizens,  Brother  and  Sis- 
"  ter  Republicans,  we  are  once  more  met  to  cele- 
"  brate,"  etc.,  etc. 

"  Then  the  dinner,  with  17  regular  toasts,  and 
"  a  number  of  volunteer  sentiments  by  the  ladies  ; 
Ist,  by  Mrs.  McClure —  'Long  may  we  enjoy  peace 
"  and  equality,  and  our  religious  and  civil  rights, 
"  under  the  auspicious  wings  of  the  American 
''  Eagle.'  " 
2nd,  by  Miss  Jane  McClure—  "  The  genius  of  the 
"  seventeenth  century.  Dr.  Priestley." 


3rd,  by   Mrs.   Coats  —  "Perpetual   disappointment 

"  to  the  enemies  of  the  Union." 
4th,    by   Mrs.    Blair  —  "The   memory   of    General 

"Washington  and  all  the  heroes  of  1776." 

Amongst  the    guests   at   the   celebration   was 

Jabez  Warner,  afterwards  constable  of  St.  Louis, 

who  lost  an  arm  at  a  4th  of  July  celebration. 

1809.  July  4th.        at  st.  louis. 

A  dinner  given  by  Capt.  Rezin  Webster  in 
Lee's  orchard,*  and  a  ball  at  night  in  the  Masons' 

1810.  A  dinner  at  Major  Wm.  Christy's  tavern. 

1811.  A  dinner  at  Major  Christy's,  Governor 
Howard  in  the  chair. 

1812.  A  parade  of  Capt.  McNair's  troop  of  horse 
and  Col.  Musick's  company  of  riflemen.  The 
' '  Declaration  of  Independence ' '  read  at  the 
Court  House  by  Edward  Hempstead,  and  an 
oration  by  James  T.  Hull. 

Then  a  dinner  at  Major  Christy's,  Silas  Bent, 
Esqr.,  President,  and  Bernard  Pratte,  Vice-Pres't. 

1813.  A  celebration  is  mentioned,  but  no  account 
of  it  given. 

1817.  A  dinner  prepared  by  Mr.  Mills  in  Mr.  Did- 
ier's  orchard,  at  which  Col.  Samuel  Hammond 
was  President  and  Judge  Silas  Bent,  Yice-Pres't. 

♦  Between  Main  and  Second,  Myrtle  and  Spruce. 


1818.  By  the  St.  Louis  Mechanics'  Benevolent 
Society,  joined  by  a  large  number  of  the  most 
respectable  citizens  of  St.  Louis,  Joseph  Charless 
was  President  and  Chas.  W-  Hunter,  Yice-Pres't. 
The  Declaration  of  Independence  was  read  by 
Col.  Thomas  F.  Riddick,  and  dinner  prepared  by 
Mr.  Horrocks. 

1819.  A  number  of  gentlemen  partook  of  a  dinner 
in  Mr.  Peter  Didier's  orchard,  prepared  by  Mr. 
Horrocks,  at  which  the  Company  sat  down  at  B 
P.  M.,  Col.  Auguste  Chouteau  presiding,  and 
Wm.  C.  Carr,  Doct.  Pryor  Quarles  and  Col. 
John  Miller,  Yice-Presidents. 

A  portrait  of  Greorge  Washington  over  the 
President's  chair,  surmounted  by  a  large,  live 

Another  celebration  took  place  at  Lucas' 
Spring,  where  a  dinner  was  provided,  James 
Loper,  President,  and  David  B.  Hill,  Vice-Prest. 


1817,  Feb.  22.  First  celebration  in  St.  Louis,  by 
a  dinner  at  Kibby's  "Washington  Hall,  in  his  ele- 
gant Ball  room.  Gov.  Wm.  Clark,  President, 
and  Col.  MclS'air,  Yice-President. 


1815,  May  11.  A  new  steamboat,  the  Pike,  built  at 
Henderson,  on  the  Ohio,  made  the  trip  up  to 
Louisville,  250  miles,  67  hours,  against  the  cur- 
rent —  3  ^/4  miles  an  hour. 


1817,  Aug.  9.  The  steamboat  Pike  arrived  at  St. 
Louis  July  27th. 

1817,  Oct.  4.  The  steamboat  Constitution,  Capt. 
Gruyard,  for  Xew  Orleans  the  9th,  airived  —  will 
make  an  excursion  to  Bellefontaine  on  Tuesday 
the  7th,  for  tickets  apply  to  Robert  Collett. 

1819,  May  5.  The  steamboat  Maid  of  Orleans  ar- 
rived at  IS^ew  Orleans  from  Philadelphia  on  Feb. 
1,  1819,  and  at  St.  Louis  on  Monday  evening,  May 

May  11.  The  steamboat  Independence,  Capt.  JSTel- 
son,  arrived  at  St.  Louis,  left  for  Franklin  on 
the  Missouri,  Sunday,  the  16th  —  returned  to  St. 
Louis,  Saturday,  June  5 ;  absent  on  the  trip,  21 
days  ;  the  first  steamboat  to  ascend  the  Missouri.^ 

Wednesday  12.  The  steamer  Expedition,  Capt. 
Craig,  for  the  Yellow^stone,  arrived. 

Wednesday  19.  The  steamer  Johnson  passed  here 
with  troops  for  the  Yellowstone. 


For  the  first  ten  years  after  our  acquisition  of  the 
country,  theatricals  practically  were  unknown  in  St. 
Louis.  But  toward  the  close  of  the  year  1814,  the 
population  of  the  place  having  increased  to  near 
2,000,  including  a  large  number  of  young  men  from 
the  eastern  cities,  an  amateur  dramatic  association 
was  organized  under  the  style  of  the  "  Thespian 


The  only  building-  in  the  place,  at  that  time,  suffi- 
ciently large  for  their  purpose,  was  a  large  one-story 
frame,  built  by  James  Baird  for  a  blacksmith's  shop 
in  1811,  on  the  west  side  of  3rd,  below  Spruce.  It 
had  a  front  of  about  40  feet,  with  a  depth  of  80  feet. 

They  procured  the  use  of  this  building,  closed  the 
large  door,  the  only  opening  in  front,  opened  a  new 
side  entrance  through  the  vacant  lot  on  the  north, 
erected  a  small  stage  at  the  west  end,  with  seats  in 
front  rising  gradually  back  to  the  front  of  the  build- 
ing, and  this  was  the  Theatre  for  a  number  of  years. 


Friday  evening,  Jan.  6, 1815. 

A  comedy  called  "  The  School  for  Authors,"  and 
the  much  admired  farce  of  "  The  Budget  of 


Saturday  evening,  March  4,  1815. 

The  celebrated  comedy  of  "The  Heir  at  Law," 
and  the  much  admired  farce  of  "Fortune's 


Friday  evening,  March  81,  1815. 

The  favorite  comedy,  "The  Poor  Gentleman;" 
with  the  afterpiece,  "  Hit  or  Miss." 

The  Thespian  Society  will  present  Monday  even- 
ing, Dec.  30,  1816,  the  five-act  play  called  "  Lovers 
Vows,"   and   the  farce  of  "Killing   no  Murder." 


Excellent  music  provided,  dooi's  open  at  half -past  five, 
performance  to  commence  at  half-past  six.  Tickets 
to  be  had  at  Mr.  James  Kemaerly's  store,  arid  at  the 
Post-office,  on  the  day  preceding,  and  at  the  bar  of 
the  Theatre  on  the  evening  of  performance. 
Price  one  dollar,  children  half  price. 

The  Thespian  Society  v^^ill  present  on  Thursday 
evening,  Jan.  16,  1817,  a  comedy  in  five  acts,  "  Se- 
crets Worth  Knov^ring,"  and  farce  in  two  acts,"  The 
Agreeable  Surprise." 

The  Thespian  Society  vnll  present  on  Saturday 
evening,  Jan.  25,  1817,  Home's  celebrated  tragedy, 
in  five  acts,  "  Douglass,"  and  the  farce  m  two  acts, 
"Who's  the  Dupe." 

Early  in  the  spring  of  1818,  Mr.  Turner  opened  in 
this  theatre  with  a  small  company,  the  first  profes- 
sional actors  that  came  to  St.  Louis. 

For  Master  Turner's  benefit,  last  night  but  three. 

On  Friday  evening,  April  24, 1818,  the  tragedy  of 
^'  George  Barnwell,  the  London  Apprentice,"  and 
the  admired  farce,  the  "  Children  in  the  Wood." 



American  Independence  —  In  honor  of  the  day. 

On  Saturday  evening,  July  4,  1818,  Hook's  cele- 
brated melodrama,  "  Tekeli  or  Siege  of  Montgatz." 
Patriotic  Address  as  the  genius  of  America,  Mrs. 
Turner;  Song,  Mr.  King,  and  farce  "Yankee 



Saturday  evening-,  July  25,  1818.  Benefit  of  Mrs. 
Vos.  The  play  of  "  Henry  4th  or  humors  of  Sh" 
John  Falstaff ,"  and  farce  of  Intriguing  valet. 


Wednesday  evening,  July  29,  1818.  Benefit  of  Mr. 
Vos.  "  King  Richard  Third  "  and  "  Raising  the 


Was  a  small  frame  of  about  40  by  80  feet,  built 
by  Isaac  H.  Gi-riffith,  a  carpenter,  in  the  rear  of  his 
lot  on  Main,  between  Olive  and  Locust,  about  the 
centre  of  the  block  ;  entrance  by  a  narrow  alley  from 
Main  street.  The  first  performance  in  this  theatre 
was  on  Monday  evening,  February  1,  1819,  by  the 


with  the  comedy  of  "She  Stoops  to  Conquer,"  and 
the  farce  of  the  "  Village  Lawyer." 

The  second  performance  by  the  society,  Thursday, 
March  11,  1819,  tragedy,  the  "  Revenge,"  and  farce 
"  Jew  and  Doctor." 


Feb.  2,  1820.  For  the  benefit  of  Mrs.  Yos.  The 
"  Jew  and  Doctor,"  and  the  farce  of  the  "  Tooth- 
ache," with  songs  and  recitations. 



1818,  May  25.  Christian  Wilt,  James  Kennerly, 
George  H.  Kennerly,  John  E.  Guy,  Thomas  Han- 
ley,  Chas.  S.  Hempstead,  Oliver  C.  Smith,  William 
Turner,  Robert  Simpson,  Jabez  Warner,  Thos. 
F.  Eiddick,  Henry  S.  Geyer,  James  Loper, 
Thomas  Hempstead,  Eobert  Wash  and  Stephen 
Eector,  and  others,  subscribed  to  an  agreement 
for  the  pm-pose  of  building  a  theatre,  and  appoint- 
ed Thomas  Hempstead,  Jno.  W-  Thompson  and 
Christopher  M.  Price,  managers,  to  purchase  a  lot 
and  superintend  the  building. 

They  purchased  a  lot  50  feet  front  on  the 
south  side  of  Chestnut,  by  120  feet  deep,  for 
$1,500  ;  upon  this  lot  they  erected  the  foundation 
walls,  when  the  funds  gave  out  and  the  project 
fell  through.  The  old  foundation  remained  there 
for  some  years.  The  property  changed  hands,  and  a 
frame  livery  stable  was  erected  thereon,  and  stood 
for  some  years,  occujjied  successively  by  B.  W. 
Alexander,  Bob  O'Blenis  and  others ;  finally  the 
Arnots  were  the  last,  and  put  up  the  present 
building,  now  the  police  office,  east  and  adjoining 
the  Republican  building. 


1814,  Jan.  15.     Eugene   Leitensdorfer's  exhibition 
of   slight  of  hand  ;    admission  50  and  25   cents. 


1817,  Jan.   25.     An    exhibition  in   Mr.    Everhart's 
room  of  "  wire  dancing  and  balancing." 

Feb.  22.  "grand  concert." 

On  Saturday,  March  1,  at  the  theatre,  will  be  per- 
formed a  grand  concert  of  music,  by  Messrs. 
"  Thomas  and  Louther,"  assisted  by  several  ama- 

1818,  THEATEE. 

April  11.  Benefit  of  Mr.  Martin;  comedy  of 
"Eoad  to  Euin."  Goldfinch,  Mr.  Martin; 
Sophia,  Mrs.  Turner.     See  bills. 

1819,  June  2.  museum 

Of  wax  figures ;  on  exhibition  at  the  Illinois 
Hotel,  Yosti's,  Main  street,  opposite  Wilt's  Store. 


1809.  Jan.  The  Rev.  Christopher  Frederick 
Schewe,  formerly  Professor  at  Paris,  France,  jm'o- 
poses  to  open  a  French  and  English  Gri-anmiar 
School,  in  the  house  of  Mr.  Alvarez,  Market 

(Meeting  with  poor  success  as  a  grammarian,  he 
changed  his  vocation  to  painting  and  glazing.) 
20  Sept.  Peter  St.  Martin's  Dancing  School  at 
Mr.  Yosti's  house,  the  last  new  dances,  particu- 
larly the  waltz,  also  the  science  of  fencing  and 


Nov.  16.  Isaac  Septlivres  proposes  to  teach  Draw- 
ing, Q-eographj,  Mathematics  and  French  Gram- 
mar at  Mr.  Vincent  Bouis'  house. 

1810,  May  9.  George  Tompkins  will  open  a  school 
in  the  house  of  Mr.  Alvarez,  on  Monday,  May 

1812,  May  9.  Madame  Pescay^s  prospectus  for  a. 
Young  Ladies'  Academy  and  Boarding  School  in 
Sanguinet's  house  on  Second  Street. 

June  6.  Isaac  Septlivres  and  George  Tompkins 
associated  to  open  a  school  Aug.  7,  1812. 

1813,  May  8.  Mrs.  Jane  Richard's  school  to  com- 
mence May  7th,  in  Manuel  Lisa's  house  on  Second 

1814,  June  4.  George  Tompkins  relinquishes  his 
school.  (He  changed  to  the  law,  and  became  one 
of  the  Judges  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  State, 
after  our  admission.) 

1815,  Jarnes  Sawyer  announces  his  intention  to- 
open  a  seminary. 

1816,  Oct.  12.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Giddings  will  open  a 
school  in  St.  Louis,  in  a  few  days. 

1817,  May  27.  Robert  S.  Lett's  school,  Maii>. 
Street  next  below  Mr.  Wilt's  store. 

Oct.  25,  Durochers'  dancing  school  card  at  San- 
guinet's house. 


1817,  Dee.  27.  Rev'ds.  John  M.  Peck  and  James 
E.  Welch,  Baptist  missionaries,  will  open  an 
academy  near  the  Post-office. 

1818,  Jan.  3.  Rev.  Salmon  Griddings  will  open  a 
school  for  young  ladies  and  gentlemen  on  Mon- 
day, Jan.  5,  1818,  at  his  new  house  on  the  hill, 
south  side  of  Market  above  4th. 

Jan.  23.  A.  C.  Vanhertum,  from  Amsterdam,  will 
teach  the  Forte  Piano  and  Clarionet,  at  the  corner 
house  adjoining  the  Q-azeJtte  office. 

Sept.  8.  Mrs.  Perdreauville,  opened  her  young 
ladies  academy. 

Oct.  23.  The  Reverend  M.  ]^iel,  with  three  other 
Catholic  priests,  under  the  auspices  of  the  Right 
Rev.  Bishop  Dubourg,  will  open  on  the  16th  of 
JS'ovember,  in  the  house  of  Mrs.  Alvarez,  an 
academy  for  young  gentlemen. 

1819,  Sept.  13.  The  Rev.  Francis  ISTiel  will  re-open 
his  school  for  the  second  year. 

1820,  Jan.  26.  Miss  P.  Lefavre's  young  ladies 
French  and  English  Academy,  at  Mr.  Michael 
Tesson's  house  on  Main  Street. 

April  12.  Edward  McManus'  Juvenile  School,  in 
Papin's  stone  house,  upstairs. 

It  would  appear  that  most  of  these  early  schools 
in  St.  Louis  had  but  a  very  brief  existence. 


Bishop   Dubourg's    College,  built  on   the  site  of 

the  old  Catholic  Log  church,  on  2nd,  below  Market, 

in  1820. 

Eev.  Francis  Niel,  curate  of  the  Cathedral  Presi- 

Eev.  Leo  Deys,  Professor  of  Languages. 

Kev.  Andreas  Ferrari,  Professor  of  Ancient  Lan- 

Eev.  Aristide  Anduze,  Professor  of  Mathematics. 

Eev.  Michael  Gr.  Saulnier,  Professor  of  Languages. 

Mr.  Samuel  Smith,  Professor  of  Languages. 

Mr.  Patrick  Sullivan,  Professor  of  Ancient  Lan- 

Mr.  Francis  C.  Gruyol,  Prof.  "Writing  and  Drawing. 

Mr.  John  Martin,  Prefect  of  the  Studies. 


Dec,  1810.  The  Louisiana  G-azeUe  alludes  briefly  to 
an  affair  of  honor  that  took  place  a  few  days  be- 
fore, but  gives  no  particulars  of  it,  nor  the  names 
of  the  parties. 

Dopt.  Eobert  Simpson,  here  at  the  time  and  fa- 
miliar with  the  facts,  long  afterwards  gives  this 
account  of  it :  — 

' '  The  first  duel  on  Bloody  Island  was  in  1810, 
*'  between  Doct.  Farrar  and  James  A.  Graham  — 
' '  Farrar  was  the  bearer  of  a  challenge  to  Graham ' ' 
' '  (he  does  not  say  from  whom) ,  Graham  declined 
"to  accept  it,  on  the  plea  that  the  challenger  was 


"not  a  gentleman;  according  to  the  established 
"  code  in  such  cases,  Farrar  became  theprincipal — 
"  Graham  was  severely  wounded,  and  went  on 
"  crutches  for  about  a  year,  and  died  on  his  way 



took  place  on  Bloody  Island  in  1816,  it  originated 
in  some  trifling  misunderstanding.  Doct.  Simpson 
was  present  as  Geyer's  surgeon.  At  the  second 
fire  Kennerly  was  wounded  in  the  knee  which 
lamed  him  for  some  years.  They  afterwards  be- 
came good  friends,  and  both  lived  to  become 
respectable  old  men  with  large  families,  and  to 
laugh  at  the  folly  of  their  younger  days. 

Aug.,  1818. 


both  of  the  Ist  Regiment  U.  S.  Rifles,  at  Bloody 
Island,  in  which  Capt.  Ramsey  received  a  mortal 
wound  of  which  he  died  shortly  after,  on  Aug. 
6th,  1818. 

Aug.,  1817. 


They  had  two  meetings,  the  first  one  on  Tues- 
day, August  12th.     At  9  o'clock  at  night  of  the 

*  Robert  Wash  administered  on  his  estate  and  sold  his  personal  effects 
in  Dec,  1811  — a  fine  riding  horse,  saddle  and  bridle,  valuable  booksi 
clothing  and  furniture. 


11th,  the  evening  before  the  first  meeting,  Charles 
Lucas  prepared  the  "following  written  statement 
of  the  origin  of  the  differences  between  himself 
and  Col.  Benton  :  — 

"  At  the  election  held  on  the  4th  August,  1817, 
"  when  Benton  offered  his  vote,  Lucas  inquired 
"  if  he,  Benton,  had  paid  the  tax  in  time  to  enable 
' '  him  to  vote  —  Benton  then  applied  abusive  and 
"  ungentlemanly  language  to  Lucas,  and  Lucas 
"  then  challenged  him."  They  met  on  the  morn- 
ing of  the  12th,  Luke  E.  Lawless  the  second  of 
Benton,  and  Joshua  Barton  of  Lucas.  They  fired 
one  shot,  Lucas  was  wounded  in  the  neck,  and 
Benton  a  slight  contusion  below  the  right  knee. 
Lucas  being  too  badly  wounded  to  continue  the 
fight,  Col.  Lawless,  Benton's  second,  asked  him 
if  he  was  satisfied,  to  which  he  replied  he  was,  and 
did  not  require  a  second  meeting.  Having  report- 
ed this  answer  to  Benton,  he  said  he  was  not  sat- 
isfied, and  required  that  Lucas  should  come  out 
again  as  soon  as  his  wound  would  permit  him.  By 
the  time  Lucas  became  sufficiently  well  to  be 
about,  through  the  exertions  of  some  friends,  the 
matter  had  been,  as  was  supposed,  satisfactorily 
adjusted  to  dispense  with  a  second  meeting,  but 
a  week  or  ten  days  after  the  supposed  adjustment 
of  the  affair,  Benton  sent  Lucas  a  challenge  for 
a  second  meeting,  dated  Sept.  23,  1817,  "  alleg- 
"  ing  that  friends  of  Lucas  had  circulated  state- 
"  ments  derogatory  to  him,  Benton." 

Lucas  being  absent  for  two  or  three  days,  re- 
turned home  on  the  evening  of   the  26th.     The 


challenge  was  handed  Mm  within  an  hour  after 
his  return,  and  accepted.  On  the  morning  of 
Saturday  the  27th  they  met  on  the  small  island 
above  St.  Louis,  and  took  their  positions  at  ten 
feet  distance.  They  both  fired  nearly  at  the 
saiue  time.  Benton's  ball  went  through  the  right 
arm  of  Lucas,  penetrated  his  body  in  the  region 
of  the  heart,  he  fell. 
Mr.  Barton  states  thus  :  — 

"  At  the  last  interview,  he,  Mr.  Lucas,  appeared 
"  equally  cool  and  deliberate,  both  of  them  pre- 
^'  sented  and  fired,  so  nearly  together  that  I  could 
"  not  distinguish  two  reports."  He  died  in  half 
an  hour,  aged  25  years  and  3  days. 


Charles  Lucas  was  born  Sept.  25,  1792,  near 
Pittsburg,  Penn'a;  came  with  his  parents  to  St. 
Louis  in  1805,  then  13  years  of  age ;  sent  to  Jef- 
ferson College,  Philadelphia,  1806,  at  the  age  of 
14  years ;  at  college  five  years,  coming  home  in 
1811,  aged  19  years,  and  read  law  in  Col.  Easton's 

In  1812'an  artillery  company  was  formed  by  some 
of  the  young  men  of  St.  Louis,  which  tendered 
their  services  to  the  government  in  1813,  and 
Charles  Lucas  was  appointed  captain. 

He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1814,  and  the  same 
year  elected  to  the  Legislature,  and  afterwards  re- 
ceived the  appointment  of  U.  S.  Attorney  for  the 

BANK  OF  ST.  LOUIS.  85 


1817,  Sat.  27.  "The  infernal  practice  of  dueling- 
"has  taken  off  this  morning  one  of  the  first 
"  characters  in  our  country,  Charles  Lucas,  Esq., 
"  attorney  at  law.  His  death  has  left  a  blank  in 
"  society  not  easily  filled  up." 


1813,  Aug.  21.  Act  of  the  Legislature,  incorporat- 
ing the  "  Bank  of  St.  Louis." 

Auguste  Chouteau,  Jno.  B.  C.  Lucas,  Clem- 
ent B.  Penrose,  Moses  Austin,  Bernard  Pratte, 
Manuel  Lisa,  Thomas  Brady,  Bartholomew  Ber- 
thold,  Samuel  Hammond,  Eufus  Easton,  Robert 
Simpson,  Christian  Wilt  and  Risdon  H.  Price, 
appointed  commissioners  to  open  the  books  for 

Sept.  20.  Monday  the  books  were  opened,  but 
owing  to  the  distracted  condition  of  the  country , 
consequent  on  the  war,  the  stock  was  not  taken 
under  the  above  notice  of  Sept.  20,  1813,  and  an 
application  was  made  to  the  Legislature  for  a  re- 
vival of  the  charter. 

1814,  Dec.  31.  ISTotice  is  given  by  Thos.  F.  Rid- 
dick,  Risdon  H.  Price  and  John  Cromwell,  that 
the  books  will  be  re-opened  for  the  subscription 
to  the  stock  of  the  said  Bank  of  St.  Louis. 
Capital,  1100,000. 


1816,  July  13.  Christian  Wilt  gives  notice  that  a 
sufficiency  of  stock  having  been  subscribed,  an 
election  for  thirteen  Directors  for  the  Bank  of 
St.  Louis  will  take  place  at  the  Court  House,  on 
the  first  Monday  of  September. 

1816,  Sept.  2d,  Monday.  The  following  Directors 
were  elected :  Samuel  Hammond,  809 ;  Wm. 
Eector,  801;  Bernard  Pratte,  791;  Eisdon  H. 
Price,  623;  Moses  Austin,  551;  Eli  B.  Clemson, 
550 ;  Theodore  Hunt,  543 ;  Justus  Post,  536 ; 
Robert  Simpson,  538;  Chas.  W.  Hunter,  512; 
Walter  Wilkinson,  483;  Theophilus  W.  Smith, 
476;  Elias  Bates,  443. 

Sam'l  Hammond,  subsequently,  President. 
l^ov.  30.     "  The  Bank  of  St.  Louis  will  open  for 
business  on  Monday,  Dec.  2d  inst.     Robert  Simp- 
son, acting  Cashier."* 

Dec.  12.  The  Bank  of  St.  Louis  commenced  busi- 
ness this  day  in  the  rear  part  of  the  building  of 
Piddick  &  Pilcher's  store.  Jno.  B.  l!^.  Smith, 

1817,  Aug.  7.  The  Bank  of  St.  Louis  purchased 
the  old  stone  house  east  side  of  Main,  between 
Elm  and  Myrtle,  which  they  fixed  up  for  their 
banking  house  ;  tearing  down  the  old  stone  front 
and  putting  up  a  new  brick  front. 

Dec.  8,  1817.  Annual  election  for  Directors ;  nine 
of  the  old  board  re-elected ;  leaving  out  Bernard 

*  Archibald  Gamble  was  the  first,  and  Louis  Bompart  the  second  clerks 
of  this  bank  at  its  openin;:,  Dec,  1816. 

BANK  OF  ST.  LOUIS.  §7 

Pratte,  Chas.  W-  Hunter,  "Walter  Wilkinson  and 
Theophilus  W-  Smith,  and  filling  their  places  with 
Joshua  Pilcher,  Samuel  Pei-ry,  Thomi^son  Doug- 
lass and  Thos.  Wright. 

1818.  Early  in  this  year  there  were  dissensions 
among  the  directors  and  certain  stockholders,  re- 
garding the  management,  or  rather  mismanage- 
ment of  the  Bank. 

Feb.  11.  "  Some  parties  took  forcible  possession  of 
"  the  banking  house,"  which  was  subsequently  re- 
stored,.and  business  resumed  as  usual. 

Feb.  19.  Samuel  Hammond,  President,  "gives 
"  nptice  that  the  Bank  will  be  re-opened  on  the 
^'  23d  inst." 

In  1818  there  were  frequent  changes  and  much 
confusion  in  the  Board  of  Directors ;  in  July 
Wm.  M.  O'Hara  was  cashier,  and  Eisdon  H. 
Price  was  president  in  place  of  Hammond . 

Dec.  14.  Directors  of  the  bank  elected  this  day. 
Sam'l  Hammond,  E.  H.  Price,  Robert  Simp- 
son, Stephen  F.  Austin,  John  Nevin,  Eli  B. 
Clemson,  Rufus  Easton,  Sam'l  Perry,  James 
Clemens,  Jr.,  Frederick  Dent,  John  Hall,  Paul 
Anderson  and  Jesse  G.  Lindell. 

Eisdon  H.  Price,  re-elected  Pres't,  and  Wm. 
M.  O'Hara,  Cashier. 

1819.  The  Bank  had  suspended  in  March,  1818, 
but  no  notice  had  been  given  of  it,  it  re-opened 
March  3,  1819,  and  paid  its  bills  for  a  short  time 
and  again  closed,  not  paying  expenses. 


July  24.  Risdon  H.  Price,  Pres't,  notifies  the  stock- 
holders to  a  meeting'  to  consider  the  expediency 
of  continuing  business  or  closing  its  affairs  — 
■which  last  step  was  taken. 


The  Bank  of  St.  Louis,  chartered  Aug.  21,  ]813, 
owing  to  the  war  and  other  causes,  did  not  com- 
mence business  until  Dec.  12,  1816,  a  delay  of  over 
three  years.  In  meantime  some  of  the  principal 
getters-up  of  that  bank,  dissatisfied  with  this  long 
delay,  had  opened  books  for  subscriptions  to  the 
stock  of  another  bank  to  be  called  the  "  Bank  of 
Missouri,"  with  a  capital  stock -of  |250,000,  the 
commissioners  were  Charles  Grratiot,  William  Smith, 
John  McKnight,  John  P.  Cabanne  and  Matthew 

They  were  incorporated  by  the  Legislature,  Dec. 
17,  1816,  although  in  anticipation  of  that  act,  they 
had  organized  and  opened  the  bank  on  Sept.  30, 
18 16,  fully  four  months  before  their  incorporation. 
Their  first  officei's  were  — 

Col.  Auguste  Chouteau,  Pres't; 

Lilburn  W.  Boggs,  Cashier,  resigned  in  1819  ; 

John  Dales,  Teller,  elected  Cashier,  1818  ; 

Louis  Bompart,  Clerk. 

The  bank  was  for  several  years  in  the  basement 
of  Col.  Chouteau's  residence  on  Main  St. 
In  1819.     They  built  a  Banking  house  at  JSTo.  6, 

north  Main  and  on  its  completion  occupied  it  that 

Bame  year. 


1820,  May  1.  The  following  Board  of  Directors 
were  elected :  — 

Thos.  F.  Riddick,  JosepJi  Philipson,  Thomas 
Brady,  Henry  Yon  Phul,  James  Kennedy, 
Michael  Tesson,  Thomas  Hempstead,  Thomas 
H.  Benton  and  Angus  L.  Langham. 

Col.  Chouteau  declining  to  serve  any  longer, 
Col.  Thos.  F.  Riddick  was  elected  President. 

The  other  officers  were  Louis  Bompart,  Cash'r ; 
Elias  T.  Langham,  1st  Clerk;  Gabriel  P.  Cerre, 
2nd  Clerk. 

In  1820  the  Bank  was  made  the  Depository  of 
the  U.S.  public  moneys  for  the  Land  district  of 

In  the  summer  of  1822,  the  Bank  closed  its 
doors  and  went  into  liquidation. 


1808,  Augt.  A  meeting  of  citizens  of  St.  Louis, 
held  at  Mr.  Yosti's  tavern  to  form  a  Volunteer 
Company  — 

Benj.  Wilkinson,  elected  Captain  ;  Risdon  H. 
Price,  Lieut.,  and  John  Yoorhees,  Ensign. 
Oct.     Gov.  M.  Lewis'  general  orders  to  the  militia  to- 
muster  according  to  law. 

District  of  St.  Louis,  3  Battalions  Infantry, 
and  Capt.  P.  Chouteau's  troop  of  horse  ; 

District  of  St.  Genevieve,  2  Battalions  Infantry, 
and  Capts.  Bibbs  and  Whitley's  troops  of  Light 
Infantry ; 


District  of  St.  Charles,  2  Battalions  Infantry, 
Capt.  Shrader's  troop  of  horse; 

District  of  Cape  Girardeau,  2  Battalions  In- 
fantry, and  Capts.  Ellis  and  Bonis'  troops  of 
horse ; 

District  of  'New  Madrid,  2  Battalions  Infantry. 

1809,  Feb.  9.  Requisition  of  the  Secretary  of  War 
for  377  militia  men  from  the  Territory,  her 
portion  of  100,000  men,  ordered  by  the  President 
of  the  United  States,  to  be  held  in  readiness  if 
called  upon,  each  man  to  provide  his  own  arms 
and  ammunition. 

St.  Louis,  St.  Genevieve,  New  Madrid,  each 
one  company  of  77  men. 

Infantry,  commanded  by  Col.  Chouteau   .     232 
Riflemen,  "  by  Major  Cook  .     .     158 

Total 390 


1809,  April  21.     "  St.  Charles,  10  o'clock  a.  m. 

"  The  companies  of  Capts.  Ellis  and  Bouis,  of 
"  Cape  Girardeau;  of  Capt.  Otho.  Shrader,  of  St. 
"Genevieve;  of  Capt.  Pierre  Chouteau,  of  St. 
"Louis;  and  Capt.  Mackey  Wherry,  of  St. 
"  Charles,  will  rendezvous  at  St.  Louis,  May  4th, 
"with    arms    and    ammunition." 



1809,  July,  ''  discharging-  the  militia,  of  the  Terri- 
"  tory,  held  under  his  requisition  of  ]S'ov.  28, 
' '  1808  —  to  be  again  enrolled  as  before  with  the 
"  ordinary  militia  —  and  his  thanks  for  their 
"  promptness  in  volunteering/' 

1810,  May  17. 



"  with  120  soldiers  from  Winchester,  Virginia, 
"  for  Belief  on  taine,  passed  the  falls  of  .Ohio  on 
"  May  2nd." 

1812,  April  25.  The  six  comijanies  of  Rangers,  or- 
dered to  be  raised  by  a  late  Act  of  Congress,  are 
nearly  filled  up,  and  are  ordered  to  march  to  our 

May  16.     capt.  nathan  boone, 

was  commissioned  by  the  President  of  U.  S.  to 
raise  a  company  of  Mounted  Hangers,  for  12 
months'  service. 

June  18.  Capt.  Boone's  company  of  Mounted 
Rangers,  65  men,  were  mustered  into  service  at 
St.  Charles. 

Aug.  22nd.  "  St.  Louis  now  boasts  of  one  troop  of 
"  horse,  in  active  service  on  the  frontier,  one 
"  company  of  riflemen  on  board  a  galley,  at  the 
"mouth    of  the  Illinois,  one  of  artillery,  one  of 


' '  infantry,  and  a  veteran  '  company  of  men  now 
"  over  45  years  of-  age,  five  companies  comprising- 
"  almost  every  man  in  the  place."  —  Editok. 


1813.  There  are  at  present  at  this  post,  about  200 
U.  S.  regular  soldiers,  and  150  more  looked  for  — 
this,  with  about  300  partisans  shortly  expected, 
with  the  aid  of  our  militia,  would  enable  us  to  give 
a  warm   reception    to   the    British   and    Indians, 

'     should  they  return  this  way.  —  Editok. 

During  the  three  years  continuance  of  the  war 
with  Great  Britain  from  1812  to  1815,  but  little, 
if  any,  progress  was  made  in  the  growth  of  the 
place,  all  our  male  population  being  more  or  less 
absorbed  in  military  matters,  as  we  were  the  front- 
ier town,  with  hostile  Indians  in  close  proximity 
to  us,  continually  committing  depredations  and 
outrages,  even  to  the  extent  of  killing  our  settlers 
within  a  few  miles  of  our  town.  Our  people  were 
kept  constantly  on  the  alert,  so  that  business  was 
almost  entirely  suspended.  In  1812  our  popula- 
tion was  about  1200,  at  the  close  of  the  war,  1815, 
it  had  only  increased  to  1500,  altogether  by  the 
settlement  with  us  of  officers  and  soldiers  of  the  U. 
S.  army,  sent  out  for  the  defense  of  our  frontier. 

1813,  July  9.  .JOIIK  M.    DUFF, 

a  soldier  of  Capt.  D.  Musick's  company  of   U.  S. 
Hangers,  died   in  St.    Louis  of   a   wound  he   re- 


ceived  in  a  skirmish  with  a  party  of  Winnebago 
Indians  on  the  frontiers  of  St.  Charles,  near 
Fort  Mason.  His  remains  were  interred  with 
miUtarj  honors  in  the  Catholic  cemetery  on  the 


1.  Guard  from  the  Regulars  —  Sergeant  and  ten 

2.  Military  music,  with  muffled  drums. 

3.  The    Catholic   priest   in   his  sacerdotal  robes, 
with  attendants. 

4.  The   body,  carried  by   four   soldiers  of  Capt. 
Lucas'  company,  6  pall-bearers. 

5.  Two   privates   of  the   deceased's  company,  as 

6.  Capt.  Lucas'  company  of  volunteers. 

7.  Judges    and    officers   of     the   court,   then   in 


8.  Members  of  the  Council  and  Legislature. 

9.  The  speaker  and  clerks  of  both  houses. 

10.  The  adjutant- general  and  assistant  adjutant- 
general  of  the  troops. 

11.  The  officers  of  the  army  in  town. 

12.  The  Governor  of  the  Territory,  and  brigadier- 
general  of  the  troops. 

13.  Citizens  in  pairs. 


1813,  Sept.  10.  With  1400  men  left  Portage  des 
Sioux  on  an  expedition  against  the  Indians  of  Illi- 


1814,  April  9.         the  president 

has  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Brigadier  Greneral, 
U.  S.  Army,  Cols.  Daniel  Bissell,  5th  Infantry; 
Edmund  P.  G-aines,  25th  Infantry;  and  Winfield 
Scott,  2d  Artillery. 

1815,  March.  Col.  Wm.  Russell,  U.  S.  Army,  was 
in  command  at  Belief ontaine. 

Sept.  15.  On  Thursday  last,  10  boats  with  the  8th 
Regiment  U.  S.  Infantry,  700  men,  passed  St. 
Louis  for  Belief  ontaine  and  Portage  des  Sioux. 


June  15.  U.  S.  Army,  with  1000  Regulars  went 
up  the  Mississippi  to  build  a  fort  on  Rock  Island. 
300  of  the  Rifle  Regiment  have  sailed  from  Belle- 
f ontaine  to  join  him.     Editor. 

'Nov.  9.  Two  companies  of  the  8th  Regiment  U. 
S.  Infantry,  under  Capt.  "Willis  Poulck,  sailed 
from  this  place  on  Wednesday  for  IS'atchitoches, 
Red  River. 

1819,  June  9.     the  5th  regiment. 

'  U.  S.  Infantry,  left  Detroit  to  proceed  to  Prairie 
des  Chiens,  to  establish  a  Fort  at  the  mouth  of 
the  St.  Peter's,  Falls  of  St.  Anthony. 

June  28.  The  detachment  of  the  5th  U.  S.  Infant- 
ry,   at  Bellefontaine   has   dropped   down   to   the 


month  of  the  Missouri  river,  to  proceed  up  the 
Mississippi  to  St.  Peters,  under  Lieutenant-Colonel 

Sep.  22.  The  5th  Regiment,  Col.  Leavenworth, 
have  established  themselves  at  St.  Peters. 

Oct.  13.  Lieut.  Col.  Josiah  Snelling  promoted  to 
Colonel  of  the  5th  Infantry,  to  take  command  at 
St.  Peters. 

1820,  Jan.  5.  From  St.  Peters  we  learn  that  the 
barracks  are  completed,  and  the  troops  quartered 
therein  for  the  winter.  They  have  commenced 
ploughing  for  next  year.  The  climate  appears 
mild  and  pleasant.     Latitude  45°  north. 

1819,  June.     col.  talbot   chambers 

with  260  men  of  the  Rifle  Regiment,  left  Belle- 
fontaine  on  the  14th  inst,  in  five  barges,  to  pro- 
ceed up  the  Missouri  to  Capt.  Martin's  canton- 

July  21.  Col.  Chambers'  five  boats  and  260  men 
arrived  at  Franklin,  Howard  County,  on  July  2d, 
with  Capt.  James  S.  Gray,  Lieuts.  Scott  and 
Keith  and  Doct.  Martine.  They  left  Bellefontaine 
June  14th,  and  were  eighteen  days  to  Franklin;, 
they  left  Franklin  July  5th. 

Sept.  22.  The  keel-boats  with  Col.  Chambers' 
troops  arrived  at  Martin's  cantonment  on  the  28th 
August,  and  left  the  4th  Sept.  inst. 


1819,  June  9.     ool.  henkt  Atkinson's 

6th  Regiment  U.  S.  Infantry  j)assed  St.  Louis  for 
Bellefontaine  on  Sunday  and  Monday,  the  6th 
and  7th,  in  nine  barges,  on  their  way  to  Council 
■July  7.  The  6th  Regiment  left  Bellefontaine  on  the 
4th  and  5th  July,  in  three  steamboats ;  the  Expe- 
dition, Capt.  Craig;  the  Johnson,  Capt.  Colfax; 
and  Jefferson,  Capt.  Orfurt,  and  four  barges  pro- 
pelled by  wheels  and  sails. 
1^0.  1,  Major  Ketchum;  ]S'o.  2,  Capt.  Hamilton  and 
Lieut.  Mansfield ;  'No.  3,  Capt.  Reed  and  Lieut. 
EUison ;  ISTo.  4,  Capts.  Boardman  and  Living- 

In  the  steamers  were  Majors  Humphreys  and 
Foster, — Capts.  Haile,  Shaler  and  Bliss, — 
Lieuts.  Bedell,  Wilcox,  Durand,  Givens,  Mc- 
Ilvaine,  Keller  and  Palmer, — Lieut.  Talcott, 
Engineers, — Docts.  Mower  and  Kicholl, — Ad- 
jutant Staniford, —  Lieuts.  Wetmore,  Pay-Mas., — 
and  Brown,  Quar. -Master. 

Col.  Atkinson  and  Capt.  Smith,  of  the  Rifles, 
proceeded  by  land  to  take  the  boats  at  Franklin ; 
also  G-eneral  Jessup,  Quarter-Master  General. 

Oct.  27.  By  a  gentleman  from  Council  Bluffs  we 
learn  that  the  keel  boats  and  troops  had  arrived. 
The  steamboats  were  from  June  22d  to  Aug.  29, 
68  days  from  St.  Louis  to  Martin's  cantonment, 
350  miles,  average  5  miles  a  day.  And  the  keel 
boats  from  Sept.  6th  to  29th,  23  days  from  there 


to  the  Council  Bluffs,  270  miles,  about  ten  miles 
a  day. 


^'1819,  April  20.  The  U.  S.  Steamer  'Western 
"  Engineer,'  built  by  the  U.  S.  expressly  for  the 
"purpose,  left  Pittsburgh  on  Tuesday,  April  20, 
"  1819."  —Saturday,  May  1st. 

The  boat  is  thus  described  :  — 

75  feet  long,  13  feet  beam,  draws  19  inches. 
The  engine  and  machinery  below  decks  out  of 
sight,  the  steam  is  blown  out  through  the  figure- 
head of  the  boat,  which  is  a  large  serpent,  the 
wheels  are  in  the  stern  to  avoid  snags. 

Objects  of  the  expedition :  —  To  explore  the 
Missouri  and  the  country  to  the  falls,  about  four 
thousand  miles  from  Pittsburgh,  — to  fix  the  point 
in  the  Rocky  Mountains,  where  it  is  intersected  by 
the  49th  degree  of  north  latitude  —  take  observa- 
tions and  establish  the  latitude  and  longitude  of 
prominent  points,  fix  upon  a  suitable  point  for  a 
military  establishment  near  the  Yellowstone,  — 
investigate  the  geology,  mineralogy,  botany,  and 
natural  history  of  the  country,  etc.,  etc.,  in  a  word 
a  scientific  expedition.  Under  the  command  of 
Major  Stephen  H.  Long,  Topographical  Engi- 
neei's,  and  assistants  Lieuts.  James  Grraham  and 
William  H.  Swift,  Engineers  ;  with  Major  Thomas 
Biddle,  Paymaster  U.  S.  Army;  Doct.  Jessup, 
Mineralogist;  Doct.  Say,  Botanist;  and  Doct. 
Baldwin,  Zo-ologist.  Messrs.  Peale  and  Sey- 
mour, Artists ;  and  Major  Benjamin  O'Fallon, 
Indian  Agent. 


1819,  June  9.  The  "Western  Engineer,"  arrived 
at  St.  Louis  this  day,  fifty  days  from  Pittsburgh. 

1819,  June  17th,  Thursday.  An  elegant  entertain- 
ment was  given  to  the  ofiicers  of  the  Missouri 
expedition,  the  gentlemen  of  the  Scientific  expe- 
dition, and  to  Capts.  Hewes  and  Nelson,  of  the 
steamers  St.  Louis  and  Independence. 

"western   engineer," 

June  23,  left  St.  Louis  on  her  Yellowstone  expedi- 
tion on  Monday  the  21st,  to  be  absent  it  is  sup- 
posed about  two  years.  She  arrived  at  Franklin, 
Howard  County,  July  13,  having  left  St.  Charles 
June  25th ;  19  days  out. 

She  remained  here  5  or  6  days  and  left  here  on 
July  19,  and  arrived  at  Manuel  Lisa's  Trading 
post,  five  miles  below  the  Council  Bluffs,  on 
Sept.  19,  1819,  here  the  party  passed  the  winter 
of  1819-20  in  cabins  they  built  to  shelter  them. 

In  October  Majors  Long  and  Jessup  repaired 
to  Washington  to  report  progress  and  obtain 
funds,  and  rejoined  his  party  in  May,  1820,  and  in 
July  having  sent  back  the  steamer  under  com- 
mand of  Lieut.  Graham,'  he  left  the  cantonment 
to  prosecute  his  expedition  by  land. 


1819,  Dec.  29.  A  volunteer  company  of  Light  In- 
fantry has  been  formed  in  this  town,  denominated 
the  "St.  Louis  Guards." 


The  following  officers  were  elected :  — 
Captain,  Henry  "W.  Conway;  1st  Lieut.,  Geo. 
H.  Kennerly;  2nd  Lieut.,  Amos  J.  Bruce;  3rd 
Lieut.,  Josiah  Bright;  Ensign,  Jno.  B.  Sarpy; 
Orderly  Sergt.,  Chas.  "Wahrendorff ;  2nd  Sergt. 
Charles  Keemle ;  3rd  Sergt.,  William  Kenshaw; 
1st  Corp'l,  David  B.  Hoffman;  2nd  Corp'l^ 
Wilson  McGunnegle;  3rd  Corp'l,  Stephen  Rec- 
tor; Treas.,  William  Eenshaw. 

1820,  Feb.  22nd.  The  first  parade  of  the  company 
took  place  in  honor  of  the  day,  at  which  they 
made  a  fine  display. 


1808,  July  12,  'No.  1  issued  on  a  sheet  of  foolscap 
8  by  12  incbes,  there  being  no  suitable  paper  in 
the  place. 

1809,  July  19.  Editorial  on  the  completion  of  the 
first  year :  — 

"  He  regrets  that  his  paper,  under  the  untoward 
"  circumstances  under  which  he  labored  for  the 
"  first  year,  did  not  come  up  to  his  own  calcula- 
"  tions,  and  perhaps  to  the  expectations  of  his- 
"  patrons — but  now  having  disposed  of  his  office 
"  in  Lexington,  Ky.,  and  brought  his  family  to 
St.  Louis,  together  with  a  supply  of  good 
paper,  trusts  that  he  will  henceforth  meet  the 
"  expectations  of  his  friends." 


July  26.     An  editorial  upon  the  death  of   Thomas 
Paine  at  'New  York,  on   June  24th. 

Nov.  30.  ISTame  of  the  paper  changed  to  "  Louisi- 
ana Gazette,"  as  more  appropriate. 

1810,  July  19.     Completion  of  the  second  year. 

1811,  July  18.     Completion  of  the  third  year. 

"  Nov.  9.  Mr.  Charless  calls  upon  those  of  his 
^'  subscribers  who  gave  their  notes  or  word  of 
^'  honor  to  pay  in  flour  or  corn  to  bring  it  in  di- 
*'  rectly.  Others  who  promised  to  pay  in  heef  or 
"  porTc,  to  deliver  it  as  soon  as  possible,  or  their 
"  accounts  will  be  placed  in  the  magistrate's 
"  hands." 


1812,  July  18.  "  Congress  having  changed  the 
"  name  of  this  Territory,  the  editor  also  changes 
"  his  paper  to  its  fii'st  appellation,  '  Missouri  Ga- 
"  zette.'  " 

August  15.      Close  of  the  fourth  year. 

1813,  August  2].  Close  of  the  fifth  volume  of  the 

1814,  Feb.  19.  From  a  communication  in  this  paper, 
"  it  appears  that  Gov.  Howard  returned  to  St. 
"  Louis  in  April,  1813,  with  an  appointment  as 
' '  Brigadier  General.  He  acted  as  Governor  for  a 
"  few  weeks,  until  the  expiration  of  his  commis- 
"  sion  as  such,  and  then  there  was  a  vacancy  in 


"  the  office,  until  Gov.  Clark  accepted  the  appoint- 
"ment  in  July.  The  article  then  animadverts 
"upon  Gov.  Howard's  course  in  the  subject 
"  matter." 

Sept.  24.     Close  of  the  6th  volume  of  this  papei-. 

1815,  Jan.  21.  Mr.  Charless,  at  the  request  of  a 
subscriber  in  Washington  County,  gives  an  ac- 
count of  the  affair  between  Majors  Wm.  C.  Carr, 
Clement  B.  Penrose  and  Wm.  Christy,  and  Doc- 
tors Farrar  and  Walker  on  one  part,  and  himself, 
alone,  on  the  other,  and  of  what  transpired  be- 
tween them  in  his  office  on  Sunday,  and  "  of  their 
"  subscription  of  $1,000  to  start  a  new  paper,  and 
"  buy  a  printer  of  their  own  to  conduct  it  as  they 
"  should  dictate." 

Sept.  23.     Close  of  the  7th  volume  of  the  paper. 

1816,  July  13.  Editorial  of  Mr.  Charless  on  St. 
Louis : 

"  In  the  year  1795  I  first  passed  down  the  Ohio 
"  to  the  Falls,  where  a  few  stores  and  taverns  con- 
"  stituted  Louisville  a  town.  Cincinnati  was  a 
"  village,  and  the  residence  of  the  soldiers  thatde- 
"fend  the  ]^.  W.  Territory,  the  country  between 
"  to  Pittsburg  a  wilderness,  the  haunt  of  the  Sav- 
"  ages.  See  it  now  in  1816.  Both  banks  of  the 
"  Ohio  sprinkled  with  farms,  villages  and  towns. 
"Some  with  a  population  of  5,000  or  more,  with 
"  banks,  steam  mills,  and  manufactures  of  leather, 
"  wool,  cotton  and  flax,  the  various  metals,  schools 
"  and   seminaries,  and  teachers  in  every  village. 



"  The  above  is  noticed  as  a  contrast  to  the  opu- 
"  lent  town  of  St.  Louis,  with  a  capital  of  one 
"  million  dollars,  it  has  but  few  manufactures,  no 
"  respectable  seminary,  no  place  of  worship  for 
'*  dissenters,  no  public  edifices,  no  steam  mills, 
"nor  boats,  no  bank.  Mr.  Philipson  has  just 
"  established  a  brewery,  Mr.  Wilt  a  white  and  red 
*'  lead  factory,  Mr.  Hunt  a  tanning  establishment, 
"  and  last,  Mr.  Henderson's  soap  and  candle  man- 
"  ufactory,  would  be  of  great  utility  had  it  re- 
"  ceived  that  patronage  it  so  richly  merits,"  and 
concludes,  his  remarks  by  saying,  "  that  machin- 
"  ery  of  every  description  are  needed  here,  and 
"  particularly  a  man  of  capital  to  erect  a  steam 
"  mill,  who  would  soon  realize  a  fortune,  and  to 
"  establish  a  distillery,  as  at  least  5,000  barrels  of 
"  whisky  are  annually  received  fr'om  the  Ohio  and 
"  sold  at  75  cents  a  gallon,  while  thousands  of 
"  bushels  of  grain  are  offered  at  a  very  low  price 
"  to  any  man  who  will  establish  a  distillery." 

1816,  Sept.  21.  "  We  have  not  been  able  to  learn 
"the  particulars  of  the  late  affray  at  St.  Gene- 
"  vieve,  in  which  Augustus  Demun  was  killed." 

Sept.  16.     Close  of  the  8th  volume. 

1817,  Sept.  20.     Close  of  the  9th  volume. 

1818,  Sept.  11.  "  The  account  of  Win.  Tharp's  trial 
"  for  shooting  Wm.  Smith  came  too  late  for  this 


Sept.  18.     Close  of  the  10th  volume. 

1819,  Sept.  15.     Completion  of  volume  11th. 

1820,  Sept.  13.     Completion  of  the  12th  volume. 


This  number  closes  the  12th  year  of  his  editorial 
labors.  The  paper  was  established  when  the  popu- 
lation of  the  whole  territory,  now  the  State,  hardly 
numbered  12,000  inhabitants ;  it  had  been  ceded  but 
four  years.  The  original  subscription  was  but  170 
(now  increased  to  1,000),  and  the  advertising  list 
small ;  my  means  were  limited,  and  the  establish- 
ment supported  with  difficulty ;  but  by  perseverance 
in  a  straight  forward  course,  assisted  by  kind  friends 
and  patrons  ,  he  is  gratified  to  know  that  he  transfers 
it  to  his  successor  in  a  prosperous  and  successful 
condition,  and  returns  his  grateful  acknowledgments, 
etc.  Joseph  Charless. 

Sept.  13,  1820.* 

*  Note.  ^ The  early  flies  are  incomplete,  many  numbers  missing,  torn, 
cut  or  defaced.  The  first  book  was  made  up  from  papers  which  had  been 
delivered  to  subscribers  from  the  names  on  them. 

Mr.  Charless  had  his  printing  office  from  1808  to  1816,  eight  years,  in 
an  old  stone  house,  east  side  of  Main  street  below  Elm  (afterwards  the 
Bank  of  St.  Louis  and  Post-office.)  In  1816  he  removed  It  to  his  new 
frame,  at  the  southeast  corner  of  Second  and  Walnut  streets. 

After  Mr.  Charless  sold  the  paper  to  Cummins,  from  Pittsburg,  C. 
moved  it  to  the  Sanguinet  stone  house,  northeast  corner  Main  and  Elm. 

In  1822,  when  re-purchased  by  Edward  Charless,  he  removed  it  back  to 
his  father's  frame,  and  not  long  afterwards  next  door  to  the  new  bank 
on  Main  street. 



"  With  this  number  the  estabhshment  of  the 
"  Missouri  Gazette  is  transferred  to  the  subscriber, 
"  who  will  hereafter  conduct  the  paper.  He  as- 
"  sures  the  public  that  he  is  the  sole  proprietor, 
"and  totally  disconnected  Avith  any  other  person 
"  in  the  purchase  of  the  establishment;  and  trusts 
*'  that  he  will  so  conduct  the  paper  as  to  merit  the 
"  approbation  and  support  of  his  patrons  and  the 
"  public,  etc.,  etc. 

"  The  paper  will  be  issued  as  heretofore  on 
"  every  Wednesday. 

"  James  C.  Cummhsts." 
Sept.  13, 1820.* 


About  this  time  certain  prominent  gentlemen  of 
aristocratic  tendencies,  who  from  their  lineage, 
position,  and  early  training,  had  become  leaders 
of  society,  and  imagined  themselves  of  bluer 
blood  than  the  common  herd,  had  for  some  time 
past,  been  endeavoring  to  get  up  distinctions  in 
society  by  assuming  to  control  Mr.  Charless  in 
the  conduct  of  his  paper,  denouncing  certain  edi- 

*  Cummins  was  the  proprietor  of  tlie  paper  for  18  months,  from  Sept. 
13,  1820,  to  March  20,  1822.  He  preserved  no  files,  add  to  this,  the  last 
four  months  of  Mr.  Charless'  ownership,  whose  files  are  not  found,  and 
we  have  a  period  of  22  months  in  which  the  flies  are  lacking.     F.  L.  B. 


torials  and  communications  which  Mr.  Charless  in 
his  independent  obstinate  course  produced  in  his- 
columns  from  time  to  time,  and  which  resulted  in 
a  personal  attack  on  him,  in  his  own  office  by 
some  five  or  six  of  them  variously  armed,  on 
Sunday,  Feb.  6,  1814,  Mr.  C.  defending  himself 
as  best  he  could  with  his  sMllaly.^ 

1815.  In  the  spring  of  181 5,  these  parties,  raised  by 
subscription  the  sum  of  $1,000,  procured  a  press, 
and  materials,  and  engaged  Mr.  Joshua  Korvell,. 
from  !N^ashville,  Tennessee,  to  manage  it. 

The  first  number  appeared  in  May,  1815,  as  the 
"  Western  Journal,^'  it  was  a  failure  financially, 
it  being  sustained  by  an  additional  subscription. 

Sergeant  Hall,  a  lawyer  from  Cincinnati,  was- 
the  next  editor,  who  issued  "  his  "  first  number  on 
May  17,  1817,  as  the  "  Western  Emigrant,^'' 
conducting  it  with  no  better  success  than  the 

In  the  summer  of  1819,  it  passed  into  the  banda 
of  Isaac  "N".  Henry,  from  Ifashville,  as  proprietor, 
and  Col.  Thos.  H.  Benton,  editor,  who  again 
changed  its  name  to  the  "  8t.  Louis  Enquirer.'''' 

A  singular  fatality  appears  to  have  accom- 
panied this  paper  through  its  first  decade,  in  its 
frequent  change  of  ownership,  Mr.  Henry  had 
owned  it  but  two  years  when  he  died  in  June, 

*  The  details  of  this  affair,  too  long  to  produce  in  this  work,  are  to  be^ 
found  in  his  flies  of  the  period. 


A  succeeding  editor,  Patrick  Henry  Ford,  died 
Jan.  20,  1827. 

Early  in  the  year  1820,  the  population  of  Missouri 
Territory  having  grown  to  upwards  of  60,000,  far 
above  the  then  ratio  for  a  member  of  Congress,  an 
act  ' '  authorizing  the  inhabitants  of  that  Territory 
' '  to  take  the  proper  steps  to  form  a  Constitution 
*'  and  State  Government,"  was  passed  and  approved 
by  the  President,  James  Monroe,  March  6,  1820. 

According  to  the  provisions  of  the  Act,  the  elec- 
tion of  delegates  to  the  convention,  was  held 
throughout  the  Territory  viva  voce,  on  the  first 
Monday,  Tuesday  and  Wednesday  of  May,  ensuing 

The  convention  assembled  at  Wm.  Bennett's 
Mansion  House  Hotel,  corner  Vine  and  Third 
streets,  on  the  second  Monday,  June  12,  1820,  and 
was  in  session  about  five  weeks. 

The  Constitution*  was  completed  and  signed  on 
the  third  Wednesday,  July  19th. 

The  first  State  election  under  it,  for  the  ofiicers 
provided  for  the  State  government,  was  held  on  the 
fourth  Monday,  August  28th,  1820. 

The  Legislature  assembled  in  St.  Louis  at  its 
first  session  on  the  third  Monday,  Sept.  18,  1820, 
at  which  Alexander  McISTair  was  duly  inaugurated 
as  the  first  Governor  of  the  State. 

*  Mostly  the  work  of  David  Barton. 


He  made  the  following  appointments  :  — 

Joshua  Barton,  Secretary  of  State. 
Edward  Bates,  Attorney-General. 
William  Christy,  Auditor  of  Accounts. 
Pierre  Didier,  State  Treasurer. 
William  Gr.  Pettus,  Private  Secretary. 

This  first  session  of  the  State  Legislature  passed  a 
number  of  acts,  setting  the  State  government  in 
operation,  elected  two  United  States  Senators  to 
Congress,  David  Barton  and  Thos.  H.  Benton,  who 
with  John  Scott,  the  Representative  elect,  spelit 
the  winter  of  1820-21  in  Washington,  unable  to 
obtain  tlieir  seats,  we  not  yet  admitted  to  the 
Union  for  the  following  reasons  :  — 

When  Congress  assembled  at  Washington  in 
Dec,  1820,  the  Constitution  of  the  ISTew  State  of 
Missouri  was  submitted  for  its  approval,  it  took 
the  usual  course,  and  was  submitted  to  the  appro- 
priate committee  who  reported,  objecting  to  several 
clauses  in  it,  which  gave  rise  to  much  discussion  and 
long  delay  —  finally  Congress  adopted  a  resolution 
on  March  2,  1821,  "  providing  for  the  admission 
*'  of  Missouri,  on  amending  her  Constitution  in 
*'  regard  to  the  obnoxious  clauses." 

For  this  purpose  the  Gov.,  Mcll^air,  convened  a 
special  session  of  the  Legislature,  it  met  at  St. 
Charles,  June  4,  1821,  and  after  a  brief  session, 
adopted  the  amendments  proposed  by  Congress. 
Whereupon  the  President  of  the  United  States, 
James  Monroe,  issued  his  proclamation  of  Aug.  10, 


1821,  declaring-   the  admission   of   Missouri  as   the 
24th  State  of  the  Union. 

Extract   from  the   Governor's    Message   at  this 
first  special  session  :  — 

Gentlemen  of  the  General  Assembly: 

lu  discharge  of  the  duties  required  of  me  by  the  Constitution,  I  have 
convened  you  at  this  early  period,  for  the  purpose  of  laying  before  you 
several  matters  which  appear  to  me  urgent  in  their  nature,  and  of  vital 
importance  to  the  State,  hoping  from  your  wisdom  and  prudence  a 
remedy  for  some  of  the  evils  under  which  the  country  labors,  which  my 
own  reflection  has  not  been  able  to  devise. 

This  measure,  which  will  necessarily  occasion  a  considerable  public 
expense,  has  not  been  adopted  without  the  matured  deliberation,  and 
absolute  conviction,  on  my  part,  that  the  public  interest  and  safety  re- 
quire the  prompt  interposition  of  the  General  Assembly.  Since  the  first 
organization  of  this  government,  we  have  exhibited  to  the  American 
people  a  spectacle  novel  and  peculiar  —  an  American  Republic  on  the 
confines  of  the  Federal  Union,  exercising  all  the  powers  of  sovereign 
government,  with  no  actual  political  connexion  with  the  United  States^ 
and  nothing  to  bind  us  to  them  but  a  reverence  for  the  same  principles, 
and  an  habitual  attachment  to  them  and  their  government,  &c.     *    »    ► 

Albx'b  McNaik. 

St.  Charles,  4th  June,  1821. 




given  for  Bills    of  Exchange  on  the  Grovernment. 

Wilkinson  &  Price. 
St.  Louis,  July  12,  1808. 

A  variety  of  School  Books  for  sale,  and.  Blanks 
printed  at  this  office  on  short  notice. 
July  26,  1808. 


will  sell  to  the  highest  bidder,  for  cash,  at  10  A. 
M.,  on  Tuesday,  Aug.  3d,  1808,  at'  the  house  of 
Mrs.  Labadie,  an  invoice  of  goods  amounting  to 
between  7  and  800  dollars.  Cogniac  Brandy,  three 
years  in  cellar,  Dry  Goods,  Chewing  Tobacco, 
Saddlery  and  Hardware. 
July  23,  1808. 


in  all  its  branches,  next  door  to  Doct.  Saugrain's. 
Aug.  17,  1808. 




Whereas,    ray  wife   Polly  has   left   my  bed   and 
board,  I  will  pay  no  debts  of  her  contracting. 
Aug.  8,  1808.  Thomas  Beavers. 


Two  or  three  young  men  may  have  boarding  on 
reasonable  terms.     Enquire  at  this  office. 
Aug.  17,  1808. 


wants  two  or  three  journeymen  immediately ;  good 
Aug.  2i,  1808. 


for  sale.     Enquire  at  this  office. 
Sept.  7,  1808. 


requests  all  for  whom  he  is  agent  on  Land  Claims 
to  bring  their  testimony  before  the  Commissioners, 
before  the  1st  day  of  I^overaber  next. 
Sept.  7,  1808'. 


The  subscriber,  intending  to  leave  this  Territory, 
will  offer  at  public  sale,  on  Monday  the  12th  inst., 
all  his  household  furniture,  with  a  small  collection 
of  valuable  books,  etc. 

One  or  two  likely  young  negroes,  and  a  pair  of 
handsome,  well  matched  horses.  J.  Brtote. 

Sept.  7,  1808. 



have  recently  added  to  their  former  stock,  a  gen- 
eral assortment  of  merchandise,  for  sale  low  for 

Sept.  14,  1808. 


Resin  Webster  has  opened  a  house  of  entertain- 
ment, in  the  building  lately  occupied  by  General 
William  Clark. 

]Sr.  B.  —  A  few  genteel  boarders  can  be  accom- 

Ifov.  2,  1808. 


is  now   opening   at    his    new   store,   opposite    the 
Post-office,  a  general  assortment  of  Dry  Goods  and 
Groceries,  for  sale  for  cash  at  reasonable  prices. 
]S"ov.  10,  1808. 


have  just  received  an    assortment  of    Dry    Goods 
and  Groceries,  purchased  in    'New   York  for   cash, 
will  be  sold  low  for  cash  or  lead. 
Jan.  4,  1809. 


at  the  store  of  Bernard  Pratte,  a  complete  assort- 
ment of  Dry  Goods,  Groceries,  Liquors,  Iron  and 

Jan.  11,  1809. 



have  just  received,  and  for  sale,  a  general   assort- 
ment of  merchandise. 
April  19,  1809. 


have   entered  into  partnership,    and    will   continue 
the    business    in   P.    Primm's    old    stand,    opposite 
the  late  Mr.  Robidoux's. 
April  25,  1809. 


will  practice  medicine  and  surgery  in  St.  Louis ; 
his  office  is  in  Mr.  Eobidoux's  house,  Second 

May  16,  1809. 


will  sell  at  auction,  Thursday,  June  15,  at  9  o'clock 
A.  M.,  at  the  store  of  Hunt  &  Hankiiison,  the  stock 
of  goods  of  said  firm,  to  close  business. 
May  30,  1809. 


on   Monday,  June   12,    at  the  store    of  Alexander 
McKeever,  next  door  to  Madame  Robidoux,  all  the 
remaining  stock  of  goods  now  in  said  store. 
May  31,  1809. 


Doct.  Saugrain  gives  notice  of  the  first  vaccine 
matter  brought  to  St.  Louis.  Indigent  persons 
vaccinated  gratuitously. 

May  26,  1809. 



two  or  three  journeymen  carpenters ;    good  wages 
and  constant  work.  Norman  Mackenzie. 

May  31, 1809. 


The  copartnership  of  Wilson  P.  Hunt  and  John 
Hankinson  is  this  day  dissolved  by  mutual  consent. 
Wilson   P.  Hunt  will  settle  the  affairs  of  the  late 
.  June  10,  1809. 


has  just  opened  in  the  store  recently  occupied  by 
Hunt  &  Hankinson,  a  stock  of  fresh  Dry  Goods, 
Groceries,    and   Hardware,    for   sale   at  reasonable 
prices  for  cash. 
July  5,  1809. 

L.  T.    HAMPTON, 

skin  dressing  and  breeches  making,  in  Mrs.  Robi- 
doux's  house,    known  as  the  Council  house,   near 
Webster's  tavern. 
June  29,  1809. 


has  opened  in  the  store  formerly  occupied  by  Hunt 
&  Hankinson  an  assortment  of  fresh  Dry  Goods, 
Groceries,    and   Hardware,    for   sale  at   reasonable 
July  5, 



tailor  shop,  in  the  same  house  with  L.  T.  Hampton, 
Breeches  Maker  and  Glover. 
June  29,  1809. 


Merchant  Tailor,  lately  from  Bordeaux,  has  the  lat- 
est fashions  of  London  and  Paris.  Cloth  and  other 
stuffs  always  on  hand.  He  has  for  sale  Bordeaux 
Wine,  Coffee,  and  Imperial  Tea,  an  assortment  of 
the  best  Fiddle  Strings. 
Sept.  6,  1809. 

B.    BEETHOLD    AND    R.    PAUL, 

lately  arrived  from  Baltimore  and  Philadelphia,  have 
for  sale  an  elegant  assortment  of  Dry  Goods  and 
Groceries  at  moderate  prices.     Their  store  is  at  Mr. 
"Valois',  Main  street. 
Sept.  13,  1809. 


James  H.  Audrain  has  just  opened  a  public 
house  in  Mr.  Cerre's  large  stone  house,  IS'orth  Main 
street.  He  solicits  the  patronage  of  a  generous 

Sept.  13,  1809. 


will  take  in  keeping  on  moderate  terms,  a  few  horses, 
by   the  week   or    month.     Excellent    pasture    and 
plenty  of  grain . 
Aug.  29,  1809. 


1809.  !N"ov.  16,  Jno.  N".  Maclot  having  com- 
pleted the  erection  of  his  Shot  Tower  at  Her- 
culaneum,  —  the  first  in  the  West,  —  gives  notice 
to  his  friends  and  public  that  he  will  manufac- 
ture lead  into  drop-shot  on  reasonable  terms. 

Kocky  Place,  below  the  mouth  of  the  Joachim, 
adjoining  Herculaneum. 

1810.  Early  this  year  a  second  Shot  Tower  was 
erected  at  Herculaneum,  by  Moses  Austin,  of 
Mine  a  Breton. 


has  removed  his  store  to  next  north  of  Mr.  Charles 
Gratiot's   house,   where    he    has    added  largely  to 
his  former  stock. 
Oct.  12,  1809. 


proposes   to   teach    Drawing,    Geography,    Mathe- 
matics and  French  Grammar.     He    can    be    found 
at  Mr.  Vincent  Bonis,  Sr. 
Nov.  16,  1809. 


have  commenced  business  near  the  Post  Ofiice, 
they  also  carry  on  Skin  Dressing  and  Breeches 

my.  30, 1809. 


has  just  opened  a  Stock  of  New  Goods  next  door 
to  Mad'e    Robidoux's,   with  about   2,000  gallons 
Whisky,   etc. 
Dec.  7, 1809. 



is  now  opening  at  the  house  of  Francis  Benoit  a 
complete  assortment  of  Goods  of   the  newest  and 
most  fashionable  styles. 
Dec.  14, 1809. 


has  just  received  a  quantity  of  Drugs  and  Medicines, 
which  he  will  sell  at  moderate  prices. 
Dec.  28, 1809. 


has  just  opened  in  the  store  formerly  Hunt  &  Han- 
kinson,    an   assortment   of   fresh   Dry   Goods    and 
Dec.  28,  1809. 


has  just  returned   from   Philadelphia  with   a  well 
chosen  assortment  of  Merchandise,  which  he  will  sell 
at  the  most  reasonable  terms. 
Jany.  13,  1810. 


We  have  recently  added  to  our  former  Stock,  a 
supply  of  goods  suitable  for  the  present  and  ap- 
proaching seasons,  for  sale  on  the  lowest  terms. 

Beethold  &  Paul. 
Feb.  22,  1810. 


desirous  of  closing  out  their  stock  of  merchandise, 
will  dispose  of  it  at  very  low  prices. 
Jany.  30,  1810. 



Joseph  Charless  informs  his  friends  that  he  receives 
Boarders  by  the  day,  week  or  month.  Travelers 
can  be  accommodated  with  as  good  fare  as  the  town 
affords,  on  moderate  terms.  Stabling  for  8  or  10 


to  the  Paper  are  requested  to  pay  up.     Pork  and 
flour  received. 
April  19,  1810. 

H.  M.  SHKEVE  &  CO.       (PERGUS  MOORHEAd) 

have  brought  from  Philadelphia,  and  opened  next 
door  to  the  house  of  the  late  Joseph  Robidoux,  a 
complete  assortment  of  Dry  Groods,  Groceries,  Hard- 
ware, China  and  Qneensware,  Iron,  Steel,  Cast- 
ings and  Stationery,  to  be  disposed  of  low  for 

April  23,  1810. 

WOOD    &   DUNN 

have  just  arrived  from   Philadelphia   with   a   gen- 
eral assortment  of  Dry  Goods,  Groceries,  etc.,  etc., 
for  sale  at  the  late  stand  of  Hunt  &  Hankinson. 
April  23,  1810. 


at  Belief ontaine.     Edward  Hempstead  will   always 
have  a  supply  of  strong  and  table  beer  in  his  cellar. 
April  28,  1810. 



informs   the   public   that  he  has   just  arrived  from 
Philadelphia  and  has  opened  in  the  house  formerly 
occupied  by  Mr.  Eobidoux,  a  complete  assortment 
of  Dry  Groods,  Groceries  and  Crockery  Ware. 
April  18,  1810. 


John  Arthur  has  just  opened  a  quantity  of  country 
linen,  cotton  cloth,  cotton. and  wool  cards,  iron, 
steel,  etc.,  etc.,  which  he  will  sell  on  low  terms,  and 
will  take  in  payment  furs,  hides,  whisky,  maple 
sugar,  bacon  and  beeswax. 
April  19,  1810. 


The  firm  of  Falconer  &  Comegys  is  this  day  dis- 
solved, Mr.  P.  Falconer  retiring.  J.  G.  Com- 
egys  &  Co.,  the  new  firm,  is  just  opening, 
from  Baltimore  &  Philadelphia  at  the  store  op- 
posite Mr.  Charles  Gratiot,  a  general  assortment 
of  merchandise,  to  sell  for-  Cash,  Lead  or  Beaver. 
May  7,  1810. 


will  open  a  school  in  St.  Louis  in  the  house  of  M. 
Alvarez,  on  Monday,  May  7th. 
May  1,  1810. 

GEK'l.    WM.  CLARK. 

United  States  Agent  for  Indian  Department. 
July  12,  1810. 



has  rssumed  his  old  stand  on  Main  Street,  opposite 
Col.  A.  Chouteau's,  where  he  has  opened  a  house 
of  public  entertainment,  and  hopes  to  receive  the 
public  patronage. 

He  is  provided  with  Liquors  of  the  best  kind,  and 
good  pasture  for  horses,  with  corn,  oats  and  green 

June  27, 1810. 


Auctioneer,    Broker    arid    Commission    Merchant, 
near    the   Post   Office,   is  well  provided  with  Dry 
Goods,  Groceries,  etc.     His  house  and  cellar  is  well 
calculated  for  storing  goods. 
July  10, 1810. 


Windsor  and  Fancy  Chair-makers,  adjoining  Jno. 
Coon's  shop.     Work  superior  to   any  in  the  west. 
Penciled  and  gilt  in  the  finest  Philadelphia  fashion. 
July  26,  1810. 

THE   FIRM   OF  H.    M.    SHRBVE    &  CO. 

is  this  day  dissolved.     Fergus  Moorhead  will  con- 
tinue alone  at  the  old  stand. 
Aug.  11,  1810. 


is  opening  at  the  old  stand  of  Falconer  &  Comegys, 
a  handsome  assortment  of  Dry  Goods  and  Queens- 

Sept.  15,  1810. 



has  removed  the  Post  Office  to  his  new  etone 
residence  on  Third  Street  under  Court  House 

:N'ov.  12,  1810. 

matthew  kerb 

has  just  returned    from    Philadelphia  with    an  ex- 
tensive assortment  of  Merchandise,  to  dispose  of  on 
very  reasonable  terms. 
Dec.  10,  1810. 


to   close    his    business    in    St.   Louis,    offers    the 
balance  of  his  Stock  of  Groods  at  low  prices. 
Jany.  12,  1811. 


just  from  Philadelphia,  with  a  large  stock  of 
fresh  goods,  for  sale  in  Madame  Labbadie's  old 

Jany.  21,  1811. 


in  Jno.  B.  Becquet's  old  shop  on  South  Main 

Feby.,  1811. 


has    for    sale.   Porter,    Castings,    Tin    and    Glass- 
ware,   etc.,  from   Pittsburgh,    next  above    Baird's 
Feb.  14,  1811. 



Ladies'   and  Gentlemen's   Shoe  and  Boot  Makers. 
April  9,  1811. 

JOHN     AUDUBOlsr     &     PEEDIKAKD     KOZIEE,     OI'     STE. 


have  this  day  dissolved  their  copartnership. 

Ferd.  Rozier   will  continne  in   business  alone  at 
the  old  stand. 

April  6,  1811. 

m' KNIGHT    &   BKADY 

have  just  received    from    Baltimore    and   Philadel- 
phia,   a    large     stock    of     Merchandise,    in    their 
store  opposite  Genl.  Wm.  Clark. 
May  22,  1811. 


with  a  stock   of    new  Goods,  will    continue    busi- 
ness in  Z.  Mussina's  old  stand,  in  Chas.  Gratiot's 
old  stone  store- 
July  25,  1811. 


has  for  sale  low,  a  kiln  of  Bricks,  at  the  south 
end  of  the  village,  near  the  banks  of  the 

Oct.  12,  1811. 


has  removed  his  Blacksmith  Shop  to  John  Coon's 
old  house  on  South  Third  Street. 
l^ov.  27,  1811. 


DEPESTEE,    DEMTJN   &    CO., 

just    arrived    from     Philadelphia     and     Baltimore, 
with  an  assortment    of    new    goods,    are    opening 
ill    their     store     adjoining     Delaunay's     boarding 
house,  Main  Street. 
Sept.  12,  1811. 


has  just  arrived  with  an  extensive  assortment  of 
new  Merchandise,  for  sale  at  the  usual  low 

ISTov.  16,  1811. 

BOOT.    J.    M.    EEAD, 

from    Baltimore,    is  in    the    north    end  of   Mad'e 
Dubreuil's'house,  next  to  Major  Penrose's. 
Dec.  21,  1811. 

LOOK   HEKE ! ! ! 

Fred.  Teizer,  on  Main  Street,  next  door  to 
Dongan's  Silver  Smith  Shop,  has  on  hand  "rt 
heap  of  whisky ^^''  plenty  of  Peach  Brandy, 
Linsey,  Country  Linen,  Shoes,  Nails,  Cotton, 
Bed  Cords,  etc.,  etc.,  low  for  cash  or  hides. 

Feed.  Yeizek. 

!Nr.  B.    No   credit,    as   I   have    never    learnt  to 

Dec.  14,  1811. 

JOHN   CHANDLER   &    CO., 

Saddle,  Bridle,  and  Harness  Makers,  Main  Street, 
St.  Louis. 

Jany.  11,  1812. 



are  desired  to  observe  the  clothing  of  their  serv- 
ants to  detect  a  Thief;  who,  on  the  night  of  the 
27th  ult.,  stole  from  the  house  of  A.  MclS^air,  a 
large,  blue  Cloak  of  superfine  German  Cloth.  If 
the  Thief  should  be  a  white  man  a  reward  of  |20 
will  be  given  upon  conviction,  by 

Robert  Wash. 
Jan.  4,  1812. 


Apothecary  Shop,  adjoining  the  Printing  Office 
have  on  hand  genuine  medicines,  and  will  receive 
in  the  Spring  an  additional  supply  fresh  from 


continues  the  practice  of  his  profession. 
Jany.  18,  1812. 


Capital  150,000.  50  shares  at  $1,000.  Silvestre 
Labbadie,  Wm  Clark  and  Manuel  Lisa,  the  old 
Company  hold  $27,000  in  goods,  &c.,  up  the  Mis- 
souri River.  Subscriptions  desired  for  the  remain- 
ing 123,000. 
Feb.  1,  1812. 


Portrait  and  miniature   painter  in  oil.     Lessons  in 
architecture  and  landscape. 
March  7,  1812. 



Silver  Smith  and  Jeweler,  has  just  arrived  in  St. 
Louis,  at  Mrs.  Papin's  house  opposite  Genl. 
Clark's  office.  He  has  for  sale,  Cherry-bounce, 
Katafia  de  Grenoble,  Whisky,  etc.,  etc.  A  Gig 
and  Harness  and  his  keel  boat  and  apparatus. 
April  4,  1812. 


have  just  opened  in  the  house  of  Madame  Robi- 
doux,  a  fresh  stock  of  goods  from  Philadelphia 
and  Pittsburgh.  Having  a  good  store  and  cellars, 
they  will  receive  consignments  on  Commission  and 

May  1,  1812. 


just  from  'New  Orleans,  has  opened  a  new  store  in 
Mad'e  Chouteau's  house. 
May  1,  1812. 


for   a    Boarding    and   Day    Academy    for   Young 
Ladies     in    French    and   English,    in    Sanguinet's 
house  on  Second  Street. 
May  8,  1812. 


have   this     day    dissolved    their    copartnership    by 
mutual  consent.     Rene  Paul  will  settle  the  books 
of  the  late  firm. 
June  6,  1812. 



have  formed  a  copartnership  to  open  a  French 
and  English  School  in  St.  Lonis  on  August  7th 

June  6,  1812. 


has  opened  a  Drug  and  Medicine  Store,  in  St. 
Louis.  He  has  for  sale  a  variety  of  Spices,  Paints 
and  Stationery. 

June  27,  1812. 

B.    G.    PARRAR   AND   JOS.    OHARLESS 

dissolved  their  copartnership  in  the  drug  business  on 
the  10th  of  May  last,  by  mutual  consent. 

Jos.  Charless  will  adjust  the  business. 

July  6,  1812. 


will  practice  Medicine  and  Surgery  in  the  town  and 
vicinity   of    St.    Louis.     Office   lately  occupied  by 
Fergus  Moorhead,  in  Manuel  Lisa's  house. 
July  25,  1812. 


have  entered  into  partnership  for  the  practice  of 
Medicine,  Surgery  and  Midwifery.  They  have 
opened  a  Drug  and  Medicine  store  on  Main  Street, 
below  Major  Christy's  Tavern,  adjoining  Dangen's 
Silversmith  Shop. 
Aug.  29,  1812. 



has  opened  a  Tavei'ii  in  the  house  lately  occupied 
by  Mad'e  Robidoux. 

Good  cellars  for  storage  of  Whisky. 

Aug.  8,  1812. 


recommences   his    tailoring   business  in    the    small 
shop  next  to  Mad'e  Lecompte's  dwelling,  opposite 
to  Doct.  Simpson's  drug  store. 
Aug.  22,  1812. 

BE   PE8TRE,    DE   MUN     &    CO. 

close  their  business  in   St.  Louis.     Julius   De  Mun 
to  wind  up  the  affairs  of  the  late  firm. 
Sept.  15,  1812. 


is  removed  to  Doctor   Simpson's  Drug  Store,  Main 
street,  St.  Louis. 
Oct.  1,  1812. 


will  give  one  bit  a  pound  for  old  copper  and  brass, 
and  takes  it  at  that  price  for  debts  due  the 

Sept.  12,  1812. 

SMITH,    VON    PHUL   &   CO. 

have  dissolved  partnership.  Smith  &  Von  Phul 
will  continue  business  at  their  former  stand  in  St. 

Sept.  19,  1812. 



have   dissolved   the    partnership   existing    between 
them  since  February,  1811.     Michael  Tesson  con- 
tinues the  business  alone. 
Nov.  6,  1812. 


has  removed  his  blacksmith  shop  to  the  large  shop 
lately  occupied  by  James  Baird. 
Nov.  5,  1812. 


Attorneys  at  Law. 

Nov.  27,  1812. 


Baker  Shop,  north  Second  street. 

Dec.  5,  1812. 


of  John  Chandler  and  Alex'r  McNair  is  this  day 
dissolved.     The  business  will  be  carried  on  in  future 
by  John  Chandler,  who  will  close  the  accounts  of 
the  late  firm. 
April  13,  1813. 


are   just   opening   a    general    assortment    of    Dry- 
Goods,  Groceries,  Hardware,  Crockery,  etc. 
April  30,  1813. 



Apothecary  Store   is  removed   to  Mrs.  Chouteau's 
house,  opposite  to  Manuel  Lisa's  new  brick  house. 
They  have  just  received  from  Baltimore  a  fresh  sup- 
ply of   medicines. 
May  1,  1813. 

LOCKH art's    free   EEREY, 

at  St.  Louis. 
May  1,  1813. 


will  open  her  new  school  in  the  house  of  Manuel 
Lisa  on  Second  street,  formerly  occupied  by  Doct. 
May  7,  1813. 


has  removed  his  drug  store  to  the  former  stand  of 
Farrar  &  Walker. 
Aug.  28,  1813. 

THE   BANK   OE    ST.    LOUIS 

opened  her    books    for   subscriptions   to   stock  on 
Monday,  September  20th,  1813. 


have  for  sale  Pickled  Pork,  Beef,  and  Flour. 
Oct.  18,  1813. 


Collector  of  U.  S.  Revenue  for  Missouri.       ' 
Jan.  1,  1814. 



-declines   keeping  school   any   longer ;    he   will   sell 
his  furniture,  book-case,  and  a  ten-plate  stove. 
June  10,  1814. 

GEO.    M.    KEEMEE, 

just    from    Philadelphia,  with    a    large     stock    of 
Boots  and  Shoes,  at  Austin's  Tavern. 
July  16,  1814. 


have  purchased  the  tools,  etc.,  of  Burrows  &  Co., 
and   will  carry   on    the    Hatters'  business    at    the 
same  stand. 
July  16,  1814. 

D.  Stewart's 
Nail  Factory,  Main  street,   adjoining  the   store   of 
Theo.  Hunt. 
Sept.  14, 1814. 


lias  just  returned  from  Philadelphia  and  Baltimore 
with  an   extensive   assortment  of  Merchandise,  for 
sale  at  low  prices. 
May  14,  1814. 


have  just  brought  on  from  Philadelphia  and  Balti- 
more   a    general    assortment    of     Groceries,    Dry 
Goods,    Queensware,    etc.,    etc.,    which   they    will 
«ell  low  at  their  old  stand  on  Main  street. 
April  30,  1814. 



at  Beard's  large  shop  on  Third  street. 

I^ov.  12,  1814. 


desh'e  to  close  their    business   here  by  January  1, 
and  request  all  who  have   transactions  with  them, 
to  have  settled  up  by  that  date. 
I^ov.  23,  1814. 

M'KlSriGHT   &   BEADY 

give  notice  that  they  have  sold  out  their  stock  ot' 
goods,  and  desire  to  settle  their  accounts,  as  soon 
as  possible. 
Dec.  28,  1814. 


has  quit    the    practice    of   law.     Matthias  McGirk 
will   attend   to    the  professional    business    I    have 
Feb.  3,  1815. 


of  Peter   Lindell  with  Thos.   and  John    Cromwell 
is   this    day   dissolved.     Peter    Lindell   will    settle 
the  business  of  said  firm. 
March  1,  1815. 


has  removed  his  store  across  the  street  to  Primm's 
house,  next  door  below  Austin's  Tavern. 
March  18,  1815. 



has  just  opened  a   new  store   of  American   manu- 
factured   goods,    next    door    to   Doct.    Simpson's, 
formerly  the  Post-office. 
April  26,  1815. 

J.    D.    RUSSELL'S 

Chair  Factory,  on  Main   street,  between  Matthew 
Kerr's  store  and  the  Post-office. 
May  31,  1815. 


Tan  Yard,  in  the  Town  of  St.  Louis.     The  highest 
price  paid  for  Raw  Hides. 
May  28,  1815. 


has  opened  a  Seminary  on  the  Lancasterian  System, 
near  Major  Christy's. 
July  21,  1815. 

WM.     L.    m'QUIE 

has  a  hand  for  sale,  at  Mr.  Chenie's,  opposite  Genl. 
Pratte's    store;  three  or   four  thousand  gallons    of 
Whisky  of  the  best  quality,  and  eight  hundred  gal- 
lons of  High  Wines. 
Aug.  11,  1815. 

HENRT    S.    UEYER, 

Attorney  at  Law,  office  in  Mr.  Brazeau's  dwelling 
on  Second  street,  opposite  Mrs.  Hempstead's. 
Sept.  1,  1815. 



will   practice   Medicine  and  Surgery;    his  of&ce   is 
opposite  Mr.  Patrick  Lee's,  Main  street. 
Sept.  2,  1815. 


sometime  ago  in  St.  Louis,  a  watch;  the  owner 
is  requested  to  prove  property,  pay  charges,  and 
receive  her.  Sampson  Fiire. 

Sept.  17,  1815. 


have    removed   to  their   new   medicine  shop.   Main 
street,    opposite   Eene  Paul's   new   stone  building. 
Sept.  16,  1815. 


have  formed  a  connection  in  the  Drug  and  Medicine 
husiness,  at  the  old  stand  of  Doct.  Simpson. 
Oct.  1,  1815. 


at  Bellefontaine,  advertises  deserters  from  that  Post. 
Oct.  15,  1815. 

CHRISTIAN   smith's 

new  Bakeshop,  opposite  Mr.  Hempstead's  office,  on 
3rd  Cross  Street  South. 
]S'ov.  11,  1815. 


Town  of  St.  Louis,  2,000;  County,  5,395.  Total, 

Dec.  2,  1815. 



notifies    the    public,  that    he   will   not  permit    his 
land,  adjoining   the  Court  House  in   the   Town  of 
St.  Louis,  to  be  made  use  of  as  a  place  of  burial. 
Oct.  12,  1815. 


is  hard  run  for  cash  to  pay  his  debts,  and  will 
sell  a  number  of  notes  and  accounts  on  reasonable 
terms,  particularly  to  those  interested. 

After  Jan.  1,  they  will  be  offered  at  auction. 
.  Dec.  1,  1815.. 

CHAS.    W.    HinSTTEK   &   OO.'S 

'Neyv  Store,  just  opened,  from  Philadelphia,  oppo- 
site Matthew  Kerr's  Store. 

Dec.  22,  1815. 


thanks  his  patrons  for   their   support  of  his    Sem^ 
nary,  and  will  endeavor   to   extend    its  usefulness. 
Dec.  22,  1815. 


at  the  instance  of  a  number  of  friends  in  Ken- 
tucky and  Ohio,  intending  to  remove  to  Missouri 
and  Illinois  Territories,  has  opened  Books,  for 
the  Registry  and  Sale  of  Lands,  Town  lots  and 
Slaves.  Every  exertion  will  be  made  to  render 
the  institution  worthy  of  patronage. 
Dec.  28,  1815. 



has  opened  a  house  of  entertainment,  sign  of  the 
Union  Hall,  formerly  known  as  the  Missouri 

Jany.  27,  1816. 


have  just  received   from   Philadelphia   a   Stock   of 
Presh   Merchandise,   in    the   stone   house  on  Main 
Street,  opposite  Matthew  Kerr's  store. 
Feby.  14,  1816. 

GEO.  w.  Ferguson's 
Pottery,    a   large   assortment    of  vessels  of  every 
description  on  hand. 
April  19,  1816. 


has  commenced  the  Copper  and  Tin  business  in 
the  rear  of  Robidou's  Store,  near  Matthew 

Jany.  2,  1816. 


fresh  Stock  of   Goods,  in   her   white   house   oppo- 
site the  Union  Tavern. 
April  27,  1816. 

.LILBUEN  W.    B0GG8    &   TH08.    HANLX's 

new   store   adjoining   the   residence   of  Grov.  Clark 
and  opposite   McKnight  &  Brady,  large    Stock  of 
Fresh  Goods. 
May  1,  1816. 


A.    m'NAIR   &   JAS.    KBinSTEELT 

have  dissolved  theii^  copartnership  by  mutual 
consent.  The  business  will  be  settled  by  Alex. 

May  3,  1816. 


have  taten  the  store,  recently  occupied  by  McKair 
&  Kennerly,  and  are  now  opening  a  general  assort- 
ment of  Merchandise. 
May  3,  1816. 


has  just  received,  and  offers  for  sale  at  his  store, 
two  doors  below  McKnight  &  Brady's,  a   general 
assortment  of  Merchandise. 
May  1,  1816. 


St.  Louis  Brewery  is  ready  to  sell  Beer,  at  $11  per 
barrel  or  $6  per  half  barrel.  One  Dollar  deduction 
if  the  barrel  is  returned.  Retailed  at  12  1-2  cents 
per  quart  at  the  stores  of  Silvestre  Labbadie  and 
Michael  Tesson. 
May  25,  1816. 


from  !N"a8hville,  Tennessee,  opened  a  coffee-house 
in  the  old  Sanguinet  Mansion,  on  Second 

April,  1816. 



have  associated,    and  will  continue  their  school  on 
the  Lancasterian  System. 
May  30,  1816. 


gives  notice  that  having  purchased  lot  !N^o.  6 
of  Col.  Chouteau's  addition,  on  which  there  are 
some  graves,  and  being  about  to  build  on  the 
same,  those  who  may  have  friends  or  relatives 
buried  there  are  at  liberty  to  remove  them  if 
they  think  fit.  And  suggests  further  that  Cham- 
bers, Christy  &  Co.,  in  their  new  addition 
of  Korth  Saint  Louis,  have  set  aside  a  suitable 
lot  for  a  Church  and  Cemetery  to  be  free  to  all 
den  omin  ations . 
May  31,  1816. 


having   obtained    the    Ferry    privilege    across    the 
Missouri  River  at  St.  Charles,  will  always  be  ready 
to  convey  passengers,  produce,  or  merchandise,  etc., 
at  all  hours  with  safety  and  despatch. 
April  9,  1816. 


has  just  opened,  in  the  south  store  of  McKnight  & 
Brady's  new  double  brick  house  on  Main  street,  a 
choice  assortment  of  Merchandise. 
June  7,  1816. 



opened  the  upper  part  of   this  new  building  as  the 
Washington  Hall. 


have   just  received  at  their   store   on  Main   Street, 
next   above    Henry  Yon  Phul    &   Co.,  a   general 
assortment  of  Merchandise. 
June  8,  1816. 


has   just  opened   a   Barber's  Shop  on  Main  Street, 
near  Mr.  Paul's  stone  house,  and  pledges  himself 
to  give  satisfaction  in  his  line. 
June  5,  1816. 


next  to  Capt.   Price's  Store,  near  the  Indian  Office,, 
has  just  opened  a  stock  of  'New  Merchandise. 
June  14,  1816. 


June  18,  1816. 

H.  C.  DAVIS 

has  opened   a  Tavern,  sign  of  the  (Srreeu  Tree,  on 
Second  Street. 
July  26,  1816. 


nearly  opposite  the  P.    O.,  large    stock    of  'New 
July  20,  1816. 



have  removed  to  the  house  of  Mr.  William  Smith, 
and  have  lately  received  additions  to  their  stock  of 
Sept.  2,  1816. 


offers  his  professional  services   to  the   citizens   of 
St.  Louis  and  vicinity,  at  the  house  lately  occupied' 
by  Mad'e  Lebeau,  South  Main  St. 
Nov.  1, 1816. 


are  now  opening  in  his  stone  house,  a  large  assort- 
ment  of   Merchandise,  recently  purchased  in  Phil- 
adelphia and  Baltimore, 
l^ov.  2,  1816. 


have  removed  to  next  door  to  Davis'   Green   Tree 
Hotel,  2nd  Street. 
Oct.  26, 1816. 


will  undertake  the  tuition  of  a  few  Scholars,  in  the 
Arts  and  Sciences,  at  his  residence. 
]^ov.  30, 1816. 


Auctioneers,  South  Main,  a  new  frame  warehouse 
in  rear  for  storage. 
l^OY.  30,  1816. 


JNO.    JACOB y's 

Saddle  and   Harness  shop,  in   Clark's   stone   row, 
opposite  Hunt's  Store. 
Dec.  14,  1816. 


in  Clark's  new  brick,  a  large  addition  to  his  stock. 
Dec.  21,  1816. 

JOHN  B.    HBRPI2Sr     &   SON, 

l^ew   Store,  from   Philadelphia,  in    Patrick    Lee's 
former  stand.  South  Main  Street. 
Dec.  28,  1816. 


new   Store,  with  a   large   Stock   of  Fresh  Goods, 
just    from    New     York,    next    door    to   Matthew 
Jany.  2,  1817. 


have  removed  their  Drugs  and  Medicines  to  the 
corner  store  lately  occupied  by  Eiddick  &  Pil- 

Jany.  4,  1817. 


has    just   opened   a   fresh    Stock   of    Dry    Goods, 
Groceries,  "Wines,  etc.,  in  the  house  of  Peter  Chou- 
teau, Sr.,  JS'orth  Main  Street. 
Jany.  11,  1817. 


JOHN   little's    store, 

two  doors  below  the.  Indian  Office,  a  general  assort- 
ment of  Merchandise. 
Feb.  6,  1817. 

p.    M.    DILLON 

has  removed  his  Store,  to  that  lately  occupied  by 
Theo.  Hunt,  directly  opposite  Grenl.  Clark's  Indian 

April  2,  1817. 

ALBX'r   jST ash's   FERRT   at     ST.    LOUIS. 

He  has  just  put  on  a  large  Flat  and  two  Keel- 
boats,  landing  on  this  side  just  above  the  sand 

May  9,  1817. 


new   Store,    with    all    I^ew   Goods,    in    the    place 
recently   occupied   by  Theo.  Hunt,  Papin's  house, 
two  doors  below  "  Washington  Hall." 
May  10,  1817. 


has  removed  his  store  to  next  below  Porter,. 
Glasgow  &  Niven,  opposite  Clark's  Indian 

May  9,  1817. 


has  opened  his  Academy  on  Main  Street,  next  door 
to  Mr.  Wilt's  Store. 
May  27,  1817. 




having    procured  a    convenient   house,    vv^ill    open 
his  Academy  on  Jviiie   4th,    his    prices   of    tuition 
will  be  from  $4  to  $6  per  quarter. 
May  29,  1817. 

KENE    PAUL   &   CO. 

have  this  day  dissolved  partnership,  Rene  Paul 
will  continue  the  business  alone  at  his  former 

June  10,  1817. 


successors    to    Patrick   Lee,    in    the   Auction    and 

Commission  Business. 
June  13,  1817. 

Bakers  and  Grocers,  South  Main  Street. 
June  20,  1817. 


Clock   and  Watchmaker  from  Europe,  has   opened 
his  shop  in  Major  Chouteau's  house^  ]S"orth  Main. 
July  10,  1817. 


Copper   and    Tin    Smith,  in   house   lately  occupied 
by   Joseph   Brazeau,  on  Second,   opposite   Edward 
July  10,  1817. 



offers  his   services   in     the    practice   of    Medicine, 
Surgery,  etc.,  in   Mr.  Papin's  house,  opposite   Mr. 
Landreville's  stone  house. 
July  11,  1817. 


new   Store,  from  Philadelphia,  adjoining  Mr.  Mat- 
thew Kerr's. 
July  12,  1817. 


have    just   received  and  opened,  a  large  and  gen- 
eral assortment  of  Merchandise. 
Jnly  26,  1817. 

A.    MEDDOOK    &   DUTAL'S 

new  Store  in  Dangen's  house,  lately  occupied  by 
Moses  Scott.  A  general  assortment  of  Fresh 

July  22,  1817. 

JAMES    H.  PECK,  ATT'y   AT   LAW, 

from  Tennessee,  will  practice  in  the  Several  Courts. 
Aug.  15,  1817. 


with     fresh    goods,    just    from     Philadelphia,    has 
opened  them  at  Mrs.  Pescay's. 
Aug.  2,  1817. 


opposite  Col.  Paul's,  Main  Street. 
July  7,  1817.    ■ 


CHA8.     W.    HUNTER 

has  removed  to  the  new  Stone  house,  nearly  oppo- 
site to  Mr.  Kerr's  Store. 
Aug.  20,  1817. 


Watch  and  Clock  Maker,  has  opened  his  shop,  next 
door  below  Mr.  Wilt's  Store  on  Main  Street,  where 
he    will   carry    on  the   business  in    all    its    various 
Aug.  30,  1817. 

MR.    E.    bowling's 

Boarding  House,    North   Main    Street,  next    door 
above  Maj.   Peter  Chouteau's.     A  large  and  con- 
venient house,  good  air  and  water. 
Sept.  13,  1817. 


has  removed  to  the  store  next  below  Kerr  &  Bell's,. 
where  C.  W.  Hunter  was. 
Oct.  8,  1817. 


has  just  opened,  at  the    store  of  Perkins  &  Drips, 
opposite  the  Post  Office,  an  Assortment  of  German 
Goods,  imported  this  Spring  by  himself. 
Oct.  16,  1817. 


copartnership  expired,  and  was  succeeded  by  the 
new  firm  of  A.  P.  Chouteau,  Demun  «fc  J.  B. 

Oct.  18,  1817. 



Dancing  School,    at  the  house   of  Mr.   Sanguinet, 
Main  Street. 
Oct.  22,  1817. 


Planters  Hotel,  in  the  old  Gonde  building,  on 
Second  Street,  just  opposite  Major  Douglass' 

Kov.  7, 1817. 


at  the  store  lately  occupied  by  Robert  Collet,  at  the 
lower   end   of    Main    Street,  is  authorized    to   sell 
wholesale  or  retail,  a  Stock  of  about  $100,000  worth 
of  Assorted  Merchandise, 
l^ov.  28,  1817. 


Tobacco  Manufactory,  in  .the  Cross  Street,  nearly 
opposite  the  P.  O. 
E'ov.  29,  1817. 


large  Stock  of  Fresh  Groods,  just  opened  in 'Rene 
Paul's  Stone  Store,  on  Main  Street,  a  complete  As- 
sortment of  Merchandise. 
Dec.  7, 1817. 


has  resigned  the   Circuit  Judgeship,  and  resumed 
the  practice  of  law. 
Dec.  13,  1817. 



has  removed  to   his  new   brick  house,  between  the 
stores  of  J.  Clemens  &  Smith,  Main  Street. 
Dec.  10,  1817. 


have    opened    their    store,    in    the  South    one  of 
M'Knight  &  Brady's  double    brick   building,   just 
opposite  Gov.  Clark's,  lately  Moses  Scott  &  Co. 
Dec.  20,  1817. 


Broker  and  Land  Office,  and  St.  Louis  Exchange, 
on   Main    Street,    formerly   Peeble's    Tavern    and 
Auction  House  in  rear  on  River  bank.* 
Dec.  20,  1817. 


will  open  a  school  for  boys  and  girls  on   Monday, 
the  5th,  at  his  new  house  on  the  Hill. 
Jany.  3,  1818. 


has  some  new  furniture  for  sale. 
Jany.  3,  1818. 


from  Amsterdam,  will  give  lessons    on  Piano  and 
Clarionet ;  refers  to  K.  Revd.  Bishop  Dubourg. 
Jany.  23,  1818. 

*  The  Gazette  (vol.  fourth)  for  1818,  19  aod  20  is  missing.  I  take 
1818  from  January  1  to  October  7,  from  my  written  memoranda,  and 
beginning  with  October  7,  1818,  from  my  printed  Gazette  of  1818-19. 




new  Stock   from   Philadelphia,   in    the    house  for- 
merly Sergeant  Hall's  Printing  Office. 
Jany.  23,  1818. 


removed  to  the  house  formerly  Peeble's  Tavern,  and 
since  then  Stephen  E.  Wiggin's  Store. 
Jany.  30,  1818. 


dissolved  partnership.     Boggs    purchased    Hanly'e 

Feb.  13,  1818. 

J.  H.  BOYEE, 

Tailor  from  Europe,  in  P.  Chouteau's  house. 
March  6,  1818. 


just  from  Baltimore,  with  all  new  Goods,  at   Store 
formerly  Collett  &  Daly. 
March  12,  1818. 


fresh  groceries  from  ISTew  Orleans. 
April  10,  1818. 


Chair  Factory,  on  Second,  next  door  to  Shope's. 
April  17,  1818. 



Bricklayers,  etc. 
April  17,  1818. 


professional  card. 
April  24,  1818. 


Commission  Merchants,  on  Front,  near  the  north- 
east half -moon. 
April  24,  1818. 

N.    J.  MACLOT   &  CO., 

!N'ew  Goods  from  Philadelphia,  opposite  the  Indian 
May  1,  1818. 


May  4,  1818. 


appointed  Julius  Demun  to  transact  his  business  in 
his  absence. 
May  8,  1818. 

p.  M.  dillok's 

new  Stock  in  the  Store,  lately  Jos.  Wiggin,  oppo- 
site Bank  St.  Louis. 
May  15,  1818. 

KIMBALL     &    "ward's 

Eeading  Eoom  and  Punch  House.     Corner  Second 
and  Main  Cross  Street. 
May  15,  1818. 


THOMPSON   P.    WILLIAMS    &   CO., 

in  store  late  Perkins  &  Drips. 
June  12,  1818. 


DOCT.    A.    NELSON 

has   purchased  the   Drug  business   of   Simpson   & 
June  19,  1818. 


has  established  a  Ferry   to  Oahokia,  below  [Judge 
Bent's  farm. 
June  19,  1818. 


Lumber   business. 
June  26,  18*18. 


removed  to  Sign  of  the  Plough,  opposite  to  Henry 
Yon  Phul  &  Co. 
July  1,  1818. 

JAMES    CLEMENS   &    CO., 

Main,  third  door  above  the  Market. 
July  24,  1818. 


Law  Office,  in  Douglass'  new  brick. 
July  24,  1818. 



large  stock  new   goods,  next  below  CoUett    and 

July  31,  1818. 

WM.    PROUT   &   SON, 

New   Goods,  just   opened,  in   Clark's    old    Indian 
August  19,  1818. 


8.  e.  corner  Third  and  Main  Cross  Street. 
Aug.  19, 1818. 

Just  from   'New  York,  with    IN'ew    Goods,   at    the 
store  of  Dent  and  Rearick. 
Sept.  4,  1818. 


has  just  opened  his  new  goods  from  Philadelphia, 
in  Major  Douglass'  new  brick. 
Sept.  4,  1818. 


removed  to  next  below  the   new   Banking  House. 
Sept.  11,  1818. 


Academy    for    Young   Ladies,    Music,  Dancing, 
French,  etc. 
Sept.  18,  1818. 



Land  Agency  Office. 
Sept.  25,  1818. 

HBIfRY   W.  CONWAY    &    OO. 

offer  $300  reward  for  their  clerk,  Geo.  R.  Robert- 
son, who  absconded  from  their  store  with  a  large 
amount  of  money  and  notes. 

Nimrod  H.  Moore  adds  $100  to  the  reward. 

Sept.  25,  1818. 


removed  to  Pratte's  Warehouse. 
Sept.  25,  1818.  ' 

H.  VON  PHUL  &  CO.,  OF  ST.  XiOUIS, 

William   Morton,    Jno.  S.    Sue  ad,   &   Henry  Yon 
Phul  dissolved  partnership. 
Oct.  7,  1818. 

EEVD.    ME.    NIEL'S 

academy  for    young    gentlemen,  at    the   house   of 
Mr.  Alvarez. 
Oct.  23,  1818. 


Clock   and    Watch    Maker,  from   Philadelphia,  in 
Dangen's  house. 
l^ov.  10,  1818. 


Clock  and  Watch  Maker,  in  Clark's  row. 
Nov.  5,  1818. 



Architect  and  Builder. 
March  20, 1818. 


Store,  Main  Street,  in  Collet's  brick. 
March  29, 1818. 

sam'l  r.  obek, 

next  below  Hastings  and  Stimpson's. 
March  29, 1818. 


removed  to  his  new  brick  on  the  river  bank. 
Dec.  1, 1818. 


dissolution.     Gabriel  Paul  continues  Auction    and 
lS[ov.  11,  1818. 


Tan  Yard,  South  Second. 
Jany.  1,  1819. 


from  France,  at  Mrs.  Benoist's  house. 
Jany.  1,  1819. 

DOCT.    W.    OAKR   LANE'S 

oflBce  on  Third,  late  Eeed's. 
Jany.  4,  1819. 

152  business  notices. 

dueocher's  dancing  school, 

his  last  ball  on  the  26th  inst. 
Jany.  14,  1819. 


"Warehouse,  on  Church  Street. 
Jany.  15,  1819. 


Store  in  Clark's  brick  house. 
Jany.  15,  1819.      • 


Jany.  22,  1819. 

JOSEPH    WHITE    &    CO., 

Hatters,  next  below  Hull's  grocery. 
Feby.   3,  1819. 


removed    their    store   to    next   to   the   old    Indian 
Jany.  29,  1819. 


Auction  Room,  in  his  new  brick  house. 
Feb.  9,  1819. 


new  Drug  Store,  in  Simpson's  new  brick,  opposite 
the  Post-office. 
Feb.  9,  1819. 



new  firm,  in  Christian  Wilt's  old  store. 

Feb.  10,  1819. 


Drugs  and  Medicines,  new  brick  below  Collet's. 
Feb.  10,  1819. 


Law   Office,    Second  Street  next  to    the     Gazette 
Feb.  16,  1819. 


Wines,  &c.,  in  Bosseron's  cellar. 
March  5, 1819. 

JOHN    R.    GUT, 

100,000  Shingles  and  Lime. 
March  29,  1819. 


have  removed  to  next  door  north. 
April  7,  1819. 


have   removed  to    the   late   stand   of   Renshaw   & 

April  20,  1819. 


removed  into  Matthew  Kerr's  late  stand. 
May  18,  1819. 



copartnership,  general  assortment. 
June  2, 1819. 


office,  in  Perras'  house,  Second  Street. 
June  9,  1819. 


dissolved.     Daly  formed  a  copartnership  with  Mad- 
ame Pescay. 
June  9,  1819. 

Large  stock  of  Pittsburgh  porter  and  ale,  opposite 
Bank  of  St.  Louis. 
June  9, 1819. 


removed  to  l^o.  2  in  Chouteau's  row. 
June  23, 1819. 


new  Stock  in  Lisa's  new  house,  opposite  Enquirer 

June  30,  1819. 


removed  to  No.  3,  Chouteau's  row. 
July  24,  1819. 


new  Store,  next  to  Riddick's  Auction. 
Aug.  4,  1819. 



has  a  lot  of  goods  for  sale  at  Dillon's  new    brick 
Aug.  11,  1819. 


Clock  and  Watch  Maker,  Bouju's  old  stand. 
Aug.  11,  1819. 


Architect  and  Builder. 
Aug.  11,  1819. 


in  his  new  frame,  opposite  Paul's  Auction. 
Aug.  18,  1819. 

CRANE    &    beck's 

Western  Land  Agency. 
Sept.  8,  1819. 


new  ferry  over  the  River. 
Sept.  15,  1819. 


reopens  his  school,  second  year. 
Sept.  15,  1819. 


Gun  Smith's  Shop. 
Sept.  15,  1819. 


Confectionery,  Main  Street. 
Sept.  29,  1819. 



Dancing  School. 
Oct.  27,  1819. 


Attorney  at  Law. 
Oct.  27,  1819. 


Attornej'^  and  Counsellor  at  Law. 
ISTov.  17,  1819. 

THEO.    PAPIN    &   JOS.    LAMOUEEtrX, 

having  purchased  the    Stock   of    Maclot    &    Co., 
will    continue     the    business    in    G-ratiot's     Stone 
Dec.  8,  1819. 


new  Livery  Stable  and  Blacksmith  Shop,  adjoining 
Mount's  Carriage  Shop. 
December,  1819. 


removed  by  the  new  Post  Master,  Col.  Elias  Rec- 
tor, to  the  old  Stone  Mansion  of  Mrs.  Chouteau. 
Dec.  8,  1819. 


removed  to   his  new  establishment,    North    Main, 
at  the  comer  opposite  the  old  Gratiot  Mansion. 
Dec.  23,  1819. 


WM.    M.    O'HAKA   &   CO., 

Exchange  Bank,  'Ho.   1  of  Col.  Chouteau's  brick 

Dec.  23,  1819. 

THOS.    E8TES, 

removed   to    No.  2   of   Col.  Chouteau's  new  brick 
row,  South  Main  Street. 
Dec.  29,  1819. 


store  in  Becquet's  old  house.  South  Main  Street. 
Jan.  5,  1820. 


from    Philadelphia,  will    continue   the    business  of 
C.  &  A.  Wilt,  at  same  place. 
Jan.  19,  1820. 


French  and  English  Academy  for  Young  Ladies. 
Jan.  26,  1820. 


from  Philadelphia,  in  Bosseron's  brick  house. 
Feb.  2,  1820. 


Boots  and  Shoes. 
Feb.  8, 1820. 


in  McKnight  &  Brady's  old  store,  North  Main. 
March  8,  1820. 


MRS.     gay's 

boarding    house,    upper    part    of    McKnight    and 
Brady's  double  brick. 
March  8,  1820. 


removed   to  third  house   north  of   the  Bank,   sign 
"  Golden  Sun  Shines  equally  upon  all." 
April  5,  1820. 


removed     their     Store    to     Papin's     brick    house. 
April  8,  1820. 

m'kenna  &  CO., 

Tailors,  from  IS'ew  York. 
April,  1820. 


have  dissolved  partnership. 
April  10,  1820. 


Juvenile  School,  at  Mrs.  Papin's  house. 
April  10,  1820. 


Chouteau's  row,  third  house. 
"  April  19,  1820. 


from  Baltimore. 
April  26,  1820. 



has  taken  the  Green  Tree  tavern. 
April  26,  1820. 


Books  and  Stationery. 
April  26,  1820. 


have  associated,  in  the  old  stand  of  Wahrendorff. 
May  3,  1820. 


new  Team  Boat  Ferry,  l!^orth  Levee. 
May  11,  1820. 


Auctioneers,  at  the  old  Stand. 
May  12,  1820. 


Auctioneers,  at'Kiddick's  old  stand. 
May  30,  1820. 


new  Store  in  Mrs.  A.  P.  Chouteau's  house. 
May  30,  1820. 


new  Store,  in  Belcour's  Stone  Corner. 
Aug.  9,  1820. 


PAUL  &  rsruRAM, 

from  Philadelphia,  'No.  1,  Chouteau's  row. 
Aug.  17,  1820. 


copper  and  tin  shop,  South  Main. 
Aug.  17,  1820. 

T.    6KIMSLEY   &  WM.    STAKK, 

Saddlers  and  Harness  Makers. 
Aug.  23,  1820. 


Merchants,  in  E.  Paul's  corner. 
Aug.  23,  1820. 


residence,  in  Carr's  brick  house,  South  Main. 
Sept.  13,  1820. 

DOCT.     kelson's    RESIDENCE, 

Main  Street,  lower  end. 
Sept.  13,  1820. 



The  Bench  and  Bak 
of  St.  Louis,  from  1804  to  1821. 

During  the  forty  years  of  the  French  and  Span- 
ish dominations  in  upper  Louisiana,  there  were  no 
Lawyers  in  the  country,  there  being  no  courts 
requiring  the  profession,  and  consequently  but 
little  litigation. 

Under  the  laws  of  these  countries,  the  Governor 
of  their  respective  colonies,  exercised  the  functions 
of  Judge  and  Jury,  heard  the  statement  of  each 
party  litigant,  supported  by  their  proofs,  and  then 
gave  their  decision  in  the  matter,  no  doubt  con- 
scientiously, and  their  decision.s  were  always 
acquiesced  in  by  the  parties  litigant. 

After  the    transfer    of    the  'Eastern   or  Ilhnois 

country  to  the  British  in   1765,   Courts  of  Justice 

were   gradually   introduced,   and    the   first  Lawyer 

in  the  Territory  was    John    Rice  Jones,  who   came 

n  (161) 


to  KaskasMa  in  1787,  and  in  after  years  after  the 
transfer  to  the  United  States'  of  the  Louisiana 
side,  removed  to  St.  Louis,  where  he  died  in 

The  next  one  we  read  of  was  Isaac  Darneil, 
who  also  came  from  the  other  side  to  this  about 
1807,  but  soon  went  back  again  to  Illinois. 

Dates  of 




John  Rice  Jones     .      . 


Jany.  23,  1824. 

Wm.  C.  Carr     .     .      . 


March  31,  1851. 

Rufus  Easton     .     .     . 


July  5,  1834. 

Edward  Hempstead     . 


Aug.  9.  1817. 

John  Scott    .... 



John  B.C.  Lucas  .     . 



Charles  Lucas   . 


Sept.  27,  1817. 

William  Lucas  . 


Henrj^  M.  Breckenridge  1810 

James  A.  Graham 

1810       ■ 

Dec,  1811. 

Robert  "Wash 


^ov.  29, 1856. 

Charles  S.  Hempstead 


David  Barton     .     .     . 



Joshua  Barton   .     .     . 


June  29, 1823. 

Edward  Bates    .     .     . 


March  25,  1869. 

Matthias  M'Girk    .     . 



Alexander  Gray      .     . 


Aug.  1,  1823. 

Henry  S.  Geyer      .      . 


March  5,  1859. 

Thomas  H.  Benton      . 


April  18,  1858. 

Robert  P.  Earris     .      . 


Dec.  17,  1830. 

Luke  E.  Lawless  .     . 


Sept.  3,  1846. 


Dates  of 




Horatio  Cozens 

.    1817 

July  13,  1826. 

Eleazer  Block    .     . 

.     1817-18 

Eufus  Pettibone     . 

.     1818 

July  31,  1825, 

James  Hawkins  Peck 

.     1818 


A.   L.    Magenis     . 

.     1818 

Feb.,  1848. 

Fi'ancis  Carr      .     . 

.     1818-19 

Sept.,  1821. 

D.  B.  Wright    .     . 

.     1820 

Frederick  VVliite     . 

.     1819 

Henry  Shurlds  . 

.     1819 

Aug.  2, 1852. 

Abraham  Beck 

.     1819 

Sept.  4,  1821. 

Amos  Wheeler 

.     1819 

June  8,  1822. 

Joeiah  Spalding 

.     1819-20 

D.  H.  Conrad    .     . 

.     1820 

George  P.  Strother 

.     1820 

N"ov.  28,  1840 


The  PHYSiciAjiTS 
of  the  territorial  days  of  St.  Louis. 

In  our  Annals  of  the  French  days  we  have 
enumerated  the  half  dozen  physicians,  who  suc- 
ceeded each  other  in  the  little  village  in  that 
period,  the  last  of  whom,  Doct.  Saugrain,  came 
here  in  the  year  1800.  He  appears  to  have  had 
no  competition  in  the  profession  for  several  years. 

Our  first  American  physician  of  whom  we  find 
any  record  was  Doct.  Bernard  Gr.  Farrar,  1807. 


Dates  of 
Names.  Arrival.  Died. 

Bernard  Gr.  Farrar 



J.  M.  Eead   .... 


Robert  Simpson     . 


May  2,  1873. 

David  Y.  Walker  .     . 


April  9,  1824. 

Pryor  Quarles     .     .     . 


Oct.  15,  1821. 

Edward  S.  Gantt  .     . 


Geo.  P.  Todsen       .      . 


Arthur  J^elson   .      .      . 


Herman  L.  Hoffman  . 


Nov.  5, 1878. 

Richard    Mason 


April  11,  1824 

Louis  C.  Beck   .     .      . 


Wm.  Carr  Lane 


Jan'y  6, 1863. 

Sam'l  G.  J.  Decamp  . 


Paul  M.  Gebert      .     . 

1819-20  IS'ov.  20,  1826. 

Zeno  Fenn     .... 


Dec,  1824. 

Samnel  Merry     .     .      . 


March,  1865. 

Edward  C.  Carter  .      . 


Joseph  Williams     .     . 


Doct.  Lemignon. 


was  born  in  IS'ew  Orleans,  Sept.  26,  1750,  came 
up  with  Laclede  in  1764,  and  materially  assisted 
him  in  establishing  the  new  Post.  ' 

When  Laclede  died  in  1778,  he  succeeded  him 
as  the  most  important  individual  in  the  place,  as 
one  of  its  founders. 

At  the  transfer  of  the  country  to  the  United 
States    in    1804,    he    was,    from    his    wealth    and 


position,  perhaps  the  most  prominent  individual  in 
the  village,  and  filled  tinder  the  new  government 
several  important  positions  at  various  times. 

In  1804,  at  the  first  organization  of  the  Terri- 
torial Courts,  he  was  appointed  Presi-ding  Justice 
of  the  Court  of  "  Oyer  and  Terminer." 

In  1808,  at  the  organization  of  the  militia  of 
the  Territory,  Gov'r  M.  Lewis  appointed  him  the 
Colonel  of  the  St.  Louis  Regiment.* 

In  1809,  at  the  first  election  of  Trustees  for  the 
Town  of  St.  Louis,  he  was  chosen  President  of  the 

Subsequently  he  was  a  Commissioner  of  the 
United  States  in  negotiating  several  important 
treaties  with  Indian  tribes,  etc. 

Auguste  Chouteau  was  married  on  July  27th, 
1786  to  Miss  Therese,  daughter  of  Gabrjel  Cerre, 
an  old  Fur  Merchant.  He  died  Feb.  24th,  1829, 
aged  78  years  and  5  months. 

His  widow  continued  to  occupy  the  old  "Family 
Mansion"  on  Main  Street,  in  the  centre  of  the 
Town,  until  1836,  when  at  the  suggestion  of  her 
children,  she  built  for  herself  a  residence  on  the 
hill  and  covered  the  block  with  thirty-two  three- 
story  brick  business  houses,  which  she  divided 
amongst  her  children  and  grandchildren. 

She  died  August  14,  1842,  aged  72  years,  HVa 
months,  two  months  after  the  death  of  her  third 
and  last  daughter,  Mrs.  Major  Thos.  F.  Smith. 

*  This  was  how  he   became  a  Colonel,  at  nearly  sixty  years  of  age, 
previously  only  a  plain  "  Mister." 


They  were  the  parents  of  nine  children,  of  whom 
four  sons  and  three  daughters  attained  maturity. 


the  eldest  son  of  Col.  Augustus  Chouteau,  was 
born  Oct.  21,  1792,  in  St.  Louis,  and  was 
married  June  10,  1810,  to  Miss  Constance  San- 
guinet,  daughter  of  Charles  Sanguinet,  Sr.  He 
died  about  1833-34  at  the  Indian  Trading  Post 
of  his  cousin,  Aug's  P.  Chouteau,  on  the  Ver- 
digris branch  of  the  Arkansas  River,  about  five 
miles  from  Fort  Gribson,  in  the  then  Cherokee, 
now  Indian  Territory,  aged  about  41  years. 

His  children  were : 

Augustus  Rene,  born  in  1811,  who  married  Miss 
Rebecca  Sefton  ISTov.  23,  ]836,  and  died  without 
issue  lato  in  1847,  aged  36  years. 

Edward  A.,  born  Dec.  26,  1814,  who  married 
Miss  Elizabeth  I.  Christy  August  8,  1849,  and 
died  Jany.  1,  1864,  aged  59  years,  leaving  a  son 
and  two  daughters. 

Virginia  C,  born  June  16,  1816,  married  to 
Joseph  C.  Barlow  March  8,  1836.  She  died  Aug. 
11,  1855,  aged  39  years. 


the  second  son  of  Col.  Chouteau,  was  born  Dec. 
31,  1794,  in  St.  Louis,  and  except  for  a  few 
years  when  a  youth,  that  he  was  at  the  Cath- 
olic College  at  Bardstown,  Ky.,  to  complete 
his  education,  he  spent  the  whole  of  his  long  life 
in  St.  Louis,  superintending  the  operations  of  the 


old  Chouteau  Mill,  at  Hickory  and  IsTinth  Streets, 
until  after  1853,  when  the  Mill-pond  being-  di^ained 
by  the  City  authorities,  the  old  Mill  ceased  its 
labors  and  became  a  thing  of  the  past. 

Mr.  G.  S.  Chouteau  died  June  18,  1887,  having 
attained  the  unusual  age  of  92  years,  6  months. 
He  left  the  bulk  of  his  large  landed  estate  to  the 
children  of  his  brothers  and  sisters. 


the  third  son  of  Col.  Chouteau,  was  born  in  St. 
Louis,  Feb.  11,  1805,  and  completed  his  education 
at  the  Catholic  College  on  Second  Street  in  this 

At  the  death  of  Silas  Bent,  Sr.,  in  December, 
1827,  Mr.  Chouteau,  then  in  his  23d  year,  was  ap- 
pointed to  succeed  him  in  the  office  of  Clerk  of  the 
County  Court  and  Recorder  of  St.  Louis  County. 
This  position  he  filled  for  fourteen  years,  until 
Jany.  1,  1842,  when  he  embarked  into  business 
as  a  merchant,  and  established  the  house  of 
Chouteau  &  Riley,  afterwards  changed  to  Chou- 
teau &  Valle. 

Mr.  Chouteau  was  married  on  July  10,  1827,  to 
Miss  Clemence  Coursault,  from  Baltimore,  a  niece 
of  his  two  brothers-in-law,  Grabriel  and  Rene  Paul. 
He  lost  his  life  at  the  Gasconade  disaster  Nov. 
1,  1855,  at  the  age  of  50  years,  8  months  and  21 
days,  one  of  the  thirty  victims  of  that  awful  cat- 
astrophe. His  widow  survived  him  a  few  years, 
she  died  Oct.  6,  1859,  aged  49  years  and  9  months. 


Their  oldest  son,  Henry  A.,  born  IS'ov.  24,  1830, 
died  Oct.  10,  1851,  in  his  24th  year,  the  result 
of  an  accident,  leaving  a  young  widow  and  two 
children.  Another  son,  ISTorbert  Sylvestre,  born 
May  17,  1841,  died  unmarried,  Oct.  31,  1883. 

Their  oldest  child,  Aglae,  born  in  1828,  is  the 
widow  of  the  late  IS'ere  Valle,  the  former  business 
partner  of  his  father-in-law ;  she  has  two  married 
daughters,  Mrs.  John  A.  j!)illon,  of  St.  Louis,  and 
Mrs.  Randolph,  of  Tallahassee,  Florida. 

Corinne,  born  in  August,  1843,  is  the  wife  of  Jno. 
N.  Dyer,  St.  Louis. 

Beatrice,  born  in  October,  1847,  is  the  wife  of 
Jno.  O'Fallon  Clark,  St.  Louis. 

Lillia  Clemence,  born  in  June,  1850,  is  the  wife 
of  John  S.  Winthrop,  of  Florida. 

And  one  surviving  son,  Joseph  Gilman  Chouteau 
of  this  place,  born  in  1836. 


was  born  in  New  Orleans,  Oct.  10,  1758,  and 
arrived  in  St.  Louis  in  September,  1764,  at  the 
age  of  six  years. 

His  earliest  years  of  manhood,  and  a  portion  of 
his  prime,  were  devoted  to  the  Indian  trade,  in 
which  he  laid  the  foundation  of  his  fortune.  His 
trading  post  was  at  the  head  waters  of  the  Osage 
river,  in  the  region  of  country  occupied  by  the 
Osage  tribes,  with  which  and  the  neighboring 
nations,  the  Kansas,  Pawnees  and  others,  his  trade 
was    chiefly    confined,    and    over   whom,   fi'om  his 


conciliatory  course,  he  had  acquired  great  influence. 
They  held  him  in  great  esteem  and  regarded 
him  as  their  father,  always  calling  him  by  that 
familiar  title. 

Some  few  years  after  we  had  received  possession 
of  the  country,  Major  Chouteau,  then  al)Out  fifty 
years  of  age,  abandoned  the  active  pursuit  of  the 
Indian  trade,  and  devoted  his  attention  to  other 
matters,  dealing  largely'  in  landed  property,  through 
which  he  added  materially  to  his  acquisitions. 
Like  his  elder  brother  Auguste,  he  soon  acquired 
promuience  with  the  Americans,  was  appointed 
Major  of  the  St.  Louis  battalion  of  militia,  and 
held  other  positions,  a  member  of  the  Town 
Council,  Sub  Indian-Agent  for  his  old  friends,  the 
Osages,  etc.,  etc. 

Major  Chouteau  was  twice  married : 

First.  On  July  26,  1783,  to  Pelagic  Kiersereau, 
who  died  Feb.  9,  1793,  after  ten  years'  marriage, 
at  the  age  of  26  years,  leaving  four  children, 
three  sons  and  one  daughter. 

After  a  year's  widowhood,  Mr.  Chouteau  mar-  ■ 
ried  a  second  wife.  Miss  Brigitte  Saucier,  of 
Cahokia,  on  Feb.  14,  1794.  This  lady  died  oii  May 
18,  1829,  after  thirtj^-five  years  of  married  life, 
leaving  five  sons.  Major  Chouteau  survived  this 
second  wife  over  twenty  years.  He  died  July  10, 
1819,  aged  90  years  and  9  months. 

Children  of  Major  John  Pierre  Chouteau ; 
Augustus?.,  born  May  9,  1786,  married  Sophie 
A.  Labbadie,  Feb.  15,  1809. 


Pierre,  Jr.,  born  Jan.  19,  1789,  married  Emilie 
<3-ratiot,  June  15,  1813. 

Paul  Liguest,  born  Oct.  30,  1792,  married  Con- 
stance Dubreuil,  Feb.  11,  1813. 

Pelagie,  born  Oct.  7,  1790,  married  Bartholomew 
Berthold,  Jan.  10,  1811. 

Francis  G.,  born  Feb.  7,  1797,  married  Berenice 
Menard,  July  12,  1819. 

Cyprian,  born  Oct.  1,  1802,  married,  and  died 
Feb.  1,  1879,  aged  77  years. 

Louis  Pharamond,  born  Aug.  18,  1806,  died  un- 
married, May  28,  1831,  aged  25  years. 

Charles,  born  Feb.  2,  1808. 

Frederic,  born  Oct.  16,  1809. 

Children  of  Augustus  P.   Chouteau,  the  first  son : 

Sophie,  born  1813,  was  married  to  IS^.  N.  De- 

Susanne,  born  1815,  was  married  to  Louis  E. 

Marie  Antoinette,  born  1816,  was  married  to  E. 
,  J.  Watson. 

Pierre  Sylvestre,  born  1819,  was  married  to  Miss 

Virginia,  born  1826,  was  married  to  John  G. 

Pelagie,  Augustine,  Marie  E.,  Louis  and  Aimee 
died  single,  some  of  them  young. 

Aug's  P.  Chouteau  died  at  his  Trading  Post 
in  Arkansas,  in  1839,  aged  53,  and  Mrs.  A.  P. 
Chouteau  in  St.  Louis,  Sept.  5,  1862,  aged  72 
years  and  6  mos. 


Children  of  Pierre  Chouteau,  Jr.,  the  second 
son : 

Emilie,  born  Feb.  13,  1814,  married  to  John  F. 
A.  Sanford. 

Julie,  born  Feb.  28,  1816,  married  to  William 

Pien-e  Charles,  boi'n  Dec.  25,  1817,  died  an  infant 
in  1818. 

Charles  P.,  born  Dec.  2,  1819,  married  to  Julia 
A.  Gratiot. 

Benj.  Wilson,  born  Aug.  17,  1822,  died  an  in- 

Pierre  Chouteau,  Jr.,  died  Oct.  6,  1865,  in  his 
77th  year. 

Mrs.  P.  Chouteau,  died  1863,  aged  70  years. 

Children  of  Paul  L.  Chouteau,  third  son  : 

Augustus  L.,  born  April  22,  1815. 

Alexander,  born  Feb.  10,  1818. 

Charles  Louis,  born  March  7, 1819. 

Charles  Liguest,  born  1821. 

Mrs.  P.  L.  Chouteau  died  in  St.  Louis,  January 
3d,  1824. 

Mr.  P.  L.  Chouteau  marxried  a  second  wife. 
Miss  Aurora  Hay,  daughter  of  John  Hay,  Esq., 
of  Belleville,  Ills.,  Nov.  3,  1830. 

Children    of    Francis    Gr.    Chouteau,    the    fourth 


Edmund  Francis,  born  Feb.  13,  1821. 

son :  * 

*  All  born  in  Kansas  City,  of  which  place  he  was  the  founder,  and  for 
many  years  the  sole  resident. 


Louis  Amede,  born  Feb.  27,  1825. 
Louis  Sylvestre,  born  Feb.  14,  1827. 
Benjamin,  born  Dec.  25,  1828. 
Odille,  born  Jan'y  8,  1837. 

Children  of  Charles  P.  Chouteau,  only  son  of 
Pierre,  Jr.  : 

Emily,  born  Oct.  1,  1846,  married  Mr.  Henshaw. 

Pierre,  born  July  30,  1849,  married  to  Miss 

Il^annie,  born  Jan'y  4,  1856,  married  to  Lieut. 
Johnson,  U.  S.  Army. 

Henry,  born,  Oct.  12,  1857. 

Marie  Julie,  born  Feb.  28,  1873. 


the  eldest  son  of  Charles  Gratiot,  Sr.,  and  Yic- 
toire  Chouteau,  was  born  in  St.  Louis  Aug't  29, 
1786.  In  1804  he  was  appointed  to  the  Military 
Academy  at  West  Point,  from  which  he  grad- 
uated in  1806,  and  was  assigned  to  the  Corps  of 
Engineers  as  Second  Lieuten't  in  October,  1806. 
Li  1808  promoted  to  Captain.  Feb'y,  1815, 
Major.  Lieut. -Colonel  in  March,  1819.  Colonel, 
and  Engineer  in  Chief  in  May,  1828. 

General  Gratiot  served  thi'oughont  the  war  of 
1812-15,  on  the  Western  frontier,  he  built  Fort 
Gratiot  at  the  foot  of  Lake  Huron,  in  Michigan, 
planned  and  superintended  the  ei'ection  of  Fortress 
Monroe,    where     he    was    stationed    many    years, 



o  i 



and  was  retired  from  the  Army  in  December, 

He  married  in  Philadelphia,  April  22,  1810,  Miss 
Anil  Belin,  born  in  1799.  They  were  the 
parents  of  two  daughters. 

Mary  Victoria,  born  Feb'y  17,  1820,  who  mar- 
ried InTov.  1,  1837,  C.  F.  F.  DeMontholon,  from 

Julia  Augusta,  born  Sept.  24,  1824,  married 
K'ov.  27,  1845,  to  Charles  P.  Chouteau,  of  St. 

Gen.  Grratiot  died  in  Washington  City. 

Mrs.  Gen.  Gratiot  in  St.  Louis,  Dec.  26,  1886, 
aged  87  years, 


the  second  son  of  Charles  Gratiot,  Sr.,  was  born 
in  St.  Louis,  April  25th,  1789,  and  when  a  young 
man  built  a  house  and  improved  a  farm  on  his 
father's  league  square  on  the  King's  Highway, 
five  miles  from  the  Town,  where  he  lived  for  some 
years,  previous  to  and  after  his  marriage.  He  was 
married  Jan'y  21,  1813,  to  Miss  Susan,  born  in 
Hebron,  Connecticut,  Feb'y  20,  1797,  youngest 
daughter  of  Capt.  Stephen  Hempstead,  Sr.,  and 
continued  to  reside  in  St.  Louis  for  some  years, 
the  most  of  their  children  being  born  here. 

In  1825,  with  his  brother  John  P.  B.  Gratiot,  he 
went  with  the  rush  to  the  "  Fevre  Kiver"  lead 
mines  at  Galena,  111.,  and  established  themselves,  at 
the    place  named    after  them     "Gratiot's    Grove" 


fifteen  miles  from  Galena  in  ""Wisconsin,"  wher* 
they  were  for  a  number  of  years  extensively  en 
gaged  in  the  smelting  of  lead  ore.  In  after  years 
Col.  Gratiot  relinquished  the  "  lead  business,"  am 
turned  his  attention  to  farming,  being  at  same 
time  Indian-Agent. 

Early  in  1836  important  pnblic  business  callec 
him  to  Washington,  which  having  accomplished 
he  had  just  started  on  his  return  home,  when  h( 
died  very  suddenly  at  Barnum's  Hotel,  Baltimore, 
April  27,  1850,  at  the  age  of  47  years.  Hi« 
widow  survived  him  a  number  of  years,  and  diec 
June  2,  1854,  aged  57  years  and  3  months. 

Their  children  were : 

Charles  H.,  born  in  1814,  married,  had  several 
children,  died  in  1883  at  Gratiot. 

Edward  H.,  born  June  19,  1817,  married,  had 
5  or  6  children,  died  Dec,  1882,  at  Platteville. 

Mary,  born  in  1821,  died  a  young  woman,  un- 

Susan,  born  in  1819,  married  Mr.  Child,  died 
Dec,  1843,  aged  24. 

Henry  A.,  born  in  1823,  lives  in  California. 

Adelle,  born  in  1827,  married  to  E.  B.  Wash- 
burne,  died  in  1887,  aged  60. 

Stephen  H.,  died  in  Washington  in  1864, 

Eliza,  died  young. 

JOHN   p.     B.    GEATIOT, 

the  third  son  of  Charles  Gratiot,  Sen'r,  was  born 
in  St.  Louis,  Feb.  19,  1799,  and  completed  hit 
education  at   the  College   at  Bardstown,  Kentucky 

PAUL  B.  GRATIOT.  175 

in  1818.  On  ISTovember  18,  1819,  he  married  Miss 
Marie  Antoinette  Adelle  Perdreauville,  a  young- 
lady  from  Paris,  whose  parents  had  left  France 
after  the  abdication  of  ISTapoleon,  succeeding  the 
battle  of  Waterloo.  In  1825,  with  his  Brother 
Henry,  he  went  to  the  lead  mines  near  Galena, 
Illinois,  where  he  was  engaged  in  smelting  lead 
mineral  for  a   number    of   years.     About   the  year 

he    came     back     to     St.  Louis,  removed    to 

Washington  County  and  settled  on  a  farm,  repre- 
senting that  County  in  the  Legislature  in  . 

He  had  a  large  family  of  five  sons  and  four 
daughters . 

His  oldest  daughter,  Antoinette,  married  Edward 
Hempstead,  of  Arkansas. 

His  other  daughters  were  Adele,  Marie  and 

His  sons  were  Kene,  Theodore,  Julius,  Adolph 
and  Charles,  some  of  them  are  married. 

He  died  in  St.  Louis  in  the  summer  of  1876,  at 
the  age  of  77  years. 


the  fourth  son  of  Charles  G-ratiot.  Sen'r,  was  born 
March  13,  1800,  and  returned  from  College  at 
Bardstown,  Kentucky,  with  his  brother  John  in 
1818.  He  was  employed  as  a  clerk  in  the  house 
of  Berthold  &  Chouteau  for  some  few  years.  In 
1823  he  entered  into  an  engagement  with  the 
American  Fur  Company  to  act  as  a  clerk  of  tht- 
company  in    the  Fur  trade  of   the  upper  Missouri. 


Ill  1825,  June  6,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Vir- 
ginia, daughter  of  Mr.  Charles  Billon,  dec'd,  from 
Philadelphia,  and  their  first  child,  a  sou,  was  born 
oil  April  3,  1828.  On  the  expiration  of  his  engage- 
ment with  the  Far  Company,  he  removed  with  his 
family  to  Grratiot's  Grove,  where  his  brothers  Henry 
and  John  were  smelting  lead,  and  engaged  in 
mining  for  a  few  years.  In  1832  he  returned  to 
St.  Louis,  and  removed  out  to  his  farm,  a  part 
of  his  father's  "  league  square,"  five  miles  from 
the  City,  now  Cheltenham,  where  he  lived  the 
balance  of  his  life. 

In  1851-53  one  of  the  Judges  of  the  County 

He  died  in  1854,  in  his  55th  year,  and  Mrs.  P. 
M.  Gratiot  IS'ov.  29,  1871,  aged  66  years,  7  months. 

Their  children: 

Charles  B.,  born  April  3,  1828,  married  to 
Edith  Thornburg. 

Henry  Terry,  born  July  3,  1830,  unmarried. 

Victoria  Sophia,  born  March  10,  1832,  died  a 
young  woman. 

John  Sarpy,  born  Feb.  2,  1834,  died  young. 

Isabella  Deinun,  born  Aug.  25,  1836,  died  young. 

Adolph  Paul  G.,  born  Oct.  9,  1838,  married  to 
Miss  Caroline  Graham. 

Theresa  M.,  born  April  15,  1841. 

Paul  Benjamin,  born  Aug.  10,  1847. 



was  born  in  the  City  of  Metz,  Loraine,  France, 
June  18,  1767,  he  was  the  son  of  John  Maclot 
de  Cohgny  and  Anne  Marguerite  Francoise  Joly 
de  Morney.  When  a  young  man  about  of  age, 
he  came  to  Paris  during  the  troublous  times  pre- 
ceding the  breaking  out  of  the  Revohition,  and 
soon  found  himself  one  of  the  hundreds  that 
were  almost  daily  incarcerated  in  the  Bastile  for 
their  political  views  and  sentiments.  After  a  brief 
imprisonment  he  obtained  his  release  and  im- 
mediately left  France  and  crossed  over  to  London. 
Here  having  been  always  fond  of  jewelry,  he 
learnt  the  business  as  a  means  of  support,  and 
worked  at  it  for  some  years,  he  then ,  crossed  the 
Ocean  to  the  United  States  and  spent  some  years 
in  Philadelphia. 

In  the  year  1804  he  came  to  St.  Louis  with  a 
Stock  of  Groods  and  embarked  in  Mercantile 

On  August  16,  1806,  Mr.  Maclot  was  married 
to  Miss  Marie  Therese,  third  daughter  of  Mr. 
Charles  Gratiot,  Sr. 

Early  in  the  year  1809,  after  the  Town  of 
Herculaneum,  thirty-two  miles  below  St.  Louis, 
in  Jefferson  County,  had  been  laid  out  by  Austin 
and  Bates  and  had  gotten  a  start,  Mr.  M.  com- 
menced the  erection  on  the  high  cliff  at  the  south 
end  of  the  village,  of  a  tower  for  the  manufacture 
of  patent  shot  and  bar  lead,    the   first    shot  works 



west  of  the  Alleghany  mountains.  The  works 
were  sufficiently  advanced  to  commence  making 
shot  in  IS^oyember  of  the  same  year  1809. 

In  1811,  his  works  being  completed  and  in  suc- 
cessful operation,  Mr.  Maclot  purchased  a  farm 
adjoining  his  lead  works,  built  a  good  residence 
on  it,  and  removed  his  wife  and  young  children  to 
that  place  so  as  to  oversee  his  business.  He 
remained  here  nearly  four  years.  In  the  winter 
of  1814-15,  his  wife  being  extremely  ill,  to  obtain 
better  service  and  attention,  he  took  her  down  to 
St.  Genevieve  by  water,  then  the  only  means  of 
conveyance.  Mrs.  M.  died  there  Feb.  26,  1815, 
aged  27  years,  leaving  two  little  daughters,  one 
Julia  Zelina,  born  April  13,  1808,  then  nearly  7 
years  of  age ;  the  other,  Virginia  Elizabeth,  born 
July  23,  1814,  about  seven  months. 

After  the  death  of  Mrs.  M.,  Mr.  Maclot  left  the 
two  children  with  their  grandparents,  the  Gra- 
tiots,  in  St.  Louis,  and  descended  to  ISTew  Orleans 
on  his  way  around  to  Philadelphia. 

The  oldest  child,  when  at  a  suitable  age,  was 
married  to  Henry  A.  Thomson,  U.  S.  Army,  at 
Baltimore,  both  deceased,  leaving  a  number  of  chil- 

The  youngest,  Virginia,  married  Jan'y  31, 
1837,  to  Peter  A.  Berthold,  St.  Louis, 

In  1819  Mr.  John  N.  Maclot  married  a  second 
wife  in  Phil'a,  Emelie  Mathieu,  born  Feb.  15, 
1791,  then  28  years  of  age. 

Their  only  son,  Louis  A.,  born  l^ov.  16,  1821, 


died  Dec.  16,  1865,  at  Davenport,  Iowa,  aged  44, 

John  N".  died  April  16,  1849,  at  Davenport,  Iowa, 
aged  83  years. 

Mrs.  Jno.  :N".  died  Jan'y  26,  1872,  at  St.  Louis, 
aged  81. 

They  raised  two  daughters  to  become  married 
ladies,  both  now  deceased,  Mrs.  Wallace  and  Mrs. 


son  of  Silvestre  Labbadie,  Sr.,  from  France,  and 
Pelagie  Chouteau,  was  born  in  St.  Louis,  Oct. 
15,  1779,  the  only  son  of  his  parents  who  lived 
to  maturity.  His  father  died  in  1794,  when  he 
was  a  lad  of  fifteen  years  of  age,  and  leaving  him 
a  competency  he  does  not  appear  to  have  engaged 
in  any  business,  until  1818-19,  when  house  building 
materials  being  in  great  demand,  Mr.  Labbadie, 
with  a  view  to  give  himself  employment,  erected 
an  ox-mill  for  sawing  joists,  scantling,  &c.,  at  the 
upper  end  of  the  town  on  the  river  bank,  the  first 
one  in  the  country,  which  he  operated  for  near 
twenty  years  and  then  disposed  of. 

Mr.  Labbadie  was  married  to  Yictoire,  daughter 
of  Charles  G-ratiot,  Sr.,  on  June  25,  1807.  They 
had  three  children,  two  of  whom  died  at  an  early 
age,  and  one  only,  their  daughter  Yirginia,  grew  to 

*  With  the  death  of  Louis  A.,  the  name  of  Maclot  became  extinct, 
his  uncles  in  Europe  having  died  without  male  heirs. 


Mr.  Labbadie  died  July  24,  1849,  in  his  seven- 
tieth year,  and  Mrs.  L.,  May  5,  1860,  at  the  ag-e  of 
seventy -five. 


was  born  at  Rochelle,  Department  of  the  Lower 
Charante,  France,  on  the  19th  of  February,  1799, 
and  came  over  to  Pliiladelphia  a  young  man,  and 
to  St.  Louis  a  clerk  of  Braud  and  Detandebaratz, 
merchants  from  that  city,  in  1821. 

On  June  26,  1827,  Mr.  Sire  was  married  to  Miss 
Virginia,  the  only  child  of  Silvestre  Labbadie,  and 
went  into  business  with  his  father-in-law  in  Lab- 
badie's  saw  mill  at  the  upper  end  of  the  town. 
After  giving  birth  to  an  infant,  Mrs.  Sire  died  on 
Sept.  22d,  1828,  aged  but  20  years,  after  a  brief 
married  life  of  but  fifteen  months,  and  leaving  her 
parents  childless. 

After  the  death  of  his  wife  and  child,  Mr.  Sire 
continued  to  reside  with  her  parents  until  the  dis- 
posal of  the  mill  in  the  1836,  when  Mr.  Sire  changed 
his  business,  and  became  a  partner  in  the  fur  com- 
pany of  Pierre  Chouteau,  Sarpy  &  Co. 

On  June  29,  1852,  Mr.  Sire  was  married  to  Mrs. 
Rebecca,  the  widow  of  Augustus  E..  Chouteau,  and 
died  July  15,  1854,  without  children,  aged  55 



the  oldest  son  of  Gen'l  Bernard  Pratto,  Sr.,  and 
Emilie  Sauveur  Labbadie,  was  born  in  St.  Louis 
Sept.  22,  1799. 

On  June  5th,  1822,  he  was  married  in  Ste.  Gene- 
vieve to  Miss  Odille,  daughter  of  Major  Camille 
Delassus,  a  brother  of  our  last  Spanish  Governor 

He  died  in  June,  1828,  at  the  head  waters  of  the 
Platte  River,  in  his  twenty-ninth  year,  without 

His  widow  subsequently  becanie  the  wife  of 
Louis  Valle. 


second  son  of  B.  Pratte  Sr.,  was  born  in  St. 
Louis  Dec.  17,  1803,  three  days  before  the  transfer 
to  the  United  States. 

He  was  married  to  Miss  Louise,  the  eldest 
daughter  of  the  late  Antoine  Chenie,  on  July  20, 

In  his  early  years  he  was  closely  engaged  in 
business  as  a  merchant,  commanded  a .  steamboat 
in  the  New  Orleans  trade,  made  several  voyages 
up  the  Missouri  and  Mississippi,  served  ae  Mayor 
of  the  city  in  1844  and  45,  was  President  of  the 
Bank  of  Missouri,  &g. 

After  1850  he  retired  from  business,  and  spent 
the  latter  years  of  his  life  on  his"  farm  near  Jones- 


burgh,  Montgomery  County,  Mo.,  where  he  died  in 
July,  1887,  aged  83  years  and  six  months. 

His  widow  survives  liim.  They  raised  six  chil- 
dren, viz. : 

Louisa,  Mrs.  Clay  Taylor,  dec'd;  married  ISTov. 
16,  1853. 

Celeste,  widow  of  Augustus  Tracy;  married 
Nov.  16,  1853. 

Julia,  was  first  Mrs.  Dickinson,  and  now  Mrs. 

Lena,  deceased  wife  of  Doc't  Gervais  Robinson. 

Bernard  IS'o.  3,  living  in  the  South,  married. 

Sylvestre,  married  Miss  Sloan  ;  he  died  recently. 

eldest  son  of  Gregoire  Sarpy  and  Pelagie  Lab- 
badie,  was  born  in  St.  Louis,  Jan'y  12,  1798. 
After  completing  his  studies  at  school,  he  was 
employed  as  a  clerk  in  the  mercantile  house  of 
Berthold  &  Chouteau,  with  whom  he  continued 
associated  throughout  the  various  changes  of  the 
house  for  the  balance  of  his  life. 

He  was  twice  married,  first  to  Miss  Adele,  the 
eldest  daughter  of  John  P.  Cabanne,  on  Sept.  14, 
1820,  this  lady  died  March  24,  1832,  in  her  27tli 
year,  leaving  a  little  daughter  of  nearly  five 
years.  Mr.  Sarpy  married  his  second  wife,  Mise 
Martha,  daughter  of  James  Russell,  Esq.,  Apri' 
14,  1835.     This   lady   died  in  the  fall  of  1845,  ii 


^New  Orleans,  at  the  age  of  27  years,  leaving  a 
little  son  and  daughter. 

John  B.  Sarpy  died  April  1,  1857,  in  his  60th 

His  oldest  daughter,  Virginia,  was  married  first 
to  Frederick  Berthold,  April  15,  1847,  who  died 
in  St.  Louis  in  Oct.,  1868,  aged  47  years;  and 
secondly  to  Armand  Pengnet,  in  France,  where 
they  live. 

His  son,  John  E.  Sarpy,  born  Dec.  27,  1838, 
died  a  young  man. 


the  oldest  san  of  Joseph  M.  Papin  and  wife,  Marie 
Louise  Chouteau,  was  born  in  St.  Louis  in  1780. 
He  married  February  15,  1820,  Mrs.  Bradshaw, 
a  widow  lady.  He  died  in  April,  1850,  leaving 
no  children. 


the  second  son  of  J.  M.  P.,  born  in  St.  Louis  in 
1782,  married  Julia  Brazeau,  daughter  of  Louis 
Brazeau,  Sr.,  Aug't  13,  1814.  He  died  in  July, 
1849,  and  his  wife  previous  to  her  husband. 

Their  children  were : 

Marguerite,  Mrs.  Henry  Masure. 

Fanny,  Mrs.  Larkin  Deaver. 

Henrietta,  Mrs.  Jeremiah  Wilcox. 

Alexander,  Jr.,  killed  in  'New  Mexico. 


the  third  son  of  J.  M.  P.,  born  [in  1787,  married 
Josephine,  eldest  daughter  of  Regis  Loisel,  July  14, 

He  died  Dec.  20,  1842.  His  wife  had  died  two 
months  previously,  leaving  seven  sons  and  four 

Hypolite,  Joseph  L.,  Pierre  M.,  Theodore,  Ray- 
mond, Eugene  and  Bdmond. 

Louise  Anne,  marrid  Eugene  Dupre. 

Bmilie  Lise,  married  James  C.  Waugh. 

Zoe,  married  Edward  IST.  Tracy. 

Josephine,  married  Robert  C.  (^reer.  , 


the  fourth  son  of  J.  M.  P.,  was  born  in  1793. 
He  died  in  St.  Louis,  in  July,  1849,  unmarried^ 


the  fifth  son  of  J.  M.  P.,  was  born  in  1794. 

He  m^arried  Clementine,  the  second  daughter  of 
Regis  Loisel,  July  18,  1817.  He  died  Aug't  3, 
1828,  at  the  age  of  34  years. 

Their  children  were : 

Clementine,  married  Leopold  Carriere,  from 
France,  in  1838. 

Sylvester  Y.,  married  Emeline  Schofield  ;  he  died 
without  children. 

Timothy  L.,    married    first    Mary,    daughter    of 


Hugh  A.  Garland ;    second  Margaret  Brent,   and 
third  Lida  Yarnall,  all  deceased. 

Theophile,  married  first  Julie  Henrie,  of  Prairie 
duRocher,  Ills.,  dec'd,  and  second  Emily  Carlin,  of 


sixth  son  of  J.  M.  P.,  was  born  in  1798.  He  mar- 
ried Catherine  Louise,  only  daughter  of  Pascal 
Leon  Cerre,  Aug't  10,  1826. 

He  died  in  May,  1853,  at  the  age  of  55  years, 
and  his  widow  in  April,  1884,  aged  77  years  and  7 

They  left  four  children  : 

Leon  J.,  who  married  Medora  C,  daughter  of 
Capt.  Jno.  D.  Daggett. 

Alfred  J.,  who  married  Miss  Virginia  McCord, 
of  Georgia. 

Palmyre,  who  married  Joseph  P.  Wilkinson. 

Armantine  J.,  who  married  Henry  T.  ISTorcom. 


seventh  son  of  J.  M.  P.,  born  in  1799,  married 
Marie  Celeste,  daughter  of  Jno.  B.  Duchouquette, 
Oct.  25,  1820. 

He  died  in  1851.     His  wife  had  died  previously. 

Their  children  were : 

Mary,  married  first  to  Geo.  W-  Atchison,  Jr., 
and  secondly  to  Doct.  S.  Gratz  Moses. 

Adolph,  married  Mary  Saucier. 

Henry,  married  Harriet  Wilkinson. 



son  of  Jos.  G.  Leduc,  Sr..  and  Marie  Helene 
Hamelin,  Avas  born  at  St.  Denis,  Paris,  a  brother 
of  Marie  Philip  Leduc,  noticed  in  my  previous 

He  came  over  vpith  his  mother  and  brothers  from 
France,  and  lived  for  a  while  in  IS'ew  Orleans, 
then  came  up  to  ]S"ew  Madrid,  and  finally  to  St. 
Louis  at  the  commencement  of  the  century. 

He  was  married  July  14,  1806,  at  Cahokia, 
Ills.,  to  Miss  Constance  Brisson  of  that  place, 
and  died  in  St.  Louis  in  1810. 

His  mother  also  died  about  the  same  time. 


the  second  and  only  surviving  son  of  Antoine 
Pierre  Soulard  and  Marie  Julie  Cerre,  was  born  in 
St.  Louis,  May  14,  1801,  and  has  passed  all  his 
life  in  the  place,  being  nOw  in  his  88th  year, 
the  last  survivor  of  all  those  who  were  born  in 
St.  Louis,  prior  to  the  transfer  of  the  country  to 
the  United  States. 

Mr.  Soulard  was  married  in  Ste.  Genevieve  on 
May  9,  1833,  to  Miss  Harriet,  daughter  of  the 
late  Doct.  Harvey  Lane,  formerly  of  that  place, 
and  granddaughter  of  Col.  John  F.  Hamtramck, 
of  the  Revolutionary  Army,  in  his  life  time  Col. 
•of  the  old  First  Regiment  U.  S.  Infantry,  the 
Pioneer  Regiment  in  the  West,  that  built  Fort 
Harmer  at  Marietta,  Ohio,  in   1787,  and  other  early 


forts,    and   who    died,    Col.    of    the   Eegiment   at 
Detroit,  Michigan,  April  11,  1803. 

They  are  living  at  their  residence  on  State  Street, 
having  passed  their  golden  wedding  five  years  ago. 

was  born  near  Montreal,  Canada,  about  the  year 
1770,  and  came  to  St.  Louis  a  young  man. 

On  Dec.  5,  1799,  Gov'r  Delassus  made  him  a 
concession  of  a  vacant  half  block  of  ground, 
at  the  extreme  north  end  of  the  village,  upon 
which  some  years  thereafter  he  built  for  himself 
a  blacksmith  shop,  now  the  northwest  corner  of 
Main  and  Cherry.  This  he  disposed  of  and  re- 
moved to  Ste.  Genevieve  in  1807. 

About  the  year  1808  he  married  Miss  Aubuchon 
of  that  place,  where  his  children  were  all  born. 
He  subsequently  returned  to  St.  Louis,  where  he 
died  in  1841,  at  the  age  of  71  years,  his  wife 
having  died  at  Ste.  Genevieve  about  the  year 

His  children  were : 

Gemenin,  Jules,  Rene,  and  Francis  A.,  sons, 
and  Edith,  who  married  Aug'te  Lachance. 


son  of  Charles  D'Engin  and  Catherine  Bonis, 
was  born  at  Marseilles,  in  Provence,  France,  and 
came  to  St.  Louis  about  the  year  1805,  a  jeweller 
and  silver  smith. 


1807,  July  22d,  he  was  married  to  Claire  Mar- 
guerite, the  oldest  daughter  of  Amable  Guyon,  Jr., 
of  Carondelet. 

Their  children  were : 

Rosine,  born  in  1808,  married  to  Louis  Menard, 
from  France,  May  24,  1824. 

Frederick,  born  in  1810,  killed  Sept.  27,  1823, 
aged  12  years,  thrown  from  a  buggy. 

Selina,  born  in  1812,  died  May  28,  1830,  aged 
18  years. 

Antoine  L.,  who  married  Clara  M.  Tesson, 
]S'ov.  24,  1853. 

Antoine  Dangen,  died  April  12,  1827,  aged 
about  50  years. 

Mrs.  C.  Marg't  Dangen,  died  July  8,  1827, 
aged  about  43  years. 


son  of  Thomas  Riddick  and  Fanny  Fiveash,  was 
born  at  Suffolk,  Nansemond  County,  Virginia, 
June  5,  1781,  and  came  to  St.  Louis  about  the 
time  of  the  transfer  of  the  country  to  the  LTnited 
States  in  1804,  and  during  the  first  fifteen  years 
of  his  residence  here,  filled  at  various  periods  a 
number  of  public  offices  of  trust,  such  as  Assessor, 
Clerk  of  the  Common  Pleas  Court,  Deputy  Re- 
corder of  Land  Titles,  Secretary  of  the  Board  of 
Land  Commissioners,  Justice  of  the  Peace,  etc., 
etc.,  second  President  of  the  old  Bank  of  Missouri 
Territory,  succeeding  Col.  Augustus  Chouteau. 


For  twenty  years  Col.  Riddick  was  an  active,  in- 
fluential business  man  of  St.  Louis,  and  was  the 
principal  originator  of  our  Public  School  System. 
In  1826  an  Alderman  of  the  City. 

In  1827  Col.  Riddick  removed  to  the  Sulphur 
Springs,  below  the  Maramec  in  Jefferson  County, 
of  which  he  was  part  owner,  and  where  he  continued 
to  reside  until  his  death  on  January  15th,  1830, 
at  the  age  of  48  years,  7  months  and  10  days. 

Col.  Riddick  was  married  in  1813,  at  Lexing- 
ton, Ky.,  to  Miss  Eliza,  daughter  of  Charles 
Carr,  Sen'r,  and  sister  of  Wm.  C.  Carr,  of  St. 
Louis.  He  left  at  his  death  his  widow,  who  sur- 
vived him  a  number  of  years,  two  sons,  Walter 
and  Dabney,  and  two  daughters,  Virginia  and 
Frances,  who  in  Dec'r,  1834,  were  married  at  one 
ceremony  by  the  Rev'd  Mr.  Chaderton,  to  Edward 
Brooks  and  Chas.  P.  Billon,  both  now  dead,  but 
the  two  widows  still  survive. 


son  of  John  Michau,  Sr.,  and  Grenevieve  Rosalie 
Chevallier  was  born  at  Galliopohs,  Ohio,  Jan'y 
17,  1792,  and  came  to  St.  Louis  with  his  father 
and  family  in  the  year  1800,  then  eight  years  old. 
He  had  been  named  Antoine  "  Aristide "  in  the 
family  records  which  by  some  means  had  become 
changed  to  "  St.  Amant." 

In  1809  he  was  employed  in  Mr.  Maclot's  shot 
and  lead  works  at  Herculaneum,  Jefferson  County, 
where  he  continued  to  work  for  a  number  of  years. 


About  the  year  1813-14,  when  21  years  of  age, 
he  was  married  to  Marguerite  Meimier.  They  were 
the  parents  of  several  sons  and  daughters. 

Their  sons  were  Saugrain,  Hamilton,  Alfred  and 

His  eldest  son,  Saugrain  Michau,  born  in  1814, 
was  married  to  Miss  Therese  Letourno,  at  Caron- 
delet,  July  7,  1835. 

At  the  death  of  his  first  wife,  Saugrain  Michau 
married  Julia  Eliza  Lurtz,  a  widow  lady,  Sept. 
11,  1854.  He  died  in  1856,  aged  about  42  years, 
and  she  about  the  same  time. 

St.  Amant  Michan,  died  in  1845,  at  the  age  of  53 


was  born  at  St.  Pierre,  Isle  of  Oleron,  Saintonge, 
in  France,  February  14,  1767,  and  went  a  young 
man  to  the  Island  of  San  Domingo. 

At  the  negro  insurrection  of  1793,  he  left  the 
Island  and  came  to  New  York,  where  he  resided 
for  about  ten  years. 

On  the  transfer  of  Louisiana  to  the  United  States 
in  1804  he  came  out  to  St.  Louis,  and  became  a 
resident  of  the  place.  On  the  establishment  of  the 
Superior  Court  of  the  Territory  in  1806,  he  was 
appointed  the  first  clerk  of  the  same,  and  held  it 
for  several  years.  He  was  appointed  in  1809,  the 
first    clerk    of    the  Town  of    St.  Louis  at   its  in- 


corporation  in  that  year,  and  for  many  years  was  a 
Justice  of  the  Peace  and  l!^otary  Public. 

Mr.  Garnier  was  married  on  April  30,  1812,  to 
Marie,  third  daughter  of  Chas.  Sanguinet,  Sr.,  and 
died  Sept.  11,  1851,  in  his  85th  year.  Mrs.  Garnier 
survived  her  husband  nearly  thirty-five  years,  and 
died  on  Feb'y  3,  1885,  at  the  extreme  old  age  of 
ninety-five  years. 

Their  only  child,  Harriet,  is  the  wife  of  the  Hon. 
John  Hogan. 


son  of  David  Robinson  and  Miriam  Hamilton,  was 
born  in  Augusta  County,  Virginia,  January  24, 
1782.  A  nephew  of  Alex'r  Hamilton,  his  mother 
being  a  sister  of  Hamilton. 

He  was  bred  a  physician,  and  came  to  St.  Louis 
very  shortly  after  the  transfer  of  the  country  to  the 
United  States,  designing  to  make  it  his  permanent 
place  of  abode,  and  entered  upon  the  practice  of  his- 
profession,  in  which  he  continued  for  some  years  at 

Doct.  Robinson  was  married  on  Dec'r  24,  1805, 
by  Auguste  Chouteaii,  Sr.,  then  a  justice  of  the 
peace  in  St.  Louis,  to  Miss  Sophie  Marie  Michau, 
a  young  lady  born  in  Paris,  whose  parents  brought 
her  to  the  United  States  when  a  child  of  four  years 
of  age. 

In  1806-7  Doct.  Robinson  was  with  Major  Zeb- 
ulon  M.  Pike,  U.   S.   Army,  as  a  volunteer  asso- 


ciate  in  his  expedition  to  Pike's  Peak,  and  his 
explorations  of  the  interior  of  Louisiana  and  'Ney, 
Spain,  from  which  he  returned  in  the  fall  of  1807. 

After  this  we  find  the  Doctor,  who  was  an  ener- 
getic, enterprising  man,  almost  constantly  on  the 
move,  frequently  changing  his  locality,  which  we 
arrive  at  from  the  birth  of  his  other  children.  They 
were : 

Edward  Y.  Ham'n  Robinson,  Oct.  6,  1806,  at 
St.  Louis ;    lost  at  sea  in  1831. 

Jas.  Houze  Robinson,  Aug.  17,  1808,  St. 
Louis ;    died  at  l^atchez,  1818. 

Ant'e  Saugrain  Robinson,  April  18,  1810,  at 
Fort  Osage. 

Henrietta  Sophia  Robinson,  !N'ov.  21,  1811,  at 
Ste.  Genevieve;  died  at  ]S"atchez,  1818. 

Virginia  R.  Robinson,  in  1818,  at  ISTatchez  ;  died 
there  an  infant,  in  1818. 

Doct.  Robinson  made  these  frequent  changes 
of  residence  in  the  public  service  in  obedience  to 

He  died  at  IS'atchez,  Sept.  19,  1819,  aged  but  37 
years,  falling  a  victim,  with  his  three  children,  of 
that  malignant  disease,  yellow  fever,  which  carried 
off  two-thirds  of  his  family. 

His  widow,  Mrs.  R.,  survived  him  30  years.  She 
died  in  St.  Louis  in  1848  at  the  age  of  62  years. 


entered  "West  Point  in  1820,  at  14  j^ears  of  age. 

Commissioned  a  Midshipman  U.  S.  ISTavy,  March 
4,  1823,  at  17  years  of  age. 

WILSON  P.  HUNT.  193 

A  Passed  Midshipman,  March  23,  1829,  at  23. 

A  Lieutenant,  March  3,  1831,  at  25. 

Lost  at  sea,  August,  1831,  at  25.* 

Ant'e  Saugrain  Robinson,  the  only  survivor  of 
the  Doctor's  family,  long  so  well  known  here  as 
the  Cashier  of  the  old  Bank  of  Missouri,  is  still  with 
is  in  his  seventy-ninth  ye^ir. 

WILSOlSr   p.    HUNT, 

one  of  the  numerous  family  of  the  Hunts  of  Tren- 
ton, New  Jersey,  came  to  St.  Louis  in  1801,  and 
was  in  business  with  a  John  Hankinson  in  selling 
merchandise  for  about  five  years.  In  June,  1809, 
the  firm  was  dissolved,  and  Mr.  Hunt  closed  up 
their  business. 

In  the  year  1810  Mr.  Hunt  became  connected 
with  John  Jacob  Astor's  ITew  York  Fur  Company, 
and  early  in  1811  he  left  St.  Louis  with  seventy 
men  to  ascend  the  Missouri,  cross  the  mountains, 
and  descend  to  the  Pacific  Ocean,  there  to  meet  a 
ship  dispatched  around  by  Astor.  This  was  accom- 
plished, Mr.  Hunt's  party  being  the  first  to  follow 
in  the  footsteps  of  Lewis  and  Clark,  in  pursuit  of  the 
Indian  trade  of  that  region.  He  was  absent  on  this 
expedition  several  years,  and  returned  to  St.  Louis 
in  the  year  1813. 

In  1817  Mr.  Hunt  purchased  from  heirs  of  Lab- 
badie  a  tract  of  several  thousand  acres  of  land  lying 

*  The  U.  S.  Sloop  of  war,  Sylph,  was  lost  in  the  Gulf  of  Mexico  with 
all  on  board. 



on  the  waters  of  the  Glravois  Creek,  about  eight 
miles  southwest  of  St.  Louis.  On  this  land  he  built 
a  mill,  made  a  farm,  and  other  improvements,  and 
the  place  was  long  well  known  in  this  locality  as 
*' Hunt's  Mill." 

Ill  1829  he  visited  Asbury,  IS^ew  Jersey,  the  place 
of  his  birth,  and  there  induced  a  nephew,  John  H. 
Wilson,  to  come  out  to  St.  Louis  and  take  charge 
of  his.  Hunt's  farm,  which  he,  Wilson,  did  the 
following  year,  and  lived  on  his  place  until  Mr 

In  Sept.,  1822,  Mr.  W.  Himt  was  appointed  by 
Pres't  Monroe,  Postmaster  of  St.  Louis,  to  succeed 
Col.  Elias  Rector.  He  held  the  position  some 
eighteen  years  and  was  in  turn  succeeded  by 
Thomas  Watson,  in  1840. 

April  20,  1836,  he  was  married,  to  Anne  L.  Hunt, 
widow  of  his  cousin  Theodore  Hunt,  and  died  with- 
out children  in  April,  1842,  at  the  age  of  about  60 

His  widow,  Ann  Lucas  Hunt,  died  April  12> 
1879,  aged  82  years,  6  months,  20  days. 


a  native  of  Ireland,  came  -to  St.  Louis  in  1805,. 
from  Georgetown,  District  of  Cokimbia,  where  he 
had  followed  the  vocation  of  an  auctioneer. 

He  was  the  third  sheriff  of  St.  Louis,  appointed 
by  Gov'r  Wilkinson  in  Sept.  1806,  and  served  as 
such  until  l^ov'r,  1810,  something  over  four  years, 
acting  also  as  Collector  and  Treasurer. 

S  ft 


St.  Lonis  is  indebted  to  this  gentleman  for  her 
Washington  Avenue.  In  the  year  1818  he  was  the 
owner  of  two  of  the  forty  arpent  lots,  lying  be- 
tween the  additions  of  Judge  Lucas  on  the  South 
and  Major  Wm.  Christy  on  the  north,  the  strip 
being  a  mile  and  a  half  in  length  from  Third  Street 
to  Jefferson  Avenue,  and  but  880  feet  wide  between 
the  above  additions.  Through  the  center  of  this 
strip  he  laid  out  his  Washington  Avenue,  80  feet 
wide,  running  its  whole  length,  which  he  gener- 
ously relinquished  to  the  city  without  consideration, 
leaving  him  but  150  feet  in  depth  on  each  side. 

Mr.  Connor  was  never  married.  He  died  on 
Sept.  23,  1823,  aged  about  jfifty  years,  an  intelligent 
liberal  gentleman. 


was  born  in  Carlisle,  Penn'a,  Jan'y  10,  1764. 
When  very  young  his  parents  removed  to  the  Falls 
of  the  Ohio,  and  settled  in  Jefferson  County,  Ken- 
tucky, among  the  first  to  come  there.  In  1788 
was  appointed  Lieutenant  of  a  troop  of  Jefferson 
County  Cavalry,  and  in  St.  Clair's  campaign  of 
1791,  was  an  adjutant  of  a  Kentucky  regiment  of 
militia,  and  served  in  1794  under  Gen'l  A.  Wayne. 
In  1792  Major  Christy  was  married  to  Martha 
Thompson  Taylor,  of  Jefferson  County,  Kentucky, 
and  continued  on  his  farm  until  1804,  when  he 
removed  to  St.    Louis  among  the  first   Americans, 


bringing-  with  him  ample  means  and  a  number  oi 

In  1806  he  opened  a  public  house  in  the  old  Gov- 
ernment mansion  at  the  south-east  corner  of  Main 
and  Walnut  Streets,  vphich  he  kept  for  a  number 
of  years,  patronized  by  the  best  classes  of  society. 

In  1806  appointed  a  Justice  of  the  Court  oi 
Quarter  Sessions. 

In  1807  appointed  clerk  of  the  same. 

In  1809  elected  a  Trustee  of  the  newly  incorpo- 
rated Town.     And  Major  of  the  Louisiana  Rangers. 

March  1813,  Presiding  Justice  of  the  Court  of 
Common  Pleas. 

1814,  Auditor  of  accounts  for  the  Territory,  and 
in  1820  Auditor  same  for  the  State. 

1820,  Appointed  by  Pres't  Monroe  Register  of 
the  United  States  Land  Office,  which  he  resigned 
in  1833. 

Major  Christy  died  at  his  residence,  IN'orth  St. 
Louis,  April,  1837,  aged  73  years ;  his  widow  sur- 
vived him  until  1849,  their  children  were  : 

Sarah,  the  first  wife  of  Doct.  Bernard  G.  Far- 
rar ;  she  died  in  1817. 

Mary  Ann,  married  Maj.  Thomas  Wright,  U.  S. 

Matilda,  wife  first  of  Doct.  D.  V.  Walker,  and 
second  of  Col.  J^.  P.  Taylor. 

Frances,  wife  first  of  Maj.  Taylor  Berry,  and 
second  of  Judge  Robert  Wash. 

Eliza,  wife  of  Gen'l  Wm.  H.  Ashley,  member  of 


Harriet,  wife  of  Capt.  James  Deane,  U.  S. 

Virginia,  married  to  Doct.  Edwin  B.  Smith  in 
1838,  yet  living,  and 

Two  sons,  Edmund,  who  died  unmanded,  and 

Howard,  who  married  Miss  Susan  Preston,  of 


was  born  in  Frederick  County,  Virginia,  June  3, 

"Immigrated"  to  St.  Louis  in  1804,  and  early 
commenced  speculating  in  Town  lots  and  lands. 
Soon  perceiving  the  future  advance  and  prosperity 
of  St.  Louis,  he  had  before  the  end  of  our  Terri- 
torial days  made  large  acquisitions  of  vacant  lands 
in  and  about  the  Town,  priiicipally  in  the  southern 
portion  of  it,  so  that,  already  considered  a  large 
fortune,  even  in  those  early  days,  its  value  was 
immensely  increased  in  subsequent  years  by  the 
judicious  management  of  his  son-in-law,  Thomas 
Allen,  who  had  married  his  only  daughter. 

Wm.  Eussell  died  in  St.  Louis,  July  14,  1857,  in 
his  80th  year. 


of  County  Fermanagh,  and  wife  Elizabeth  Brown, 
Youghal,  County  Waterford,  L^eland,  landed  in 
Philadelphia  in  1794,  and  soon  removed  to  Bal- 


198    -  BIOGRAPHICAL. 

In  1798  they  came  west  and  located  in  Frank- 
fort, Ky.  He  engaged  in  mercantile  business  in 
18U3,  built  a  schooner  and  sent  her  with  produce 
to  the  West  Indies. 

In  1804  came  to  St.  Louis,  which  thereafter  was 
his  home,  although  himself  and  family  frequently 
absent ;  his  children  were  : 

Ellen,  died  in  France,  in  March,  1827. 

Catherine,  Mrs.  Major  Richard  Graham. 

Jane,  Mrs.  Chas.  Chambers,  married  in  iN^ew 
York,  1817. 

Anne,  Mrs.  Major  Thos.  Biddle. 

Mary,  Mrs.  Wm.  S.  Harney,  married  Oct.  1, 

Eliza,  Mrs.  James  Clemens,  married  Jan.  10,' 

Octavia,  first  Mrs.  Dennis  Delany,  and  second 
Mrs.  Judge  Boyee. 

And  one  son  Judge  Bryan  Mullanphy. 

John  Mullanphy  died  at  his  house,  North  Main 
Street,  St.  Louis,  Aug't  29,  1833. 


was  born  in  Massachusetts,  April  4,  17G8,  educated 
at  Rutland,  Worcester  County,  —  a  son  of  Silas 
Bent,  of  Sudbury,  Mass.,  who  commanded  the 
famous  "  Tea  Party  "  in  Boston  Harbor  December 

16,  1773. 


In  1788  he  came  to  Ohio  and  was  one  of  the 
first  settlers  of  Marietta.  He  read  law  with  Phillip 
Doddridge,  of  Wheeling,  Vir'a,  afterwards  he  kept 
store  atCharlestown,  Vir'a,  and  married  Miss  Mar- 
tha Kerr,  of  Winchester.  In  January,  1802,  he  was 
Postmaster  at  Brooke  Court  House,  Vir'a,  and  in 
18U3  deputy  in  the  oflBce  of  the  Surveyor  General 
Eufus   Putnam. 

Feb'y  17, 18U4,  appointed  associate  Judge  of  the 
Common  Pleas  of  Washington  Co.,  Ohio.  In 
July,  1805,  Deputy  Surveyor  under  James  Mans- 
field, Surveyor  Oeneral.  July,  1806,  appointed 
by  Albert  Gallatin,  Sec.  of  Treasury  of  the 
United  States,  to  be  principal  Deputy  Sur- 
veyor for  Louisiana  Territory,  and  came  to  St. 
Louis,  Sept.  17,  I80(i. 

August  20,  1807,  was  appointed  by  Frederick 
Bates,  the  first  Judge  of  the  Common  Pleas  and 
Quarter  Sessions,  for  the  District  of  St.  Louis. 
JSTov'r,  180.S,  by  Governor  Lewis,  auditor  of  public 
accounts,  ISTov.  9,  1809,  presiding  Judge  of  St. 
Louis  Common  Pleas,  with  Bernard  Pratte  and 
Louis  Labeaume  associates,  and  on  that  day  issued 
the  first  Charter  for  the  Town  of  St.  Louis. 
Jan'y5,  1811,  appointed  by  Fred'k  Bates,  Auditor 
of  the  Public  accounts,  and  on  September,  18 LI, 
Judge  of  the  Common  Pleas  by  Governor  Benja- 
min Howard. 

Feb.  21,  1813,  was  appointed,by  President  Madi- 
son, Judge  of  the  Superior  Court  of  the  Territory 
of  Missouri,     Jan'y  21,   1817,  was  recommissioned 


by  the  President,  and  held  the  office  until 
abolished  by  the  admission  of  Missouri  as  a  State 
in  1821. 

After  the  admission  of  the  State,  Judge  Bent 
received  the  appointment  of  Clerk  of  the  St.  Louis 
County  Court,  which  he  held  until  his  death,  Nov. 
20, 1827,  in  his  60th  year. 

His  widow,  Mrs.  Martha  Bent,  died  Aug't  20, 

They  raised  seven  sons  and  four  daughters  to 

Charles,  born  in  1799,  died  single,  Grovernor  of 
Taos,  N^ew  Mexico  ;  murdered. 

Julia  Ann,  born  in  1801,  married  July  24,  1817,  to 
Lilburn  W-  Boggs ;  she  died  Sept.  21,  1820,  aged 
about  19  years. 

John,  born  in  1803,  married  Sept.  15,  1829,  to 
Miss  Olivia,  daughter  of  Col.  Jos.  McClelland,  of 
Boone  ;  he  died  in  1845,  aged  42  years. 

Lucy,  born  in  1805,  married  Sept.  29,  1826,  to 
James  Russell,  of  Oakhill ;  she  died  March  2,  1871, 
aged  GG  years. 

Dorcas,  born  in  1807,  March  12,  married  Dec.  10, 
1829,  to  Judge  "Wm.  C.  Carr;  she  died  Feb'y  25, 
1888,  aged  nearly  81  years. 

William,  born  in  1809. 

George,  born  in  1811,  died  unmarried  in  1847, 
aged  35  years,  6  months. 

Mary,  born  in  1814,  married  in  183G,  to  Jonathan 

Robert  S.,  born  in  1816,  died  unmarried  Oct.  20, 
1811,  aged  25  years. 

JUDGE  WM.  C.  CARB.  201 

Edward,  born  in  1819,  died  in  1824,  aged  5 

Silas,  Jr.,  born  in  Oct.,  1820,  married,  and  died  in 
1887,  aged  67  years. 

JUDGE   WM.    C.   CAKK, 

was  a  son  of  Walter  Carr,  and  one  of  a  numer- 
ous family  of  brothers  and  sisters.  He  was  born 
in  Albemarle  County,  Virginia,  on  April  15, 
1783,  he  received  an  academic  education  and 
studied  the  legal  profession. 

He  arrived  in  St.  Louis  March  31,  1804,  in'  a 
keel  boat  from  Louisville,  making  the  passage,  as 
he  often  used  to  say,  in  the  ^^  short  time  of  25 
days''''  one,  of  the  earliest  Americans  after  the 
transfer.  After  remaining  a  month  here,  he  went 
to  Ste.  Genevieve,  then  a  larger  place  than  St. 
Louis,  to  settle  there. 

He  opened  an  office,  was  admitted  to  the-  Bar, 
and  commenced  the  practice  of  law.  A  year 
later  discovering  his  mistake  in  location,  he  re- 
turned to  St.  Louis,  to  settle  himself  permanently. 

In  the  early  history  of  St.  Louis,  Judge  Carr 
played  a  prominent  and  influential  part  in  the  po- 
litical and  social  affairs  of  the  place,  and  was  very 
successful  in  the  management  of  his  pecuniary 
affairs  having  acquired  a  handsome  competency. 
In  1826  he  was  appointed  by  Gov'r  John  Miller, 
to  the  office  of  Circuit  Judge  of  the  St.  Louis 
Circuit,   succeeding  Alexander  Stuart  in  the  office, 


which  position  he  held  for  nearly  eight  years, 
resigning  it  in  1834,  and  was  succeeded  in  March 
-of  that  year  by  Judge  Luke  E.  Lawless. 

Judge  Carr  was  twice  married,  first  in  Ste.  Clen- 
■evieve  TsTov'r  17,  1807,  to  Miss  Anna  Maria  Elliott, 
daughter  of  Doct.  Aaron  Elliott  from  Connecti- 
cut. This  lady  died  August  11,  1826,  aged 
38  years,  leaving  three  daughters,  Anna  Maria, 
Virginia,  and  Cornelia,  who  subsequently  became 
the  wives  of  Greorge  W.  Kerr,  Charles  Cabanne 
and  Thos.  P.  Dyer,  and  one  only  son,  Charles 
Elliott  Carr,  who  died  Sept.  22,  1826,  one 
month  after  his  mother,  in  his  twelfth  year. 

Judge  Carr  married  his  second  wife.  Miss  Dor- 
cas, the  third  daughter  of  Silas  Bent,  Sr.,  Dec'f 
10,  1829,  by  whom  he  had  five  sons,  Walter, 
Dabney,  Charles  B.,  Thomas  and  Robert,  and  one 

In  l;il5.  Judge  C;irr  built  the  fifth  brick  house 
in  St.  Louis,  and  the  first  one  for  a  dwelling 
exclusively,  at  the  South  east  corner  of  Main  and 
Sprnce  streets,  which  still  stands,  one  of  the  early 
land  marks. 

Judge  Wm.  C.  Carr  died  March  31,  1851,  aged 
6"<  years,  his  widow  and  children  then,  all  sur- 
viving him,  except  the  youth  who  died  above. 


was  born   in   Litchfield,    Connecticut,    on    May  4, 
1774,  of  an  English  family  of  good  descent. 

In  February,  17S)1,  at  17  years,  he  studied  law  in 


the  office  of  Ephraim  Kirby,  at  Litchfield,  for  two 
years,  and  on  reaching  the  age  of  2L  years,  obtained 
a  hcense  to  practice  in  Connecticut.  About  the 
commencement  of  the  present  century,  we  fiud  him 
at  Home,  Oneida  County,  New  York,  He  soon  be- 
came well  known  as  a  promising  young  lawyer,  and 
was  in  correspondence  with  such  prominent  men  as 
Col.  Aaron  Burr,  Vice-President  U.  S.  ;  Gideon 
Granger,  Postmaster-General ;  De  Witt  CUnton, 
and  others  at  the  seat  of  Government,  from  letters 
of  these  parties  addressed  to  him,  found  in  Col. 
Easton's  papers  after  his  death. 

He  spent  the  winter  of  1803-4  in  Washington, 
and  while  there  proposed  to  change  his  residence 
from  New  York  to  New  Orleans,  and  procured 
letters  of  introduction  ,  to  influential  parties  of 
that  city,  with  which  he  left  Washington  in  the 
early  part  of  March  of  that  year.  It  seems,  how- 
ever, that  Col.  Easton  changed  his  mind  in  that 
matter,  for  on  reaching  Vincennes,  Indiana,  on  his 
way  West  and  South,  he  concluded  to  remain  at 
that  place,  for  a  time  at  least,  and  obtained  a  license 
to  practice  in  the  courts  of  that  Territory. 

He  remained  here  but  a  few  months,- and  about 
the  time  that  Gen'l  Harrison  with  the  Indiana 
judges  vfent  to  St.  Louis,  to  frame  laws  for  Mis- 
souri, Col.  Easton  accompanied  them  and  took  up 
his  residence  in  St.  Louis. 

He  again  visited  Washington  in  the  winter  of 

March  13,  1805,  he'received  from  President  Jef- 


ferson  a  commission  as  Judge  of  the  Territory  of 
Louisiana,  and  in  March,  1806,  was  appointed  by 
the  President  United  States  Attorney  for  the 
Territory  of  Louisiana.  Early  in  1805,  when  a 
post-office  was  established  in  St.  Louis,  Col.  E.  was 
appointed  the  first  Postmaster,  and  held  the  position 
for  nine  years,  resigning  the  office  in  1814,  being 
succeeded  by  Doct.  Robert  Simpson. 

In  1814  he  was  elected  Delegate  to  Congress,  suc- 
ceeding Edward  Hempstead,  and  in  181(3  re-elected 
to  the  same,  serving  four  years  in  that  office. 

In  1821,  when  Missouri  became  a  State  of  this 
Union,  Col.  Baston  was  appointed  by  President' 
James  Monroe,  United  States  Attorney-General 
for  the  State  of  Missouri,  which  office  he  filled 
for  five  years,  after  which  he  retired  to  private 

Col.  Easton  removed  to  St.  Charles  in  1822,  and 
died  there  on  July  5,  1834,  at  the  age  of  60  years. 
His  wife,  whose  maiden  name  was  Smith,  he  had 
married  in  the  State  of  IN"ew  Yoi-k,  where  his  two 
or  three  first  children  were  born.  She  died  in  St. 
Charles  in  1848. 

They  had  a  numerous  family  of  seven  daughters 
and  four  sons. 

Mary,  born  in  Pome,  IS^ew  York,  married  Major 
Geo.  C.  Sibley,  Sept.,  1815 ;  no  children. 

Joanna,  born  in  Rome,  l^ew  York,  married  first 
Doct.  Pryor  Quarles,  2  daughters ;  secondly, 
Henry  S.  Geyer,  2  sons. 

Louisa,  married  Archibald  Gamble,  7  children. 


Kussella,  married  Thos.  L.  Anderson,  of  Pal- 
myra, 3  sons. 

Alby,  married  Jarnes  Watson,  St.  Louis,  2 

Sarah  E.,  married  Samuel  South,  of  Palmyra^  4 
children . 

Medora,  born  in  St.  Charles,  married  to  Abner 
Bartlett,  New  York,  4  children. 

Alton  R.,  born  in  St.  Louis,  twice  married,  6 

Joseph  G.,  born  in  St.  Louis,  married  to  Miss 
Smith,  Connecticut. 

Langdon  C,  born  in  St.  Louis,  of  the  U.  S. 
Army,  several. 

Henry  C,  born  in  St.  Charles,  married  twice, 

born  June  23,  1807,  in  St.  Louis,  married  first  Miss 
Eliza  Ott  at  St.  Charles ;  she  left  2  sons  and  1 
daughter.  Second,  Miss  Emeline  Noye,  at  St. 
Charles,  has  3  sons. 

Col.  Easton  is  now   81  years  of   age,  and  not  a 
gray  hair  in  his  head. 


was  born  in  New   London,    Connecticut,    June    3, 
1780,    and  studied   law,  and  in    1801,  admitted  to 


the  Bar.  After  practicing  three  years  in  Rhode 
Island,  he  came  west  in  1804,  stopping;  for  a  brief 
period  in  Vincennes,  and  then  settled  in  the  town 
of  St.  Charles.  In  1805  he  removed  to  St.  Louis, 
where,  in  his  brief  residence  of  twelve  years,  he 
filled  many  public  positions  with  credit  to  himself, 
and  satisfaction  to  the  community. 

In  1806,  he  received  the  appointment  of  deputy 
attorney-general  for  the  Districts  of  St.  Louis 
and  St.  Charles. 

In  1809,  appointed  Attorney-General  for  the  Ter- 
ritory of  Upper  Louisiana. 

1812,  June  4,  Act  of  Congress  changed  the  name 
from  Louisiana  to  Missouri  Territory,  and  Mr. 
Hempstead  was  elected  its  first  delegate  to  Con- 
gress from  west  of  the  Mississippi. 

In  1814.  He  was  Speaker  of  the  Territorial 
Assembly  of  Missouri. 

Mr.  Hempstead  was  married  on  Jan'y  13,  1808, 
to  Miss  Clarissa,  daughter  of  Louis  C.  Dubreuil  of 
St.  Louis.  On  August  5,  1817,  in  retui-ning 
from  St.  Charles,  where  he  had  been  attending 
the  election,  Mr.  Hempstead  was  thrown  from  his 
horse,  and  died  from  congestion  resulting  from  his 
fall,  on  Aug.  9,  1817,  after  a  brief  illness  of  a  few 
days,  at  the  age  37  years,  leaving  no  children, 
they  having  died  young.* 

*  He  was  interred  on  Monday  the  llLh,  at  his  father,  Stephen  Hempstead, 
S'-'s.,  farm  (•■.he  proptrty  of  Ed.  Hempstead),  now  forming  the  north-east 
portion  of  BellefontaiQe  Cemetery,  his  funeral  was  the  largest  that  had 
ever  occurred  in  the  country). 



was  born  in    Merionethshire,  Wales,  on    February 
10,  1759. 

He  came  to  the  United  States  about  the  close  of 
the  war  of  the  Revolution  with  his  first  wife 
and  a  son  or  two.  He  resided  for  a  time  near 
Philadelphia,  and  came  out  to  the  new  JS^orth- 
west  Territory  as  soon  as  it  was  organized,  and 
lived  for  some  years  in  Vincennes,  the  seat  of 

Here  he  lost  his  first  and  married  a  second 
wife,  a  Miss  "Baeryer,  from  Pennsylvania,  in  the 
year  1791. 

A  few  years  thereafter  he  removed  to  Kaska,skia, 
about  1795,  subsequently  returned  a  second  time  to 
Vincennes  for  some  years,  and  then  again  to  Kas- 
kaskia  for  a  short  period. 

In  1808  he  removed  across  the  Mississippi  to  Ste. 
Genevieve,  where  he  established  his  home.  While 
living  on  the  east  side  of  the  River,  he  practiced 
law  in  the  courts  at  Kaskaskia  and  Vincennes, 
and  after  establishing  himself  on  this  side,  contin- 
ued in  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  Ste.  Grene- 
vieve  and  Washington  counties. 

In  1820  he  was  a  member  of  the  Missouri  Con- 
stitutional Convention  from  Ste.  Genevieve  County, 
and  after  the  formation  of  the  State  was  appointed 
a  Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court,  associated  on  the 
Bench  with  Matthias  McGirk  and  John  D.  Cook. 

Judge  Jones  died  in  St.    Louis,  Jan'y  31,  1824,, 


at  the  residence  of  his  daughter  Harriet,  relict  of 
Thos.  Brady,  lacking  but  ten  days  of  being  65 
years,  the  then  constitutional  term  of  a  Judge; 
his  children  were : 

Rice  Jones,  born  in  Wales,  assassinated  at  Kas- 
kaskia,  Dec'r  7,  1808. 

A  daughter,  born  in  Vincennes,  in  1792. 

A  son,  John,  born  in  Vincennes  in  1794. 

A  son,  Augustus,  born  in  Kaskaskia,  in  1796. 

A  daughter,  Mrs.  Harriet  Brady,  born  in  Kas- 
kaskia in  1798. 

A  son,  Geo.  W.,  born  in  Vincennes,  April  12, 
1804,  living  at  Dubuque,  Iowa. 

And  several  more  by  his  two  wives. 


was  born  in  Pennsylvania  of  Irish  parents  about 
the  year  1776. 

In  1 799  was  appointed  a  Lieut,  of  Infantry  in 
the  U.  S.  Army;  his  Regiment  was  disbanded  in 
1800,  at  Pittsburgh. 

In  1804:  he  come  to  St.  Louis,  and  engaged  in 
business  early  in  1806,  at  the  Southeast  corner  of 
Main  and  Pine,  in  which  he  continued  for  some  few 
years.  In  1811  he  sold  this  property  and  purchased 
the  old  French  house  at  the  JSTorthwest  corner  of 
Main  and  Spruce,  whei-e  he  lived  until  1820,  From 
his  pleasant  manners  he  soon  made  many  friends, 
and  was  very  popular  with  the  whole  community. 

In  1810  he  was  the  fourth  sheriff  of  St.  Louis 


During  the  war  of  1812-15,  he  raised  a  Company 
of  mounted  Rangers  of  which  he  was  elected  the 

In  181.6,  when  Congress  estabhshed  a  Land  OflBce 
for  the  St.  Louis  District,  he  was  appointed  by 
President  Madison  tlie  first  Register  of  the  same, 
and  held  the  Office  four  years,  until  he  was  elected 
in  1820  the  first  Governor  of  the  State,  by  a  very 
large  majority  over  his  competitor,  General  Wm. 
Clark,  also  a  very  popular  citizen  of  St.  Louis. 

In  March,  1805,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Margaret 
Reilhe,  daughter  of  Antoine  Reilhe,  an  old  French 
citizen  of  St.  Louis. 

They  raised  to  maturity  four  sons  and  three 

Governor  Mc!N"air  died  in  St.  Louis  March  18, 
1826,  aged  about  fifty  years. 


was  born  in  Richmond  County,  Virginia,  Sept. 
21,  1757. 

Was  at  the  battle  of  Point  Pleasant  in  1774, 
was  under  Gen'l  Hand  in  1777-1778,  at  the 
battle  of  King's  Mountain  in  1780,  and  served 
throughout  the  war  of  the  Revolution  in  the 
Carolinas  and  other  Southern  States. 

He  came  to  Louisiana  at  the  time  of  the  trans- 
fer to  the  U.  S.,  remained  at  St.  Louis  and  vicin- 
ity for  some  twenty  years,  about  1825  returned 
to  the  South,  and  died  in  Hamburg,  South  Caro- 



lina,    Sept.    11,    1842,    at    the   age   of    85    years. 
He  filled  many  public  positions  of  trust. 

In  Georgia  he  was  a  member  of  the  State 
Legislature,  and  Congressman.  In  Missom'i,  a 
member  of  the  State  Convention,  and  Legisla- 
ture and  first  Receiver  of  Public  Moneys  at  St. 
Louis;  in  South  Carolina  Surveyor  General  of  the 
State,  and  Secretary  of  State. 


was  born  in  Hanover  County,  Virginia,  about 
the  year  1782,  and  graduated  at  Princeton  Col- 
lege, IsTew  Jersey,  in  1802. 

He  came  west  shortly  after  graduating  and 
located  in  Indiana,  and  in  1804  came  to  Missouri 
and  entered  upon  the  practice  of  the  law  in  Ste. 
Genevieve,  where  he  remained  until  his  death. 

In  1817  he  was  elected  the  delegate  in  Con- 
gress from  Missouri  Territory,  and  in  1820  the 
first  Representative  in  Congress  from  the  new- 
State,  Missouri  being  entitled  to  but  one  member, 
and  again  re-elected  in  1822  and  1824. 

In  1825,  when  the  choice  of  President  of  the 
United  States  devolved  on  the  House  of  Represen- 
tatives, he  cast  the  vote  of  Missouri  for  John 
Quincy  Adams,  for  which  mistake  he  was  defeated 
in  1826  and  relegated  to  private  life,  Andrew 
Jackson  being  the  undoubted  choice  of  a  plural- 
ity   of     the    voters    of    Missouri    for    that    ofiice. 


Mr.  Scott  continued  his  practice  as  a  Lawyer  for 
many  years. 

He  was  twice  married. 

His  second  wife  was  Mrs.  Harriet,  widow  of 
Thos.  Brady,  of  St.  Louis,  and  daughter  of  Judge 
John  Rice  Jones;  she  had  then  three  little  girls.* 

John  Scott  died  in  Ste.  Genevieve  in  1861,  in 
his  eightieth  year. 


was  born  at  Pointe  Claire,  Canada,  April  14,  1768. 
After  leaving  school  at  Montreal,  he  entered  into 
the  Service  of  the  Canadian  Fur  Company,  and 
was  engaged  for  several  years  in  the  Indian  Trade 
at  the  Falls  of  ^N^iagara. 

He  came  to  St.  Louis  in  1795,  and  soon  after 
entered  the  service  of  a  leading  Missouri  River  Fur 
trader  as  a  clerk,  in  which  he  continued  for  some 

Oct.  26,  1805.  He  married  Marie  Theresa 
Papin,  second  daughter  of  Joseph  M.  Papin,  quit 
the  fur  trade  and  established  a  bakery. 

He  purchased  from  Peter  Chouteau,  Sr. ,  on  Oct. 
15,  1808,  the  south  half  of  Block  IS"©.  33,  on  the 
north  side  of  Market  street,  extending  300  feet 
from  Main  to  Church  street,  with  a  stone  dwelling 
4.8  by  30  feet,  called  large  in  that  day,  at  the  south- 
east corner  of  'the  half  block.  He  lived  here  for 
many  years,  his  bake  house  being  on  Market  street 

*  Who  grew  up  to  become  married  1adie«. 


in  rear  of  his  dwelling,  and  in  later  years  built  for 
himself  a  brick  dwelling  on  south  3rd,  below  Plum 
street,  where  he  died  on  May  26»,  1842,  aged  74 
years,  leaving  six  children  all  grown  and  married. 

Louise,  who  was  married  to  Bernard  Pratte,  Jr., 
in  July,  1824. 

Leon,  married  to  Miss  Julia  Demun. 

Amanda,  married  to  Doct.  Auguste  Masiare. 

Atalie,  married  to  Joseph  S.  Pease. 

Julius,  married  to  Miss  Josephine  Lane  of  St. 

Julia,  to  Mr.  Heiiry  Gourdes  of  France,  where 
she  still  lives. 

aug'ustik  guiboed, 

was  born  in  the  Parish  of  Mascouehe  de  la 
Chenel,  Montreal,  in  Canada,  May  12,  1785,  and 
came  to  St.  Louis  in  the  fall  of  1804,  at  the 
age  of  19  years,  with  a  party  of  Hudson's  Bay 
Fur  traders,  without  the  consent  of  his  parents, 
he  being  a  minor. 

He   was   married   in  St.  Louis  by  Judge  M.  P. 

Leduc     on     July    6,    1811,    to    Marie    Catherine 

•  Lacroix,  daughter  of    Joseph  Lacroix  and  Helene 

Bissonnet,  who   was   born   in  St.  Louis   on  Feb'y 

8,  1795. 

He  was  a  veteran  of  the  war  of  1812-15, 
serving  in  the  American  forces,  and  continued 
to  reside  in  St.  Louis  until  his  death. 

Augnstin  Guibord  died  Sept.  12,  1860,  aged 
75  years  and  4  months,  and  his  widow  l^ovember 
26,  1872,  at   the   age  of   77  years   and   9  months. 

JNO.  B.  C.  LUCAS.  213 

Their    children,    who    attained    maturity,    were : 

A.ugustus,  born  May  12,  1815,  who  died  Sept. 
8,  1850,  at  85,  in  Colorado. 

Jnlia,  born  April  8,  1817,  married  first  C. 
Eichard,  and  secondly  Bender. 

Henri,  born  August  3,   1824. 

Edward  F.,  born  March  8,  1826. 

Angeline,  born  April  8,  1828,  married  Wm. 
A.  Luckie. 

Edmund  M.,  born  April  16,  1830. 


a  veteran  of  two  wars,  when  a  young  man  of  22 
years,  served  in  the  Mexican  War,  in  Capt. 
McKellop's  Company,  of  Col.  Easton's  Regiment 
from  St.  Louis  in  1816-7,  and  again  in  the  late 
war  as  Captain  of  Artillery  in  the  Confederate 

He  was  married  Aug't  23,  1852,  to  Miss 
Louisa  A.,  daughter  of  Saugrain  Michau,  who 
was  born  April  26,  1836,  at  St.  Louis,  and  died 
Oct.  22,  1869,  aged  33,  leaving  two  sons,  Henry 
A.,  and  John  Louis  Guibor. 

JUDGE   JlSrO.    B.    C.    LUCAS, 

was  born  in  l!^"ormandy,  France,  in  the  year  1758. 

He  graduated  in  the  profession  of  Law  at  Caen, 

l^ormandy,    in    1782,    and   practiced  in   his  native 

place  about  two  years,  during  which  period  he  was 


married  to  Miss  Anne  Sebin,  who  born  in  1764,  was 
six  years  younger  than  him. 

In  1781,  they  came  to  the  United  States,  and 
settled  on  a  farm  on  the  Monongahela  River,  a 
short  distance  above  Pittsburgh. 

In  his  early  years  in  Pennsylvania  he  made  some 
trading  voyages  down  the  Ohio  and  Mississippi  to 
New  Madrid,  then  a  new  place  just  started  in  1787 
by  French  traders.  In  1791  he  made  another  voy- 
age to  that  place  bringing  with  him  Henry,  a 
young  lad,  son  of  Judge  Brackenridge,  of  Pitts- 
burgh, an  intimate  friend  of  Lucas,  to  be  placed 
with  some  French  family  where  he  might  acquire 
the  French  language. 

In  1792  Judge  Lucas  was  elected  to  the  Legis- 
lature of  Penn'a,  and  afterwards  was  for  a  time 
Judge  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas  in  his  Dis- 

In  1803  he  was  elected  to  Congress  from  the 
Alleghany  District,  succeeding  Albert  Gallatin. 

In  1805  he  was  appointed  by  President  Jefferson 
Judge  of  the  United  States  Court  in  Upper  Louisi- 
ana, and,  in  conjunction  with  Clem't  B.  Penrose, 
commissioners  to  settle  land  claims  in  Missouri,  for 
which  purpose  he  removed  to  St.  Louis  with  his 
wife  and  family  late  that  fall. 

His  five  sors  were  : 

Robert,  bo  .i  1788,  entered  the  Army  from  West 
Point  in  1808;  died  Feb.  8,  1814.* 

*  At  French  Mills,  on  the  St.  Lawrence,  a  Major  In  the  IT.  S.  Army, 
at  the  age  of  26  years. 


Charles,  born  Sept.  24,  1792;  died  Sept.  27, 
1817,  aged  25  years. 

Adrian,  born  1794 ;  died  in  the  year  1831,  aged 
37  years. 

William,  born  1798 ;  died  in  July,  1837,  aged  39 

Anne,  born  Sept.  23,  1796. 

Jas.  H.,  born  May,  1800. 

Mrs.  Lucas  died  in  St.  Louis  Aug't  3,  1811,  aged 
47  years,  and  Judge  Lucas  Aug.  29,  1842,  aged  84 
years,  surviving  his  wife  31  years. 

After  the  death  of  Mrs.  Lucas  in  1811,  the 
Judge  built  the  first  house  on  the  hill,  a  small 
stone,  in  his  cornfield.  It  stood  on  the  ground 
whereon  now  stands  the  Masonic  Hall  at  the  north- 
west corner  of  Market  and  7th  Streets,  in  which  he 
lived  many  years,  the  only  house  on  the  hill  until 


second  son  of  Judge  Jno.  B.  C  Lucas,  was  born 
near  Pittsburgh,  Penn'a,  Sept.  25,  1792.  At  13 
years  of  age  he  came  with  his  father's  family  to  St. 
Louis  in  1805. 

In  1806  he  was  sent  to  Jefferson  College,  Phila- 
delphia, where  he  spent  five  years  at  his  studies, 
returning  home  in  1811  at  19  years,  and  then 
studied  law  with  Col.  Easton. 

In  1812  he  joined  a  volunteer  company  in  St. 
Louis,  afterwards  assisting  in  organizing  a^  com- 
pany of  Volunteer  Artillery,  stationed  near  Portage 
des  Sioux,  of  which  he  was  elected  Captain. 


In  1814,  at  the  age  of  22  years,  admitted  to  the 
bar  of  St.  Louis. 

Elected  to  the  Legislature  of  the  Territory. 

Then  appointed  United  States  Attorney  for  the 

Killed  in  a  duel  with  Col.  Thomas  H.  Benton, 
Sept.   27,  1817,  at  the  age  of  25  years  and  2  days. 


was  the  fourth  son  of  Judge  John  B.  0.  Lucas. 
He  was  born  near  Pittsburgh,  Penn'a,  in  1798,  and 
came  here  with  his  father's  family  in  1803  at  7 
years  of  age.  He  read  law  in  St.  Louis  with 
Col.  Easton,  and  at  the  proper  age  was  admitted  to 
the  bar.  He  died  unmarried  in  1837,  aged  39 


of  Philadelphia,  and  wife  Anna  Howard  were 
married  about  the  year  1797,  and  lived  at  Frank- 
ford,  north  Philadelphia.  In  1805,  he  was  ap- 
pointed by  the  Pres't  Thos.  Jefferson,  a  commis- 
sioner to  adjudicate  the  claims  to  Lands  in  Upper 
Louisiana,  and  came  out  to  St.  Louis  in  October 
of  that  year,  associated  with  Jno.  B.  C.  Lucas, 
and  served  as  such  until  the  completion  of  their 
labors  and  the  dissolution  of  the  board. 

Their  five  children,  all  born  in  Philadelphia,  were 

Chaules  Bingham  Penrose,  Oct.  6,  1798. 

James  Howard  Penrose,  1800. 

Clement  Biddle,  ]S"o.  2,  1802. 


And  two  daughters  Mary  Biddle  Penrose,  and 
Anna  Howard  Wilkinson  Penrose. 

Judge  Penrose  when  he  arrived  here  had  consid- 
erable means,  purchased  a  house  in  town  and  sev- 
eral tracts  of  land  throughout  the  country,  bixt  a 
long  life  of  idleness  and  extravagant  living  grad- 
ually reduced  his  means,  and  in  his  old  age  he  was 
glad  to  accept  the  position  of  Justice  of  the  peace, 
which  he  held  at  the  period  of  his  death,  May  15, 

His  oldest  son  Charles  B.  lived  here  vdth  us  until 
21  years  of  age,  in  1819,  when  he  returned  to  Phila- 
delphia, finished  his  law  studies,  and  settled  in  Car- 
lisle, Cumberland  Co.,  became  eminent  at  the  Bar 
and  a  prominent  politician,  a  State  Senator  in  1833, 
and  re-elected  to  the  same.  In  1841  appointed  by 
President  Wm.  H.  Harrison,  Solicitor  of  the  Treas- 
ury, which  office  he  held  until  the  close  of  Tyler's 
administration.  In  1847  settled  in  Phila.,  his  native 
city,  in  1856  again  elected  to  the  State  Senate,  and 
died  at  Harrisburg,  April  6th,  1857,  aged  59 

After  the  death  of  Judge  Penrose  his  widow, 
with  the  two  daughters  and  third  son  Clement  Bid- 
die  ^NTo.  2,  went  south  to  Louisiana,  and  became 
residents  of  the  Parish  of  Jefferson,  where  in  the 
course  of  time  they  all  died,  the  son  leaving  a 

The  ladies  of  this  family  were  very  aristocratic  in 
their  ideas,  priding  themselves  very  much  on  their 



"was  born  in  the  north  of  Ireland,  of  the  ancient 
Scottish  family  of  the  Lowrys,  which  was  his 
•original  name.  He  came  young  to  the  United 
■States,  and  was  bred  to  the  law  in  the  City  of 
Baltimore,  where  his  name  was  changed  by  Act 
of  the  Legislature  of  Maryland,  to  Donaldson,  to 
■enable  him  to  inherit  an  estate,  that  being  the 
condition  of  the  bequest. 

In  1805,  he  was  appointed  by  the  President 
Thos.  Jefferson,  under  the  Act  of  Congress, 
March  2^  1805,  "  for  the  settlement  of  Land  Claims 
*' in  the  new  Territories',"  Recorder  of  Land  titles 
for  Louisiana,  to  act  with  the  two  Land  Cominis- 
eioners.  And  in  December  of  the  same  year,  pre- 
sented his  commission  as  Attorney  General  for  the 

When  the  Board  organized  in  January,  1806, 
in  St.  Louis,  he  took  his  seat  with  Judge  Jno.  B. 
C.  Lucas  and  Clement  Biddle  Penrose,  and  acted 
with  them  for  some  time.  About  the  year  1807, 
he  returned  to  Baltimore  and  resumed  his  profession 
of  the  Law. 

Ho  lost  his  life  at  the  head  of  his  Regiment,  in 
the  defense  of  his  adopted  Country,  at  the  Battle 
of  North  Point,  near  Baltimore,  at  the  attack  by 
the  British  on  that  place,  Aug't  13,  1814,  and  his 
name  is  found  inscribed  on  the  monument  erected 
in  "Monument  Square"  in  that  City,  to  the 
memory  of  "the  patriotic  band  who  devoted  their 
"  lives  to  the  welfare  of  their  country  on  that 
■"  memorable  occasion." 



were  amongst  the  most  noted  of  the  early  Ameri- 
cans of  our  Territorial  days,  being  educated  gen- 
tlemen, they  soon  became  prominent  in  their 
respective  communities.  They  were  born  at 
Doylestown,  county  seat  of  Bucks  County,  25 
miles  north  of  Philadelphia,  one  of  the  three  coun- 
ties originally  organized  by  Wm.  Penii  himself  in 
1682.     They  were  of  Irish  origin. 

An  uncle,  Gray  Bryan,  was  a  prominent  whole- 
sale Dry  Goods  Merchant  of  Philadelphia,  whose 
name  is  found  in  the  first  Directory  of  that  City 
(1785)  and  for  many  years  thereafter,  and  who 
sold  extensively  to  our  early  merchants  of  the 
Mississippi  Valley.  In  this  long  established  house 
of  their  uncle,  these  gentlemen  successively 
acquired  their  early  business  knowledge. 

There  were  some  six  or  seven  of  them. 

William  Morrison,  the  oldest,  who  had  been 
associated  with  his  uncle  in  Philadelphia,  came 
out  to  Kaskaskia  about  the  year  1795,  and 
lived  to  become  a  prominent  man  in  the  coun- 
try, having  stores  at  St.  Louis,  Kaskaskia 
and  Cahokia.  He  was  twice  married,  first  to 
a  lady  in  Illinois,  after  whose  death  he  married 
in  1813,  a  daughter  of  Gen'l  Daniel  Bissell,  U. 
S.  A.,  and  died  in  1837  at  Kaskaski,  Ills.  The 
former  distinguished  member  of  Congress,  Wm.  K. 
Morrison,  is  a  grandson. 


Robert  Morrison  came  out  in  1798  and  settled 
in  Kaskaslda,  and  married  first  a  daughter 
of  James  Edgar,  a  brother  of  the  noted  Gen'l 
John  Edgar.  After  the  death  of  this  lady 
Mr.  Morrison  married  in  1806,  Miss  Donald- 
son, who  had  come  ont  from  Baltimore  with 
her  brother  previously  mentioned.  This  lady  was 
highly  spoken  of  for  her  literarj'^  taste  and  culti- 
vation, and  produced  several  articles,  chiefly  on 
moral  or  religious  subjects ;  she  died  in  Belleville 
in  1813,  and  Morrison  in  Kaskaskia. 

They  left  several  sons,  one  of  them,  J.  L.  Don 
Morrison,  long  a  resident  of  our  City. 

James  Morrison  settled  in  St.  Charles,  married 
Miss  Saucier  of  Portage  des  Sioux,  and  was  the 
father  of  the  late  Wm.  M.  Morrison,  of  St.  Louis, 
the  first  Mrs.  Geo.  Collier,  Mrs.  Wm.  G.  Pettus, 
Mrs.  Francis  Yosti  and  Mrs.  Richard  Lockwood, 
all  at  %ne  time  of  St.  Louis. 

Jesse  Morrison  came  out  to   this  place  in  1805, 
and  for  a  time   was     associated  with    his    brother 
James  at  St.  Charles,  and  subsequently  in  Galena,  ■ 
Illinois.     Like  the  most  of  his  brothers,  he  raised 
a  large  family. 

Samuel  Morrison  came  to  Kaskaskia  in  1807.  He 
spent  some  years  in  the  Rocky  Mountains  as  a 
clerk  of  Manuel  Lisa' s  Company ;  he  returned  in 
1811,  married  shortly  afterwards,  and  settled  in 
Covington,  Washington  County,  Illinois,  where  he 
died  in  1828. 


Guy  Morrison,  the  youngest,  came  to  Kaskaskia 
in  1814,  became  a  partner  of  his  brother  William 
in  his  Cahokia  store,  married  the  widow  of  Isaac 
]^.  Henry,  the  printer  of  Col.  Benton's  Enq;a%rer, 
in  St.  Louis,  in  1819-20,  located  a  fine  farm  near 
Collinsville,  Illinois,  in  1826,  became  very  wealthy, 
and  died  on  his  place  in  18 — ,  and  his  widow  but 
a  few  years  since  ;  they  left  no  children. 

At  the  present  day  the  descendants  of  these 
Brothers  Morrisons  are  very  numerous,  scattered 
throughout  the  west  from  Illinois  to  California. 


the  third  in  command  at  Bellefontaine,  was  born 
in  Connecticut  about  the  year  1768,  son  of  a  Revo- 
lutionary officer,  was  with  St.  Clair  in  1791,  a 
Lieutenant  in  1794,  a  Captain  Jan'y  1,  1799,  a 
Lieut.  Col.  Aug't  18,  1808,  and  a  Col.  in  1812. 
Brigadier  General  1815. 

He  married  at  Middletown,  Connecticut,  in  1793, 
Deborah  Seba,  daughter  of  Jacob  Seba,  from 

When  a  captain  in  1799,  he  had  command  of 
Fort  Massac,  on  the  Ohio,  and  on  the  death,  of 
Col.  Hunt,  succeeded  him  at  Bellefontaine,  where 
he  built  the  permanent  buildings.  After  he  was 
relieved  from  Bellefontaine  in  1813-14,  he  went 
below  to  Baton  Rouge  and  JSTew  Orleans,  and  there 
was  mustered  out  in  1821. 


He  died  Dec.  14,  ISHS,  at  65  years  of  age,  on 
his  farm,  Franklinton  (nine  miles  north  of  St. 
Louis,  on  the  road  to  Cantonment  Belief ontaine,) 
where  he  possessed  a  large  body  of  land.  His 
widow  died  'Nov.  15,  1843. 

They  had  three  married  daughters  and  a  son. 

EUza,  married  to  Wm.  Morrison,  merchant  of 
Kaskaskia  and  St.  Louis,  July  20,  1813. 

Mary,  married  to  Risdon  H.  Price,  merchant  of 
St.  Louis,  Aug.  30,  1815. 

Cornelia,  rnarried  to  Maj.  Thompson  Douglass, 
Paymaster  U.  S.  Army,  Sept.  23,  1817. 

James,  the  only  son,  after  being  at  school  in 
Connecticut,  went  on  to  his  father's  place,  of  which 
he  became  the  owner  after  the  death  of  his  mother, 
and  lived  there  for  some  sixty  years,  dying  but 
very  recently. 


born  in  Connecticut,  were  seven  in  number,  and 
all  served  in  the  war  of  the  Revolution. 

Major  Russell  Bissell,  born  in  1755,  was  a 
Captain  in  1793,  in  the  1st  Regiment  of 
Infantry  and  promoted  to  Major  in  1797,  the 
Regiment  then  garrisoning  the  different  posts 
in  the  ^Northwest  Territory.  It  crossed  the 
Mississippi  river  to  this  side  with  Gen'l  Wilkinson 
in  1805-6. 

He  was  the  first  commandant  at  the  Cantonment 
at   Belief  ontaine,  where    he   died  Dec'r    18,   1807, 


aged  52  years ;    the   stone   slab   over   his  grave  is 
still  in  the  little  graveyard  of  the  garrison. 

A  son,  Lewis  Bissell,  was  in  after  years  a  Cap- 
tain, and  suttler  of  the  6th  Regiment,  U.  S.  In- 
fantry  at   Coiincil  Bluffs,  and   died  — at   his. 

residence  near  the  Reservoir,  Bissell' s  Point. 


was  born  in  Chester  County,  Pennsylvania,  July  10,. 
1766,  and  came  out  west  in  1798. 

He  lived  first  at  St.  Charles,  Missouri,  after  the 
transfer  to  the  U.  S.,  where  he  established  and  oper- 
ated a  tannery  for  some  years. 

About  1804:-5  was  appointed  the  first  sheriff  of 
St.  Charles  County.  During  the  war  of  1812  he 
commanded  a  company  of  Cavalry  raised  at  St. 
Charles,  and  at  the  close  of  the  war  in  1815  he 
removed  to  St.  Louis,  and. was  appointed  Register 
and  Collector  of  the  town. 

At  the  incorporation  of  the  city,  April,  1823,  he 
was  reappointed  to  the  same  position  which  he  held 
for  four  additional  years,  until  1827,  when  he  was 
sncceeded  in  the  oflSce  by  his  oldest  son,  Jos. 
A.  Wherry. 

Capt.  Mackey  Wherry,  was  married  March  19, 
1800,  at  St.  Louis,  to  Miss  Louisa,  daughter  of  the 
Rev'd  Ichabod  Camp,  dec'd. 

They  were  the  parents  of  several  children,  three 
of  whom  attained  maturity  and  married,  the  others- 
dying  young. 


Mrs.  Wherry  died  in  St.  Louis,  Aug't  6,  1825, 
aged  57  years,  and  Mackey  "Wherry  Sr.,  in  St. 
Louis  County,  Aug't  3,  1828,  aged  62. 

Joseph  A.  Wherry,  born  Aug't  16,  1801,  married 
Amelia  H.  Horner  'Noy.  5,  1835,  at  Helena,  Arkan- 
sas, and  died  at  St.  Louis  Feb.  13,  1843,  Aet.  41,  6. 

Mackey  M.  Wherry,  born  ISTov.  57,  1802,  mar- 
ried Elizabeth  S.  Horner  March  8,  1832,  at  Hel- 
ena, Arkansas,  and  died  at  Florissant  June  26, 
1864,  Aet.  61,  7. 

Dan'l  Boone  Wherry,  born  l^ov.  25,  1804,  died 
May  29,  1844,  aged  39,  6  mos. 


was  born  in  Vincennes,  Indiana,  and  came  to  St. 
Louis  about  the  time  of  the  transfer,  and  went 
into  the  blacksmithing  business  at  the  north-west 
corner  of  Main  and  our  present  Pine  street,  where 
he  conducted  the  business  until  his  death,  Feb.  6, 

Jan'y  25,  1805,  he  married  Miss  Therese,  daugh- 
ter of  Louis  Brazeau  Sr. ;  their  children  were : 

Therese,  who  married  James  Reed  Oct.  12, 
1825.  He  died  May  17,  1828,  and  she  married 

Susan,  who  married  Russell  Farnham,  Oct.  27, 
1829,  and  died  Oct.  23,  1832. 

Leontine,  who  married  James  Corse,  Feb.  18, 

COL.  THOMAS   HUNT.  225 

Charles,  who  died  a  young  man  unmarried. 

Francis,  who  died  a  young  man  unmarried. 

Theodore,  married  Caroline  W.  Peacock,  July 
20,  1846. 

Mrs.  Theresa  Bosseron  Eeed,  married  her  second 
husband,  Sam'l  Cole  June  19,  1834. 

Mrs.  Charles  Bosseron  Sr.,  survived  nearly  all 
her  children  and  died  in  Jan'y,  1874,  aged  near  90 


born  in  Massachusetts,  a  Lieut,  in  1777,  a  Capt. 
in  1779,  Major  1793,  Lieut.-Col.  1802,  and 
Colonel  April  11,  1803,  was  the  second  command- 
ing officer  at  Belief  on  taine,  succeeding  Major  K. 
Bissell,  for  the  brief  period  of  but  seven  months. 
He  died  there  July  17,  1808,  and  was  laid  along 
side  his  friend  and  associate  in  arms. 

Again  six  short  months  still  later,  Col.  Hunt 
was  in  turn  followed  by  his  wife,  she  died  at  the 
cantonment  Jan'y  15,  1809,  and  was  laid  by  her 

Thus  within  the  brief  space  of  thirteen  months 
were  these  three  prominent  personages  laid  to  rest, 
in  that  far  distant  land  on  the  very  conjBnes  of  civ- 

Col.  Hunt  left  a  son,  a  young.  Lieut.,  iii  the 
Army,  and  two  young  daughters,  who  when  grown 
became,  the  one  the  wife  of  Col.  Josiah  Snelling 
U.  S.  Army,  and  the  other  the  wife  of  James  Gr. 
Soulard  of  this  City. 




was  born  in  Detroit,  December  5,  1771  (his  father 
had  come  from  Aberdeen,  Scotland),  and  received 
a  plain  education. 

In  1793,  with  his  step-brother,  John  Kenzie,  who 
was  afterwards  the  founder  of  Chicago,  he  went 
trading  with  the  Illinois  Indians. 

In  one  of  his  trips  to  the  east,  he  married  at  Ha- 
gerstown,  Maryland,  a  lady  named  De  Maillot,  and 
in  1809  he  located  at  Peoria,  Illinois,  at  which  place 
he  was  appointed  Indian  Sub-Agent  previous  to  the 
war  of  1812,  and  removed  to  St.  Louis  in  1815 
or  '16. 

Mrs.  Sarah  Forsythe  died  ISTov'r  21,  1829,  at 
their  residence  North  Main  St.,  and  Major  Forsythe 
Oct.  29,  1833,  on  his  farm  (now  in  Forest  Park), 
aged  62  years. 

Their  children  were : 

John,  who  died  a  young  man  of  21  years,  a  stu- 
dent with  Doet.  Farrar. 

Robert,  born  in  1808,  died  ISTov'r  1,  1872,  aged 
64  years,  in  Forest  Park. 

Mary,  married  Antoine  R.  Bonis,  Oct.  14,  1835, 
and  died  within  a  year. 

Robert  Forsythe,  whose  wife  was  Miss  Anne  Cul- 
ver, left  three  children,  William,  Mary  and  Louis. 


was  born   in   Belmont,    Goochland   Co.,  "Virginia, 
June  23,  1777,  of  Quaker  parents,  but  his    father 


having  fought  for  the  Revolution  was  disowned  by 
the  Church.  Frederick  was  one  of  seven  brothers, 
Edward  Bates  being  a  younger  one. 

In  1797,  at  the  age  of  20,  he  went  to  Detroit, 
where  he  was  first  engaged  in  mercantile  pursuits, 
and  was  for  a  time  Postmaster  of  the  place,  and 
U.  S.  receiver  of  public  moneys,  until  its  complete 
destruction  by  fire  in  June,  1805. 

In  1806  he  removed  to  St.  Louis,  and  was  the 
first  Recorder  of  the  Board  of  Land  Commissioners 
when  the  Office  was  created. 

He  was  second  Secretary  of  the  Territory, 
appointed  May  7,  1807,  by  Pres't  Jefferson,  to 
succeed  Joseph  Browne,  temporary  Secretary,  un- 
der Gov'r  Wilkinson,  and  held  the  place  for  13 
years  under  successive  Governors  until  the  forma- 
tion of  the  State  Government  in  1820,  acting  as 
Governor  in  their  frequent  absences  from  the  Ter- 
ritory, and  also  as  Recorder  of  Land  Titles. 

He  compiled  the  early  Territorial  laws  printed 
in  1808,  the  first  book  printed  in  St.  Louis  or  west 
of  the  Mississippi. 

In  1824  he  was  elected  the  second  Governor  of 
the  State,  filling  the  office  but  one  short  year.  He 
died  Aug't  2,  1825,  on  his  farm  in  Bonhomme 
Township,  at  the  age  of  48  years,  leaving  a  widow 
and  four  young  -children.  He  was  married  March 
4,  1811),  to  Miss  Kancy,  daughter  of  Col.  John  S. 
Ball,  of  St.  Louis  County. 


in  the  year  1S03,  were  partners  as  merchants  in 

In  1808,  Jacob  Philipson  came  to  St,  Louis  and 
opened  a  store  on  Main  Street,  which  he  carried 
on  until  1811,  when  he  quit  business  in  that  line, 
but  continued  his  residence  in  Missouri,  generally 
at  St.  Louis,  until  his  death  in  January,  1858,  a 
period  of  50  years. 

He  lived  a  portion  of  his  time  at  Potosi,  and 
married  in  the  southern  portion  of  the  State,  his 
children,  of  whom  he  left  seven,  being  all  born  in 
Missouri.  He  lived  for  the  last  ten  years  of  his 
life  on  South  3rd  Street,  and  gave  lessons  in  En- 
glish, French  and  German  until  near  the  close  of 
his  life. 


continued  to  reside  in  Philadelphia,  where  his  six 
children  were  all  born,  until  the  winter  of  1821-22, 
when  possessing  some  fine  property  in  our  near 
vicinity  he  concluded  to  follow  his  two  brothers 
and  make  St.  Louis  his  future  home.  His  eldest 
son,  Joseph,  an  accomplished  young  man  of  eigh- 
teen years,  died  about  six  months  after  they  became 
settled  in  the  place,  followed  in  a  couple  of  years 
by  the  death  of  his  wife,  an  amiable  well  educated 
lady,  and  again  some  years  later  by  another  son, 
a  lad  of  fourteen.  It  may  perhaps  be  owing  to 
these  repeated  domestic  afflictions,  but  Mr.  Philip- 
son  never  resumed  business  again. 


His  oldest  daughter,  Miss  Esther,  was  married 
on  March  31,  1829,  at  the  ag-e  of  20,  to  Lieut. 
Eobert  Emmett  Clary,  of  the  U.  S.  Army. 

Mr.  Philipsoii,  haviug  survived  the  most  of  his 
children,  died  in  August,  1841,  naming  his  brother 
Joseph  his  executor  and  trustee  for  his  two  daugh- 
ters, Esther  and  Amanda. 

This  third  brother,  Joseph  Philipson,  Sr.,  came 
to  St.  Louis  in  the  year  1810,  and  purchased 
Habb's  brewery,  the  fii;st  one  west  of  the  Missis- 
sippi River,  upon  which  he  expended  a  large 
amount  in  improving  the  works  and  in  purchasing 
other  lands  near  by.  In  1820-21,  when  financial 
affairs  were  almost  prostrated  throughout  the 
country,  Mr.  J.  Philipson  became  very  much 
embarrassed,  and  was  compelled  to  part  with  all 
his  St.  Louis  property  to  meet  his  liabilities. 
Being  an  accomplished  musician,  he  was  compelled 
to  adopt  it  as  a  profession,  and  for  the  balance  of 
his  days  it  was  his  only  resource. 

He  died  in  June,  1844,  never  having  married. 

These  brothers  were  well  educated  refined  gen- 
tlemen, I  think  from  Hamburg. 


was  born  in  Westmeath,  Ireland,  July  16,  1772. 
Being  implicated  in  the  Irish  Rebellion  of  1795,  he 
fled  to  France  and  sailed  for  the  United  States, 
arriving  in  IS'ew  York  in  1796.  He  added  an  s 
to  his  name  of  Charles,  in  order  to  write  it  as  it  was 


pronounced  "  Oharless."  He  settled  in  Philadel- 
phia, and  being  a  printer  he  worked  for  a  time  on 
William  Duane's  Aurora  in  Franklin  Court. 

In  1798  he  married  Mrs.  Sarah  McCloiid,  nee 
Jourdan,  a  widow  with  one  son,  Robert  McCloud. 
In  1800  he  removed  with  his  family  to  Lexington, 
Ky.,  where  he  established  a  newspaper.-  In  1806 
removed  to  Louisville,  Ky.,  and  in  1808  to  St. 
Louis,  Louisiana  Territory,  where  he  established 
the  first  paper  west  of  the  Mississippi  Kiver,  the 
"Missouri^''  Gazette,  the  first  number  being  issued 
July  12,  1808.  The  following  year  he  changed  its 
name  to  "  Louisiana  Gazette  "  as  more  a,)propriate, 
and  in  1812  again  to  '^^  Missouri  Gazette,^''  the  name 
of  the  territory  being  so  changed. 

Mr.  Oharless,  Sr.,  was  the  proprietor  of  the  paper 
some  twelve  years.  In  Sept.,  1820,  he  disposed  of 
it  to  James  Cummins,  from  Pittsburgh,  who  con- 
ducted it  for  eighteen  months,  and  re-disposed  of 
it  to  Edward  Charless,  the  oldest  son  of  Joseph 
C,  Sr.,  who  changed  the  name  to  Missouri  He- 
publican,  and  issued  the  first  number  under  that 
title,  March  20,  1822. 

Mr.  Charless,  Sr.,  some  years  thereafter  estab- 
lished a  wholesale  Drug  and  Medicine  house,  asso- 
ciated with  his  son,  Joseph  Charless,  Jr. 

Their  children  were : 

Edward,  born  in  Philadelphia,  April  12,  1799 ;  he 
married  Miss  Jane  Stoddard  at  St.  Charles  in  March, 
1823,  and  died  without  children  June  22,  1818, 
aged  49  years  and  2  months. 


John,  born  in  Lexington,  Ky.,  in  1801;  he  died 
in  St.  Louis,  Aug't  31st,  1816,  aged  15  years. 

Joseph,  Jr.,  born  in  Lexington  in  1804,  married 
Miss  Charlotte,  daughter  of  Peter  Blow,  Sr.,  in 
St.  Louis,  l!^ov'r  8,   1831. 

Ann,  born  in  Lexington,  in  1806,  married  first 
to  Amos  Wheeler,  May  26,  1822 ;  he  died  June 
S,  1822.  Secondly,  to  Charles  Wahrendorff,  Sept. 
8,  1823;  he  died  Aug.  27,  1831,  aged  41  years; 
and  third,  to  Beverly  Allen,  Oct.  16,  1832.  And 
she  herself  died  Nov.  1,  1832,  fifteen  days  after 
her  third  marriage. 

Eliza,  born  in  Louisville  in  1808,  married  to 
John  Kerr,  St.  Louis,  Aug.  29,  1«27.  She  died 
without  children  June  5,  3833. 

Joseph  Charless,  Sr.,  died  July  28,  1834,  aged 
€2  years. 

Mrs.  Sarah  Charless  died  March  4,  1852,  in  her 
80th  year;  her  son,  Robert  McCloud,  born  in  1795, 
died  May  1,  1832,  aged  37  years. 


born  at  Lexington,  Ky.,  Jan'y  17,  1804,  was  early 
put  to  the  case,  didn't  like  it  and  went  to  school, 
read  law  with  Josiah  Spalding,  aiid  finished  at 
Transylvania,  Lexington,  and  tried  law  for  some 
years ;  not  to  his  taste,  he  went  into  the  Drug 
business  with  his  father  in  1828. 

Married  Miss  Charlotte  Blow  :N'ov.  8,  1831 ;  died 
June  3,  1859  (assassinated  by  Thornton),  in  his 
56th  year,  leaving   but  one   daughter,    afterwards 


the  wife  of  Louis  S.  Le  Bourgeois,  of  Louisiana, 
both  now  deceased,  leaving  several  children. 

Mrs.  Jos.    Charless  still    survives  at  a  very  ad- 
vanced age. 


were  an  L'ish  crowd,  numbering  some  four  or 
five  *  of  the  former,  and  several  of  the  latter. 
The  whole  gang  came  to  St.  Louis  together,  row- 
ing their  own  boat  down  from  Pittsburgh,  and 
reaching  St.  Louis  early  in  1809,  the  principals 
being  John  McKnight  and  Thomas  Brady,  who 
had  formed  a  copartnership  at  the  east. 

They  opened  a  store  at  once  and  being  enterpris- 
ing intelHgent  men,  the  house  of  McKnight  & 
Brady  was  not  long  in  acquiring  prominence,  and 
soon  became  extensively  known  for  its  enterprise 
and  public  spirit.  In  1810  they  purchased  a  lot  of 
60  feet  front,  the  southwest  corner  of  Main  and 
Pine,  with  an  old  stone  house  of  the  primitive 
French  days.  Here  they  transacted  their  business 
for  the  next  six  years. 

In  1816,  they  erected  on  this  lot  a  double  brick 
house,  of  two  stores,  with  a  hall  in  the  center, 
leading  to  the  upper  part,  designed  for  a  public- 
house,  which  on  completion  was  opened  that  same 
fall  by  Timothy  Kibby,  from  St.  Charles,  as  the 
"  Washington  Hall,"  the  seventh  brick  house  in  St. 

*  These  McKnis;hts  were  John,  Thomas,  James,  Robert  and  William. 
John  never  married  and  died  a  confirmed  old  bachelor. 


Louis,  and  the  first  built  for  a  Hotel,  in  which,  on 
the  22d  February  following,  1817,  the  first  observ- 
ance of  "Washington's  birthday  west  of  the  Missis- 
sippi river  took  place  by  a  public  dinner,  presided 
over  by  Gov'r  Wm.  Clark. 

In  1812  Mr.  Brady  purchased  Glamorgan's  stone 
dwelling,  with  the  block  of  ground  on  which  it 
stood,  near  the  upper  end  of  Main  Street,  in  which 
he  resided  until  1819,  when  he  built  another  about 
three  miles  north  of  the  village. 

In  1820  they  dissolved  their  copartnership,  hav- 
ing during  its  continuance  purchased  and  sold  ex- 
tensively of  real  estate. 

Mr.  Brady  was  married  in  Il^ovember,  1814,  at 
Ste.  Genevieve,  to  Miss  Harriet,  a  daughter  of 
John  Rice  Jones,  Bsq'r,  and  died  Oct.  11,  1821, 
leaving  his  widow  with  three  little  girls,  the  oldest 
about  six  years  old.  The  Kight  Rev'd  Bishop  Du- 
bourg  officiated  at  the  funeral  obsequies. 

After  the  death  of  Tho's  Brady,  the  widow  re- 
moved to  the  City,  and  her  father,  John  Rice 
Jones,  then  Chief  Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court 
of  the  State,  lived  with  her  until  his  death,  January 
31,  1824,  when  she  removed  to  Ste.  Genevieve 
and  afterwards  became  the  second  wife  of  John 

The  three  little  girls  grew  to  be  women  and  mar- 

The  eldest  to  George  Campbell,  of  Galena. 

The  second  to  Ferdinand  Rozier  JSTo.  2,  of  Ste. 



son  of  Alexander  Berthold  and  Maria  Magdalena 
Beltramy,  was  born  near  the  City  of  Trent,  on  the 
Adige,  in  the  Italian  Tyrol  in  the  year  1780. 

In  1798,  at  eighteen,  he  came  to  the  United 
States,  remained  for  a  time  in  Philadelphia,  and 
then  settled  in  Baltimore,  where  he  lived  for  some 
years.  In  1809,  associated  with  Kene  Paul,  he 
came  with  a  stock  of  fresh  goods  to  St.  Louis, 
Where  they  established  themselves  in  business. 

Mr.  Berthold  was  married  on  Jan'y  10,  1811,  to 
Miss  Pelagie,  the  only  daughter  of  Major  Pierre 
Chouteau,  Sen'r. 

In  1812,  Mr.  B.  built  a  brick  house  for  his 
store  and  dwelling  on  Main  Street,  the  first  brick 
building,  not  in  St.  Louis  alone  but  west  of  the 
Mississippi  River,  into  which  he  removed  on  its 
completion  late  in  that  year. 

On  June  6,  1812,  the  firm  of  Berthold  &  Paul 
was  dissolved,  and  Mr.  B.  went  into  partnership 
with  his  brother-in-law,  Peter  Chouteau,  Jr. 

On  May  1,1813,  "Berthold  &  Chouteau"  opened 
their  new  firm  with  a  freph  Stock  of  Merchandise 
they  had  purchased  at  the  east.  This  was  the 
foundation  and  origin  of  what,  in  a  very  few  years 
thereafter,  by  the  addition  of  two  new  partners, 
Messrs.  Jno.  P.  Cabanne  and  Bernard  Pratte,  Sr., 
with  their  added  capital,  became  the  great  and 
wealthy  "  American  Fur  Company,"  that  for  many 
yeai'S  almost  monopolized  the  fur  trade  of  the 
upper  country,  and  acquired  large  wealth. 


Mr.  Berthold,  Sr.,  died  April  20,  1831,  at  the 
age  of  51  years. 

Mrs.  B.  survived  him  44  years,  dying  May  24, 
1875,  in  her  85th  year.  ' 

Their  children  were : 

Pierre  Alexander,  born  JSTov.  17,  1811,  married 
Virginia  E.  Maclot,  Jan'y  31,  1837. 

Auguste,  born  Feb.  26,  1814,  died  unmarried  in 

Pelagie  TalHa,  born  Oct.  3,  1815,  died  1885. 

Amedee,  born  Feb.  10,  1818,  died  1886. 

M.  T.  Clara,  born  April  12,  1819,  married  to 
Wm.  L.  Ewing,  in  1838. 

Frederick,  born  Oct.  18,  1821,  married  to  Vir- 
ginia Sarpy,  1847. 

Emilie,  born  Jan.  29,  1824,  first  Mrs.  Kennedy, 
secondly  Mrs.  "Waggaman. 

The  children  of  P.  A.  Berthold  are  : 

Mrs.  Sanford  of  JS'ew  York,  and  Mrs.  Ladd  and 
Miss  Martha  of  St.  Louis,  three  daughters,  and 
Augustus  and  Bartholomew  —  two  sons. 

Mrs.  Ewing  has : 

Augustus,  Wm.  L.  and  Frederick,  three  sons. 
Mrs.  Kerr,  Mrs.  Taylor,  Mrs.  "Wilson  —  three 


were  sons  of  Eustache  Paul  and  Marie  Scholas- 
tique  Mace,  were  born  at  Cape  Francois,  Island 
of  St.  Domingo,  and  with  their  mother  and  sisters 
were  in  Paris,  for  their  education,  when  the  insur- 


rection  of  the  negroes  broke  oat  in  the  Island  in 
1793.  Their  father  Mr.  Paul  being,  as  all  others, 
compelled  to  leave  the  Island  took  passage  for  Phil- 
adelphia, he  died  on  the  voyage  and  was  buried 
at  sea. 

The  widow  remained  in  France  for  about  ten 
years,  until  the  children  were  grown,  and  their 
education  completed.  They  then  came  to  the 
United  States  in  18U2,  and  took  up  their  residence 
in  Baltimore,  where  the  sons  einbarked  in  business 
(the  eldest  Miss  Paul  had  been  married  in  Paris 
in  1801  to  Mr.  Fleury  Generelly  of  Lyons,  who 
came  with  them  to  the  United  States,  and  went 
into  business  in  Philadelphia.  In  the  fall  of  1814 
Mr.  Generelly  removed  to  New  Orleans  with  his 
family,  arriving  there  in  December  jast  in  time  to 
participate  in  the  battle  of  Jan'y  8,  1815,  two  of  his 
children,  a  daughter  born  in  Philadelphia  in  1805, 
and  a  son  born  in  New  Orleans  in  1838,  are  yet 
living  there  in  1888). 

In  the  year  1809,  Rene  Paul  associated  with  Mr. 
Bartholomew  Berthold,  came  to  St.  Louis  and  com- 
menced business. 

April  9,  1812.  He  married  Miss  Marie  Therese 
Eulalie,  the  eldest  daughter  of  Col.  Augustus 

She  died  May  18,  1835,  at  the  age  of  38  years. 
Col.  Paul  survived  her  about  16  years  and  died  in 
1851,  aged  about  70  years. 

Their-  children  were : 

Gabriel  Rene,  born  March  21,  1813,  married 
Miss  Whistler  in  1835. 

GEN'L  G.  K.  PAUL.  237 

Edmund,  born  Feb'y  22,  1816,  [married  Marie 
E.  St.  Yrain,  1836. 

Maria  Louisa  Estelle,  born  March  8,  1818,  died 
an  infant. 

Emilie  ]  June  14,  1819,  married  Peter  N.  Ham. 

Louise  )  June  14,  1819,  married  Charles 

Sophia  Tulia,  born  Dec.  11,  1821,  married 
Frederick  Beckwith. 

Julius,  born  Mar.  9,  1828,  died  aged  16  years. 

Harriet,  born  June  16,  1831,  died  young. 

Julia  Augustine,  born  July  24,  1834,  died 

And  two  or  three  that  died  infants,  all  now 
deceased  except  Mrs.  Beckwith,  who  is  the  sole 
survivor  of  the  children  of  Col.  Rene  Paul. 

GBNEKAIi   G.  R.  PAUL,  U.  S.  A. 

Graduated  at  "West  Point  in  the  year  1834,  and 
was  assigned  to  the  7th  Infantry  Col.  Wm.  Whist- 
ler, then  stationed  in  the  Cherokee  nation. 

In  December,  1834,  he  was  a  2nd  Lieut. ;  Oct. 
1836,  a  first  Lieut.;  in  1846  a  Captain;  1847, 
Brevet  Major;  1861,  Major;  1862,  Lieut.-Col. ; 
1864,  Colonel;  1866,  Brigadier-General. 

At  the  battle  of  Gettysburg,  he  was  supposed  to 
have  been  mortally  wounded  and  was  left  for  dead 
on  the  field,  but  his  life  was  miraculously  pre- 
served, although  blinded  by  the  shot,  and  after- 
wards lived  to  a  good  old  age. 

He  was  twice  married,  first  at  Fort  Gibson, 
March  24,  1835,  to  Miss  Mary  Ann  "Whistler,  the 


daughter  of  his  Colonel,  his  three  daughters  of 
this  wife,  were  in  after  years  married,  one  to  Capt. 
Gurden  Chapin,  another  to  Capt.  Chas.  B.  Stivers, 
U.  S.  A.,  and  the  third  to  Mr.  Duff ,  c ommissary ; 
he  left  also  a  son  by  this  first  wife. 

By  his  second  wife  a  Mrs.  R.  Rogers,  a  widow 
lady  who  survives  him,  he  left  two  daughters,  one 
a  married  lady  residing  in  I^ew  York. 

Gen'l  Paul  died  in  Washington,  May  5,  1886, 
aged  73  years. 


second  son  of  Col.  Rene  Paul,  born  1816,  married 
in  1836,  commanded  a  Company  of  the  St.  Louis 
Legion,  in  the  Mexican  war  of  1846-7. 

He  died  in  St.  Louis,  June  27,  1880,  aged  64 
years  and  4  months.  Of  a  family  of  several 
children,  one  son  and  the  widow  survive. 

was  born  in  Westmoreland  County,  Pennsylvania, 
in  1783,  and  came  to  Missouri  in  1806  and  settled 
at  Mine  a  Burton,  Washington  County,  where  he 
became  a  prominent  individual,  representing  that 
county  in  the  Convention  that  framed  the  Consti- 
tution of  the  State,  and  subsequently  in  the  House 
of  Representatives  and  Senate  of  the  State. 

In  1817  he  was  married  to  Mrs.  Anne  M.  Lowe, 
whose  first  husband  was  Capt.  Joseph  Cross,  of 
the  1st  Regiment  U.  S.  Artillery.     This  lady  was 

COL.  R.  P.  FAREIS.  239 

born  in  ]!^orthumberland  County,  Pemi'a,  April  11, 

They  raised  but  one'  daughter,  who  became  the 
wife  of  Edward  Bredell. 

Capt.  S'.  Perry  died  at  Potosi,  "Washington 
County,  Mo.,  Dec.  12,  1880,  aged  47  years,  and 
Mrs.  Perry  died  at  St.  Louis,  Feb'y  12,  1860,  aged 
73  years  and  10  montlis. 


was  born  in  l^atick,  near  Boston,  Mass.,  in  the 
year  179+ . 

He  came  to  St.  Louis  about  1815-16,  and  com- 
menced the  practice  of  law.  In  1820-21,  he  was 
appointed  Lieut. -Col.  of  the  First  JRegiment  of 
Missouri  militia  under  the  new  militia  law  at  St. 
Louis,  and  in  1822  was  elected  to  the  position  of 

In  1822,  he  was  appointed  by  Governor  McNair, 
Circuit  Attorney  for  the  County  of  St.  Louis,  and 
entered  upon  his  duties  at  the  June  term  of  that 
year.  This  office  he  held  for  seven  years,  being 
succeeded  in  the  same  by  Hamilton  Gamble,  March 
23,  1829. 

Col.  Farris  was  married  on  Mai'ch  31,  182-1,  at 
Potosi,  "Washington  County,  Mo.,  to  Miss  Cath- 
erine Ann  Cross,  daughter  of  Capt.  Joseph  Cross, 
formerly  of  the  United  States  Artillery,  and  step- 
daughter of  Samuel  Perry,  Esq.,  merchant.  She 
died  March   2,    1829,   at  the   age   of  21. 


Col.  Parris  died  in  this  city  Dec'r  27,  1830,  the 
year  after  his  wife,  aged  about  36  years,  leaving 
an   only  son,  the   Rev'd  Robert  P.  Parris. 


son  of  Joseph  Royal  Parrar,  was  born  in  Gooch- 
land County,  Virginia,  July  4,  1785.  His  parents 
removed  to  Kentucky  in  the  same  year. 

In  the  year  1800,  at  fifteen  years  of  age,  he 
commenced  his  medical  studies  in  Cincinnati,  and 
afterwards  in  Lexington,  Ky. 

In  1804,  he  attended  medical  lectures  at  the 
University  in  Philadelphia. 

In  1806,  when  21  years  of  age,  he  located  at 
Prankfort,  Ky.,  but  at  the  suggestion  of  his 
brother-in-law.  Judge  Cob  urn,  one  of  the  terri- 
torial Judges  of  Missouri,  removed  to  St.  Louis 
the  following  year,  he  being  the  first  American 
Physician  who  established  himself  west  of  the 
Mississippi  River.  His  professional  card  appears 
in  the  Gazette,  May  16,  1809. 

In  1812,  Jan'y,  he  was  associated  for  a  short 
time  in  the  Drug  and  Medicine  business  with  Mr. 
Joseph  Charless,  Sr.,  of  the  Oazette;  and  in 
Aug't,  1812,  he  formed  an  association  in  business 
with  Doct.  David  V.  Walker,  who  had  just  come 
to  the  place.  As  these  two  gentlemen  became 
subsequently  brothers-in-law,  their  wives  being 
daughters  of  Major  Wm.  Christy,  their  copart- 
nership in   business     continued    until  dissolved  by 


the  death  of  Doct.  Walker,  April  9,  1824,  a 
'period  of  twelve  years. 

Doct.  Farrar  was  twice  married. 

First,  in  1811,  to  Miss  Sarah,  the  oldest 
daughter  of  Major  Wm.  Christy.  She  died  on 
Nov'r  3,  1817,  leaving  two  sons  and  one  daugh- 
ter, Wm.  Clark  Farrar  and  James  Leach  Farrar, 
both  deceased  unmarried,  and  Martha  Farrar, 
relict  of  the  late  Jas.  T.  Sweringen,  deceased. 

Doct.  Farrar  married  his  second  wife,  Ann 
Clark  Thruston,  in  Louisville,  Kentucky,  Feb'y, 
1820,  by  whom  he  left  at  his  decease  a  number 
of  sons  and  daughters. 

He  died  in  the  summer  of  1849,  and  Mrs. 
Farrar  April,  1878,  aged  79. 


was  born  in  Louisa  County,  Virginia,  IS^ov'r  29, 
1790.  He  received  a  good  education  at  William 
and  Mary  College,  where  he  graduated  in  1808,  at 
the  age  of  18,  came  west  and  opened  a  Law-oflSce 
in  St.  Louis  in  1810. 

During  the  war  of  1812-15  he  served  on  Gen'l 
Benjamin  Howard's  staff  with  the  rank  of  Major. 
He  was  not  long  enough  at  the  Bar  to  acquire 
much  fame  as  a  Lawyer,  but  that  he  made  an  ac- 
ceptable judge  is  generally  admitted. 

Like  most  Virginians,  Judge  Wash  was  a  great 
hunter,  fond  of  the  chase,  and  always  kept  a  pack 
of  hounds. 



After  the  incorporation  of  the  City,  he  served 
for  a  time  as  an  Alderman  in  1823,  and  was  always 
very  sanguine  of  the  future  prosperity  of  St.  Louis, 
so  that  investing  his  limited  means  in  real  estate, 
it  laid  the  foundation  of  an  ample  fortune,  which 
he  enjoyed  through  life. 

He  was  appointed  one  of  the  Judges  of  the  Su- 
preme Court,  to  fill  a  vacancy  in  1824,  which  posi- 
tion he  held  for  thirteen  years  and  resigned  in  1837. 
He  had  previously  held  under  President  Monroe  the 
position  of  United  States  District  Attorney. 

Judge  Wash  was  twice  married.  First,  in  1828 
to  Frances,  widow  of  Major  Taylor  Berry  and 
daughter  of  Major  Wra.  Christy,  who  bore  him  one 
daughter,  who  became  the  wife  of  Greo.  W.  Goode, 

Secondly,  Miss  Eliza  L.  Taylor,  daughter  of 
Col.  ]S"at.  P.  Taylor.  They  had  several  sons  and 
daughters.  . 

Judge  Wash  died  'Nov.  29,  1856,  having  just 
completed  his  66th  year. 


was  a  young  lawyer  from  Pennsylvania,  of  a  family 
of  position  in  the  Cumberland  Yalley  (Carlisle  or 
Shippensburgh) ,  and  came  to  the  place  about 

In  the  earl}'  part  of  1810  he  received  a  challenge 
for  a  duel,  from  whom  is  not  stated,  which  he  de- 
clined to  accept  on  the  plea   that  the  challenger  was 


not  a  gentleman.  The  bearer  of  the  challenge, 
Doet.  B.  Farrar,  according  to  the  code,  took  his 
place.  Graham  was  severely  wounded,  and  went 
on  crutches  tor  nearly  a  year,  and  died  towards  its 
close,  while  on  his  way  to  the  East. 

Eobert  Wash  administered  on  his  estate,  and 
gave  bond  in  six  hundred  dollars,  his  personal  prop- 
erty being  inventoried  at  exceeding  that  amount, 
"Wash's  securities  being  Wm.  Christy  and  Capt. 
Jas.  O.  Allen. 

Graham  had  been  employed  by  Matthew  Kerr, 
Merchant,  to  collect  for  him,  they  being  from  the 
same  place.  He  had  a  well  furnished  room,  a  fine 
riding  horse,  pistols,  &c.,  but  as  he  did  not  die  in 
St.  Louis,  but  on  his  way  home,  his  death  is  not 
found  in  our  paper.  Accounts  against  his  estate 
were  allowed  in  1814,  and  Wash's  final  settlement 
and  discharge  in  the  year  1826. 


was  born  in  Charles  County,  Maryland,  Nov.  1, 
1785 ;  when  young  he  studied  medicine  at  Phila- 
delphia, and  graduated  at  the  College. 

In  1809  he  was  appointed  Ass't  Surgeon  in  the 
United  States  Army,  and  was  ordered  to  St. 
Louis.  In  1810  he  accompanied  the  troops  that 
established  Fort  Madison,  Upper  Mississippi,  and 
remained  one  year,  and  then  returned  to  St. 


1811,  June  27,  Doct.  Simpson  was  married  to 
Miss  Breeia  Smith,  from  Massachusetts,  sister  of 
Mrs.  Col.  Kufus  Baston. 

1812,  opened  a  Drug  Store  and  appointed 
Postmaster  to  succeed  Col.  Easton. 

1823,  appointed  Collector  of   St.  Louis  County. 

1826,  elected  Sheriff  of  the  County,  and  in 
1828  re-elected  the  same. 

1840  to  1846,  served  seven  years  as  City 
Comptroller,  and  as 

Cashier   of    the  Boatmen's    Savings   Institution. 

Doct.  Simpson  died  May  2,  1873,  in  his  88th 
year,  his  wife  having  preceded  him.  They  had 
several  sons,  the  last  of  whom,  Symmes,  died  at 
Davenport,  Iowa,  Aug't  4,  1885,  aged  72  years. 

Their  only  daughter,,  the  wife  of  Gen.  A.  J. 
■Smith,  yet  survives. 


from  Virginia,  was  practicing  Law  in  Kaskaskia 
as  early  as  1806-7,  and  then  came  over  to  St. 
Louis  about  the  year  1809. 

When  Chonteau  &  Lucas  laid  out  their  addi- 
tion to  the  little  old  French  village  of  St.  Louis 
on  the  hill  in  1816,  Alex'r  Stuart  was  the  first 
purchaser  of    a  lot  in  the  same. 

On  the  22d  of  May,  1816,  he  purchased  from 
Chouteau  for  $1,200  the  block  of  ground 
bounded  by  Market,  Walnut,  Fifth  and  Sixth 
Streets,  270  by  288  feet,  then  considered  a  fair 


He  was  appointed  by  Gov'r  Alex'r  Mc^fsTair, 
Judge  of  the  St.  Louis  Circuit  Court  to  succeed 
Judge  N.  B.  Tucker;  he  was  on  the  bench 
from  1823  to  1826,  and  was  succeeded  in  turn 
by  Judge  Wm.  C.  Carr. 

He  died  in  January,  1833,  while  on  a  visit  to 


the  eldest  of  six  brothers,  was  ■  born  in  Green 
County,  Korth  Carolina,  (now  a  part  of  East 
Tennessee,)  Dec.  14,  1783,  and  came  when  a 
young  man  .to  Missouri,  prior  to  the  commence- 
ment of  the  war  with  England  in  1812,  and  served 
for  some  time,  as  a  mounted  Ranger  in  that  war. 

In  1814,  he  commenced  the  practice  of  the  law 
in  St.  Louis.  Upon  the  establishment  of  the  Cir- 
cuit Courts  in  1814-15,  he  was  appointed  by  the 
Governor,  the  first  Judge  of  the  Northern  Circuit, 
and  held  his  first  terra  at  St.  Louis  on  April  10, 
1815.  This  position  he  held  for  three  years,  and 
then  resumed  the  practice  of  the  law  in  1818. 

Being  very  popular  with  the  people,  he  was 
elected  to  preside  over  the  convention  that  adopted 
the  State  constitution  in  1820,  and  then  by  a  unan- 
imous vote  of  the  Legislature,  our  first  Senator  in 
Congress,  his  colleague  being  Col.  Thos.  H.  Ben- 
ton, in  drawing  lots  for  the  term  he  drew  the  short 
one  for  four  years.  In  1824,  he  was  re-elected 
Senator  for  the  full  term  of  six  years,  and  served 
until  1830. 


Afterwards,  he  served  as  a  State  Senator  in 
1834-35.  In  his  late  years  he  had  become  very 
intemperate,  and  died  unmarried,  near  Boonville, 
Cooper  County,  Sept.  28,  1837. 


the  second  brother,  came  to  St.  Louis  with,  or 
about  the  same  time  with  David  the  oldest.  He 
studied  law  with  Col.  Easton,  in  St.  Louis,  and 
after  being  admitted  to  the  Bar,  he  became  asso- 
ciated in  the  practice  with  his  friend  Edward  Bates. 

After  the  formation  of  the  State  government,  he 
was  appointed  Secretary  of  State,  which  office  he 
resigned  to  accept  the  appointment  of  United 
States  District  Attorney,  which  oflSce  he  held  at  the 
time  of  his  death  on  June  30th,  1823. 

He  was  killed  in  a  duel  on  Bloody  Island,  by 
Thos.  C.  Rector;  like  his  brother  David  he  was 
never  married. 


a  third  brother,  came  to  St.  Louis,  some  little  time 
a:^ter  the  two  first.  He  was  for  a  time  a  Deputy 


was  born  in  Culpepper  County,  Virginia,  in  1772, 
moved  young  to  Lexington,  Ky.,  and  was  there 
married  to  Eliza  Brady. 

He  came  to  St.  Louis  with  his  family  in  the  year 
1810.     Having  ample  means  he  purchased  from  B. 


Pratte,  Sr.,  a  lot  on  the  east  side  of  Main  Street, 
just  north  of  Market,  upon  which  in  1812  he  erected 
the  second  brick  house  built  in  the  Town,  for  his 
store  and  residence,  which  he  occupied  until  his 
death  in  1817. 

During  the  few  years  between  his  arrival  in  the 
place  and  death,  being  a  business  man  of  means  and 
an  active  politician,  he  acquired  prominence  and 
influence  in  our  then  little  town,  was  a  director  in 
our  first  bank  of  St.  Louis,  &c. 

*  He  died  Sunday,  Sept.  28,  1817,  at  the  age  of 
45  years,  leaving  his  widow,  four  sons  and  one 
daughter,  viz. : 

John  B.  Smith,  who  was  afterwards  twice  mar- 

William,  who  married  the  daughter  of  Wm. 

Henry,  who  died  unmarried. 

Dalzell,  who  also  married  subsequently,  and 

Juliana,  who  died  a  young  lady,  in  1822. 

The  widow  of  Wm.  Smith  was  married  on  Dec. 
29,  1827,  to  Lewis  Edward  Hempstead,  a  grandson 
of  Capt.  Stephen  Hempstead,  Sen'r.  She  died 
Oct.  24,  1832. 

*  The  day  following  the  death  of  Charles  Lucas,  in  his  duel  with  Col. 
Thos.  H.  Benton,  a  collection  of  idlers  were  assembled  in  front  of 
Washington  Hall,  southeast  corner  of  Main  and  Pine  Streets,  discussing 
the  unfortunate  affair  of  the  preceding  day,  when  an  altercation  arose  be- 
tween Smith  and  a  William  Tharp,  who  received  a  blow  from  Smith, 
whereupon  Tharp  drew  his  pistol  and  shot  Smith  dead. 




the  eldest  son  of  the  above,  was  born  in  Lexington, 
Ky.,  in  January,  1800.  On  coining  of  age  in  1821, 
he  formed  a  connection  with  Alexander  Ferguson, 
under  the  style  of  "  Smith  &  Ferguson,  Dry-goods 
Merchants,"  at  IS'o.  7  North  Main,  which  continued 
for  several  years,  and  on  the  younger  brothers  be- 
coming of  age  was  subsequently  changed  to 


Ferguson  retiring.  The  firm  continued  for  a  num- 
ber of  years.  At  the  organization  of  the  State 
Bank  of  Missouri,  in  1837,  John  B.  Smith  was 
elected  its  first  President,  holding  the  office  for  — 
consecutive  years.  In  1852-54  he  was  appointed 
State  and  County  Collector,  and  subsequently 
United  States  Surveyor  for  the  port  of  St.  Louis. 

Jno.  B.  Smith  was  twice  married. 

1st.  In  New  York,  in  1821,  to  Miss  Louisa, 
youngest  daughter  of  Capt.  Alexander  McDougall, 
formerly  of  the  British  Navy,  and  his  wife.  Miss 
Ellsworth,  of  New  York.     Their  children  were  : 

Ellsworth  F.,  born  in  1825,  married  to  Miss  Belle 
Chenie  in  1861,  with  5  children. 

Charles  Bland,  born  in  1830,  married  to  Miss 
Emilie  Demun,  1860. 

Julia  Penelope,  born  in  — ,  married  to  Jno.  H. 
Wilson,  1845,  and  died  in  1861. 

Jno.   B.    Smith's  first  wife  died  Feb.  18,  1832, 


and   iu   183(3  he  married  Mrs.  Penelope  Hepburn, 
her  sister. 

John  Brady  Smith  died  in  March,  1865,  at   the 
age  of  65  years. 

was  born  in  the  year  1776,  and  was  appointed 
from  Massachusetts  an  Ensign  in  the  Battalion 
of  Artillery  in  1797. 

Promoted  Feb.  16,  1801,  a  first  Lieutenant. 

Promoted  'Noy.  7,  1808,  a  Captain,  and  left 
the  service  in  1818,  at  St.  Louis. 

During  his  service  of  sixteen  years,  he  was 
the  most  of  his  time  on  duty  in  the  west. 

In  1805  he  was  stationed  at  Michilimacinac, 
iu  1807-8  at  Niagara  and  Fort  Pitt,  in  1810 
brought  troops  to  St.  Louis  for  Bellefontaine, 
in  the  fall  descended  the  Mississippi  with  a  de- 
tachment for  Natchez  and  Fort  Adams,  went 
around  by  sea  to  the  east.  In  1811  came  again 
to  St.  Louis  with  a  detachment  of  troops  for 
Bellefontaine,  and  two  years  later  his  military 
career  was  brought  to  a  close. 

Capt.  Cross  was  an  educated,  well  read  man, 
poetically  inclined,  as  is  shown  by  several  of 
his  published  effusions  in  prose  and  verse.  Of 
a  convivial  disposition,  a  jovial  good  fellow,  fond 
of  the  pleasures  of  the  table,  he  gradually  ac- 
quired a  taste  for  drink,  not  uncommon  with 
gentlemen   of    the    Army,    which    resulted    in    his 


being  compelled  to  leave  the  service  May  20, 
1813.  Shortly  afterwards  he  left  the  country  for 
Arkansas  and  Texas. 

In  the  fall  of  1807  Capt.  Cross  was  married 
at  IS'iagara  Falls  to  Miss  Anna  M.  Lowe,  born 
in  Northumberland  County,  Penn'a.  Their  chil- 
dren were : 

Catherine  Anne,  born  at  Fort  Pitt  in  1808, 
married  to  Col.  Rob't  P.  Farris,  of  St.  Louis, 
in  1824,  and '  died  in  1829,  aged  21  years,  and 
Horatio  JN'elson,  born  in  1811. 

In  1817,  Mrs.  Cross,  having  obtained  a  legal 
separation  from  her  first  husband,  w^as  married 
at .  Potosi,  Washington  County,  to  Capt.  Samuel 
Perry,  merchant  of  that  place. 


married  Feb'y  19,  1833,  Margaret  Emily  Austin. 
After  the  death  of  H.  N.  Cross  his  widow  was 
married  to  Chas.  D.  Drake,  March  9,  1842,  now 
living  in  Washington  City. 



was   born   in   Vermont,   and   appointed   from  that ' 
State,    on  June  27,    1804,    a  second  Lieut,  in  the 
Artillery  Regiment. 

Jan'y  31,  1806,   a   first  Lieut,   in   the   same. 

Jan'y  29,   1811,  a  Captain  in  the  same. 

He  died  May   11,    1813,    at    Norfolk,   Virginia. 

Capt.  Allen  was  married  at  Niagara  Falls,  in 
the  fall  of  1807,  to  Miss  Catherine  Lowe,  a 
sister  of  Mrs.   Capt.   Joseph   Cross. 



was  born  in  New  London,  Connecticut,  May  6, 
1754,  and  married  Mary  Lewis,  born  Feb'y  24, 
1757  in  that  place,  where  they  continued  to  reside 
for  many  years  after  their  marriage  and  where  tlieir 
numerous  family  of  sons  and  daughters  were  all 
born.  In  the  year  1811  Capt.  Hempstead,  then  in 
his  fifty-seventh  year,  with  the  largest  portion  of  his 
family  came  to  St.  Louis  where  they  arrived  on 
June  12,  1811. 

Two  of  his  sons  had  preceded  him  to  St.  Louis, 
Edward  and  Stephen,  Jr.,  and  three  sons  and  three 
daughters  came  with  him,  with  some  of  his  grand- 
children, while  others  of  his  children  remained  and 
ended  their  days  in  Connecticut. 

The  sons  who  came  with  him  were  Thomas, 
Charles  S.  and  William  young  men  and  boys,  and 
long  afterwards  an  older  one,  Joseph. 

The  daughters  were  Mary,  the  widow  of  Keeney, 
with  a  son  a  lad,  and  a  daughter  of  Keeney  by  a 
former  wife. 

Sarah,  wife  of  Elijah  Beebe,  with  her  husband 
and  children. 

Miss  Susan,  unmarried. 

There  was  also  in  his  party,  an  Ehsha  Beebe,  a 
brother  of  his  son-in-law  Elijah,  also  with  a  young 
family.  So  that  the  Captain's  colony  numbered 
twenty  souls,  and  was  an  event  in  our  early  history 
long  remembered  and  talked  of. 


Mrs.  Stephen  Hempstead,  Sr.,  died  in  St.  Louis, 
Sept.  13,  1820,  aged  63. 

Capt.  Hempstead,  Sr.,  died  in  St.  Louis  Oct.  3, 
1831,  aged  77  years  5  mos. 

was  born  in  New  London,  Connecticut,  May  13, 
1787,  and  was  bred  a  hatter.  In  1808,  when  he  had 
reached  21  years  of  age,  he  emigrated  to  St.  Louis, 
where  his  brother  Edward  had  gone  before  him,  and 
where  he  arrived  on  July  15,  1808. 

Li  1819,  his  brother-in-law  Manuel  Lisa,  a  Mis- 
souri Fur  trader,  employed  him  to  take  a  stock  of 
goods  to  the  mouth  of  the  Yellowstone  river, 
where  he  remained  a  considerable  time  and  then 
returned  to  St.  Louis,  and  soon  after  located  in  St. 
Charles,  where  he  resided  several  years.  Thence 
he  went  to  the  gold  mines  of  Virginia,  thence  to 
Tennessee,  and  finally  back  to  Missouri  in  1861, 
since  which  time  he  has  resided  in  Callaway 

Mr.  S.  Hempstead,  Jr.,  was  married  in  January, 
1809,  at  Portage  des  Sioux,  St.  Charles  County,  to 
Miss  Marie  Louise  Lefevre,  of  that  village.  He 
died  at  his  home  in  Callaway  County,  June  3,  1873, 
at  the  age  of  86  years  and  21  days.  He  was  gored 
to  death  by  a  furious  bull. 


the  fourth  of  the  numerous  sons  of  old  Capt.  Stephen 
Hempstead,  Sr.,  was  born  in  New  London,  Conn't, 


in  1793,  and  came  here  with  his  father's  fainily  in 
1811 ;  he  read  law  in  his  brother  Edward's  office 
until  the  death  of,  the  latter  in  1817.  After  finish- 
ing his  legal  studies  he  was  admitted  to  practice. 

May  15,  1819,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Rachel 
Wilt,  a  sister  of  Christian  and  Andrew  Wilt,  bo^rn 
in  Philadelphia  in  1795.  She  died  Oct.  28,  1823,  at 
the  age  of  28  years,  leaving  two  sons,  Charles  and 
Edward.  Mr.  Hempstead  remained  in  St.  Louis  for 
some  years  after  his  wife's  death,  and  about  the 
year  1828  he  removed  to  Galena,  Illinois,  where  he 
resided  for  many  years  until  his  death  at  an  ad- 
vanced age  but  a  few  years  back. 

After  his  removal  to  Galena,  he  married  a  widow 
Barnes,  one  of  his  sons  married  a  daughter  of  Major 
John  P.  B.  Gratiot,  and  settled  in  Arkansas,  Hemp- 
stead County,  in  that  State  being  named  from  him. 


the  fifth  son  of  Stephen  Hempstead,  Sr.,  was  born 
in  IS^ew  London,  Connecticut,  in  the  year  1795,  and 
came  to  St.  Louis  with  his  father's  family  in  1811, 
at  the  age  of  16  years. 

Of  a  restless  roving  disposition  when  young,  he 
was  for  a  few  years  engaged  in  the  Indian  trade  of 
the  Missouri. 

After  he  became  of  age  he  appeared  to  settle 
down  to  business,  purchased  several  pieces  of  choice 
property,  which  he  resold,  realizing  a  handsome 
profit  on  them,  and  was  supposed  to  be  prospering, 
when  in  1825  he  suddenly  left  St.  Louis  and  never 


In  1819  he  was  appointed  U.  S.  Military  Store- 
keeper for  St.  Louis,  and  Paymaster  of  the  Missouri 

Ahout  1841,  a  brother,  William,  having  good 
grounds  for  believing  him  dead,  made  application  to 
the  Probate  Court  for  letters  of  administration  on 
his  estate. 

Mr.  Hempstead  had  married  in  1817,  Miss  Corne- 
lia, daughter  of  Judge  Henry  Vanderburgh,  of  Yin- 
cennes,  Indiana ;  they  had  but  one  child,  named 
after  her  mother,  Cornelia  V.,  who  subsequently 
became  the  wife  of  a  Jno.  D.  Wilson,  and  with  the 
mother  continued  to  reside  in  St.  Louis  for  a  num- 
ber of  years  thereafter. 


was  born  in  Culpepper  County,  Virginia,  March  15, 
1790 ;  came  to  St.  Louis  during  the  war  of  1812-15. 
Originally  a  hatter  by  occupation,  being  a  gentle- 
man of  intelligence  and  enterprise,  he  engaged  in 
mercantile  pursuits,  associated  for  some  time  with 
Col.  Thos.  F.  Riddick,  who  was  a  relative. 

About  the  year  1820  he  engaged  in  the  Fur  trade 
of  the  Upper  Missouri  River,  in  which  pursuit  he 
spent  a  number  of  years,  and  acquired  a  thorough 
knowledge  of  the  various  tribes  of  that  region. 

At  the  death  of  Gen'l  Wm.  Clark,  in  1838,  Mr. 
Pilcher  was  appointed  by  President  Van  Buren  to 
succeed  him  in  the  office  of  Superintendent  of  In- 
dian affairs   at    St.  Louis.     This   position  he  filled 


for  about  five  years,  dying  here,  unmarried,  on 
June  5,  1843,  aged  53  years,  2  months  and  21 


was  born  Jan'y  26,  1788,  in  Scotland,  supposed  at 
Edinburgh.  He  earne  to  America  a  young  man, 
and  settled  at  Norfolk,  Virginia,  where  in  the  year 
1809,  he  married  a  lady  of  Princess  Anne  County. 

In  the  war  of  1812-15,  he  was  a  captain  and 
commanded  a  company  at  Norfolk.  In  1817  he  re- 
moved to  St.  Louis  and  for  a  time  followed  his  trade 
of  a  plasterer.  He  was  appointed  a  Justice  of  the 
Peace  by  the  Hon.  Fred'k  Bates,  acting  Governor 
of  the  Territory  in  1818,  and  in  1819  was  elected 
Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Town,  in 
which  year  the  first  street  paving  was  done,  on  Mar- 
ket Street  from  Main  to  the  Levee. 

He  was  a  member  of  the  Board  of  Aldermen  for 
several  years,  also  an  Assistant  Clerk  in  the  County 
Court  and  Recorder's  Offices. 

In  1841  a  Probate  Court  being  established,  he 
was  elected  the  first  Probate  Judge,  serving  contin- 
uously until  1858,  a  period  of  over  seventeen  years, 
during  all  which  time  he  failed  to  hold  his  courts 
but  one  term  and  that  from  sickness  only. 

Judge  Ferguson  died  June  15,  1863,  aged  75 
years.  He  left  but  one  son,  Wm.  Findley  Fergu- 
son, born  in  Norfolk,  who  succeeced  his  father  as 
Probate  Judge,  serving  one  term  of  six  years,  and 
died  in  August,  1883. 



the  stepbrother  of  Col.  Thos.  F.  Riddick  above,  was 
born  at  Suffolk,  Virginia,  Oct.  2,  1789.  In  1809  he 
followed  his  brother  to  St.  Louis,  and  was  employed 
as  a  clerk  to  assist  him  in  the  Land  Commissioner's 

On  Sept.  22,  1810,  when  not  yet  quite  21  years  of 
age,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Marie  Antoinette,  the 
youngest  daughter  of  Sylvestre  Labbadie,  Sr.,  de- 

They  lived  together  for  about  five  years',  when 
from  some  cause  they  parted  and  were. divorced  in 
the  year  1815. 

Mr.  Honey  was  again  married  on  March  13,  1817, 
at  Herculaneum,  Jefferson  County,  to  Miss  Clarissa, 
daughter  of  Mr.  Elias  Bates,  and  took  up  his  resi- 
dence at  that  place,  where  he  lived  lintil  his  death 
on  Sept.  2,  1832,  at  the  age  of  43  years.' 

A  daughter  is  the  wife  of  our  former  Governor 
Thos.  C.  Fletcher. 

Marie  Antoinette  Labbadie,  after  her  separation 
from  her  first  husband,  Jno.  W.  Honey,  was  mar- 
ried Oct.  19,  1816,  to  John  Little,  an  Irish  gentle- 
man ;  she  died  Feb.  18,  1818,  after  a  brief  marriage 
of  but  16  months  at  the  early  age  of  25  years 
without  children. 

John  Little  died  in  October,  1820. 


In   the  territorial  days   of   St.  Louis,  there  were 
several  ladies  here   who  from  their  natural  abilities. 

MAD'E   A.  PESCAY.  257 

superior  education,  and  a  tact  for  business,  played 
important  parts  in  the  community.  One  of  the  most 
conspicuous  of  these,  was  the  lady  whose  name 
heads  this  article. 

Her  maiden  name  was  Angelica  La  Grange,  of  a 
noted  old  family  of  France,  where  she  received  her 
education,  and  became  the  wife  of  a  Francis  Pescay, 
of  the  Island  of  St.  Domingo,  from  whence  at  the 
negro  insurrection  of  1793,  they  came  to  Philadel- 
phia, where  they  kept  a  retail  store  for  some  years. 

In  the  year  1810,  being  a  widow,  she  came  to  St. 
Louis  with  her  two  sons,  G-eorge,  the  eldest,  a 
young  man  just  of  age,  and  Julius,  some  years 
younger ;  they  brought  with  them  a  stock  of  mer- 
chandise and  opened  a  store.  In  January  su.cceed- 
ing,  1811,  George  Pescay  left  for  New  Orleans  in  a 
keel-boat  with  a  cargo  of  lead,  the  proceeds  of  their 
stock  of  goods.  The  boat  was  snagged,  sunk, 
cargo  lost  and  young  Pescay  drowned.  After  the 
old  lady  had  somewhat  recovered  from  the  terrible 
shock,  finding  it  necessary  to  engage  in  something 
for  her  support,  and  encouraged  by  sympathizing 
friends,  she  concluded  to  open  a  day  and  boarding 
school  of  a  superior  class  for  young  ladies,  there 
being  at  that  day  none  in  the  west.  With  this  pur- 
pose she  purchased  an  eligible  lot  on  the  Second 
street,  erected  a  suitable  building,  issued  a  prospec- 
tus, and  opened  her  Academy  in  May,  1812. 

She  was  successful  in  her  enterprise,  well  patron- 
ized by  our  first  families,  and  completed  the  educa- 
tion of  a  number  of  young  ladies  of  the  place  and 
vicinity.     She  continued   in  this   occupation   about 



four  years,  when  her  other  son,  Julius,  having 
grown  to  manhood,  and  herself  perhaps  desiring  a 
change,  she  gave  up  the  Academy  and  again  em- 
barked in  business.  In  1822  they  removed  to  Pen- 
sacola,  Florida. 

Julius  Pescay,  having  a  short  time  previously 
married  a  Miss  Marinot,  from  Philadelphia,  an  old 
family  acquaintance.     They  all   died  in  the  South. 


was  born  in  the  Island  of  St.  Domingo.  He  was 
the  son  of  —  Tesson  and  Elizabeth  Payre,  and 
with  his  brothers,  Pierre  and  Francis,  were  refugees 
from  the  Island  in  1793  to  Philadelphia,  and  came 
to  St.  Louis  in  1810  with  Madame  Pescay  and  her 

Mr.  Tesson  was  married  in  St.  Louis  on  February 
14,  1811,  to  Miss  Adelaide  B.,  daughter  of — 
Barrousel,  a  former  Attorney  of  Port  de  Paix,  de- 
ceased, at  the  residence  of  Mrs.  Pescay,  who  was 
her  guardian,  and  went  into  business  with  that  lady 
about  the  same  time.  In  1812  the  partnership  was 
dissolved,  Mr.  Tesson  continuing  the  business 

They  were  the  parents  of  some  half  dozen  chil- 
dren, most  of  whom  died  in  infancy,  raising  one  son 
and  one  daughter. 

Their  son,  Edward  P.,  born  in  May,  1812,  was 
married  to  Miss  Lucy  Marotte,  of  Philadelphia, 
'Nov.    26,    1833;    he   died   in    1883. 


The  daughter,  Covalie,  is  the  wife  of  Mr.  Ed- 
ward PolkowsM. 

Pierre  Tessoii,  a  brother  of  Michael,  died  Feb. 
18,  1818;  his  widow  married  Capt.  Josiah  Bright 
in  1820,  and  Bright  died  July  31,  1822. 

Francis  Tesson,  anotlier  brother,  was  a  partner  in 
business  for  a  number  of  years ;  he  died  unmarried 
in  1839. 

Children  of  Ed.  P.  and  Lucy  Tesson  : 

Clara,  married  first  to  Ant.  Dangen,  one  son; 
and  secondly  to  Jeremiah  "VYilcox  of  Montana. 

Cecile,  widow  of  H.  Renouard,  with  1  son  and  3 

Noemie,  married  to  George  Hall,  has  several 

Dr.  Louis  Tesson,  married. 

Edward  Tesson,  married  to  Miss  Forsythe. 

Theodore  Tesson,  unmarried. 

George  Tesson,  married. 

A  son   died   a  young   man. 


born  in  the  City  of  Konskie,  district  of  Sandomir, 
Poland,  Sept.  8,  1812.  He  was  engaged  in  the 
revolt  against  the  Russian  Government  in  1830. 
Arrived  in  the  United  iStates  of  America,  April 
15,  1834,  and  at  St.  Louis  in  June,  1835. 

He  was  married  to   Coralie  Tesson,  Dec.  6,  1842, 
and  they  are  yet  residing  in  St.  Louis. 



cousin  of  Wilson  P.,  was  born  near  Trenton,  l^ew 
Jersey,  in  1788,  and  in  1803,  at  the  age  of  fifteen 
years,  was  appointed  a  midshipman  in  the  U.  S. 
IS^avy,  and  assigned  to  the  frigate  Philadelphia, 
Capt.  Bainb ridge,  of  Commodore  Preble's  Squadron 
in  the  Mediterranean,  which  ran  on  the  rocks  in  the 
harbor  of  Tripoli,  and  was  burnt  Feb.  16,  1804,  by 
sailors  in  boats  from  the  Squadron  under  command 
of  Lieut.  Stephen  Decatur,  Jun'r.  He  came  to  St. 
Louis  about  1813-14,  and  was  married  June  23rd, 
1814,  to  Anne  Lucas,  only  daughter  of  Judge  John 
B.  C.  Lucas. 

In  1816,  he  purchased  from  Wm.  C.  Carr  &  Co., 
a  tan  yard  with  the  necessary  buildings,  at  the 
southeast  corner  of  Second  and  our  present  Almond 
Streets,  which  he  operated  for  some  years. 

In  May,  1824,  he  was  appointed  by  President 
Monroe,  U.  S.  Recorder  of  Land  Titles,  succeeding 
Frederick  Bates,  just  elected  our  second  State  Gov- 
ernor, which  office  he  held  until  his  death  Jan'y  21, 
1832,  at  the  age  of  44  years,  leaving  a  widow  and 
three  children,  two  daughters  and  a  son. 

Theodosia  Tucker  Hunt,  married  Henry  Livings- 
ton Patterson,  Sept.  4,  1839. 

Julia  Tucker  Hunt,  married  to  Henry  C.  Turner, 
Feb'y  1,  1841. 

Charles  Lucas  Hunt,  married  to  Miss  Mary 
Owings,  April  6,  1842. 

The  widow  of  Capt.  Theodore  Hunt  married 
"Wilson  P.  Hunt,  cousin  of  Jier  first  husband. 



son  of  Abraham  and  Rachel  Wilt,  was  born  in 
Philadelphia,  Jan'y  18,  1789,  and  cameto  St.  Louis  in 
June,  1811,  and  commenced  business  July  25,  1811, 
in  Mrs.  Labbadie's  old  store,  opposite  Mr.  Gratiot's. 

1813.  He  built  the  third  brick  house  in  St.  Louis, 
at  the  southeast  corner  of  Main  and  Locust,  and 
moved  his  business  into  it,  which  he  occupied  until 
his  death.  He  was  an  active  business  man,  and 
soon  acquired  prominence  in  the  business  circles  of 
St.  Louis,  operated  a  large  mill  and  distillery  on  the 
Caholda  creek  opposite  St.  Louis,  was  a  director  in 
the  Bank  of  St.  Louis,  &c.,  &c. 

He  was  married  at  St.  Louis,  Jan'y  10,  1815,  to 
Miss  Ann  K.,  daughter  of  Major  Geo.  Wilson,* 
born  at  Louisville,  Kentucky,  Jan'y  20,  1798;  she 
died  Dec.  12,  1816,  in  her  19th  year,  and  her  hus- 
band Wilt,  Sept.  27,  1819,  in  his  31st  year.  They 
left  an  only  son,  Greorge,  in  his  3rd  year,  who  died 
in  1823,  aged  7  years. 


brother  of  Christian  above,  was  born  in  Philadel- 
phia, Oct.  27,  1791,  came  to  St.  Louis  in  1818,  and 
joined  his  brother  in  business  Feb.  10,  1819,  under 
the  firm  style  of  "  Christian  and  Andrew  Wilt." 


was  born  in  Auchentock,  Ayrshire,  Scotland,  in  the  year  1750,  and  died  in 
St.  Louis,  Jan'y  26,  1824,  aged  74  years,  father  of  Mrs.  Christian  Wilt,  a 
gentleman  highly  esteemed,  and  one  of  the  first  interred  in  the  Hemp- 
stead lot  of  Bellefontaine  Cemetery,  where  his  head  stone  still  stands. 


He  died  in  St.  Louis,  August  10, 1819,  iu  his  28th 
year,  unmarried,  but  48  days  before  his  brother. 
Their  firm  continuing  but  six  months. 

He  brought  out  with  him  two  sisters,  the  Misses 
Rachel  and  JuHana  Wilt.  The  first  became  the  wife 
of  Charles  S.  Hempstead,  Esq.,  in  1819,  and  died  in 
Oct.,  1823.  The  other  died  unmarried,  Sept.  27, 


son  of  Jacques  Demun  and  Marie  Madelaine  Le 
Meillieur,  was  born  at  Port  au  Prince,  in  the  Island 
of  St.  Domingo,  April  25,  1782. 

When  young  he  and  his  brother  Augustus  were 
sent  to  France  to  be  educated,  and  then  joined  their 
parents  in  England.  In  1793,  after  the  insurrection 
of  the  negroes,  he  went  to  England,  where  they  re- 
mained until  1808,  when  the  father  died  and  they 
came  to  the  United  States,  and  remained  in  ISTew 
Jersey  for  a  time ;  in  1810,  they  removed  to  Ste. 

March  31,  1812,  Mr.  Demun  was  married  to  Isa- 
belle,  daughter  of  Mr.  Charles  Gratiot. 

In  1816,  Mr.  Demun  with  Aug't  P.  Chouteau  and 
others  went  on  a  trading  expedition  to  Sante  Fe  and 
Chihuahua.  While  in  that  country  they  were  robbed 
of  their  goods,  and  the  whole  party  imprisoned. 

They  were  confined  in  prison  for  two  years,  when 
through  the  demand  of  the  U.  S.,  they  were  released 
and  returned  to  the  U.  S.  in  1818-19. 

In  the  summer  of  1819,  Mr.  Demun  had  charge  of 

COL.  ELI   B.  CLEMSON.  263 

Mr.  John  Mullanphy's  store  in  St.  Louis,  and  in  the 
following  year,  1820,  with  his  wife  and  three  little 
girls,  went  to  Cuba,  where  he  cultivated  a  coffee 
plantation  for  some  ten  years,  and  then  returned  to 
the  United  States  in  January,  1831. 

After  his  return  to  the  U.  S.,  he  was  appointed 
Secretary  and  Translator  for  the  Board  of  U.  S. 
Land  Commissioners,  and  in  1842  elected  Recorder 
of  Deeds  for  St.  Louis  County. 

In  1817,  Mrs.  Demun,  the  mother,  removed  to 
Baltimore,  and  from  there  to  Cuba,  where  she  died. 

Julius  Demun  died  Aug't  15,  1813,  at  the  age  of 
61  years. 

His  brother,  Augustus  Demun,  was  killed  in  Ste. 
Genevieve  in  1816,  by  one  McArthur  in  a  personal 

They  had  five  daughters  : 

Isabella,  wife  of  Edward  Walsh. 

Julia,  wife  of  Leon  Chenie. 

Louisa,  wife  of  Rob't  A.  Barnes. 

Emilie,  wife  of  Chas.  Bland  Smith. 

Clara,  died  unmarried. 

Mrs.  Demun,  the  widow,  died  July  13,  1878,  at 
the  age   of  82   years. 

COL.    ELI   B.    CLEMSOK, 

entered  the  U.  S.  Army  from  Pennsylvania,  and 
was  appointed 

March  3,  1799,  Second  Lieut,  in  the  first  U.  S. 

April,  1800,  First  Lieut,  in  the  same. 


March,  1807,  Captain  in  the  same. 

Jan'y  20,  1813,  Major  in  the  same. 

March  9,  1814,  Lieut.  Col.  of  the  16th  Eegiment. 

June  15,  1815,  close  of  the  war;  he  was  dis- 

August  27,  1816,  appointed  Ass't  Commissary 
at  St.  Louis. 

December  1,  1819,  resigned  from  the  Army. 

Before  the  war  of  1812  he  was  much  about  St. 
Louis  and  Bellefontaine  where  his  Eegiment  was 

In  Sept.,  1814,  while  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the 
16th  Regulars,  he  had  command  for  a  short  time  of 
the  Philadelphia  Volunteers,  then  concentrating  at 
Camp  Bloomfield,  Kennett  Square,  Chester  County, 

After  the  war  he  was  stationed  for  some  years  at 
St.  Louis,  where  he  bought  and  sold  several  town 
lots,  realizing  a  handsome  profit  therefrom. 

Jan'y  17,  1816,  from  C.  M.  Price,  a  lot  of  20  feet 
front  in  Block  36. 

l^ov.  1,  1816,  from  Col.  Ehas  Rector,  lot  of  60 
feet  in  Block  now  No.  2. 

Aug.  5,  1817,  from  Judge  Lucas,  a  block  of 
ground,  in  Lucas'  new  addition  to  the  Town,  on 
which  he  built  a  large  frame  dwelling,  where  he 
lived  for  some  time.* 

After  he  left  the  Army  in  1819,  he  disposed  of 
his  property  in  St.  Louis,  and  returned  to  the  East. 

*  This  is  the  Block  on  which  at  present  stands  Wm.  Barr&  Co.'s  Dry 
Goods  house,  6th  from  Olive  to  Locust. 

WM.  VON  PHUL,  SE.  265 

He  was  married  when  a  Captain,  April  9,  1811,  at 
New  Brunswick,  N^ew  Jersey,  to  Miss  Ann  Maria 


a  brewer,  native  of  West  Hofen,  Pfalz,  Westpha- 
lia, on  the  left  bank  of  the  Rhine,  was  born  in  1740, 
and  came  to  Philadelphia  in  1765. 

In  1775  he  married  Catharine  Graff,  of  Lancaster, 

He  died  in  Philadelphia  in  1798,  aged  58  years, 
leaving  his  widow,  5  sons  and  3  daughters. 


one  of  his  sons,  was  born  in  Philadelphia,  Aug't  14, 

In  the  year  1800,  his  mother,  a  widow,  removed 
to  Lexington,  Ky.,  with  some  of  her  children; 
Henry,  then  16  years  of  age,  became  the  clerk  of 
Thomas  Hunt,  Jr.,  in  whose  service  he  remained  for 
ten  years.  In  1811  he  came  to  St.  Louis  and  com- 
menced business  on  hi«  own  account,  in  which  he 
was  actively  engaged  until  within  a  few  years  of  his 
death,  a  period  of  nearly  60  years. 

Mr.  Von  Phul  was  married  to  Miss  Rosalie, 
daughter  of  Doct.  Antoine  Saugrain,  on  June  10, 
1816.  On  June  10,  1866,  they  celebrated  their 
golden  wedding,  6  sons  and  4  daughters  participat- 

June  10,  1874,  celebrated  their  58th  wedding  day. 


Mr.  Yon  Phul  died  Sept.  8,  1874,  aged  90  years 
and  25  days. 

Mrs.  Yon  Phul  died  Feb.  28,  1887,  in  her  90th 

They  were  the  parents  of  15  children,  of  whom 
ten  attained  maturity  and  married,  and  leave  a  nu- 
merous progeny  of  descendants. 

Their  surviving  children  are  five  sons  and  three 

Henry,  lives  in  Louisiana,  married  Miss  Mary 

Frederick,  lives  in  St.  Louis,  married  Miss  I^idelet, 

Frank,  lives  in  Louisiana,  unmarried. 

Benjamin,  lives  in  St.  Louis,  married  Miss  Lape, 
of  Mississippi. 

Phillip,  lives  in  St.  Louis,  marriedlst  Miss  Chatard, 
dec'd,  2nd  Miss  Throckmorton. 

Maria,  wife  of   Thomas  M.  Taylor,  St.  Louis. 

Eliza,  widow  of  Judge  "W.  M.  Cooke,  deceased, 
St.  Louis. 

Juha,  wife  of  A.  T.  Bird. 


was  born  at  Fincastle,  Botetourt  County,  Yirginia, 
Aug.  5,  1792,  son  of  Samuel  Kennerly  and  Mary 

He  came  to  St.  Louis  in  October,  1813,  in  part- 
nership with  John  O' Fallon  in  a  cargo  of  Kentucky 

"  Pickled  Pork,  Beef,  Flour,  &c." 


Which   having    disposed   of,    he    became    Chief    4~ 
Clerk  of  Gov'r  Clark,  in  the  U.  S.  Indian  Office. 

He  was  next  associated  with  Alexander  MclSTair 
in  a  store  for  some  time.  In  1816  James  Kennedy 
opened  a  store  in  Clark's  new  brick  house  on  Main 
Street  in  Block  now  No.  10. 

In  1817-18,  James  and  Geo.  H.  Kennerly  went 
into  partnership  in  mercantile  business  in  the  same 

In  1820  James  Kennerly,  having  built  a  new 
brick  building  and  residence,  next  north  of  their 
former  stand,  removed  into  it,  where  they  carried 
on  their  business  for  some  years,  Mr.  Kennerly 
residing  with  his  family  in  the  upper  part  of  the 

Towards  the  close  of  the  year  1827,  when  the 
works  at  the  new  Military  post  of  Jefferson  Bar- 
racks were  approaching  completion,  they  were  ap- 
pointed the  Sutlers  for  the  Post,  and  removed 
there,  where  James  Kennerly  resided  for  over  ten 
years,  at  the  end  of  which  time,  having  biiilt  a 
stone  residence  at  Cote  Brilliante,  about  five  miles 
northwest  of  the  City,  he  removed  to  it  and  died 
there  August  26,  1840,  at  the  age  of  48  years  and 
3  weeks. 

James  Kennerly  was  married  June  10,  1817,  to 
Mies  Eliza  Maria,  the  second  daughter  of  Doct. 
Antoine  Saugrain,  born  in  Lexington,  Ky.,  Oct. 
12, 1799. 

Their  three  children  are  : 

Mary  Larned  K.,  born  in  1820,  widow  of  Wm. 
C.  Taylor. 


Wm.  Clark  Keunerly,  born  in  1825,  married 
Florence  Brooks,  of  Mobile,  Alabama. 

Harriet  Clark  K.,  born  Aug.  2,  1829,  married  to 
Ed.  J.  Glasgow,  Oct.  29,  1856. 


was  born  at  Fincastle,  Botetourt  County,  Vir'a, 
Jan'y  28,  1790,  and  came  to  St.  Louis  about  the 
commencement  of  the  war  of  1812,  and  was  ap- 
pointed a  Lieut,  in  the  Regular  Army.  He  accom- 
panied Gov'r  Clark  in  his  expedition  to  Prairie  du  ^ 
Chien,  and  at  the  close  of  the  war  was  mustered  out 
of  the  service. 

He  then  went  into  partnership  with  his  brother 
James  in  St.  Louis  until  their  removal  to  Jefferson 
Barracks  in  1827,  where  a  Po8t-oJ0B.ce  having  been 
established,  he  was  appointed  Jan'y  31,  1828,  its 
Postmaster,  and  put  on  aline  of  two  horse  stages 
for  the  public  accommodation. 

Capt.  Kennerly  lived  on  the  Barracks  tract  of 
land  for  about  forty  years  with  occasional  intervals, 
his  wife  having  purchased  about  189  acres  of  the 
tract,  the  Captain  had  improved  a  portion  of  it  with 
a  farm. 

Capt.  Geo.  Kennerly  was  married  on  Dec.  27, 
1825,  to  Miss  Alzire,  a  daughter  of  Col.  Peter 
Menard,  of  Kaskaskia,  Ills. 

He  died  in  Jan'y  25,  1867,  at  the  age  of  77  years, 
leaving  his  widow  and  a  number  of  sons  and  daugh- 

Mary,  married  to  Jno.  Si  Bowen. 


Abigail,  married  to  Wm.  Haines. 
Eliza,  married  to  Matthew  Stephenson. 
Louis  H.,  Samuel,  Peter  M.,  Henry. 

was  born  in  Maryland,  a  grand  nephew  of  Charles 
Thomson,  Secretary  of  the  Congress  of  the  Revolu- 
tion. His  grandfather  Douglass,  a  gentleman  from 
Scotland,  having  married  a  sister  of  Thomson. 

He  came  to  St.  Louis  during  the  war  of  1812-15, 
a  paymaster  in  the  United  States  service,  until  the 
reduction  of  the  Army  following  the  peace  of  1815, 
when  he  was  mustered  out. 

After  this  he  was  appointed  a  Justice  of  the  Peace 
and  J^ptary  Public  for  St.  Louis. 

He  was  married  Sept.  23,  1817,  to  Miss  Cornelia, 
third  daughter  of  Gen'l  Daniel  Bissell,  U.  S.  Army. 
They  had  several  daughters. 

He  died  in  1844. 

CAPT.    KISr>ON   H.    PEICE, 

came  to  St.  Louis  from  the  eastern  shore  of  Mary- 
land, about  the  year  1807,  and  in  1808  was  a  partner 
in  business  with  Benjamin  Wilkinson,  a  son  of  Gen'l 
Joseph  "Wilkinson,  of  Maryland,  the  firm  being  Wil- 
kinson &  Price. 

"Wilkinson  died  in  February,  1810,  at  sea  on  his 
passage  around    from  New  Orleans  to  Baltimore, 


after  which  Price  operated  alone  with  more  or  less 
success  until  about  1822,  when  reverses  and  hard 
times  combined  drove  him  out  of  business,  and  he 
removed  with  his  wife  to  Ste.  Genevieve  County, 
where  he  was  still  living  in  1843. 

During  his  residence  here  he  was  prominent  in 
business-  circles,  a  director  in  the  old  bank  of  St. 
Louis,  &c. 

He  married  Aug't  30, 1815,  Miss  Mary,  the  second 
daughter  of  Gren'l  Daniel  Bissell,  U.  S.  Army. 
Their  only  son,  Frederick  Price,  was  still  living  not 
long  since,  in  the  upper  part  of  this  county,  on  the 
old  Bissell  estate. 


was  born  in  Caroline  County,  Virginia,  in  March, 
1780.  He  came  out  to  Jefferson  County,  Ken- 
tucky, about  the  year  1804,  and  located  at  the 
''Falls,"  April  29,  1806.  He  taught  school  in 
Kentucky  six  or  seven  years. 

He  came  to  St.  Louis  about  in  the  year  1811  or  12, 
and  taught  school  for  some  years  in  the  old  Alvarez 
mansion  on  the  north  side  of  Market  Street,  below 
Third,  opposite  the  old  Catholic  Cemetery,  and  was 
studying  law  during  all  the  time. 

In  1816,  he  gave  up   teaching  school,  settled  in 
the  Town  of   Old  Franklin,  Howard  County,  and 
commenced  the    practice    of   law.     He    was    twice 
elected    to    the     Legislature    then    sitting    at   St.. 
Charles.     In  1824,  at  the  death  of  the  Hon.  John 


Bice  Jones,  of  the  State  Supreme  Court,  Judge 
Tompkins  was  elected  to  fill  the  vacancy,  which 
position  he  filled  for  twenty-one  years,  until  1845, 
when  he  reached  the  constitutional  age  of  sixty-five 
years,  and  was  retired  to  private  life. 

He  died  near  Jefferson  City,  April  7, 1846,  having 
just  completed   his   66  years. 


was  born  in  Pennsylvania  in  1787.  "When  seventeen 
years  of  age,  in  1804,  he  enhsted  in  Capt's.  Lewis 
and  Clark's  expedition  to  the  Rocky  Mountains  and 
Pacific  Ocean.  He  received  a  wound  in  the  leg 
from  the  Indians,  and  on  his  return  had  his  leg  am- 
putated at  St.  Charles,  and  a  wooden  one  substi- 
tuted in  its  place,  from  which  he  was  ever  afterwards 
called  Peg  Leg  Shannon. 

Lewis  and  Clark  took  him  to  Philadelphia  to 
superintend  the  publication  of  their  Journal.  He 
there  studied  law,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar,  and 
commenced  practice  in  Lexington,  Ky.,  and  was 
then  a  Circuit  Judge  for  three  years.  In  1828,  he 
located  at  Hannibal,  Mo.,  and  afterwards  at  St. 
Charles,  was  a  State  Senator  a  short  time,  and 
United  States  Attorney  for  Missouri. 

He  died  suddenly  at  Palmyra,  in  Court,  at  the  age 
of    49,   in   1836. 



came  to  St.  Louis  in  the  winter  of  1810-11,  and 
opened  his  store  in  the  north  part  of  the  old  Jno.  B. 
Becquet  house,  on  Main,  between  Myrtle  and  Elm 

In  1816,  May,  he  bought  from  Chouteau  a  lot  in 
his  new  addition  to  the  Town ,  at  the  north-east  cor- 
ner of  Fifth  and  Elm  (where  Tony  Faust  is  at 
present),  upon  which  he  built  a  two-story  frame 
building  for  his  residence,  which  he  occupied  until 
his  death. 

In  May,  1817,  he  removed  his  store  to  McKnight 
&  Brady's  new  building,  on  Main  Street,  south-east 
corner  of  Pine  Street,  the  south  one,  'No  42. 

In  December,  1817,  he  removed  across  the  street 
to  Clark's  new  stone  row,  the  south  one  of  the 
three,  where  he  remained  in  business  until  1821, 
when  being  a  Justice  of  the  Peace  for  St.  Louis, 
he  opened  an  office  in  his  dwelling  on  Elm  Street, 
where  he  died  Aug't  20,  1823. 


commenced  business  here  on  Dec'r  20,  1817,  in  the 
store  just  vacated  by  Moses  Scott  above,  in  Bra- 
dy's, l^o.  43i. 

1818,  February  26th,  he  bought  from  Chouteau  a 
lot  in  his  new  addition  on  the  hill,  on  the  north  side 
of    Market    Street    from  8th   to  9th,  on  which  he 


built  a  small  brick  dwelling  house  where  he  lived 
until  he  died,  a  Justice  of  the  Peace  and  Merchant, 
Dec'r  23,  1828. 

was  born  at  Mulberry  Grrove,  near  Louisville,  Ken- 
tucky, the  residence  of  his  uncle,  Jonathan  Clark, 
on  Nov'r  17,  1791.  His  father,  Doct.  James 
O'Fallon,  born  at  Athlone,  Ireland,  of  a  very 
ancient  family,  had  served  under  "Washington  as  a 
surgeon  in  the  Continental  Army ;  his  mother  was 
Francis  Clark,  the  youngest  sister  of  Gen'ls  Geo. 
Rogers  and  William  Clark,  born  at  Mulberry  Hill 
near  Louisville,  the  residence  of  her  father,  John 
Clark,  Sen'r.  They  were  married  in  1790.  Doct. 
O'Fallon  died  in  Louisville  in  1793,  leaving  two 
sons,  John,  two  years  of  age,  and  Benjamin,  an 

Mrs.  O'Fallon's  second  husband  was  Cha's  M. 
Thruston,  of  Louisville,  by  whom  she  had  two 
sons  and  two  daughters;  and  her  third.  Judge 
Dennis  Fitzhugh,  of  Virginia,  by  whom  she  had 
one  daughter.  She  survived  the  three  for  several 

When  of  a  proper  age  John  was  sent  to  school  at 
an  Academy  at  Danville,  Kentucky.  In  1810  he 
Avent  to  Louisville  to  complete  his  education,  and 
his  brother  Benjamin  came  to  St.  Louis  to  stay 
with  his  guardian,  his  uncle  Gren'l  William  Clark, 
and  went   to  school   in    St.    Louis. 



In  the  fall  of  1811  Jno.  O'Fallon,  then  20  years 
of  age,  marched  with  the  mounted  Kentucky  Yol- 
unteers,  under  Col.  Jos.'  Davieg,  to  the-  Indian 
Towns  on  the  Wabash  River,  and  was  severely 
wounded  at  the  battle  of  Tippecanoe,  where  Col. 
Davies  was  killed.  After  the  battle  he  went  to  St. 
Louis,    remaining  with   his   uncle   until    well. 

In  Sept.,  1812,  he  was  appointed  an  Ensign  in 
the  first  U.  S.  Infantry. 

In  January,  1813,  he  was  promoted  to  2nd 
Lieutenant.  ,  In  May,  Aid-de-camp  and  acting  Ad- 
jutant-General  at  the   siege  of   Fort   Meigs. 

In  August,  1813,  to  1st  Lieut.  24:th  U.  S.  In- 
fantry. March,  1814,  Captain  in  the  2d  U.  S. 
Eifle  Regiment.  And  resigned  July  31,  1818,  at 

After  he  left  the  army  he  settled  in  St.  Louis 
and  commenced  business  as  a  contractor  for  army 
supplies,  &c.,  &c. 

He  was  twice  married,  first,  in  1821,  to  Miss 
Harriet  Stokes,  an  English  ladj'-,  who  died  Feb. 
14,  1826,  and  secondly,  on  March  15,  1827,  to 
Miss    Caroline   Sheets,    from  Baltimore. 

During  his  long  residence  in  our  community  Col. 
O'Fallon  was  one  of  our  most  prominent  and  pub- 
lic spirited  men,  filling  many  positions  of  trust,  and 
exercising   great   influence   with   the   people. 

He  died  Dec.  17,  1865,  at  the  age  of  74  years, 
leaving  four  sons  and  an  only  daughter,  Caroline, 
who  was  the  wife  of  the  late  Doct.  Chas.  Pope. 

COL.  A.  B.  CHAMBERS.  275 


was  born  at  Knoxville,  Tenn'e  on  April  4,  1802. 
His  father  afterwards  removed  with  his  family  to 
Ste.  Grenevieve,  Mo.,  where  young  Paschall  received 
his  schooling.  Early  in  1814,  when  he  was  not  yet 
quite  twelve  years  old,  his  father  apprenticed  him  to 
Mr.  Joseph  Charless,  of  the  Missouri  Q-azette,  to 
learn  the  trade  of  a  printer.  After  his  apprentice- 
ship had  expired  in  1823,  he  continued  to  work  on 
the  paper  with  Edward  Charless,  its  new  proprietor, 
who  in  March,  1828,  admitted  him  as  a  partner  in 
the  proprietorship. 

In  1837,  Charless  and  Paschall  sold  their  estab- 
lishment to  Messrs.  Chambers,  Harris  and  .George 

In  1840,  Paschall  and  Charles  Ramsay  established 
a  new  paper,  which  they  called  the  New-JEra.  In 
1842,  Mr.  Paschall  was  elected  Clerk  of  the  Court 
of  Common  Pleas  of  St.  Louis  County,  the  only 
office  for  which  he  ever  ran.  Jan'y  1,  1844,  he  was 
associate  Editor  of  the  Missouri  Republican,  Col. 
A.  B.  Chambers  being  the  chief,  and  in  1854,  at  the 
death  of  Chambers,  Paschall  became  Chief  Editor. 

Mr.  Paschall  was  married  at  Springfield,  Ills.,  on' 
l^"ovem'r  27,  1832,  to  Mrs.  Eliza  Edgar  (nee  Ste- 
vens), widow  of  Gen'l  John  Edgar,  of  Kaskaskia, 

•  Mr.  N".  Paschall  died  Dec'r  12,  1866,  in  his  65th 

Mrs.  Paschall  had  died   in    1859. 


They  left  two  sons,  Henry  Gr.  and  George  M., 
and  4  daughters. 

Bagenia  L.  married  first  to  Walter  B.  Carr,  Dec. 
16,  1854,  and  secondly  to  Gerard  B.  Allen,  July 
13, 1871. 

Ada  married  to  Wm.  C.  Tyler,  of  Louisville, 
March  10,  1853. 

Mary  A.  married  to  Thomas  Cummins,  June 
25,  1863. 

EHzabeth  mariied  to  Jos.  P.  Carr,  Nov.  23, 

DK.    DAVID    V.    WALKEK 

came  to  St.  Lonis  in  August,  1812,  and  entered  at 
once  into  partnership  with  Doct.  B.  G.  Farrar,  in 
the   practice    of    medicine. 

Doct.  Walker  married  Miss  Matilda  N.,  third 
daughter  of  Major  Wm.  Christy,  thus  becoming  the 
brother-in-law  of   his   business   partner. 

Doct.  Walker  died  April  9,  1824,  leaving  his 
widow   with   two   young  children. 

Leonidas,  born  Aug't  16,  1817,  who  died  Aug't 
4,*  1866,  aged  49  years,  and  a  daughter  who  after- 
wards became  the  wife  of  Samuel  B.  Churchill, 

Mrs.  Walker  was  married  June  24,  1832,  to  Col. 
Nathaniel  P.  Taylor,  from  Jefferson  County,  Ky., 
who  brought  with  him  four  grown  children  by  a 
former  wife. 

She  died  Feb'y  5,  1872,  aged  74  years. 

JUDGE   M.  MCGIRK.  277 


caine  from  Richmond  County,  Virginia,  in  Sept., 
1815,  the  5th  American  physician,  and  commenced 
his  practice  of  medicine. 

Sept.  4,  1817,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Joanna  A., 
second  daughter  of  Col.  Rufus  Easton,  and 
died  early  in  October,  1822,  after  a  brief  married 
life  of  five  years,  leaving  two  young  children. 

His  widow  became  the  second  wife  of  Henry  S. 
Geyer,  April  26,  1831. 


was  born  in  Tennessee  about  the  year  1790.  He 
studied  his  law  there,  and  came  to  St.  Louis  when 
but  a  young  man,  in  about  the  year  1814. 

In  1816,  when  Chouteau  &  Lucas  made  their  first 
addition  to  the  Town  of  St.  Louis,  McGirk  pur- 
chased from  Chouteau  the  second  lot  he  sold,  being 
jN'o.  5,  the  southwest  quarter  of  Block  ISio.  1,  144 
feet  front  on  Fourth  by  135  feet  deep  on  "Walnut, 
which  had  been  the  northeast  quarter  of  the  old 
Spanish  Garrison  on  the  hill,  and  on  which  stood 
the  old  stone  building  occupied  as  the  Officers  Quar- 
ters. In  this  house  he  resided  for  some  years.  lii 
1817  he  put  up  a  small  one-story  brick  for  his  office 
on  his  Fourth  Street  front,  which  was  afterwards  oc- 
cupied by  David  Barton  and  Judge  Jas.  H.  Peck. 


At  the  organization  of  the  State  Government  in 
1820,  Judge  McGirk  was  elevated  to  the  Supreme 
bench,  associated  with  Judges  Jno.  Rice  Jones  and 
John  D.  Cook,  their  commissions  were  issued  in 
1820,     This  office  he  held  until  1841. 

About  1827  or  1828  he  removed  to  Montgomery 
County  on  the  Missouri,  shortly  afterwards  he  mar- 
ried a  Miss  Talbot.  They  had  no  children ;  his  wife 
survived  him  many  years. 


Amongst  the  large  number  of  young  men,  from 
all  parts  of  the  country,  who  joined  the  Army  during 
the  war  with  England  of  1812-15,  was  Alexander 
Gray,  from  Kentucky,  who,  when  the  armywas  in- 
creased, was  appointed  a  Captain  in  the  24th  Regu- 
lar Infantry,  and  served  during  the  war. 

At  its  close  in  1815,  he  came  first  to  Cape  Girar- 
deau, and  from  there  to  St.  Louis,  yet  a  young  man, 
and  opened  a  law  office,  which  profession  he  had 
studied.  He  was  well  educated,  skilled  in  the 
classics,  a  fine  writer,  and  ranked  amongst  the 
first  as  a  criminal  lawyer. 

Early  in  1820,  Judge  N.  B.  Tucker,  of  the  St. 
Louis  Circuit  Court,  about  to  be  absent  for  some 
time,  resigned  the  Judgeship  of  the  northern  circuit, 
and  Alexander  Gray  was  appointed  by  Acting  Gov- 
ernor, Frederick  Bates,  to  fill  the  vacancy.  He  held 
two  terms  of  his  court  in  St.  Louis,  the  April  and 
August  terms     of     1820.     The  State  Government 


having  then  come  into  existence  the  courts  were  re- 
organized in  the  fall,  and  Judge  Gray  was  appointed 
by  Gov'r  MclSTair  to  the  new  Northern  Circnit  north 
of  the  Missouri  River. 

He  died  unmarried  August  2,  1823.  Being  a  fine 
looking  man,  he  was  somewhat  vain  of  his  personal 
appearance,  and  although  yet  but  a  young  man,  his 
hair  was  almost  white. 

His  friend,  Spencer  Pettis,  administered  upon  his 
estate  Aug.  18, 1823. 


was  born  in  Belmont,  Goochland  County,  Virginia, 
Sept.  4,  1793,  of  Quaker  parentage,  the  seventh  son 
of  a  family  of  twelve  children. 

He  came  to  Missouri  in  1814,  at  the  age  of  21 
years,  his  elder  brother  Frederick  Bates  being  then 
Secretary  of  the  Territory,  and  studied  in  the  oflGlee 
of  Eufus  Easton,  Esq'r.  He  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  in  1816,  and  soon  became  one  of  the  most 
prominent  members  of  the  same. 

He  was  a  member  of  the  convention  of  1820,  that 
framed  the  constitution  of  the  State,  and  was  ap- 
pointed the  same  year  by  Gov.  Mcll^air  to  the  Of- 
fice of  Attorney-General  for  the  State.  In  1822  he 
was  a  member  of  the  first  Legislature  that  sat  in  St. 
Chailes,  and  in  1824  was  appointed  by  Pres't  Monroe 
United  States  Attorney  for  the  district  of  Missouri. 

He  was  the  second  Representative  in  Congress 
from  the   State  of  Missouri,  being  elected  to  the 


20th  Congress  in  1826,  to  succeed  John  Scott, 
Afterwards  declining  a  re-election  to  enable  him  to 
resume  his  practice  of  law  as  far  more  lucrative. 
In  1830  he  served  as  a  State  Senator,  and  in  1834 
as  a  Representative  in  the  State  Legislature. 

In  1850  President  Fillmore  appointed  him  Secre- 
tary of  War,  one  of  his  Cabinet ;  he  was  confirmed 
by  the  U.  S.  Senate,  but  he  declined  to  accept  the 
position.  In  1853,  he  was  elected  Judge  of  the  St. 
Louis  Land  Court.  In  1856,  Presiding  Officer  of 
the  Whig  l^ational  Convention  in  the  City  of  Bal- 
timore, and  finally  in  1861,  President  Lincoln  se- 
lected him  for  Attorney- Greneral  of  the  United 
States,  which  office  he  filled  for  two  years,  resign- 
ing it  in  1863  to  retire  to  private  life. 

Mr.  Bates  was,  perhaps,  the  most  prominent  mem- 
ber of  the  St.  Louis  bar,  long  associated  with  his 
brother-in-law,  Grov'r  Ham.  E.  Gamble,  and  enjoy- 
ing a  lucrative  practice. 

Mr.  Bates  was  married  May  29,  1823,  at  Dar- 
denne  Prairie,  St..  Charles  County,  to  Miss  Julia 
D.,  daughter  of  David  Coulter,  Esq'r,  formerly  of 
Charleston,  S.  C.  He  was  thefatherof  a  numerous 
family  of  children,  leaving  some  ten  or  twelve  at  his 
death,  March  25th,  1869,  at  the  age  of  76  years. 

OAPT.    HENRY    S.    GEYEK, 

was  born  in  Frederick  County,  Maryland,  of  Ger- 
man parents,  Dec.  9,  1790 ;  his  father  came  from 

HENKY   S.  GEYER.  281 

He  read  law  with  his  uncle  Daniel  Shaeffer,  in  Ha- 
gerstown,  and  commenced  practice  in  1811.  In 
1812  was  a  volunteer  in  the  war,  and  appointed  a 
Paymaster  in  the  U.  S.  Army,  while  stationed  at 
Norfolk,  Virginia. 

At  the  close  of  the  war  he  came  to  St.  Louis  in 
1815,  still  a  Paymaster,  which  office  he  resigned  at 
the  end  of  the  year,  and  commenced  the  practice  of 

He  soon  assumed  a  prominent  position  at  the  bar, 
and  filled  several  important  civil  offices.  In  1817, 
compiled  his  digest  of  the  Territorial  Laws. 

In  1818,  was  a  member  of  the  Territorial  Legis- 

In  1821,  elected  Speaker  of  the  House  of  Repre- 
sentatives at  their  first  session. 

In  1822,  re-elected  Speaker  of  the  House. 

In  1824-25,  H.  S.  Geyer  and  Eufus  Pettibone 
made  the  first  revision  of  the  State  Laws. 

In  1851  he  was  elected  to  the  U.  S.  Senate  to 
succeed  Thos.  H.  Benton,  and  served  in  the  ofiice 
one  term  of  six  years. 

Capt.  Geyer  was  three  times  married  in  St.  Louis. 

1st,  Jan'y  1,  1818,  to  Miss  Clarissa  B.  Starr,  a 
young  lady  from  the  State  of  JSTew  York ;  this  lady 
died  Oct.  27,  1829,  leaving. two  young  daughters 
who  grew  to  womanhood  and  became  married  ladies. 

2d,  April  26,  1831,  to  Mrs.  Joanna  Quarles,  sec- 
ond daughter  of  Enfus  Easton,  and  widow  of 
Doct.  Pryor  Quarles,  by  whom  he  raised  two  sons 
to  manhood. 


3d,  Feb.  12,  1850,  to  the  widow  of  Edward 
Charless,  (Miss  Jaue  Stoddard,  of  St.  Charles,) 
who  survived  him  and  died  at  a  very  advanced  age, 
after  marrying  her  third  husband,  Doct.  Herman 
L.  Hoffman. 

Capt.  Henry  S.  Geyer  died  March  5,  1859,  aged 
69  years. 


was  born  at  Mattox,  Chesterfield  County,  Virginia, 
Sept.  6,  1784,  third  son  of  J.  St.  George  Tucker, 
from  the  Island  of  Bermuda,  who  settled  in  Virginia 
previous  to  the  Revolutionary  war,  and  had  married 
in  the  year  1778,  the  widow  of  John  Randolph,  Sr., 
mother  of  the  celebrated  John  Randolph,*  of  Roan- 
oke, who  was  thus  the  half  brother  of  IST.  B.  Tucker. 

Judge  Tucker  came  to  St.  Louis  in  1815,  at  the 
age  of  31  years,  to  practice  his  profession  of  the  law, 
a.nd  was  appointed  by  Frederick  Bates,  the  Sec'y 
and  then  acting  Governor  of  the  Territory,  Judge  of 
the  l^orthern  Circuit,  and  he  held  the  first  term  of 
his  court  at  St.  Louis  on  Monday,  Feb'y  9,  1818. 
This  position  he  held  for  about  five  years,  except 
durmg  a  brief  absence,  and  was  succeeded  on  the 
bench  by  Judge  Alexander  Stuart  in  June,  1823. 

Judge  Tucker  was  married  at  St.  Charles  in 
October,  1828,  to  Miss  Eliza,  daughter  of  Mr.  John 

*  John  Randolph,   ol   Roanoke,   was   born    at    Cawsons,  Chesterfield 
County,  Virginia,  in  1773,  and  died  In  Philadelphia  in  1833,  aged  60  years. 


Nailor.  This  lady  died  on  March  14,  1829,  at  Ful- 
ton, Callaway  County,  after  a  brief  married  life  of 
but  five  months. 

About  the  year  1831-32,  he  lived  for  a  time  in 
Saline  County. 

After  a  residence  in  Missouri  of  about  eighteen 
years,  he  returned  to  Virginia,  in  1833-34,  to  accept 
the  chair  of  Law-Professor  in  William  and  Mary 
College,  at  Williamsburg,  James  City  County, 
which  had  been  proffered  him.  This  position  he 
filled  about  eighteen  years,  until  his  death  at  that 
place,  Aug't  26,  1851,  at  the  age  of  67  years. 


came  to  St.  Louis  from  Woodstock,  Vermont,  with 
his  large  family  of  children,  nearly  all  of  them 
daughters,  about  1815,  and  opened  a  boarding  house 
on  South  Main  Street,  in  the  large  old  French  house, 
the  former  residence  of  Charles  Gratiot,  Sr.,  in  the 
early  days  of  the  village. 

About  the  year  1820,  they  moved  up  to  the  north- 
west corner  of  Chestnut  and  Main,  into  the  large 
stone  house,  late  the  Gratiot  mansion,  where  they 
lived  for  some  five  or  six  years.  They  were  a  highly 
respectable  family  and  their  boarders  of  the  best 

Gains  Paddock,  Sen'r,  died  at  St.  Louis,  August 
11,  1831. 

Aiter  his  death  the  widow  and  daughters  moved 
to  Illinois,    on   a  farm  they   had   been   improving, 


seven  miles  north  of  Edwardsville,  on  the  main  road 
to  Springfield;  it  was  long  known  as  Paddock's 

the  second  son,  was  born  in  Woodstock,  Kov'r  15, 
1805,  and  was  about  10  years  of  age  when  the  family 
came  to  St.  Louis ;  he  was  raised  in  the  dry-goods 
business  by  James  Clemens,  Merchant,  in  whose  em- 
ployment he  continued  for  nearly  20  years. 

In  1834  he  went  into  business  with  Philemon 
Hunt  at  No.  3  South  Main  Street,  as  "Hunt  & 
Paddock,  dry  goods." 

About  1838  he  removed  to  Springfield,  Ills., 
where  he  remained  for  a  time,  and  then  to  Alton, 
Ills.,  where  he  became  permanently  established. 

Mr.  Paddock  was  married  June  25,  1834,  to 
Miss  Mary  Elizabeth  Bailey,  at  St.  Louis,  and 
died  at  Alton,  Jlls.,  Dec'r  26,  1869,  at  the  age 
of  64  years. 


from  Philadelphia,  "  has  just  opened,  Dec'r  23, 
"  1815,  a  new  store  on  South  Main  Street,  opposite 
"  Matthew  Kerr's  Store. 

"1817,   July   12.     He   has   removed   across   the 
Street  to  next   south  of   Matthew   Kerr's. 

*  Charles  W.  Hanter  had  served  in  the  campaign  of  1813-14  as  Brigade 
Major  of  Gen'l  Cadwallader's  Brigade  of  Philadelphia  Volunteers  at 
Camp  Bloomfleld,  Kennett's  Square,  and  Camp  Dupont,  Brandywine, 
near  Wilmington,  Delaware. 

DOCT.  ED.  S.  GANTT.  285 

August  20.  Removed  to  Belcour's  new  stone 
store  diagonally  opposite  the  old  stand. 

1819,  May  18.  Chas.  W.  Hunter  has  removed 
across  to  Matthew  Kerr's  old  stand  on  the  east  side 
of  Main  Street. 

1820-21.  He  removed  to  Alton,  Ills.,  just  then 
taking  a  start. 


came  from  Dublin,  Ireland,  with  his  two  sons,  "Will- 
iam and  James,  Jr. 

March  5,  1819,  he  opened  his  stock  of  Wines  and 
Liquors  in  Bosseron's  cellar,  not  being  able  to  find 
a  vacant  store.  In  the  summer  of  that  year  he  re- 
moved to  Clark's  Store,  ISTo.  55  IsTorth  Main  Street. 

In  1821  Jas.  Arnold  &  Co.  were  in  ISTo.  71  North 
Main,  Paul's  Store. 

In  1822-23  they  were  in  Jas.  Kennerly's  Store, 
'No.  57  North  Main. 

Wm.  Arnold,  the  oldest  son,  died  here  Sept.  3, 
1823,  aged  32  years,  born  1791,  highly  esteemed 
by  all  who  knew  him  for  his  kindly  qualities. 

Mr.  Arnold,  Sr.,  after  the  death  of  his  son,  re- 
turned to  his  family  living  in  DubUn  ;  he  was  a 
well  raised  gentleman. 

DOCT.    EDWARD    S.  GANTT,    U.    S.    A., 

came  to  St.  Louis  during  the  war  of  1812-15,  at 
tached    to    the    Army,    and    after   its    conclusion 


remained  here  for  some  years  in  the  practice  of  his 
profession.  He  had  three  handsome  daughters  that 
were  noted  belles  of  our  place  at  that  period. 


from    Philadelphia,  married    Miss    Mary,   Feb.  8, 


of  St.  Louis,  married  Miss  Eleonora,  May  25,  1819. 

Major  Stoughton  Gantt,  Paymaster  U.  S.  Army, 
a  cousin  of  the  Doctor,  died  here  April  25,  1819. 

Capt.  John  Gantt,  another  of  the  family,  was  a 
Capt.  in  the  GthPegiment  U.  S.  Infantry,  stationed 
for  some  years  at  Port  Atkinson,  Council  Bluffs. 


was  born  in  the  town  of  Sligo,  Ireland,  in  the  year 
1783,  and  received  a  business  education.  He  emi- 
grated to  the  United  States,  arriving  at  'New  York 
in  1803,  and  was  married  in  that  place  in  1810.  In 
1817  he  moved  out  west,  remained  in  Cincinnati  a 
couple  of  years,  and  arrived  in  St.  Louis  in  Janu- 
ary, 1820. 

He  commenced  business  as  an  Auctioneer  and 
Commission  merchant  the  same  year  at  No.  29 
ISTorth  Main  Street,  in  which  he  continued  for  some 


years,  and  then  relinquished,  having  been  commis- 
sioned by  the  Governor  a  Justice  of  the  Peace  for 
the  Township  of  St.  Louis. 

Mr.  Walsh  had  a  family  of  ten  children,  viz. : 
Joseph  W.,  Mary  Ann,  Peter  A.,  James  B.,  John 
C,  William  P.,  Agnes  C,  Edmond  E.,  Julia  IST. 
and  Edward  P.,  of  whom  two  survive. 

Mr.  Walsh  died  in  February,  1851,  at  the  age  of 
68  years. 


from  Boston,  came  to  St.  Louis  about  the  year 
1813,  and  became  associated  in  business  with  his 
brother-in-law,  Charles  Sanguinet,  Jr.  The  firm  of 
"  Sanguinet  &  Bright"  was  a  prominent  one  here 
for  some  years,  until  its  dissolution  in  1821. 

Capt.  Bright  was  twice  married,  first,  in  1814  to 
Miss  Eulalie,  the  fifth  daughter  of  Charles  Sangui- 
net, Sr.  She  died  Feb.  14,  1817,  leaving  a  son  and 

May  30,  1819,  Capt.  Bright  was  married  to  Mrs. 
Eliza,  the  widow  of  the  late  Pierre  Tesson,  dec'd. 

Capt.  Bright  died  July  31,  1822. 


born  in  Toulouse,  France,  came  to  St.  Louis  about 
the  year  1816,  bringing  with  him  a  stock  of  French 
goods,  and  kept  a  store  for  about  a  couple  of  years, 
until  he  had  disposed  of  his  goods,  when  he  closed 
his  business,  and  moved  on  to  a  place  he  had  pur- 



chased  in  the  country  a  few  miles  south-west  of  the 
Town,  where  he  lived  until  his  death. 

On  January'  5,  1819,  he  was  married  to  Adelaide, 
the  sixth  daughter  of  Charles  Sanguinet,  Sr.,  and 
died  in  May,  1848,  at  the  age  of  61  years. 

His  widow  survived  him  twenty-nine  years,  and 
died  April  2,  1877,  aged  seventy-nine  years.  They 
had  no  children. 


Peter,  John  and  Jesse  G.,  were  born  near  Snowhill, 
Worcester  County,  Maryland,  where  their  ances- 
tors for  two  generations  had  lived. 

Peter  was  born  March  26,  1776,  and  when  a 
young  man  was  engaged  in  business,  making  occa- 
sional visits  to  Philadelphia  with  droves  of  cattle  to 
dispose  of  for  himself  and  others. 

About  1813  he  came  to  St.  Louis,  associated  witli 
Thos.  and  John  Cromwell,  with  a  stock  of  fresh 
goods  from  Philadelphia,  and  opened  a  store. 

1815,  March  1.  Having  disposed  of  their  stock 
of  Merchandise,  the  partnership  of  Peter  Lindell  and 
Thos.  and  John  Cromwell  was  dissolved. 

"  1816,  June  8.  Peter,  John  and  Jesse  G.  Lindell, 
have  just  opened  a  large  stock  of  l^ew  Goods  in 
the  brick  house  of  M.  Lisa,  corner  of  Main  and  the 
first  Cross  Street  north  of  the  Market,"  (now  Chest- 
nut St.) 

Having  acquired  a  handsome  property  while  en- 
gaged in  business,  he  retired  from  the  same,  after 
aome  years  of  active  life,  and  died  a  confirmed  old 

JOHN  BOBB,  SR.  289 

bachelor  Oct.  26, 1861,  at  the  age  of  85  years,  pos- 
sessed of  an  ample  fortune,  the  fruits  of  his  economy 
and  frugality. 

John  Lindell,  Jr.,  the  next  brother,  born  about 
1780,  died  unmarried  in  the  summer  of  1821,  at 
Herculaneum,  Jefferson  Cy.,  where  they  had  a 
branch  store  of  their  principal  house  in  St.  Louis. 
His  interest  in  the  business  passed  to  the  surviving 
brothers,  Peter  and  Jesse  G.,  deed  from  his  father 
and  sisters,  on  record  book  L.,  pages  5  and  7. 

Jesse  Gr.  Lindell,  the  youngest  of  these,  was  born 
Dec.  16,  1790,  and  came  to  St.  Louis  in  1816.  He 
married  Dec'r  14,  1825,  Jemima  Smith,  nee  Lee, 
widow  of  Oliver  C.  Smith.  He  had  not  long  before 
retired  from  business,  having  like  his  brother  Peter, 
acquired  a  competency,  which  in  the  33  years  fol- 
lowing his  marriage,  had  grown  into  a  very  large 
fortune.  It  was  a  part  of  his  fortune,  and  not  his 
brother  Peter's,  that  went  into  the  Lindell  hotel. 

Jesse  G.  Lindell  died  Feb.  2,  1858,  at  the  age  of 
68  years,  without  children. 

A  fourth  brother,  Robert,  settled  in  Pittsburgh  at 
an  early  day  and  was  in  business  there  for  many 
years,  at  his  death  in  very  moderate  circumstances. 

Several  of  his  children  came  to  St.  Louis  and 
lived  with  their  uncles. 


was  born  in  Lancaster  County,  Pennsylvania,  in  the 
year  1766. 

His   father,  who  was  a  brick  maker,  moved  his 



family  to  Philadelphia,  where  John  and  an  elder 
brother  Peter  were  long  successfully  engaged  in  the 
manufacture  of  bricks. 

In  the  year  1800,  he  with  a  wife  and  several  chil- 
dren, removed  his  family  to  Lexington,  Ky.,  where 
he  built  a  brick  house,  opened  a  brick  yard,  and 
built  a  mill  for  the  manufacture  of  linseed  oil. 

In  December,  1816,  he  came  to  St.  Louis,  and  in 
January,  1817,  purchased  from  Col.  Augte.  Chou- 
teau-, block  Ko.  132  of  his  new  addition  on  the  hill, 
bounded  by  Market  and  Walnut,  6th  and  7th  Streets, 
then  high  ground  eight  or  ten  feet  above  the  present 
grade,  built  a  log  house  for  his  family  at  the  south- 
west corner  of  the  block  (on  the  spot  where  now 
stands  the  Standard  Theatre),  and  made  bricks  there 
until  the  ground  was  cut  down  to  present  grade,  and 
then  purchased  the  block  next  west,  from  7th  to 
8th,  for  the  same  purpose. 

In  1819  Mr.  Bobb  was  elected  one  of  the  Town 

In  1823  he  was  appointed  by  Mayor  "Wm.  Carr 
Lane,  Street  Commissioner,  and  subsequently  was 
Coroner  of  St.  Louis  County. 

In  1838  he  commenced  the  publication  of  a  liberal 
paper  called  the  Western  Examiner,  advocating 
the  same  views  as  the  Boston  Investigator. 

Mr.  Bobb  was  married  in  the  year  1787,  at  Phila- 
delphia, to  Miss  Anna  Maria  Sprinkle ;  they  were 
the  parents  of  seven  sons  and  four  daughters,  all 
but  one  of  whom  attained  maturity. 

He  died  May  17,  1851,  at  the  age  of  85  years. 


Mrs.  Bobb  had  died  at  her  daughter's  home  in 
Marion  County  in  August,  1845,  aged  75  years,  and 
was  interred  at  that  place. 

John,  died  in  Yicksburgh  in  1863. 

William,  died  in  Natchez  in  1826. 

Jacob,  died  in  ISTatchez  in  1826. 

George,  died  in  St.  Louis  in  1834. 

Peter,  died  in  St.  Louis  in  1839. 

Theodore,  died  in  St.  Louis  in  1844. 

Charles,  born  in  1810,  is  the  last  surviving  son. 

Mrs.  Masters,  born  in  1798,  is  now  90  years  of  age, 

Julia  A.,  born  in  1803,  (Mrs.  Isaac  A.  Letcher,) 
died  in  St.  Louis,  Nov.  27,  1885,  aged  82  years. 

Caroline,  born  in  1812,  (Mrs.  Alexander  Lyle,) 
is  now  76  years  of  age. 

Dolly,  died  an  infant  in  Kentucky. 


son  of  Peter  and  Catherine  Collier,  born  near  Snow- 
hill,  Worcester  County,  eastern  shore  of  Maryland, 
about  the  year  1792 ;  came  to  Missouri  with  his 
mother,  a  widow,  in  1816,  with  a  stock  of  goods 
from  Philadelphia,  and  opened  a  retail  store  in  St, 
Charles,  at  that  time  a  rival  of  St.  Louis,  with  more 
brick  houses,  and  an  even  chance  of  keeping  pace 
with  her. 

In  1819-20,  three  years  later,  prospects  in  St. 
Charles  not  appearing  so  bright,  they  established  a 
branch  of  their  house  in  St.  Louis,  under  the  style 
of  John  Collier  &;  Co. 


John  Collier  died  unmarried  May  18,  1821,  at 
St.  Charles,  aged  29  years. 

Catherine  Collier,  widow  of  Peter  Collier,  died  in 
St.  Charles  June  5,  1835,  aged  73  years. 


the  second  son  of  the  same,  was  born  on  the  same 
farm  with  John,  March  17,  1796,  and  after  the 
death  of  his  father  sent  to  Philadelphia  to  school. 

In  1818,  having  completed  his  education,  he  came 
to  Missouri  and  became  a  partner  of  his  brother, 
under  the  style  of  John  Collier  &  Co. 

On  January  1,  1826,  Greorge  Collier  was  married 
at  St.  Charles  to  Miss  Frances  E.,  daughter  of 
James  Morrison,  Bsq'r,  merchant  of  that  place. 

She  died  Aug't  30,  1835,  leaving  a  young  daugh- 
ter and  an  infant  son,  George  Collier,  Jr.,  born 
in  1835,  who  grew  to  manhood,  and  married  a 
daughter  of  General  Stephen  Kearny;  he  died  in 
1863,  aged  28  years. 

In  1838,  George  Collier  was  married  at  Pitts- 
burgh, Penn'a,  to  Miss  Sarah  A.,  eldest  daughter 
of  the  late  William  Bell,  Merchant,  of  that  city. 
He  died  July  18,  1852,  at  the  age  of  56  years,  leav- 
ing five  sons  and  two  daughters,  one  the  wife  of 
Henry  Hitchcock,  Esq'r,  and  the  other  the  wife  of 
Ethan  A.  Hitchcock,  Esq'r. 

Thomas  Collier,  a  son  by  his  second  wife,  Sarah, 
died  at  the  age  of  20  years. 

Mr.  George  Collier  becoming  the  heir  of  his 
mother  and  elder  brother,  shortly  after  he  embarked 

COI.  THOMAS  H.  BENTON.  2i93 

in  business,  was  already  the  possessor  of  ample 
means,  in  1840  when  he  withdrew  from  active  busi- 
ness on  account  of  his  ill  health,  he  had  accumu- 
lated a  very  large  fortune,  acquired  in  the  various 
enterprises  he  had  been  engaged  in,  and  which  con- 
tinued to  increase  for  the  rest  of  his  days,  dying, 
in  its  strictest  sense,  a  millionaire. 


was  born  in  Hillsborough  township,  Orange  county, 
^orth  Carolina,  March  14,  1782.  His  mother,  a 
widow,  removed  to  Tennessee.  He  taught  school 
and  studied  law,  and  in  1808,  after  being  admitted 
to  the  bar,  opened  an  office  in  Franklin,  Williamson 
County,  Tennessee.  Shortly  afterwards  he  re- 
moved to  I^ashville  and  opened  an  office  in  that 

In  1811  he  was  elected  to  the  Legislature  of  Ten- 
nessee, and  in  1812  joined  the  army,  and  was  an  aid- 
de-camp  of  Greneral  Jackson  until  the  summer  of 
1813,  when  a  misunderstanding  arose  between  them, 
which  resulted  in  the  rencontre  of  Friday,  Sept.  4, 
1813.  Subsequently  he  was  appointed  Lieut. 
Colonel  of  the  39th  Regiment  United  States  In- 
fantry, then  being  raised  for  the  war,  but  it  was 
never  completed.  Peace  occurring  not  long  after- 
wards, the  new  regiments  were    disbanded. 

After  the  peace  of  1815,  Col.  Benton  removed  to 
Missouri  and  opened  a  law  office  in  St.  Louis  in 
1816,  and  in  1819  became  associated  with  Isaac  JST. 


Henry,  in  the  publication  of  the  8t.  Louis  Enquirer, 
as  its  editor. 

When  the  new  State  government  went  into  effect 
in  the  fall  of  1820,  he  and  David  Barton,  who  had 
been  President  of  the  State  Convention,  were  elected 
by  the  Legislature,  for  our  two  first  Senators  in 
Congress,  Barton  unanimously  and  Benton  by  a 
mere  majority. 

At  the  expiration  of  his  first  term  as  Senator  for 
six  years,  Benton  had  made  himself  so  popular  with 
our  people,  mainly  by  having  espoused  the  cause  of 
Andrew  Jackson,  to  whom  he  had  become  recon- 
ciled, that  he  was  re-elected  to  the  Senate  for  four 
additional  terms,  serving  as  a  Senator  for  thirty  con- 
secutive years,  longer  than  any  other  member  of 
that  body  before  or  since. 

After  thirty  years  of  continual  service  in  the 
Senate,  Col.  Benton,  who  had  now  reached  his 
"  three  score  and  ten  "  being  still  anxious  to  serve 
his  constituents,  was  elected  in  1852  to  a  seat  in  the 
lower  house  from  the  St.  Louis  district.  After  serv- 
ing out  this  term,  his  friends  retired  him  from  public 
life  to  make  way  for  a  new  generation. 

During  all  this  long  period  of  time,  Col.  Benton's 
actual  residence  was  in  Washington  City,  where 
Mrs.  Benton  owned  her  dwelling. 

Col.  Benton  was  married  on  Tuesday,  March  20, 
1821,  at  Lexington,  Virginia,  to  Miss  McDowell,  a 
sister  of  Gov.  McDowell,  of  Virginia,  and  died  April 
lO,  1858,  in  Washington  City,  aged  76  years,  and  is 
interred  at  Bellefontaine  Cemetery.  He  left  four 
married  daughters. 


Elizabeth,  married  to  ~Wm.  Carey  Jones,  of 
"Washington  City. 

Jessie,  to  Col.  John  C.  Fremont,  of  South 

Sarah,  to  Rich'd  Jacobs,  of  Kentucky. 

Susan,  to  Mr.  Boisleau,  of  France. 

His  only  son  died  a  young  man,  unmarried. 

Mrs.  Benton  died  March  24,  1855. 

eev'd  salmon  gidditstgs 

was  born  in  Hartford,  Connecticut,  March  2nd,  1782, 
and  was  ordained  on  December  20,  1814. 

In  1815  was  an  itinerant  minister  in  Massachusetts 
and  Connecticut. 

April  6,  1816,  he  arrived  at  St.  Louis. 

Oct.  12,  1816,  opened  a  school  in  the  two-story 
frame  on  the  hill,  built  by  James  Sawyer  for  the 

IS'ov'r  15,  1817,  organized  the  first  Presbyterian 
congregation  in  St.  Louis. 

Jan'y  3,  1818,  opened  a  school  for  girls. 

Aug't  30,  1823,  laid  the  corner  stone  of  his  new 
Presbyterian  Church,  the  first  "  'brick''''  Protestant 
Church  west  of  the  Mississippi  River,  by  the  Grand 
Lodge  of  Ancient  Free  Masons  of  Missouri,  at  the 
northwest  corner  of  4th  and  St.  Charles  Streets. 

Rev'd  S.  Giddings  married  Dec'r  4,  1826,  Miss 
Almira  Colhns,  at  Collinsville,  Ilhnois. 

He  died  Feb.  15,  1828,  in  his  46th  year. 



was  appointed  from  Pittsburgh,  Penn'a. 

Jan'y  3,  1812,  an  Ensign  in  the  5th  Regiment, 
U.  S.  Infantry. 

March  12,  1812,  a  Second  Lieut,  in  same. 

April  28,  1814,  a  First  Lieut,  in  same. 

May  17,  1815,  transferred  to  the  Rifle  Regi- 

July  12,  1818,  promoted  to  Captain. 

Sept.  25,  1818,  was  appointed  Deputy  Quarter- 
master General  for  St.  Louis. 

June  1,  1821,  was  transferred  as  Captain  to  6th 
Reg't  Infantry. 

He  died  unmarried  at  St.  Louis,  Aug't  27,  1822, 
and  was  buried  with  military  honors  by  the  St.  Louis 

The  Territorial  Bank  of  St.  Louis  having  become 
insolvent,  the  old  banking  house  was  sold  at  public 
sale  by  Joseph  C.  Brown,  Sheriff,  under  execution, 
on  Dec'r  20,  1819,  and  Capt.  James  McGunnegle,  a 
creditor,  became  the  purchaser  and  held  it  at  the 
period  of  his  death. 


was  born  in  the  Kingdom  of  Hanover,  Germany,  in 
the  year  1790. 

He  was  in  business  in  Pittsburgh,  Penn'a,  prior 
to  the  war  of  1812-15,  and  served  in  that  war  as  a 
member  of  the  Pittsburgh -Blues. 


In  October,  1817,  he  came  to  St.  Louis  with  a 
stock  of  German  goods,  which  he  opened  in  Per- 
kins and  Drip's  store  on  South  Main  Street. 

In  Sept.,  1818,  on  the  completion  of  Chenie's  new 
brick  store  on  Main,  above  Market  Street,  he  re- 
moved to  it. 

April  10,  1820,  the  old  firm  of  Charles  Wahren- 
dorff  &  Co.  was  dissolved,  and  in  May  the  new  firm 
of  Edward  Tracy  &  Chas.  Wahrendorff  was  estab- 
lished in  the  old  stand.  They  conducted  its  busi- 
ness in  this  same  house,  until  the  death  of  Mr.  Wah- 
rendorff in  August,  1831,  brought  it  to  a  close. 

Charles  Wahrendorff  was  married  Sept.  8,  1823, 
to  Mrs.  Ann,  widow  of  the  late  Mr.  Amos  Wheeler, 
dec'd,  and  oldest  daughter  of  Mr.  Joseph  Charless, 
Sr.  He  died  Aug't  27,  1831,  the  result  of  a  fall,  at 
the  age  of  41  years,  leaving  but  one  child,  a  daugh- 
ter, who  when  of  age  became  the  wife  of  Taylor 


was  born   in  Litchfield  County,  Connecticut,   May 
26,  1784. 

In  1801,  at  17  years  of  age,  he  entered  Williams 
College,  Massachusetts,  where  he  remained  four 
years  and  graduated  in  1805.  Studied  law  in  Onon- 
dago  County,  IS^ew  York,  for  a  couple  of  years,  and 
finished  his  studies  with  Abraham  Yan  Yechten,  a 
leading  Lawyer  of  Albany,  New  York,  in  1809,  and 
was  admitted  to  the  bar. 


In  1810  he  commenced  practice  in  Vernon, 
Oneida  County,  New  York, 

In  1812,  elected  to  the  Legislature,  and  in  the 
same  year  was  married  to  Louise  Esther  De  Russey, 
daughter  of  a  French  refugee  from  St.  Domingo, 
of  1793. 

In  May,  1818,  he  arrived  at  St.  Louis,  with  his 
wife  and  three  children,  and  immediately  formed  a 
•copartnership  with  Rufas  Easton,  whom  he  had  pre- 
viously known. 

In  1821,  he  was  appointed  Judge  of  the  Second 
Circuit,  and  removed  his  family  to  St.  Charles.  He 
held  his  first  term  at  Louisiana,  Pike  County,  in 
February,  1821.  In  April,  1823,  he  was  appointed 
to  fill  a  vacancy  on  the  Supreme  bench  of  the  State. 
And  died  in  office  at  St.  Charles  July  31,  1825, 
aged  41  years. 

his  brother,  born  in  Litchfield  in  1780,  who  came 
here  with  him,  survived  him  many  years,  in  Lou- 
isiana, Pike  County,  and  died  in  St.  Louis  in  1883, 
having  attained  103  years  of  age. 

A  daughter  of  Rufus  Pettibone  became  the  wife 
of  Judge  Hunt,  of  Louisiana. 


was  born  in  the  eastern  part  of  Tennessee,  upon  the 
confines  of  jSTorth  Carolina,  and  came  to  St.  Louis, 
-and  established  himself  as  a  Lawyer  in  1818. 

EDWARD  TRACy.  299 

At  the  establishment  of  the  District  Court  of  the 
United  States  for  Missouri  in  1821,  amongst  others 
James  H.  Peck  made  application  for  the  appoint- 
ment of  Judge,  and  being  supported  by  Col.  Rich- 
ard M.  Johnson,  of  Kent'y,  and  Senator  David 
Barton,  of  Missouri,  received  the  appointment,  and 
occupied  the  bench  for  a  number  of  years.  Gen'l 
Henry  Dodge,  afterwards  United  States  Senator 
from  Wisconsin,  was  the  first  U.  S.  Marshal  for  the 
district.  The  Court  was  held  in  an  old  French 
house,  south-west  corner  of  Walnut  and  Second 

Judge  Peck  died,  unmarried,  Saturday,  April  '60, 
1836,  in  this  county,  opposite  St.  Charles,  after  an 
illness  of  many  weeks,  contracted  while  on  his  I'e- 
turn  from  holding  a  term  of  the  District  Court  at 
Jefferson  City. 

He  was  buried  the  next  day,  Sunday,  May  1st. 
He  left  a  will,  a  brother,  Isham  T.  Peck,  adminis- 
tered on  his  estate  May  17,  1836. 


from  'New  York  with  a  stock  of  merchandise,  ar- 
rived in  St.  Louis  in  1818,  and  opened  his  goods  in 
Dent  &  Eearick's  stoi-e,  Sept.  4th. 

In  May,  1820,  he  entered  into  partnership  with 
Charles  Wahrendorff,  then  established  in  Chenie's 
new  brick  building  No.  4  IS'orth  Main  St.,  the  style 
■of  the  firm  "  Tracy  &  Wahrendorff."  They  were 
partners  exceeding  eleven  years,  until  the  death  of 


Mr.  Wahrendorff  in  1831,  when  Mr.  Tracy  associ- 
ated with  liim  his  nephew,  Alfred  Tracy,  as  com- 
mission merchants. 

In  1851,  he  was  appointed  by  Mayor  Kennett 
City  Anditor  of  St.  Louis,  and  in  1852  re-appointed 
to  the  same  office. 

In  the  winter  of  1820-21  Mr.  Tracy  was  married 
at  the  residence  of  Frederick  Dent,  Esq'r,  in  Grra- 
vois,  to  Miss  Mary  Ann,  daughter  of  Capt.  John 
Nelson,  of  Louisville,  Ky. 

Mr.  Tracy  died  in  IS'ovember,  1852,  at  the  age  of 
71  years. 

Mrs.  Tracy  had  died  in  1849  at  the  age  of  48 

Their  children  were : 

Charles  F.,  married  Sophia  Morton. 

Edward   'N.,  to  Zoe  Papin,  both  deceased. 

Henry  W.,  died  unmarried. 

John  N.,  died  unmarried  in  1854. 

Augustus  B.,  deceased,  married  to  Celeste 

William,  to  Miss  Sloan. 

Alfred,  died  young, 

One  daughter  married  lives  in  New  York. 


b.orn  May  19,  1802,  nephew  of  Edward  Tracy, 
came  to  St.  Louis  a  young  man,  and  for  a  time 
was  a  clerk  with  his  uncle,  and  afterwards  a 
partner.  He  married  at  St.  Charles,  May  22, 
1828,  Miss    Sarah    Stoddard,    sister    of     Mrs.  Ed- 


ward  Charless,  who  died  without  children  July  1, 
1833,  and  secondly  Miss  Ellen,  the  eldest  daughter 
of  George  Morton,  Esq. 

Mr.  Alfred  Tracy  died  Jan'y  4,  1860,  aged  57 
years  8  months. 


was  born  in  Maryland  in  the  year  1786,  and  lived 
for  some  years  in  Pittsburgh,  where  he  married. 

He  came  to  St.  Louis  early  in  1818,  associated 
with  George  Rearick  as  merchants,  and  they  com- 
menced business  on  July  1st  of  that  year,  in  a  new 
frame  house,  one  of  three  just  erected  by  the  estate 
of  Wm.  Smith,  on  the  west  side  of  Main  just  below 
Chestnut  Street.  Houses  being  difficult  to  obtain, 
he  procured  a  couple  of  rooms  in  the  residence  of 
his  old  Pittsburgh  friend,  MclSTair,  where  he  passed 
the  winter  of  1818-19  with  his  family,  and  where 
his  second  son,  Geo.  "W.,  was  born. 

In  1819  he  obtained  the  old  Delaunay  stone 
house,  south-west  corner  of  Main  and  Olive 

In  June,  1820,  he  purchased  from  Theodorfe 
Hunt,  200  arpents  of  land,  part  of  the  old  Mackey 
tract,  with  a  good  house  and  well  improved,  and  his 
partnership  with  Rearick  being  dissolved,  he  re^ 
moved  into  the  country  with  his  young  family, 
where  the  balance  of  his  children  were  born,  and 
where  he  resided  for  more  than  25  years. 


Mr.  Dent  was  married  to  Miss  Ellen  Brey,  at 
Pittsburgh  about  the  year  1816.  She  died  in  Feb- 
ruary, 1857,  at  the  age  of  60  years. 

Their  children  were : 

John  Dent,  born  in  Pittsburgh  in  1817,  twice 

George  Wrenshall  D.,  at  St.  Louis,  1818-19, 
married  Oct.  14,  1841,  to  Mary  Isabella  Shurlds. 

Lewis,  born  at  Gravois,  1823 ;  died  March  23, 
1874,  aged  51  years. 

Fi-ederick,  Jr.* 

Julia  D.,  married  to  U.  S.  Grant,  U.  S.  Army, 
Sept.  10,  1848. 

ISTellie,  to  Dr.  Alexander  Sharp,  Feb'y  7,  1854. 

Emma,  to  James  Casey,  Feb.  14,  1861. 

Frederick  Dent,  Sr.,  died  at  the  President's 
house,  in  Washington,  on  Dec.  15,  1873,  at  the  age 
of  87  years.  His  remains  were  brought  to  St. 
Louis,  accompanied  by  his  son-in-law,  Pres't  Grant, 
and  interred  in  Bellefontaine  Cemetery. 


came  to  St.  Louis  early  in  1816,  and  on  May  1st, 
in  partnership  with  Thomas  Hanly,  commenced 
business  in  Clark's  row  on  Main  Street,  opposite 
McKnight  &  Brady. 

On  September  the  30th,  he  was  elected  the  first 
Cashier  of  the  new  bank  of  Missouri. 

*  A  graduate  of  West  Point,  Second  Lieut.  6th  Infantry,  July  1,  1843, 
Lieut.  Col.  5th  Artillery,  Dec.  15,  1S70. 

COL.  LUKE  E.  LAWLESS.  308. 

July  21,  1817,  he  married  Miss  Julia  Ann,  the 
eldest  daughter  of  Judge  Silas  Bent,  Sr. 

Shortly  after  his  marriage  he  resigned  his  position 
as  Cashier,  and  removed  to  the  Boons-lick  country, 
Old  Franklin,  Howard  County,  just  organized,  and 
to  which  there  was  a  great  rush  at  this  time. 

Here  he  lived  many  years,  became  a  prominent 
politician,  filling  various  important  offices,  and  in 
1836  was  elected  the  fifth  Governor  of  oui-  State. 

His  wife  died  in  Sept.,  1820,  a  young  woman  of 
but  nineteen. 


A  Dublin  paper  of  ISTovember  7,  1846,  has  the 
following  of  him : 

Born  in  1781.  At  an  early  age  he  entered  the 
British  I^avy,  serving  under  Sir  Sidney  Smith. 

In  1802  he  returned  to  Dublin  and  commenced  his 

In  1805  he  was  called  to  the  bar,  and  practiced  for 
a  time. 

In  1810  he  passed  over  to  France  and  entered  the 
French  service  under  his  uncle  Gen'l  William  Law- 
less. Appointed  the  military  secretary  of  Gen'l 
Clark,  Due  of  Feltre,  and  promoted  to  Colonel. 

On  the  return  of  Napoleon  from  Elba,  he  read 
the  address  of  congratulation  from  his  Regiment  to 
the  Emperor, 

After  the  final  defeat  of  Napoleon  in  1815,  he 
came  to  the  United  States  and  adopted  his  former- 
profession  of  law,  coming  to  St.  Louis  in  1816-17. 


After  the  resignation  of  Judge  Wm.  C  Carr  from 
the  bench  of  the  Circuit  Court,  Luke  E.  Lawless  was 
appointed  to  succeed  him  by  Governor  DunMin,  and 
took  his  seat  at  the  March  term,  1834. 

Col.  Lawless  was  married  to  the  Baroness  De 
Grenhm,  the  widow  of  the  Baron  De  Greuhm,  the 
Prussian  Minister,  at  Washington,  at  Georgetown, 
District  of  Columbia,  in  May,  1825,  by  whom  he 
had  an  only  child,  a  daughter  who  lived  to 
become  a  young  woman,  and  then  died,  I  think 
at  17  or   18   years. 

He  died  in  St.  Louis,  Sept.  12,  1846,  aged  65 


was  born  at  Christine,  near  Wilmington,  Delaware, 
in  the  year  1787. 

When  a  young  man,  was  employed  at  the  Brandy- 
wine  Flour  Mills. 

His  health  being  somewhat  delicate,  he  made  a 
voyage  to  Cadiz,  Spain,  where  he  was  employed 
for  some  years  in  the  office  of  the  United  States 

Li  March,  1815,  was  at  Bordeaux,  France,  on  his 
return  to  the  U.  S. 

In  1817  he  came  to  St.  Louis,  one  of  the  firm  of 
"Porter,  Glasgow  &  Nivin,"  who  opened  their 
stock  of  goods  on  May  10th  in  Papin's  old  stone 
store,  next  to  Kibby's  hotel. 

In  1818  he  went  to  Belleville,  Illinois,  where  he 
was  in  business  for  five  years.     In  1823  he  removed 

WM.  GLASGOW,  SR.  305 

to  Herculaneum,  Jefferson  County,  Mo.,  where 
he  was  engaged  in  business  and  lead  mining. 

In  1827  he  removed  to  St.  Lonis,  where  he  was 
engaged  in  business  until  1841,  a  part  of  the  time 
of  the  firm,  of  Ross  &  Glasgow. 

In  1846  he  was  appointed  by  Mayor  Peter  G. 
Camden,  City  Treasurer  of  St.  Louis,  which  office 
he  held  for  seven  successive  years,  under  Mayors 
Camden,  Mullanphy,  Krum,  Barry  and  Kennett. 

Subsequently  Mr.  Glasgow  resided  in  the  country 
near  the  residence  of  his  son-in-law,  Jefferson  K. 
Clark,  where  he  died. 

Mr.  Glasgow  was  married  at  Belleville,  Illinois, 
IS'ov'r  19,  1818,  to  Miss  Sarah,  daughter  of  Edward 
Mitchell,  and  died  near  St.  Louis,  April  8,  1876,  in 
his  89th  year.  Mrs.  Glasgow,  born  in  Virginia 
June  16,  1801,  died  in  St.  Louis  County  March  31, 
1883,  in  her  82nd  year. 

Their  children  are : 

Edward  James,  born  June  7,  1820,  married  Har- 
riet Clark  Kennerly,  Oct.  26,  1856. 

Wilham  Henry,  born  Feb.  19,  1822,  married  first 
Mary  Wright,  Oct.  22,  1850,  married  secondly  Miss 
Charlotte  ^.  Fales  in  1860. 

Eleanor  Ann,  born  May  1,  1824,  married  Geo.  R. 
H.  Clark,  March  30,  1841. 

Mary  Susan,  born  ISTov.  19,  1828,  married  Jeffer- 
son K.  Clark,  Aug't  8,  1849. 

Two  other  sons,  Charles  and  John  P.,  died  in 



Wm.  Glasgow,  Sen'r's,  grandchildren: 

Julien  K.  and  Wm.  Jefferson,  sons  of  Edward  J. 

Ed.  J.,  Jr.,  Jefferson  Clark,  Anita  D.  and  Mary 
Susan,  children  of  Wm.  H.  Glasgow. 

flohn  O'Fallon  Clark;  Julia,  wife  of  Robert 
Voorhies ;  Ellen,  wife  of  Wm.  Lauderdale,  and 
Seddie,  deceased,  children  of  George  R.  PI.  Clark, 


son  of  Jeremiah  Clemens,  was  born  in  Danville, 
Kentucky,  Oct.  29,  1791 ;  at  an  early  age  was  a 
clerk  in  the  store  of  Mr.  Bell  in  that  town.  In 
October,  1811,  he  went  to  Sparta,  Tennessee,  where 
he  was  engaged  in  business  with  his  uncle,  James 
Clemens,  of  Huntsville,  Alabama.  In  April,  1815, 
he  came  to  Ste.  Genevieve,  and  in  April,  181(5,  came 
to  St.  Louis. 

July  26  he  opened  his  goods  on  Main  Street,  oppo- 
site the  Post-office,  in  Sept.  he  removed  to  Wm. 
Smith's  house  (No.  7  ISTorth  Main  Street),  and  in 
1819,  on  the  completion  of  Manual  Lisa's  two  new 
brick  stores,  ISfos.  17  an'd  19  l^orth  Main,  he  re- 
moved into  No.  17,  between  Mullanphy  and  You 
Phul,  where  he  was  for  a  number  of  years. 

In  1836  he  was  at  No.  4  ISTorth  Main,  in  Chenie's 
three-story  brick. 

In  1846  he  retired  from  business  with  an  ample 

In  1852  his  residence  and  office  was  at  I^o.  98 
Market,  above  3rd. 


In  1854  his  office  ISTo.  32  IS'orth  3rd,  his  residence 
in  the  country. 

Mr.  James  Clemens  was  married  on  January  10, 
1833,  to  Miss  Eliza,  seventh  and  youngest  daughter 
of  John  MuUanphy,  Esq'r.  She  died  at  her  country 
residence,  six  miles  from  the  city,  Aug't  20,  1853, 
and  Mr.  Clemens,  who  survived  his  wife  twenty-four 
years,  at  his  residence  on  Cass  Avenue,  January  12, 
1878,  in  his  87th  year. 

Their  children  were  three  sons  and  three  daugh- 

James  B.  Clemens,  married,  died  shortly  after 
his  father. 

Bryan  M.  and  William  J. 

Mrs.  C.  J.  Cates. 

Mrs.  Ellen  J.  Clemens. 

Mrs.  Alice  B.  Von  Versen,  residing  in  Europe. 


was  born  in  Dublin,  Ireland,  in  the  year  1784. 

"His  father,  John  Chambers,  was  one  of  the 
'  oldest  stationers  and  publishers  of  that  City,  a 
'member  of  the  order  of  'United  Irishmen,'  who 
'  made  themselves  odious  to  the  British  govern- 
'  ment,  and  with  sixteen  others,  were  arrested  in 
'  1798,  and  confined  as  prisoners  of  State,  in  Fort 
'  George,  Scotland,  then  banished  from  the  coun- 
'  try  and  sent  to  Germany,  but  soon  finding  their 
'  way  to  Paris,  and  thence  to  Bordeaux.  And  in  a 
'  short  time   afterwards,  Thomas   Addis  Eminett, 


"  John  Chambers,  Doct.  McNevin,  Doct.  Cum- 
"  mings,  and  others  were  landed  at  New  York. 

"Here  John  Chambers  opened  a  pubUshmg 
"  house  m  Wall  Street." 

Charles  Chambers  rejomed  his  father  in  New 
York  in  1803,  and  was  with  him  in  business  until 
1817,  in  which  year  he  was  married  by  Bishop  Con- 
elly  to  Miss  Jane,  the  third  daughter  of  John  Mul- 
lanphy,  Esq. 

In  the  winter  of  1818-19  Mr.  Chambers  and  his 
young  family  went  around  by  sea  to  New  Orleans, 
and  on  February  1st,  1819,  left  there  on  the  steamer 
Washington,  Capt.  Henry  M.  Shreve,  the  first  boat 
from  New  Orleans  to  St.  Louis,  where  they  landed 
on  March  1st,  1819. 

Mr.  Chambers  began  at  once  the  improvement  of 
the  tract  of  land  given  to  his  wife  by  her  father,  by 
the  erection  of  a  house,  and  which  in  time,  by  his 
untiring  industry  he  cQnverted  into  a  splendid  farm, 
on  which  he  resided  for  many  years,  and  where  all 
his  children  were  born. 

In  the  year  1846  he  removed  to  the  city  where  he 
continued  to  reside  until  his  death  late  in  1861,  aged 
about  77  years. 

Their  children  were  six  daughters  and  four  sons : 

Margaret  F.,  who  married  Commodore  Wm. 
Smith,  U.  S.  Navy,  dec'd. 

Ellen,  married  Capt.  Joseph  H.  Lamotte,  U. 
S.  A. 

Eliza  B.,  married  Thomas  B.  Hudson,  dec'd. 

Jane  J.,  married  B.  Franklin  Thomas,  dec'd. 


Anne  B.,  married  Greo.  W.  Thatcher. 
Mary,    married    first,     Mr.    Waters ;     secondly, 
James  Larkin,  both  dec'd. 

John  H.  Chambers,  now  deceased. 
Bart.  M.,  married  a  daughter  of  Ed.  Walsh. 
Thomas  B.,  a  Catholic  clergyman. 
Owen,  who  died  unmarried  in  1854. 


continued  in  business  in  Baltimore  until  1816,  when 
he  followed  his  brother  Rene  to  St.  Louis. 

On  March  30,  1817,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Marie 
Louise,  the  second  daughter  of  Col.  Augustus  Chou- 
teau. She  died  Oct.  24,  1832,  at  the  age  of  33 
years,  leaving  one  son  and  two  daughters. 

The  oldest  daughter,  Estelle  Felicite,  born  July 
21,  1821,  was  married  May  23,  1843,  to  Richard  W. 
Ulrici.  She  died  in  1883,  and  Ulrici  Aug't  23, 1886, 
leaving  no  children. 

The  second  daughter,  Theresa  L.,  born  March  18, 
1829,  married  George  R.  Taylor,  August  9,  1846. 
She  died  in  1873,  and  Mr.  Taylor  in  1880,  leaving 
three  sons  and  five  daughters,  some  of  whom  are 

Their  only  son,  Adolph  Paul,  born  January  9th, 
1824,  was  twice  married,  first  on  January  24,  1855, 
to  Miss  Mary,  daughter  of  Mrs.  Eugenie  and  the 
late  John  W.  Reel,  dec'd.  This  lady  lived  but  a 
few  years  after  "her  marriage,  dying  and  leaving 
but    a   son    named   as   his   father,    Adolph.    After 


remaining  a  widower  for  a  number  of  years,  Mr. 
Paul  mari-ied  a  second  wife,  Miss  Virginia  Menkens, 
wlio  survives  him  with  one  daugliter. 

He  died  in  March,  1882,  at  the  age  of  58  years. 

Capt.  Grabriel  Paul  had  executed  his  will  on  Sept. 
23,  1815,  and  died  shortly  afterwards,  aged  about 
68  years. 


was  a  native  of  Kentucky  and  served  in  the  Rifle 

On  November  24,  1825,  he  was  married  to  Maria 
Antoinette  Emily,  the  third  daughter  of  Col.  Augus- 
tus Chouteau,  who  was  born  on  April  14,  1802,  and 
died  June  5,  1842,  at  the  age  of  40  years,  and  her 
husband,  Major  Smith,  in  December,  1843,  eighteen 
months  after  his  wife. 

Their  surviving  children  are  : 

Louis  Chouteau  Smith,  born  in  1827,  married  in 

Thomas  Floyd  Smith,  born  Sept.  30,  1831,  mar- 

Philomena,  born  Nov'r  24,  1836,  married  to 
Major  Charles  F.  Larned,  Paymas.  U.  S.  Army, 
now  deceased. 


the  fourth  son  of  Col.  Augustus  Chouteau,  born 
March  30,  1807,  died  unmarried  May  15,  1846,  aged 
39  years. 


born  in  Baltimore  in  the  year  1792,  came  to  St. 
Louis  in  1818,  of  the  firm  of  Renshaw  &  Hoff- 
man, mei'chants  here  for  some  years. 

He  was  married  Feb'y  3,  1820,  at  Chesterfield, 
St.  Louis  County,  to  Miss  Phebe  Ann  Eliza, 
daughter  of  Mr.  Joseph  Klein,  from  CaatsMll,  New 
York.  He  was  for  many  years  the  efficient  Book- 
keeper of  the  Fur  house  of  Peter  Chouteau,  Jr.,  & 
Co.,  and  long  engaged  in  the  Lisurance  business. 

He  died  at  Fulton,  Callaway  Co.,  Mo.,  March 
14,  1864,  aged  72  years,  leaving  a  number  of  chil- 

One  of  his  sons  is  Wm.  lienshaw,  of  Baltimore, 
father  of  Morrison  Eenshaw  of  this  place. 


was  born  Oct.  17,  1796,  in  Westchester  County, 
l^ew  York,  and  received  a  superior  education.  He 
left  New  York  a  Physician  in  the  fall  of  1819, 
opened  a  drug  store  in  St.  Louis,  and  practiced  his 

On  March  34, 1822,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Char- 
lotte Klein,  second  daughter  of  Mr.  Joseph  Klein, 
from  Caatskill,  New  York. 

He  was  engaged  in  the  Apothecary  and  drug  busi- 
ness for  a  number  of  years,  and  in  1852  we  find  him 
in  the  Insurance  agency  business.  Subsequently  he 
had  a  large  vineyard  at  Cleveland,  Ohio,  and  still 


later  a  mill  and  distillery  at  Peoria,  Illinois,  associ- 
ated with  Chas.  P.  Billon. 

After  a  number  of  years  absence  from  St.  Louis, 
Doct.  Hoffman  returned  to  the  place  about  the  year 
1874,  and  shortly  afterwards  was  married  to  the 
widow  of  Henry  S.  Geyer,  her  third  husband. 

He  died  November  5,  1878,  at  the  age  of  82 
years,  and  was  interred  from  Christ  Church,  of 
which  he  had  been  a  member  from  its  first  organi- 
zation . 

His  widow,  who  survived  him  about  seven  years, 
died  in  October,  1885,  at  the  age  of  81  years,  with- 
out children  from  either  marriage. 


was  born  at  Baignes,  Department  of  Charente, 
ancient  Angoumois,  France,  March  25,  1800,  came 
to  St.  liouis  about  the  year  1819,  and  was  first  em- 
ployed as  a  clerk  at  Berthold  &  Chouteau's  store, 
with  whom  he  remained  for  a  number  of  years,  and 
then  went  into  business  himself,  associated  for  a 
time  in  the  Dry-goods  line,  in  1835-6  with  A.  E. 
Bonis,  a  nephew  of  his  wife. 

He  married  Oct.  30, 1820,  Miss  Julia  O.,  daugh- 
ter of  Antoine  Yincent  Bonis,  Sr.,  then  deceased, 
who  like  himself  had  come  to  this  place  from 
France.  They  had  a  large  family  of  children,  to 
the  number  of  ten,  most  of  whom  died  young. 

Their  oldest  daughter,  Julia,  married  Eobert 
Darst,  Sept.  6,  1837. 


Another  daughter,  Octavia,  married  Emaimel 
Alexander  Lesueur,  May  28,  1840. 

And  a  third,  Virginia,  married  to  Charles  Marlow, 
April  21,  1852. 

An  only  living  son,  Bernard  Dumaine,  is  yet  a 
resident  of  St.  Louis. 

Mr.  Lucien  Dumaine  died  at  Farmington,  St. 
Francois  County,  April  13,  1875,  at  the  age  of 
75  years. 


Amongst  the  large  number  that  the  abdication  of 
N^apoleon  in  1815  drove  from  France,  was  this 
family,  consisting  of  Rene  Perdreauville,  Si'.,  his 
wife,  two  sons  Rene  and  Leon,  and  two  daughters, 
young  ladies  grown,  well  educated  in  Paris  and 

They  came  to  the  United  States  and  in  the 
summer  of  1818  found  their  way  to  St.  Louis.  Mr. 
P.  had  filled  some  official  station  in  the  household  of 
the  Emperor. 

In  September,  1818,  Mrs.  Perdreauville,  assisted 
by  her  daughters,  opened  an  Academy  for  young 
ladies,  gave  lessons  in  music,  and  dancing  was 
taught  by  Mr.  Durocher,  a  professor  of  that  art, 
who  was  engaged  for  that  duty. 

On  I^overaber  18,  1819,  the  oldest  daughter.  Miss. 
Marie  Antoinette  Adele  Perdreauville,  was  married 
to  John  Pierre  Gratiot,  a  son  of  Charles  Gratiot^ 
Sr.,  deceased. 


In  1820  Mr.  P.,  with  his  wife,  sons  and  other 
daughter,  removed  to  iNTew  Orleans,  where  the 
second  daughter  married. 


was  born  in  Windsor,  Vermont,  April  24,  1795.  In 
1815,  when  20  years  of  age,  he  made  his  way  to 
Olean,  Cattaraugas  Oy.,  IS".  J.,  then  down  the 
Allegheny  and  Ohio  i-ivers  to  St.  Louis,  stopping  at 
various  places,  which  he  reached  early  in  1818,  and 
was  Deputy  Constable  with  Jabez  Warner  for 
several  years. 

In  1823  paid  a  visit  to  his  home  in  Vermont,  and 
there  married  Miss  Sophia  Hall. 

He  was  an  early  Steamboat  Captain  in  the  New 
Orleans  trade. 

For  many  years  a  Director  and  then  President  of 
the  Boatman's  Bank. 

Capt.  Blood  died  ISrov'r  27,  1875,  in  his  81st  year, 
leaving  his  widow,  one  son  Henry,  a  married  daugh- 
ter Mrs.  Sloss,  and  one  single,  Miss  Anne   Louise. 


was  born  in  Philadelphia  in.  the  year  1800. 

When  quite  young,  his  mother,  a  widow,  removed 
to  ISTorfolk,  Virginia,  where  he  learnt  the  print- 
ing biTsiness,  and  came  to  St.  Louis  in  August, 


He  was  a  journeyman  printer  for  several  years 
with  Isaac  K.  Henry  on  the  Enquirer  newspaper, 
of  which  Benton  was  then  Editor. 

In  1829  he  joined  Major  Joshua  Pilcher's  trading 
and  trapping  expedition  to  the  Rocky  Mountains, 
-was  in  Gen'l  Ashley's  fight  wdth  the  Arickarees  in 
1823,  and  participated  in  other  encounters  with  the 

After  an  absence  of  five  years  Mr.  Keemle 
returned  to  St.  Louis  and  resumed  his  business  of 
printing,  in  which  he  was  engaged  for  the  remainder 
of  his  life,  at  times  alone,  and  at  times  with  others 
in  conducting  several  papers. 

In  1854  Mr.  Keemle  was  elected  Recorder  of  St. 
Louis  County,  succeeding  Stephen  D.  Barlow. 
This  office  Mr.  K.  held  for  seven  years,  until  1861, 
at  same  time  extensively  engaged  in  his  printing 
with  Samuel  Hager. 

In  1833  Mr.  Keemle  was  married  to  Miss  Mary 
Oliver  of  this  city.  He  died  Sept.  29,  1865,  at  the 
age  of  65  years,  leaving  a  widow,  son  and  daugh- 
ter, now  residing  somewhere  on  the  Pacific   slope. 


was  born  in  Mecklenburg  County,  Virginia,  Dec'r 
31,  1794,  the  second  son  of  William  and  Elizabeth 

In  1812,  at  the  age  of  18  years,  he  served  as  a 
volunteer,  and  soon  afterwards  was  appointed  deputy 
■clerk  of  Lunenburg  County,  Virginia. 


In  May,  1818,  he  arrived  in  St.  Louis,  having- 
ridden  from  Virginia  on  horseback,  and  in  June  was 
selected  by  Col.  Alexander  Mcl^air,  Registei-  of  the 
United  States  Land  Office,  for  his  principal  assistant 
having  charge  of  the  office. 

In  June,  1820,  he  was  chosen  Secretary  of  the 
Convention  that  adopted  the  State  Constitution,  and 
in  the  same  year  the  newly  elected  Governor  of  the 
State,  Alex'r  Mc]N"air,  appointed  him  his  private 

The  seat  of  government  being  established  at  St. 
Charles  in  1821,  Mr.  Pettus  removed  to  that  place, 
being  appointed  Clerk  of  the  Supreme  and  Chancery 
Courts,  and  in  1822  by  Gov'r  McNair,  Secretary  of 

In  1824  he  acted  as  Secretary  of  the  State  Senate, 
and  in  1825  was  appointed  by  Gov'r  Frederick 
Bates,  Judge  of  the  Probate  Court,  serving  two 
years,  1825  and  1826. 

In  1827,  being  tired  of  public  office,  he  went  into 
business  in  St.  Charles,  in  which  he  was  engaged  foi 
a  number  of  years,  during  which  he  served  as  State 
Senator  in  1832  and  '33. 

In  1834  he  removed  to  St.  Louis  and  was  engaged 
in  Mercantile  and  Banking  business  until  1842, 
when  he  was  appointed  Secretary  of  the  Floating 
Dock  Insurance  Comp.,  and  in  1855  Secretary 
of  the  United  States  Insurance  Company  until 
1862,  when  ill-health  compelled  him  to  resigUj 
being   then  68  years  of  age. 

Mr.  Pettus  died  Dec'r  25,  1867,  aged  73  years. 


Wm.  G.  Pettus  was  married  on  Dec'r  31,  1826, 
at  St.  Charles,  to  Miss  Caroline  R.,  daughter  of 
Major  James  Morrison  of  that  place.  Their  chil- 
dren were : 

Emily  J.,  deceased. 

Martha  A.,  Mrs.  Charles  Parsons. 

Caroline  Eliza,  deceased. 

Euphrasie  A.,  Mrs.  Robert  B.  Mackay. 

Wm.  H.  H.  Pettus  married  to  Miss  Mary 
A.  Saugrain,  and 

Joseph  M.  Pettus. 


was  born  in  Winchester,  Frederick  Co.,  Virginia, 
in  1791-92. 

He  came  to  St.  Louis  early  in  181G,  bred  to  the 

In  1817  was  a  Clerk  for  about  a  year  in  the  first 
Bank  of  St.  Louis,  then  for  a  short  time  an  assistant 
to  M.  P.  Leduc,  Clerk  of  the  Circuit  Court,  David 
Barton  being  Circuit  Judge. 

In  1818  he  was  appointed  by  Gov'r  Wm.  Clark, 
Clerk  of  the  Circuit  Court  for  St.  Louis,  which 
office  he  held  for  eighteen  years,  until  1836,  when 
the  office  having  been  made  elective  by  the  Legisla- 
ture, General  John  F.  Ruland,  who  came  from 
Detroit,  was  elected  to  succeed  him. 

In  the  eighteen  years  he  had  held  the  office,  Mr. 
Gamble  had  acquired  a  competency  of  this  world's 

In  1822  he  was  married  to  Miss  Louisa,  the  third 


daughter  of  Col.  Rufus  Easton,  by  whom  he  had  a 
number  of  children. 

He  was  for  a  long  period  the  agent  of  the  public 
schools,  but  for  the  last  20  years  he  lived  in 'retire- 
ment, having  abundant  means. 

He  died  Sept.,  1866,  aged  75  years,  leaving 
three  married  daughters,  Mrs.  Charles  Gibson, 
Mrs.  Doct.  Page  and  Mrs.  Clarkson,  and  several 


the  youngest  of  seven,  born  l^ov'r  29,  1798,  at  the 
same  place,  was  educated  at  Hampden-Sidney  Col- 
lege. At  18  years  of  age,  in  1816,  he  was  admitted 
to  practice.  Before  he  was  21,  in  1818,  he  had  been 
licensed  in  three  States :  Virginia,  Tennessee  and 

He  was  for  a  short  time  a  deputy  clerk  under  his 
brother  Archibald,  and  then  removed  to  old  Frank- 
lin, Howard'  County,  where  he  commenced  practice. 

In  1824  appointed  by  Gov'r  F.  Bates,  Sec.  of 
State,  at  Bates'  death  in  1825,  he  settled  in  St. 

In  1846  he  was  sent  to  the  Legislature  to  revise 
the  Laws.  In  1851  elected  a  Judge  of  the  Supreme 
Court,  his  health  led  him  to  resign  in  1855.  In 
1858  he  removed  to  Philadelphia  to  educate  his 
children . 

In  July,  1861,  was  chosen    provisional  Governor. 

Gov'r  Gamble  was  married  in  1827  at  Columbia, 
South  Carolina,  to  Miss  Caroline  J.  Coulter,  sister 
of  Mrs.  Edward  Bates. 

He  died  Jan'y  Bl,  1864,  at  66  years  of  age. 


p.  M.  DILLON.  SIO' 


was  born  of  a  good  family  at  ISTewtown  Limavaddy, 
County  Londonderry,  Ireland,  on  March  17,  1790,, 
hence  his  baptismal  name,  Patrick. 

When  a  young  man  of  seventeen,  he  participated 
in  the  rebellion  of  1807  against  the  government,  in 
which  he  held  the  rank  of  a  commissioned  officer,  he 
escaped  from  the  island  in  a  fishing  boat,  and  found 
safety  on  board  a  trading  vessel,  following  the  sea 
for  two  years. 

In  1809  he  came  to  the  United  States,  and  settled 
first  at  Philadelphia,  where  he  was  engaged  in  the 
lumber  business  in  the  employment  of  Mr.  Richard 
Price,  a  Quaker  gentleman,  for  many  years  exten- 
sively engaged  in  that  business. 

In  1813-14  Mr.  Dillon  removed  to  Pittsburgh,  and 
went  into  the  lumber  business  on  his  own  account, 
in  which  he  was  engaged  for  several  years,  and  then 
removed  to  St.  Louis  with  a  newly  purchased  stock 
of  Dry-goods,  Groceries,  Wines  and  Liquors,  which 
he  opened  Jan'y  18,  1817,  at  the  house  of  Major  P. 
Chouteau,  Sr.,  IS'orth  Main  Street. 

1817,  April  5,  P.  M.  Dillon  removed  to  the  old 
stand  of  Theodore  Hunt,  in  Papin's '  old  stone 

1818,  May  15,  P.  M.  Dillon  has  just  received  his 
new  stock  of  Merchandise  at  his  new  stand,  lately 
occupied  by  Joseph  Wiggan,  opposite  the  Bank  of 
St.  Louis. 

Mr.    Dillon    continued    in    active    business    as    a 


Merchant  until  the  admission  of  Missouri  as  a  State, 
and  the  incorporation  of  the  City  in  1822-23,  when 
he  reHnquished  mercantile  business  and  turned  his 
attention  to  real  estate.  He  laid  ou.t  several  addi- 
tions to  St.  Louis  on  lands  he  had  purchased  with 
that  view  ;  his  last  being  Dillon's  fourth  addition  in 
1840  on  a  large  tract  he  had  purchased  from  Fred- 
erick Dent  in  Jan'y,  1836,  part  of  the  old  Mackay 
tract  adjoining  the  old  Town. 

Mr.  Dillon  was  twice  married  : 

First,  in  October,  1818,  in  St.  Charles  County,  to 
Miss  Anne  T.,  sister  of  Doct.  Nash  of  that  county. 
She  died  in  1834,  leaving  two  married  daughters, 
Mrs.  Doct.  Charles  Stevens,  Sr.,  and  the  first  wife 
of  Capt.  James  B.  Eads,  deceased. 

He  married  his  second  wife,  Miss  Eliza  Jane  Eads, 
of  Kentucky,  Jan'y  26,  1836,  and  died  at  his  resi- 
dence on  Dillon  Street  Jan'y  21,  1851,  in  his  sixty- 
first  year,  leaving  by  his  second  wife,  who  still  sur- 
vives him,  one  daughter  and  two  sons. 

Eliza,  wife  of  Count  de  la  Vaulx,  residing  in 
Paris,  France. 

Arthur,  who  died  a  young  man,  unmarried,  and 
John  A.,  who  married  a  daughter  of  l^eree  Yalle, 
with  a  large  family  of  children. 


born  in  Waterford,  on  the  Suir,  in  Munster,  Ireland, 
came  to  the  United  States  in  Sept.,  1806,  with  his 
wife  and  son  Dick,  then  about  four  months  old,  and 


soon  afterwards  moved  out  to  Lexington,  Ky.,  where 
he  remained  about  ten  years. 

In  the  spring  of  1817  he  came  to  St.  Louis,  where 
he  hved  about  a  year  and  died  here  May  11,  1818. 

His  widow  survived  him  thirty-two  years  and  died 
Dec'r  3,  1850. 

Their  sons  were  Richard,  boi'n  May  8,  1806,  now 
in  his  eighty-third  year.  And  Joseph,  who  died  in 
1857.     A  third  son  died  young. 


came  to  St.  Louis  early  in  1816,  being  a  partner  of 
Lilburn  W.  Boggs. 

June  7th,  commenced  business  here  in  McKnight 
&  Brady's  new  brick  building,  southwest  corner 
Main  and  Pine  (the  south  one  afterwards  No.  42). 

1817,  purchased  from  P.  L.  Cerre  for  |7,000  the 
square  of  ground  (afterwards  Block  15)  between 
Main  and  the  river,  and  Green  and  Oak  Streets,  and 
built  on  the  1^.  E.  corner  of  it  a  large  brick  building 
for  business. 

1818,  Feb.  13,  sold  his  interest  in  "  Boggs  & 
Hanljr  "  to  his  partner,  L.  W.  Boggs,  to  enable  him 
to  build.     Dissolved  partnership. 

Dec.  1,  removed  to  his  new  brick  building,  where 
he  was  at  the  date  of  his  death. 

Thomas  Hanly  died  Oct.  26,  1822,  leaving  his 
widow  Mary  C.  and  six  children,  Sarah,  John, 
Washington,   Lucy,  Mary    and  Cornelia. 




were  three  in  number.  Stephen  E.,  the  first,  came 
here  in  1816,  about  December,  with  a  stock  of 
Merchandise  from  New  York,  and  opened  in  Jan'y, 
1817,  next  to  Matthew  Kerr's  store,  on  Main  below 
Myrtle,  in  the  summer  moved  two  blocks  further  up 
into  one  of  Chouteau's  new  frames  below  Walnut. 
About  1819-20  he  changed  his  business  and  be- 
came an  Exchange  Broker. 

He  was  unmarried,  and  left  our  place  about  the 
year   1823. 

Samuel  Wiggins  came  here  next,  about  1819-20, 
and  established  here  the  Horse-team  Ferry  Boat 
across  the  Mississippi,  from  the  foot  of  Oak  Street, 
which  he  brought  around  from  Cincinnati  where  he 
had  built  it,  and  which  commenced  running  in  May, 
1820.  If  a  married  man  at  that  day,  his  family  must 
have  lived  in  Cincinnati,  as  they  never  lived  in  St. 

These  two  Wiggins  kept  house  together  for  a 
time  in  Thos.  Brady's  old  stone  dwelling,  then 
numbered  164,  next  below  the  Missouri  hotel. 

William  C.  Wiggins,  a  third  brother,  came  out 
afterwards  to  take  charge  of  the  Ferry  and  Boat, 
after  it  had  got  into  successful  operation,  and  was 
chief  manager  for  many  years.  And  when  disposed 
of  by  Sam'l  Wiggins,  in  1828,  to  a  joint  stock  com- 
pany, he  became   a  stockholder  in  the  company  for 


an  eighth,  which  at  the  period  of  his  death  he  had 
increased  to  three-eighths. 

Mr.  W.  Wiggins  came  here  a  married  man  from 
the  State  of  ISTew  York  with  his  wife  and  her  sister, 
Miss  Berrian,  who  was  afterwards  married  to  Mr. 
Arthur  Ingram,  of  the  firm  of  Ingram  &  Eeilly  of 
this  place. 

During  the  25  years  that  Mr.  Wiggins  was  in 
charge  of  the  Ferry  Boat,  his  whole  time  was 
devoted  to  the  interests  of  the  association,  accumu- 
lating a  handsome  fortmie.  He  died  in  Dec,  1853, 
leaving  by  will  his  whole  estate  in  equal  parts  to  his 
four  sons,  Sam'l  B.,  Edward  C,  Charles  and  Will- 
iam, his  wife  having  died  before  him. 

His  son,  Edward,  died  unmarried  in  April,  1862, 
leaving  his  property  to  the  children  of  his  older 
brother  Samuel. 


eldest  son  of  Wm.  C,  was  married  May  3,  1838,  to 
Miss  Mary  Wilson,  of  Philadelphia.  He  died  in 
July,  1868. 

His  widow  survived  him  seventeen  years,  and  died 
July  25, 1885. 

Their  four  children  were  : 

Jane,  married  to  Franklin  Eidgeley,  from  Bal- 

Laura,  married  Rev'd  Mr.  Rhodes,  of  Cincinnati,, 

Julia,  married  Mr.  Taylor,  of  ISTew  York. 

William,  the  only  son,  died  unmarried. 



third    son    of    Wm.    Sen.,    married    Virginia    J. 
daughter  of  Capt.  Charles  Mullikin. 


was  born  in  Kentucky  August  3,  1798,  and  came 
to  St.  Louis  in  the  year  1817,  with  John  Jacoby, 
with  whom  he  was  learning  the  Saddlery  and  Har- 
ness business. 

In  1821  he  formed  a  copartnership  with  William 
Stark,  his  brother-in-law,  in  that  line  of  business, 
under  the  style  of 

"  Grimsley  &  Stark," 
which  continued  but  for  a  short  time.  Wm.  Stark 
died  July  23,  1822,  and  Mr.  Grimsley  carried  on 
the  business  alone  for  a  number  of  years,  subse- 
quently associating  with  him  in  1835  his  former  ap- 
prentice, John  Young,  and  in  1844  his  son-in-law, 
George  L.  Stansbury,  and  son,  John  T.  Grimsley. 

During  his  long  business  life  Mr.  Grimsley  was  a 
prominent  and  popular  citizen. 

In  1820  he  was  married  in  Indiana  to  Miss  Susan 
Stark,  and  died  in  St.  Louis  Dec'r  21,  1861,  aged 
(53  years,  4  months  and  18  days. 

Mrs.  Grimsley,  born  ISTov'r  5,  1799,  died  Sept.  7, 
1861,  aged  61  years  and  10  months. 

Their  children  were  : 

Minerva,  born  July  5th,  1821,  wife  of  Henry  T. 
Blow.     She  died  June  29,  1870,  aged  49  years. 

'     JOHN  YOUNG.  325 

Lucretia,  married  to  George  L.  Stansbury, 
Nov'r  23,  1841.  Stansbury  died  June  25,  1876, 
aged  60  years,  6  months. 

John  T.  Grimsley,  born  in  1823,  and  died  Jan'y 
25,  1881,  aged  58  years. 

He  was  tAvice  married,  first,  to  Virginia  Allen, 
born  in  St.  Louis  in  1839,  and  died  in  May,  1861, 
aged  21  years  and  6  months,  and  secondly,  to 
Martha  Ann  Elbert,  born  Aug't  12,  1832,  and  died 
April  3,  1867,  aged  35  years. 


son  of  Wm.  Young  and  Mary  Rutledge,  was  born 
in  Bourbon  County,  Ky.,  Oct.  25,  1814. 

His  parents  removed  to  Missouri  in  the  fall  of 
1816,  when  he  was  two  years  old,  and  settled  on  the 
Coldwater  Creek  in  St.  Ferdinand  Township,  St. 
Louis  County.  His  father  died  about  the  year 
1823,  when  he  was  about  7  years  of  age,  his 
mother  then   removed  to   St.  Louis. 

In  1829,  at  the  age  of  fifteen,  he  was  apprenticed 
to  Thornton  Grirasley  to  learn  the  trade  of  Saddler 
and  Harness  maker. 

In  1835,  at  the  age  of  21,  he  was  associated  with 
Mr.  Grimsley  as  "John  Young  &  Co.,"  Ko.  37 
North  Main,  Saddlers. 

In  1842  the  firm  expired,  from  which  period  until 
the  present  Mr.  Young  has  continued  in  the  busi- 
ness alone,  for  46  years,  for  many  years  at  the 
northeast  corner  of  Market  and  Main,  and  latterly 


at  the  southwest  corner  of  the  same,  where  he  con- 
tinues until  the  present  time. 

Mr.  Young  was  twice  married,  first  in  1842  in 
New  Orleans  to  Miss  Julia  Wilcox,  and  secondly  to 
Miss  Emily,  daughter  of  Lewis  li^ewell,  formerly  of 
St.  Louis. 


"was  born  in  Kockbridge  County,  Virginia,  Feb.  29, 

He  removed  to  Missouri  about  the  time  of  the 
adoption  of  the  State  Constitution,  and  settled  at 
Jackson,  Cape  Girardeau  County,  where  he  estab- 
lished a  paper,  which  he  published  for  some  years. 
Here  his  first  wife  died,  and  he  removed  to  St.  Louis 
about  the  year  1826,  and  purchased  the  tract  of  land 
known  as  Oak-hill,  improved  by  the  late  Thos.  C. 
Rector,  upon  which  he  resided  until  his  death. 

Mr.  Russell  was  twice  married. 

First,  in  Virginia,  to  Miss  O'Bannon,  whose 
children   were : 

A  son,  Joseph  W.,  who  died  in  Cape  Girardeau, 
leaving  a  family,  and  a  daughter,  Martha,  who  was 
the  second  wife  of   Jno.   B.  Sarpy. 

On  Sept.  29,  1826,  Mr.  Russell  was  married  to 
Miss  Lucy,  the  second  daughter  of  Silas  Bent,  Esq'r, 
Clerk  of  the  County  Court. 

By  this  lady  Mr.  Russell  left  two  sons : 

Jno.  G.  and  Charles  S.,  both  married  men,  and 
two  daughters,  Mrs.  Trumbull  G.  Russell  and  Mrs. 
Geo.  W-  Parker. 


James    Eussell    died  at   Oak-hill,   May  3,  1850, 
aged  64  years,  and  Mrs.  Russell,  March  2,  1871. 


was  English  from  the  Isle  of  Man. 

John  Collet  born  in  1751  was  married  to  Ann 
—  in  1782.  Their  children  were  Robert,  born  in 
1783,  and  Thomas. 

the  eldest  son,  came  to  St.  Louis  first  in  1817,  with 
a  large  stock  of  merchandise,  furnished  him  by  the 
old  Philadelphia  house  of  "  Guy  Bryan  &  Wm. 
Schlatter,  at  223  High  Street,  and  well  known 
throughout  the  West."  He  purchased  a  lot  on 
South  Main  St.,  built  a  large  brick  house,  and 
opened  his  store  early  in  1818.  In  1819-20,  having 
disposed  of  his  merchandise  and  property  in  St. 
Louis,  he  removed  to  Illinois.  After  an  absence 
from  St.  Louis  of  several  years,  during  which  he 
married  a  lady  by  the  name  of  Sophia  Catherine 
Austin,  he  returned  to  St.  Louis,  where  he  continued 
to  reside  until  his  death  in  Sept.,  1846,  at  the  age  of 
63  years.  His  widow  survived  him  a  number  of 
years.     Their  children  are  : 

Oscar,  born  in  1821,  married  to  Miss  Dunlop, 
with  several  children. 

Emma,  born  in  1824,  married  to  Thos.  Mark 
Taylor  in  August,  1847. 


Robert,  Jr.,  married,  with  a  large  family,  lives  in 
Utah  Territory. 


second  son,  was  in  business  with  Michael  Daly  here 
in  1818,  dissolved  partnership  with  Daly  in  1819, 
and  associated  with  Benj,  Seward  in  1820,  and  con- 
tinued with  S.  until  after  1821 ;  until  then  unmar- 

AlSrsr   COLLET,    SR., 

the  widow  above,  was  living  in  Madison  Cy.,  111., 
in  1817.  In  the  year  1820  she  purchased  a  house 
in  St.  Louis,  and  moved  here  where  she  continued 
to  reside  until  her  death  in  March,  1841,  at  an  ad- 
vanced age. 


came  to  St.  Louis  in  the  year  1820. 

In  May,  1821,  we  find  him  associated  with  Doct. 
W.  Carr  Lane  in  the  practice  of  their  profession, 
which  he  followed  during  his  residence  here. 

In  the  year  1829  he  was  appointed  by  Pres't 
Andrew  Jackson,  to  the  position  of  Receiver  of 
Public  Moneys  for  the  land  district  of  St.  Louis,* 
which  office  he  held  during  the  incumbency  of 
Presidents  Jackson  and  Van  Buren. 

He  resided  for  some  years  in  St.  Louis  County, 

*  Succeeding  Col.  Geo.  F.   Strother 

JAMES  C.  ESSEX.  329- 

and  subsequently  removed  to  Muscatine,  Iowa, 
where  he  resided  until  his  death,  well  advanced  in 
years,  about  the  close  of  1864. 


from  Lexington,  Ky.,  opened  in  St.  Louis  in  April, 
1820,  in  the  Book,  Stationery  and  Binding  business. 
In  1821  Mr.  Daniel  Hough  purchased  the  interest  of 
Mr.  Beynroth,  and  the  style  of  the  firm  was  changed 
to  Essex  &  Hough. 

Mr.  T.  Essex  died  Dec'r  12,  1827,  leaving  but 
one  son,  Wm.  T.  Essex. 

His  widow  was  married  to  her  second  husband, 
Doct.  Thos.  Houghan,  Oct.  18, 1828,  who  purchased 
the  business  and  carried  it  on  for  a  number  of 
years,  ■  afterwards,  about  the  year  1851,  they  re- 
moved to  Illinois. 

JAMES    C.    ESSEX, 

a  relative  of  Thomas  Essex,  came  to  St.  Louis  about 
the  year  1825,  and  was  for  many  years  engaged  in 
the  business  of  book-binding,  at  first  in  connection 
with  the  Book-house  of  Thomas  Essex,  and  sub- 
sequently for  many  years  alone. 

He   still    resides    with    us    at   nearly    four   score 
years  of  age. 



was  born  in  Philadelphia,  Jan'y  13,  1795,  a  son  of 
Doct.  Wm.  Cozens,  of  Philadelphia,  and  Charlotte 
ISiicholas,  who  were  married  in  that  city  on  January 
2,  1794. 

Of  his  father's  family  we  know  but  little.  On  his 
mother's  side  he  was  a  grandson  of  Major  Louis 
IS^icholas,  of  the  British  Army,  and  his  second  wife, 
Jane  Bishop,  of  Kinsale,  Ireland,  who  were  married 
in  April,  1760,  and  came  immediately  to  America 
where  her  daughter  Charlotte  was  born  in  Philadel- 
phia, Feb.  9,  1761. 

Mrs.  Nicholas  died  in  Phil'a,  Feb.  20,  1797,  and 
her  daughter,  Mrs.  Cozens,  in  Washington  City  in 
1831,  at  the  age  of  70  years. 

Doct.  Cozens  had  removed  to  the  District  of  Co- 

Horatio  Cozens  came  to  St.  Louis  about  1816-17. 
In  the  few  years  that  he  lived  after  coming  to  St. 
Louis,  having  received  an  excellent  education,  Mr. 
Cozens  soon  became  a  prominent  member  of  our 
bar,  for  his  legal  knowledge  and  eloquence. 

He  was  married  on  JS^ovember  24,  1818,  to  Miss 
Anne  Caroline,  the  youngest  daughter  of  Charles 
Sanguinet,  Sr.,  and  died  July  14,  1826,  at  the  early 
age  of  31  years  and  6  months,*  leaving  but  one 
son,  Wm.    H.  Cozens,   born   May  15,  1820,  and  a 

*  Murdered   by  young  French   Strother,   who   fled    to    Texas,   and 


daughter  Marie,  who  died  a  few  years  since,  the 
wife  of  Doet.  Hereford,  of  Ferguson  Station. 

Mr.  Horatio  Cozens'  widow  survived  him  many 
years.  She  died  on  January  1,  1884,  in  her  84th 


horn  in  Scotland,  December  25,  1790,  lived  for 
some  time  in  Pittsburgh,  Penn'a.  He  married  Miss 
Margaret  Morrison,  in  Allegheny  City,  and  came 
to  St.  Louis  with  his  family  in  1818,  and  entered 
into  partnership  with  Philip  Eocheblave,  as  Car- 
penters and  Builders.  About  the  year  1823  he 
formed  a  connection  with  Joseph  C.  Laveille  in  the 
same  line,  which  continued  for  some  ten  years  until 
1834,  from  which  period  Mr.  Morton's  business  was 
speculating  in  Town  lots,  of  which  he  purchased 
and  sold  a  large  number. 

Their  five  daughters  were  : 

Ellen,  married  first  to  Alfred  Tracy,  and  secondly 
to  Doct.  Meredith  Martin. 

Margaret  M.,  married  to  Wm.  P.  Harrison,  of 
Hannibal,  Missouri;  died  Feb'y  27,  1852,  aged  33 

Mary  Smith,  married  to  Edwin  C.  Sloan,  St. 

Christiana,  married  to  Joseph  S.  Sloan,  St. 

Sophia,  married  to  Charles  F.  Tracy,  St.  Louis. 

And  one  son,  Peter  C,  who  died  unmarried  in 
Ifew  Orleans,  Sept.  9,  1853,  aged  26  years. 


G-eorge  Morton,  died  in  St.  Louis  Jan'y  9,  1865^ 
aged  74  years. 

Mrs.  Margaret  Morton,  died  Aug't  21,  1859^ 
aged  65  years. 


brother-in-law  and  partner  of  George  Morton,  born 
at  Pittsburgh,  Penn'a,  April  29,  1810,  came  to  St. 
Louis  with  him  in  1818,  a  lad  Q,f  eight  years. 

He  married  Mary  Ann  Coleman,  who  was  born 
June  8,  1822,  and  died  Dec'r  29,  1852,  at  the  age 
of  30  years,  leaving  two  children. 

Mr.  William  Morrison  died  in  October,  1884,. 
aged  74  years  and  6  months. 

Their  two  children  were  : 

A  son,  John,  who  died  a  married  man. 

And  daughter,  Margaret  E.,  who  was  married  to 
Hugh  Davis  Morrison,  of  Pittsburgh,  deceased  in 
July,  1874,  leaving  three  children,  a  daughter  now 
married,  and  two  sons. 

CHARLES   p.    BILLON,    SR., 

the  second  son  of  Jean  David  Billon  and  Marguerite 
Robert,  was  born  in  the  Town  of  Locle,  Canton  of 
ISTeufchatel  and  Valangin,  Switzerland,  on  January 
10,  1766. 

His  ancestors  were  French  Huguenots,  that  had 
left  France  at  the  revocation  of  the  Edict  of  Nante& 
by  Louis  14th. 


In  1787,  at  the  age  of  twenty-one  years,  having 
acquh-ed  the  profession  of  a  Watch-maker,  he  came 
to  Paris,  where  he  remained  nearly  four  years,  dur- 
ing which  he  witnessed  those  exciting  occurrences, 
which  preceded  the  breaking  out  of  the  Fi'ench 
Eevohition,  and  the  destruction  of  the  ancient 

In  September,  1790,  Mr.  Billon  crossed  over  to 
England,  with  the  passport  of  the  King,  Louis  16th 
(now  in  my  possession),  and  resided  during  the  next 
five  years  in  London.  In  1795  he  came  to  the 
United  States  and  established  himself  in  Philadel- 
phia, the  then  Capital,  carrying  out  his  original 
intention  on  leaving  his  native  land  of  becoming  an 
American  citizen. 

On  May  12,  1797,  he  was  married,  at  the  Trinity 
Catholic  Church  in  that  City,  to  Miss  Jeanne  Char- 
lotte, daughter  of  Pierre  Hubert  Stollenwerck,  born 
in  Cape  Francois,  Island  of  St.  Domingo,  Sept.  17, 
1781,  her  parents  being  of  old  French  famihes,  who 
had  emigrated  to  that  Island  from  Paris  about  the 
year  1765. 

Charles  Billon,  Sr.,  continued  in  business  with 
varied  success,  in  Philadelphia,  for  nearly  twenty- 
four  years.  In  1818,  with  his  wife  and  numerous 
family  of  eight  children  (having  lost  four  others), 
he  removed  to  St.  Louis,  where  he  resided  four 
years,  until  his  death  Sept.  8,  1822,  at  the  age  of 
56  years  and  8  months. 

*  The  destruction  of  the  Bastile,  July  14,  1789,  the  confederation  of 
the  Champ  de  Mars,  &c.,  speedily  followed  by  the  execution  of  the 
King,  Louis  16th. 


His  widow,  after  having  survived  her  husband  the 
almost  unparalleled  period  of  nearly  58  years,  died 
April  12,  1880,  at  the  very  advanced  age  of  nearly 
ninety-nine  years. 

Their  children,  all  born  in  Philadelphia,  were : 

Frederic  Louis,  born  April  23,  1801,  married 
Eulalie  L.  Generelly,  May  20,  1829.  Had  twelve 

Charles  P.,  born  June  20,  1803,  married  Frances, 
daughter  of  Col.  Thos.  F.  Eiddick,  he  died  Jan'y 
19,  1863. 

Virginia  Jane,  born  May  9,  1805,  married  Paul 
B.  Gratiot;  she  died  IS'ov'r  29,  1871. 

Caroline  Emily,  born  June  2,  1809,  widow  of 
Capt.  Jno.  Atchison,  of  Galena. 

Paul  Gustavus,  bornFeb'y  29,  1812,  of  Eichland, 

Henry  Adolphus,  born  Feb'y  29,  1812,  died  July 
3,  1824,  aged  12  years. 

Charles  Alfred,  born  June  20,  1815,  of  Davenport, 

Antoinette  Theresa,  born  March  23,  1817,  widow 
of  John  J.  Anderson. 

JOHN   rnSTNEY,  SE., 

with  his  wife  Sarah,  and  a  family  of  seven  children, 
three  sons  and  four  daughters,  most  of  them,  if  not 
all,  born  in  Ireland,  came  to  St.  Louis  about  the 
year  1818. 

He  died  Sept.  1,  1822,  leaving  a  will  dated  Aug't 
31,  1822,  the  day  previous  to  his  death,  in  vphich  he 


names  his  three  sons,  John,  Wilham  and  James,  the 
last  a  mhior,  and  fotir  daughters,  all  married,  viz. : 

Mary,  Mrs.  Mathers ;  Ann,  Mrs.  Brooks ;  Eliza- 
beth, Mrs.  Kells  ;  Margaret,  Mrs.  Wilson. 

The  brothers  John  and  William  were  industrious, 
pushing  young  men  and  soon  acquired  prominence 
and  position  in  this  community,  being  extensively 
engaged  in  mercantile  affairs. 

The  two  brothers  married  two  of  the  sisters  Lee. 

John  Finney  was  married  to  Miss  Mary  Ann  Lee, 
Sept.  4,  1827,  and  died  March  2,  1868,  leaving 
no  children. 

William  Finney  was  married  to  Miss  Jane  Lee, 
March  17,  1825,  and  died  Sept.  4,  1858,  leaving 
several  sons  and  daughters.* 

was  born  in  Gloucester  County,  Virginia,  IN'ov'r  21,, 
1796,  and  studied  his  law  with  William  Wirt,  with 
whom  he  practiced  for  a  brief  period  in  Richmond. 
He  came  to  St.  Louis  in  1819,  remaining  here  some- 
thing more  than  a  year,  he  removed  toPotosi,  Wash- 
ington County,  in  1821. 

He  was  Judge  of  the  Washington  Circuit  for  a. 
number  of  years,  which  position  he  resigned  to 
accept  the  office  of  Secretary  of  State. 

In  IsTovember,  1832,  he  was  elected  Secretary  of 
the  State  Senate,  and  in  Feb'y,  1833,  appointed  by 

*  The  Rev'd  Thos.  M.  Einney  failing  to  reply  to  my  request,  I  gatlien-d) 
these  particulars  as  best  I  could  from  the  public  records.  —  CoiiipikT. 


the  Grovernor  Auditor  of  Public  Accounts,  iu  which 
oflSce  he  continued  for  four  years,  until  March,  1837, 
-when  he  resigned  it  to  take  the  cashiership  of  the 
new  State  Bank  of  Missouri. 

This  office  Judge  Shurlds  filled  for  fifteen  years, 
until  within  a  few  months  of  his  death,  when  ill- 
health  compelled  him  to  resign  it. 

He  died  August  2,  1852,  at  the  age  of'  56  years, 
leaving  his  widow  with  five  daughters  and  one  son, 
Edward,  who  died  in  1865. 

Judge  Shurlds  had  married  JsTov'r  14,  in  the  year 
1822,  at  Potosi,  Miss  Jane  J.  Burt,  daughter  of 
Andrew  Burt,  formerly  of  Baltimore,  Mary'd,  and 
his  daughters  in  after  years  became  the  wives  of 
Geo.  W.  Dent,  B.  H.  Batte,  Wm.  D.  W. 
Barnard,    &o. 


was  born  in  Fayette  County,  Penn'a,  Dec.  1,  1789, 
the  third  son  of  Presley  Carr  Lane,  a  prominent 
gentleman  of  that  county,  who  in  1796  represented 
his  District  in  the  State  Senate  of  Pennsylvania,  and 
for  more  than  twenty  years  a  prominent  man  of  his 

In  his  early  years  young  Lane  went  to  the  com- 
mon school  of  the  place. 

In  1802,  at  thirteen,  he  was  sent  to  Jefferson  Col- 
lege, where  he  remained  a  couple  of  years. 

In  1805  he  spent  a  year  in  the  office  of  an  elder 
brother,    who    was    the   Prothonotary    of    Fayette 

DOCT.  WM.  CAEE  LANE.  337 

County,  where  he  acquired  familiarity    with    legal 
matters,  which  served  him  greatly  in    after   years. 

In  1810,  after  he  had  become  of  age,  he  spent  two 
years  at  Dickinson  College,  Carlisle,  where  he 
graduated  with  high  honors. 

In  1811  his  father  died,  and  his  mother  removed 
her  family  to  Shelby ville,  Ky.,  in  the  fall  of  that 
year.  He  going  to  Louisville,  where  he  studied 
medicine  with  Di"-  Collins,  a  noted  physician  of 
that  City. 

In  1813  he  went  with  the  Kentucky  Volunteers, 
under  the  command  of  Col.  Russell,  U.  S.  Army,  to 
Fort  Harrison,  on  the  Wabash,  sixty  miles  north 
of  Yincennes,  and  was  appointed  Post  Surgeon  at 
that  Post. 

After  the  war  he  spent  the  winter  of  1815-16 
attending  the  University  coiirse  in  Philadelphia.  In 
1816  was  appointed  a  Post  Surgeon  in  the  U.  S. 
Army,  and  served  for  three  years  at  Fort  Harrison 
and  on  the  Upper  Mississippi  River,  and  at  Belle- 

On  May  3,  1819,  he  resigned  from  the  Army,  and 
i;ook  up  his  permanent  residence  in  St.  Louis,  he 
then  having  reached  the  age  of  30  years. 

In  April,  1823,  after  the  incorporation  of  St. 
Louis,  Doct.  Lane  was  elected  the  first  Mayor  of 
the  City,  and  was  annually  re-elected  for  six  con- 
secutive years.  In  1829  he  declined  a  re-election,  it 
interfering  too  much  with  his  practice.  But  in  1838 
and  '39  he  was  induced  to  again  accept  the  office, 
and  served  these  two  years,  making  eight  years 
in  the  office  of  Mayor. 



In  1852  President  Fillmore  appointed  him  Gover- 
nor of  N^ew  Mexico,  which  position  he  filled  until 
the  close  of  the  Fillmore  administration. 

In  1821  he  was  an  aid  de  camp  of  Gov'r 

Feb.  1,  1822,  appointed  Quar.  Mas.  Gen'l  of  the 
State  of  Missouri. 

In  1826  he  was  a  member  of  the  House  of  Kepre- 

Doct.  Wra.  Carr  Lane  was  married  to  Miss  Mary 
Ewing,  daughter  of  Nath'l  Ewing,  Esq'r,  on  Feb- 
ruary 26,  1818,  at  Yincennes,  Ind'a. 

They  raised  two  daughters  : 

Sarah,  the  2nd,  married  to  "Wm.  Glasgow,  Jr. 

Anne,  the  1st,  is  unmarried. 

Their  only  son,  Victor,  died  a  young  man. 

Doct.  W-  Carr  Lane  died  Jan'y  6,  1863,  at  the 
age  of  74  years. 

Several  of  the  brothers  of  Doct.  Lane  lived  in 
St.  Louis : 

Richard,  Henry,  Jas.  S. 


son  of  James  and  Ann  Eliza  Glasgow,  was  born  in 
Christiana,  Delaware,  July  4,  1813.  When  five 
years  of  age  in  1818,  his  parents  came  to  Missouri, 
and  settled  at  Chariton,  then  in  Howard  County, 
where  he  went  to  school  for  some  years,  and  after- 
wards completed  his  education  at  the  East. 

In  1836  he  estabUshed  himself  in  business  in  St. 
Louis,  and  about  1840,  in  connection  with  Amedee 

JOHN  LITTLE.  339' 

Yalle  and  others  they  established  the  ' '  Missouri 
Wine  Comp.,"  of  which  he  was  for  many  years 
the  President. 

Wm.  Glasgow,  Jr.,  was  married  to  Miss  Sarah  S. 
S.  Lane,  second  daughter  of  Doct.  Wm.  Carr 
Lane,  by  Bishop  Kemper,  April  16,  1840.  She 
died  Feb'y  28,  1887,  leaving  several  children. 


was  an  intelligent,  shrewd  young  lawyer  from  Bel- 
fast, Antrim  Co.,  Ireland,  who  came  to  St.  Louis 
in  the  year  1818. 

With  but  a  limited  practice  in  the  courts  for 
some  years,  but  with  no  small  stock  of  assurance 
and  perseverance,  he  gradually  pushed  his  way  into 
society,  and  in  due  time  acquired  prominence  and 

He  was  married  in  'New  York,  Oct.  22,  1831,  to 
Mary  Eliza,  daughter  of  Col.  Wm.  McRea,  of  the 
U.  S.  Artillery. 

About  the  year  1840  he  removed  to  Washington 
City,  where  he  continued  to  reside  until  his  death 
early  in  the  year  1848,  leaving  a  handsome  property 
to  his  widow  and  two  sons. 


was  born  in  the  County  Down,  Ireland,  1775,  and 
came  to  St.  Louis  about  the  year  1815.  He  kept  a 
store  for  a  short  time  in  the  old  Labbadie  stone 
house  on  Main  above  Chestnut. 


Oct.  19,  1816,  he  was  married  to  Marie  An- 
toinette Labbadie,  the  young'est  sister  of  Silvestre 
Labbadie,  who  had  been  previously  married  to 
Capt.  John  W.  Honey,  from  whom  she  had  been 
divorced,  and  owned  the  store  where  Little  was 
doing  business. 

She  died  Feb.  18,  1818,  aged  25  years,  and  John 
Little,  Aug't  23,  1820,  aged  45  years.  They  had 
no  children,  and  Little  obtained  her  property. 

HON.    JOHN   D.    DAGGETT, 

was  born  on  Dec'r  4,  1793,  at  Attleborough,  Mass., 
and  in  his  early  youth  learnt  the  trade  of  a  Ma- 

In  1815  he  worked  a  short  time  in  Philadelphia  at 
lock  making,  and  in  1816  for  a  short  time  at  Pitts- 
burgh. In  1817  he  came  west  in  the  employ  of 
Reuben  ISTeal,  a  Tin  and  Coppersmith,  of  Pitts- 
burgh, to  St.  Louis,  where  he  arrived  in  October  of 
that  year,  and  had  charge  of  Mr.  IS^eal's  business 
for  a  period  of  three  years. 

In  1821,  he  was  associated  with  Peter  Haldeman 
in  commission  business ;  1823  commenced  a  retail 
dry-goods  business  alone,  in  which  he  was  engaged 
for  some  years. 

In  1827,  he  was  elected  an  Alderman  of  the  City 

In  1838,  appointed  Street  Commissioner. 

In  1839,  he  obtained  a  Charter  for  the  St.  Louis 
Gas   Light   Company,    of  which    he    was   one    of 


the  originators,  and  became  its  President  in  1842, 
which  position  he  held  until  1849. 

In  1841,  he  was  elected  Mayor  of  the  City. 

In  1850,  President  of  the  Sectional  Dock  Com- 
pany, whose  affairs  he  managed  for  24  years,  until 
his  death  in  1874. 

He  was  generally  successful  in  his  various  enter- 
prises, until  the  latter  portion  of  his  life,  when  re- 
verses overtook  him  in  his  old  age,  after  many  years 
of  usefulness. 

Mr.  Daggett  was  married  in  February,  1821,  in 
St.  Louis,  to  Miss  Sarah,  daughter  of  Mr.  Samuel 
Sparks,  of  Maine.  They  were  the  parents  of  a  nu- 
merous posterity,  raising  seven  daughters  to  become 
married  ladies,  and  two  sons,  William  and  James. 

Mr.  Daggett  died  May  9,  1874,  in  his  81st  year, 
and  his  widow  but  very  recently. 


professional  card,  April  24,  1818.  June  19th  he 
purchased  the  stock  of  Drugs  and  Medicines  of 
Simpson  and  Quarles,  and  continued  the  business. 

1819,  Feb.  9,  Docts.  Nelson  and  Hoffman  associ- 
ated and  opened  in  Doct.  Simpson's  new  brick,  op- 
posite the  bank. 

April  20,  they  removed  to  the  late  stand  of  Ren- 
shaw  and  Hoffman,  in  Dent's  frame  row. 

1820,  Sept.  13,  he  removed  to  the  lower  end  of 
Main  Street,  and  continued  the  practice  of  medicine 


Doct.  ^Nelson  was  married  May  25,  1819,  to  Miss 
Eleanor,  daughtei-  of  Doct.  Edward  S.  Gannt.  His 
name  is  not  found  in  the  Directory  of  1821. 

DOCT.   zBisro  FEMSr, 

came  to  St.  Louis  in  1820,  and  opened  his  office  at 
]N'o.  52  JSTorth  Main,  in  the  old  Letourno  house. 
He  was  considered  a  skillful  surgeon,  but  lived  but 
a  few  years  with  us,  dying,  unmarried,  in  Dee'r, 
1824.     Doct.  H.  L.  Hoffman  was  his  administrator. 

DOCT.    GEORGE    P. 

came  from  Copenhagen,  Denmark,  to  the   United 

He  lived  for  some  time  in  Pennsylvania,  where 
he  married  an  American  lady. 

1817,  he  came  to  St.  Louis  alone,  and  July  11th 
opened  his  professional  office  in  Laforce  Papin's 
house,  Main  and  Locust  Streets. 

1819,  he  removed  his  office  to  Perras'  house,  on 
Second  and  Myrtle. 

About  1820-21,  he  left  St.  Louis  and  was  absent 
in  Europe  for  about  two  years,  returning  to  St. 
Louis  in  1823,  with  a  wife,  to  the  surprise  of  every 
one,  whom  he  had  left  in  Pennsylvania  for  several 
years.  They  went  to  housekeeping  on  South  Main 
Street,  and  he  resumed  his  practice.  In  the  sum- 
mer of  1823  his  wife  died  without  children,  and 
shortly  afterwards  he  abandoned  St.  Louis.  He 
was  well  educated,  a  good  musician,  and  fond  of 

HENRY  SHAW.  343 


born  in  France  in  1794,  came  to  St.  Louis  in  1818, 
and  commenced  his  practice  Jan'y  1,  1819.  After 
a  residence  of  nearly  nine  years  in  the  place,  his 
practice  being  chiefly  with  our  French  population, 
he  died,  unmarried,  Nov'r  20,  1826,  at  the  age  of 
32  years. 

was  born  in  Sheffield,  England,  July  24,  1800. 

His  father  was  an  extensive  manufacturer  of  cut- 
lery, &c.,  in  that  place.  Early  in  ]819  he  came  over 
to  the  United  States,  landing  at  I^ew  Orleans  in 
February  or  March,  and  came  to  St.  Louis  in  the 
Steamer  Maid  of  ]S"ew  Orleans,  Capt.  Davidson, 
which  had  been  built  at  Philadelphia,  and  came 
around  by  sea  to  New  Orleans,  arriving  there  in 
February,  and  landed  at  St.  Louis  in  the  evening  of 
Monday,  May  3,  1819. 

"When  Mr.  Shaw  arrived  in  St.  Louis,  houses  were 
difficult  to  obtain,  so  he  opened  his  stock  in  the  2nd 
story  over  the  store  of  Tracy  &  Wahrendorff,  mer- 
chants atlSTo.  4  ISTorth  Main  Street. 

In  the  year  1823,  John  Mullanphy  built  two  small 
brick  houses  on  Main,  between  Pine  and  Olive,  Nos. 
56  and  58.  IsT.  B.  Atwood,  Drugs  and  Medicines, 
opened  in  one,  and  Henry  Shaw,  Hardware,  in  the 
other.  He  remained  here  for  some  years,  and  then 
removed  to  a  larger  house,  ISTo.  98  on  the  next 
block,  between  Olive  and  Locust. 


About  the  year  184-,  Mr.  Shaw  havmg  acquired  a 
competency,  retired  from  business,  made  a  voyage 
to  Europe  ou  a  visit  to  his  parents  and  relatives, 
where  he  passed  some  time.  In  184-  he  returned  to 
the  U.  S.,  accompanied  by  his  parents  and  sisters, 
who  remained  in  IS^ew  York,  one  sister,  afterwards 
Mrs.  JuHus  Morisse,  coming  with  him  to  St. 

After  his  return  to  St.  Louis,  Mr.  Shaw  did  not 
again  embark  into  business,  but  devoted  his  time  to 
the  improvement  of  his  large  landed  property  in  city 
and  country. 

In  1842^3,  Mr.  Shaw  became  the  owner  in  fee 
of  that  large  body  of  laud,  extending  from  Grand 
Avenue  west  to  the  old  Manchester  Road  and  King's 
Highway,  upon  which  he  had  made  large  loans  to 
Thos.  J.  Payne,  its  former  owner,  and  upon  which 
he  subsequently  built  his  country  residence,  "Tower 
Grove  Mansion,"  and  laid  out  his  "Botanical  Gar- 
den" and  "Tower  Grove  Park,"  to  the  adorn- 
ment of  which  he  has  devoted  many  of  the  latter 
years  of  his  life,  and  expended  large  amounts  of 

Mr.  Shaw  has  just  completed  his  eighty-eighth 
year,  is  yet  in  vigorous  health,  with  a  prospect  of 
many  years  yet  before  him. 


was  born  in  Albany,  ISTew  York,  of  an  old  Knicker- 
bocker family,  about  the  year  179-.     He  came  to 


St,  Louis  in  1819,  a  young  lawyer,  and  was  asso- 
ciated for  a  brief  period  with  Josiah  Spalding  as 
Lawyers  and  Land  Agents. 

He  died  Sept.  4,  1821,  a  young  unmarried  man, 
after  a  brief  residence  in  the  place  of  less  than  two 

DOCT.    LEWIS    C.    BECK, 

a  younger  brother  of  Abraham  Beck,  came  here 
with  him,  from  Albany,  New  Yoi'k,  in  the  year 
1819,  he  remained  in  the  State  about  a  couple  of 
years,  principally  occupied  in  perambulating  the 
different  sections  of  the  State,  gathering  the  matter 
for  a  Gazetteer  of  Illinois  and  Missouri,  he  was  then 
engaged  in  preparing  for  publication,  which  having 
accomplished,  added  to  the  death  of  his  brother  in 
1821,  he  returned  to  Albany,  and  produced  his  book 
in  the  year  1823. 

He  was  yet  living  in  1848,  as  in  that  year  in  New 
York  he  produced  a  small  volume,  entitled  "  Botany 
of  the  United  States,  north  of  Virginia." 


came  to  St.  Louis,  from  Philadelphia,  in  Feb.,  1820,, 
with  a  wife  and  some  two  or  three  young  daughters. 
His  gentlemanly  bearing  and  affable  manners  soon 
procured  him  an  extensive  practice,  which  he  did 
not  live  long  to  enjoy.  He  died  April  11,  1824, 
aged  about  40,  and  was  the  first  person  interred  in 
the  "Masonic  Burying  Grround,"  purchased  by  the- 


"Fraternity"  from  the  estate  of  Jeremiah  Conner, 
bounded  by  St.  Charles  Street,  Washington  Ave- 
nue, Tenth  and  Eleventh  Streets,  at  that  date  far 
•out  in  the  countrv. 


was  born  in  Connecticut,  about  1797,  and  took  his 
degrees  at  Yale  College  in  1817,  with  the  first 
honors,  and  was  then  a  teacher  in  Columbia  Col- 
lege, New  York,  for  a  couple  of  years,  in  mean- 
time pursuing  the  study  of  law. 

In  the  winter  of  1819-20,  he  removed  to  St. 
Louis,  and  entered  into  the  practice  of  his  pro- 
fession, associated  with  Abraham  Beck. 

In  1822,  when  Mr.  "Edward  Charless  re-purchased 
the  Missouri  G-azette,  which  had  been  sold  by  his 
father,  Mr.  Joseph  Charless,  Sr.,  in  Sept.,  1820, 
to  James  Cummins,  Mr.  Spalding  was  engaged  as 
the  Editor. 

As  a  Counsellor  at  Law,'  he  rapidly  rose  to 
eminence,  and  soon  ranked  with  the  first  at  the 
Bar  as  a  commercial  Lawyer. 

Mr.  Spalding  was  married  April  2nd,  1828,  in 
St.  Louis,  to  Mrs.  Agnes  P.  Gay,  a  widow  lady 
from  the  east  with  two  children,  who  had  been 
teaching  school  for  some  years. 

In  after  years  Mr.  Spalding  and  Ham'n  K. 
Gamble  became  associated   as   Attorneys    at  Law. 

Mr.  Spalding  died  May,  1852,  leaving  a  widow 
-and  several  children. 



Attorney  and  Counsellor,  came  to  St.  Louis  from 
Albany,  'New  York,  in  1819,  and  opened  his  office 
JSTov'r  17th  in  the  Smith  house,  ISTo.  7  North  Maiu 

On  May  26th,  1822,  he  was  married  to  Miss 
Anne,  the  eldest  daughter  of  Joseph  Charless,  Sr., 
and  died  on  June  8th,  thirteen  days  after  his  mar- 
riage, aged  about  40  years. 


was  born  in  Mercer  County,  Pennsylvania,  Aug't 
5,  1796.  He  came  to  St.  Louis  in  1820,  and  en- 
tered into  partnership  with  Richard  Milligan,  un- 
der the  style  of 

"Milligan  and  Willi,  Merchant  Tailors," 
'No.   52  JN'orth  Main   Street,  above  Pine,  and  fol- 
lowed the  business  for  many  years,  at  various  loca- 
tions, until  he  had   acquired    a  competency,   when 
he  relinquished  business  altogether. 

Mr.  Willi  was  married  on  April  26,  1827,  to 
Miss  Lucinda,  daughter  of  Capt.  Uri  Musick,  of 
Gravois,  St.  Louis  County,  and  died  June  27,  1876, 
in  his  80th  year. 

The  only  child  they  raised,  Miss  Eebecca  Willi, 
was  married  Dec'i-  25,  1852,  to  DeWitt  Clinton 
JBrown,  from  New  York,  now  deceased. 


Mrs.  Willi  yet  survives  at  the  age  of  about  SO 

Her  father,  Capt.  Uri  Musick,  served  as  a 
mounted  i-anger  in  the  war  of  1812-15. 


born  in  Ireland,  lived  a  number  of  years  in  Balti- 
more, where  most  of  his  children  were  born,  and 
for  a  time  in  Louisville,  Ky. 

He  came  to  St.  Louis  in  the  summer  of  1819, 
with  a  family  of  wife,  two  sons,  and  six  daughters. 
And  associated  with  his  eldest  son  John  opened  a 
"  Xew  Store"  on  August  4,  1819,  on  Main  Street 
below  Elm. 

He  was  not  long  in  business  here.  In  1820  they 
purchased  a  JS^ew  Madrid  Claim  for  640  acres  of 
land,  which  they  located  on  Sees.  15  and  22,  west 
of  and  adjoining  the  Grratiot  League  Square,  upon 
which  he  cleared  a  farm,  built  a  dwelling  house, 
and  lived  there  for  over  twenty  years,  returning  to 
the  city  about  the  year  1841,  where  for  ten  years 
more  he  was  employed  as  a  collector,  dying  in 

He  left,  by  his  will,  what  property  he  possessed 
to  his  oldest  son,  John,  who  had  become  a  Catholic 
Priest,  and  subsequently  was  the  well  known  K. 
Rev'd  Bishop  of  Buffalo,  'New  York. 

The  children  of  James  and  Ellen  Timon  were : 

Mary  M.,  married  to  Benj.  Ames,  in  Louisville. 


Eosa,  married  to  Michael  Daly,  of  Perry  Cy.,  in 
St.  Louis,  Aug.  26,  1819. 

Margaret,  married  to  Hugh  Mulligan,  Feb'y  22, 

Agatha,  married  to  Wm.  Douglass,  lHov.  1, 

Anna,  married  to  James  McGee,  May  4,  1830. 

Elizabeth,  married  to  —  Maginnis. 

His  second  son,  Owen  y.,  was  for  many  years  a 
Collector  and  Notary  Public  in  St.  Louis,  and  died 
here  not  many  years  back. 


were  born  at  Lisboy,  Londonderry  County,  Ire- 
land, about  seven  miles  from  Colerain,  in  Antrim 
County,  on  the  river  Bann  which  separates  the  two 

Hugh  must  have  been  the  first  of  the  Brothers 
who  came  to  the  LTnited  States,  as  he  was  in  busi- 
ness in  Philadelphia  from  1814  to  1818,  about  five 
years,  at  IsTo.  49  Chestnut  Street.  He  then  came 
out  to  Louisville  in  1818,  where  he  remained  about 
one  year,  and  to  St.  Louis  late  in  the  summer  of 
1819,  accompanied  by  his  brother  Eobert,  and 
opened  their  store  at  JN'o.  25  IS'orth  Main  Street. 

Hugh  Eanken  died  unmarried  July  11,  1825, 
aged  about  36   years. 



born  in  1793,  after  the  death  of  his  brother,  Hugh, 
continued  in  business  alone  for  nearly  twenty-five 
years  longer,  and  died  on  Dec'r  31,  1849,  aged 
about  56  years.  He  had  been  very  successful  in 
business,  and  left  a  large  estate. 


born  in  1800,  the  third  of  the  brothers  who  came 
to  the  United  States,  during  all  this  long  period  had 
been  actively  engaged  in  business  in  Philadelphia, 
at  first  for  a  number  of  years  in  the  Grocery  line, 
at  the  old  stand  of  his  brother,  49  Chestnut 
Street,  and  afterwards  for  a  much  longer  period  in 
the  Tea-trade  at  73  Chestnut  St.,  where  he  had 
purchased  out  and  succeeded  Samuel  Brown,  and_ 
where  he  realized  a  very  large  fortune. 

He  came   to   St.  Louis   in  1850,    and   died  here 
April  9,  1859,  aged  59. 


Architect  and  Builder,  was  born  in  Harrisburgh, 
Penn'a,  where  he  married,  and  came  here  with  his 
wife  in  1819,  accompanied  by  Jacob  Rupley,  who 
was  associated  with  him  in  that  line  for  a  few  years. 
In  1823  he  formed  a  copartnership  with  George 
Morton,  the  style  of  the  firm  being  "  Laveille  & 
Morton,"  they  were  the  leading  builders  in  St.  Louis 
for  a  number  of  years,    erected  a  number  of  resi- 


dences  and  other  building's,  and  several  of  our  early- 
public  edifices,  amongst  them  the  first  brick  Episco- 
pal Church  in  1825-26;  at  the  northwest  corner  of 
Third  and  Chestnut,  on  the  ground  now  covered 
with  the  south-east  corner  of  the  Merchants'  Ex- 
change building.  And  in  1827-28,  the  first  brick 
Court-house  on  Fourth,  now  occupied  by  the  eastern 
portion  of  our  present  Court-house. 

Mr.  Laveille  served  us  four  years  as  Street  Com- 
missioner, from  1823  to  1826,  and  ten  years  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Board  of  Aldermen,  from  1827  to  1836, 
when  he  declined  a  re-election. 

The  copartnership  with  George  Morton  was  dis- 
solved in  1834,  each  of  them  confining  his  business 
thereafter  to  dealing  in  lumber. 

Mrs.  Elizabeth  Laveille,  his  first  wife,  died  in 
1834,  leaving  two  sons  and  two  daughters,  all  born 
in  St.  Louis,  of  whom  one  died  young. 

Mr.  Laveille  married  his  second  wife,  Mrs.  Lavina, 
widow  of  Edward  P.  Wheeler,  June  30,  1836,  and 
died  Sept.  19,  1842,  aged  about  54  years,  leaving- 
a  son  and  daughter  by  his  second  marriage.  Mrs. 
Laveille,  his  widow,  died  in  the  winter  of  1848-49, 
leaving  three  daughters  by  her  first  husband 
Wheeler.  Mr.  Laveille' s  two  sons,  Eugene  and 
Theodore,  were  young  men  at  their  father's  death- 

The  Wheeler  children  were: 

A  son,  Henry  M. 

Ann  Eliza,  married  John  Hartnett. 

Lavina  P.,  married  Greo.  W-  Campbell. 



was  born  in  l^ew  Brunswick,    JS^ew   Jersey,  1795. 

He  came  to  St.  Louis  in  the  fall  of  1817,  and 
established  his  blacksmith  shop  next  below  the 
southeast  corner  of  Second  and  Spruce  Streets, 
where  he  soon  acquired  the  reputation  of  a  master- 
workman  in  his  line ;  in  1820  he  moved  his  shop 
diagonally  across  to  the  north-west  corner,  and 
about  1825  to  his  new  shop,  on  the  east  side  of  Main 
just  north  of  Sprace,  where  he  carried  it  on  success- 
f  nlly  the  balance  of  his  thirteen  years'  residence  in 
our  place. 

John  L.  Sutton  was  for  several  years  an  Alder- 
man of  the  Board  from  the  south  ward  of  the  City, 
representing  it  in  1824,  '27,  '28  and  '29. 

He  died  unmarried  July  7,  1830,  at  the  age  of 
35  years. 

His  heirs  were  four  brothers  and  three  sisters : 

James  C,  Henry,  Joseph,  and  William. 

Mary,  widow  of  Henry  Taylor,  with  five  chil- 

Sarah,  wife  of  James  Wilgus. 

Catherine,  who    died  unmarried. 

JAMES   0.    SUTTON, 

his  brother,  born  in  ]S^ew  Brunswick,  'New  Jersey, 
July  1,  1797,  came  to  St.  Louis  about  the  year 
1820,  and  for  a  few  years  was  associated  with  his 
•elder  brother,  John  L.,  in  the  blacksmith  business. 

DOCT.  N.  B.  ATWOOD.  353 

In  1826,  at  the  public  sale  of  the  lands  belong- 
ing to  the  estate  of  Charles  Gratiot,  Sr.,  he  pur- 
chased a  piece  of  400  arpents,  at  the  southwest 
corner  of  Gratiot's  League  Square,  about  seven 
miles  from  the  Court  House,  totally  unimproved 
and  covered  with  its  original  timber. 

He  set  to  work  at  once  to  improve  'it,  built  a 
temporary  frame  dwelling,  and  commenced  clearing 
the  land  for  cultivation.  As  the  years  rolled  by 
he  continued  its  improvement,  built  for  himself  a 
large  stone  dwelling  and  other  buildings,  untQ 
finally  at  his  death,  a  few  years  back,  he  left  it 
to  his  numerous  family,  a  valuable  inheritance. 

James  C.  Sutton  was  married  Oct.  1,  1829,  to 
Miss  Anna,  daughter  of  Joseph  Wells,  of  Gravois 
Settlement.  He  died  July  19,  1877,  at  the  age 
of  80  years  and  18  days,  leaving  9  children  of 

John  L.,  Chas.  W.,  Henry  L.,  James  C,  Isam, 
Mary  C,  Sarah  "W".,  Catherine  C. 


was  born  in  N^ewburyport,   Massachusetts,  in  l^o- 
vember,  1796. 

In  the  winter  of  1819-20,  he  came  to  St.  Louis 
from  Philadelphia,  one  of  the  firm  of  J.  J.  Smith 
&  Co.,  and  opened  in  the  Drug  business  in  the 
building  No.  67  South  Main  St.,  just  vacated  by 
the  old  Bank  of  St.  Louis.  About  the  year  1823, 
Doct.  Atwood,  then  alone,  removed  to  IS'o.  56  North 



Main.  A  few  years  later  Doct.  Atwood  went  to 
Memphis,  Tennessee,  where  he  remained  several 
years  and  then  returned  to  St.  Louis,  and  again  en- 
gaged in  his  former  business  of  Druggist,  which 
he  followed,  until  his  death,  at  various  localities  in 
the  City. 

Doct.  Atwpod  was  twice  married.  First,  to 
Miss  Green,  of  Trenton,  New  Jersey;  this  lady 
died  at   Memphis,  Tennessee,   in    Sept.,  1828. 

In  1831,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Elizabeth  F. 
Legrand,  of  Tennessee.  Doct.  Atwood  died  at 
St.  Louis  in  March,  1860,  after  a  residence  of 
nearly  forty  years  in  the  place,  aged  64  years. 

His  widow  survived  him  until  February,  J  887. 

They  leave  but  one  son,  Doct.  Legrand  Atwood, 
a  prominent  physician  of  our  City. 


Tallow  Chandler,  born  in  Ireland,  came  to  St.  Louis 
with  his  wife  and  family  in  the  year  1820,  and 
commenced  the  manufacture  of  Soap  and  Candles 
on  the  east  side  of  Second  Street,  third  door  below 
"Walnut,  which  he  carried  on  for  about  ten  years. 

He  died  July  12,  1830,  leaving  his  widow  Eliza- 
beth, five  daughters  and  a  son. 

Mary,  Jane,  Ellen,  Elizabeth  and  Winifred,  and  a 
son  Charles  H. 



Merchant,  was  born  in  Leitrim  County,  Ireland,  in 
1793,  came  to  St.  Louis  in  1819,  and  in  January, 
1820,  commenced  business  as  the  partner  of  Michael 
Castello  in  Becquet's  old  house.  South  Main  St., 
below  Elm. 

In  March,  1820,  he  formed  a  new  connection  with 
James  0.  Cummins  and  removed  to  McKnight  & 
Brady's  brick  store  No.  44,  the  south-east  corner  of 
Main  and  Pine  Streets. 

In  Sept.,  1820,  the  firm  of  Gilhuly  and  Cummins 
was  "  dissolved." 

Cummins  having  purchased  the  Missouri  Gazette 
newspaper,  retired  from  the  firm,  selling  his  interest 
in  same  to  Gilhuly,  who  continued  alone  for  some 
year^  until  his  death. 

He  died  May  21,  1825,  aged  32  years. 

He  married  Mary,  the  eldest  daughter  of  "Wm^ 
Higgins,  who  after  the  death  of  Gilhuly,  in  1825, 
remained  a  widow  for  9  years,  and  then  was 
married  April  20,  1834,  to  Hugh  O'JS'eil,  Jr.,  a 

IN'athaniel  Patterson  married  Winifred,  youngest, 
daughter  of  Wm.  Higgins,  Oct.  27,  1827. 

Mr.  Patterson  died  in  1846.     Their  only  child, 
Ehzabeth,  became  the  wife  of  James   Slevin,  both- 
deceased,  leaving   the  old  lady  alone  in  the  world. 
at  over  four  score. 



was  born  in  Westmoreland,  Orange  County,  Ife 
York,  in  the  year  1778. 

In  the  year  1808,  he  was  married  to  Mif 
Frances  Flood,  who  was  born  in  County  Donega 

Mr.  Knapp  was  a  Cabinet-maker,  he  came  to  S 
Louis  with  his  wife  and  six  children  in  1819,  his  tw 
youngest  bemg  born  in  St.  Louis.  Their  eigt 
children  were : 

Edward  J.,  born  1809,  in  ]^.  Y.,  married,  die 
in  St.  Joseph,  July  8,  1879. 

Eliza,  born  1811,  in  'N.  Y.,  married  to  Judg 
Rogers,  died  in  Carlyle,  Ills.,  1868. 

Fannie,  born  1812,  in  K.  Y.,  married  to  Fre( 
erick  Beltzhoover,  died  in  St.  Louis,    1855. 

George,  .born  Sept.  25,  1814,  in  IS".  Y.,  mai 
ried  to  Miss  Ellen  McCartan,  died  in  St.  Louis 
Sept.  18,  1883. 

John,  bom  1816,  in  N.  Y.,  married  to  Yirgini 

Mary,  born  1818,  in  N.  Y.,  unmarried,  died  i 
Louisiana,  1882. 

William,  born  1820,  in  St.  Louis,  unmarriec 
died  in  St.  Louis,  1856. 

Margaret,  born  1823,  in  St.  Louis,  unmarriec 

Mr.  Edward  Knapp,  Sr.,  died  in  St.  Louis,  Sepi 
15,  1823,  aged  45. 

Mrs.  Frances  Knapp  died  in  St.  Louis,  185* 
about  63. 



born  in  Montgomery,  Orange  County,  New  York, 
Sept.  25,  1814,  was  married  to  Miss  Eleanor  Mc- 
Cartan,  in  St.  Louis,  Dec'r  22,  1840. 

Their  children : 

Louisa,   first  Mrs.  l^apoleon   Mullikin,  secondly 
Mrs.  Whitmore. 

Ida,  Mrs.  Hoblitzelle. 

Shepard,  married. 

Vernon  W.,  married. 

George,  unmarried. 

Andy  J.,  married. 

Harry  G.,  single. 

Benjamin  F.,  single. 

Thomas  M.,  married. 
.Eleanor  J.,  single. 


was  born  in  Culpepper  County,  Virginia,  in  the 
year  1787,  and  was  a  prominent  Lawyer  and  Mem- 
ber of  Congress  from  his  district  in  1817-19,  and 
took  an  active  and  efficient  part  in  the  prosecution 
of  "  Old  Hickory,"  for  his  alleged  offense  against 
the  laws  of  Nations,  in  pursuing  the  British  across 
the  line  into  Florida. 

In  1820,  he  was  appointed  by  President  Monroe 
to  succeed  Col.  Samuel  Hammond,  in  the  office  of 
Receiver  of  Public  Moneys,  in  the  St.  Louis  Land 
District;  and  U.    S.  Attorney   and  Fiscal  Agent, 


and  immediately  acquired  great  prominence  at  the 
bar  of  St.  Louis,  where  he  was  a  familiar  and  im- 
portant personage  for  a  number  of  years. 

He  brought  with  him  from  Virginia  a  wife  and 
young  son.  Mrs.  Sarah  G.  Strother  died  on  May 
7,  1824,  in  St.  Louis.  On  June  2d,  1825,  Col. 
Strother  was  married  at  Lexington,  Ky.,  to  Miss 
Theodosia  L.,  daughter  of  John  W-  Hunt,  Esq'r, 
a  wealthy  citizen  of  that  place,  of  the  Hunts  of 
Trenton,  !N"ew  Jersey. 

The  fruit  of  this  marriage  was  a  single  daughter, 
who  with  her  mother  figured  for  many  years  in 
fashionable  life  in  this  country  and  in  Europe. 

Col.  Gj-eorge  F.  Strother  died  on  Saturday,  ]S"ov. 
28,  1840,  at  his  residencer  in  this  City,  at  the  age  of 
53  years,  and  was  interred  in  Christ  Church  Cem- 
etery. His  remains  now  lie  in  Bellefontaine.  His 
son  had  died  young. 

who  married  March  21,  1824,  the  second  daughter 
of  General  B.  Pratte,  Sr.,  came  to  St.  Louis  with 
Col.  Strother  as  his  chief  clerk.  Alexander  died  at 
Pratte's  July  15,  1826. 

His  widow,  Mrs.  Alexander,  married  her  second 
husband,  Mr.  Louis  D.  Peugnet,  from  France,  in 
Philadelphia,  February,  1830;  by  this  marriage 
there  are  two  sons,  both  married  men  with  families, 
Mr.  Ernest  Peugnet,  of  St.  Louis,  and  Armand 
Peugnet,  of  Paris,  France. 

G.  ANDERSON.  359 


was  born  at  Fort  Lee,  New  Jersey,  on  the  Hudson, 
opposite  'New  York,  April  19,  1797. 

He  came  to  St.  Louis  in  the  year  1819,  in  the 
employment  of  Col.  Richard  Johnson  and  brother, 
of  Kentiicky,  the  proprietors  of  the  steamers  then 
engaged  in  the  transportation  up  the  Missouri  of 
the  expedition  of  Gren'l  Henry  Atkinson,  to  estab- 
lish the  Military  post  at  the  Council  Bluffs,  then 
Indian  Territory,  above  Omaha,  now  JSTebraska. 

We  had  then  in  St.  Louis  several  Andersons,  no 
way  related  to  each  other.  Our  Mr.  Anderson,  a 
fine  looking  young  man,  always  well  and  fashion- 
ably dressed,  soon  received  from  his  numerous, 
friends  and  intimates  the  descriptive  appellation  of 
"Beau  Anderson." 

He  was  with  us  several  years,  and  then  returned 
to  the  east,  and  became  a  permanent  resident  of 
"Washington  City,  D.  C,  where  he  resided  until  his 
death  in  that  city. 

Mr.  Anderson  was  married  Dec.  23,  1832,  to 
Miss  EUza  SawMns,  a  young  lady  from  Southamp- 
ton, England,  and  died  Jan'y  19,  1853,  aged  55 
years  and  9  months. 

Mrs.  Anderson,  with  her  five  children,  subse- 
quently removed  to  St.  Louis. 

Gertrude  C,  Mrs.  Robert  Metcalf,  deceased. 

Laura  L.,  Mrs.  Henry  T.  WilHams. 

G-arret  Anderson,  Jr.,  born  April,  1838. 

Wm.  H.  H.  Anderson,  born  Oct.  19,  1840,  and 
George  C.  Anderson. 



was  born  at  Halifax,  "Windliam  County,  Vermont,, 
Oct.  15,  1795. 

In  1803  his  parents  removed  with  their  children  to 
Franklin  County,  Massachusetts,  and  in  October, 
1806,  to  Jefferson  Co.,  JS^ew  York,  where  he  re- 
mained until  the  year  1819,  when  he  went  out  to 
the  western   country. 

During  the  war  of  1812-15,  Capt.  Shepard 
served  for  a  time  in  the  New  York  State  militia, 
and  participated  in  several  actions. 

He. arrived  in  St.  Louis  Aug't  10,  1820.  With 
an  excellent  education,  Capt.  Shepard  early  be- 
came a  teacher,  and  followed  the  profession  for 
many  years. 

Capt.  Shepard  was  married  at  Belleville,  Ills. 
on  Aug't  10,  1823,  to  Miss  Mary  Thomas,  who 
died  June  6,  1864;  they  had  but  one  child,  Mary 
Malinda,  who  was  twice  married,  first  to  Britton 
A.  Hill  and  secondly  to  D.  Robert  Barclay. 

On  December  18,  1866,  B.  H.  Shepard  married 
a  second  time,  he  then  in  his  72nd  year,  to  Mrs. 
Catherine,  widow  of  Wm.  IsT.  Card,  by  whom  he 
left  a  young  son. 

Capt.  Shepard  died  in  St.  Louis  on  March  19th, 
1876,  aged  80  years  and  5  months  and  4  days. 
His  remains  were  taken  to  Jefferson  Co.,  New 
York,  and  interred  in  the  family  ground  with 
those  of  his  first  wife. 



was  born  in  Virginia,  and  came  to  St.  Louis  about 
the  year  1821,  and  commenced  the  practice  of 

In  July,  1826,  he  was  appointed  Secretary  of 
State,  under  Governor  John  Miller,  which  office  he 
resigned  in  1828,  to  become  a  candidate  for  Con- 
gress, to  which  office   he   was  elected. 

Li  1830  he  was  re-elected  to  the  same  office. 

In  his  duel  with  Major  Thomas  Biddle  on  Friday, 
Aug.  27,  1830,  both  parties  were  mortally  wounded^ 
Mr.  Pettis  dying  Saturday,  Aug't  28th,  and  Major 
Biddle  the  following  Monday. 

Mr.  Pettis  was  interred  on  Sunday,  Aug.  29th, 
in  the  City  Cemetery,  Park  Avenue  and  Sixth 
Street,  yet  young  and  unmarried. 

CAPT.    JOKAS  .iraWMAN, 

was  born  in  1795,  near  Harrisburgh,  Pennsylvania. 

While  yet  a  child,  his  father  and  family  removed 
to  Point  Pleasant,  Virginia,  on  the  Ohio,  at  the 
mouth  of  the  big  Kenawha. 

After  he  had  attained  his  manhood,  he  came  to 
St.  Louis,  and  was  for  a  number  of  years  engaged 
in  steamboating. 

Capt.  I^ewman  was  married  on  May  1,  1824,  to 
Miss  Susan,  daughter  of  Louis  Tarteron  Labeaume, 
then  recently  deceased. 


He  died  on  July  1,  1849,  at  the  age  of  54, 
followed  but  two  days  later,  July  3rd,  by  that  of  his 

They  left  but  one   son,  our   old    fellow  citizen, 

SOCEATES   ]S"EWMAlsr,    Esq'E., 

Who  was  born  Oct.  21,  1826,  and  was  married 
on  Dec'r  21,  1852,  to  Miss  Yitahs,  daughter  of 
Doct.  Louis  Yitalis,  dec'd,  a  native  of  France. 
They  have  been  the  parents  of  eleven  children,  of 
whom  four  sons  and  four  daughters  are  living. 


two  young  Irishmen  of  good  education,  came  to 
St.  Louis  in  1820  with  an  Invoice  of  Merchandise, 
and  opened  a  store  in  Clark's  stone  row,  l^o.  35. 
They  continued  in  business  here  for  several  years. 

Hugh  Johnson  died  unmarried,  August  6,  1825. 

After  the  death  of  his  partner,  Mr.  ISTagle  aban- 
doned mercantile  pursuits,  and  entered  into  the  prac- 
tice of  law,  for  which  he  had  been  preparing  himself 
by  study  for  some  years. 


two  young  Philadelphians,  came  to  St.  Louis  in 
1820,  under  the  patronage  of  Nathaniel  Burt,  a 
merchant  of  Philadelphia,  with  a  fine  stock  of  mer- 


<;handise,  and  opened  a  branch  of  his  house  atl^o.  1, 
Chouteau's  new  brick  row,  Aug't  17,  1820,  under 
the  style  of  "  Paul  &  Ingram,"  which  soon  secured 
a,  good  run  of  custom. 

Nathan  Paul  died  Oct.  3,  1823,  and  Henry  Eeilly 
came   out  to  fill  the  vacant  place ;   the   new    firm 

"  Ingram  &  Reilly." 

Arthur  Ingram  married  Miss Berrian,  of 

New  York,  and  died  at  his  father's  home  near 
Pittsburgh,  Sept.,  1828,  in  his  29th  year. 

Henry  Reilly  married  Miss  Julia  Paddock,  August 
9,  1827,  and  died  in  St.  Louis,  Jan'y  24,  1831. 


wras  born  in  Eichmond,  Virginia,  August  15,  1800. 

Went  to  school  in  his  native  State,  and  studied 
Law  and  graduated  at  Princeton  College,  New 

After  the  admission  of  Missouri  as  a  State,  he 
came  to  Ste.  Genevieve,  and  commenced  the  practice 
of  his  profession,  associated  with  the  Hon.  John 
Scott,  our  first  Representative  in  Congress. 

In  1827,  Mr.  Allen  removed  to  St.  Louis  with  his 
first  wife,  and  soon  acquired  an  eminent  position  at 
our  bar,  where  for  a  number  of  years  he  enjoyed  a 
very  lucrative  practice. 

Mr.  Allen  was  three  times  married,  first  in  Ste. 
Crenevieve,  to  Miss  Celeste  M.,  the  only  child   of 


George  Bullitt,  of  that  place;  this  lady  died  July  21,. 

Mr.  Allen's  second  marriage  was  on  October  16, 
1832,  to  Mrs.  Ann,  the  widow  of  Charles  Wahren- 
dorff,  dec'd,  and  eldest  daughter  of  Joseph  Charless, 
Sen'r.     This  lady   died   I^oy'r    1,    1832,    at    New' 
Orleans,  having  herself  been  three   times   married. 

April  3,  1834,  Mr.  Allen  was  married  to  Miss 
Penelope,  daughter  of  the  Hon.  JSTathaniel  Pope,  of 

Mr.  Allen  died  Sept.  10,  1845,  in  ISTew  York,  on 
his  return  from  Europe,  where  he  had  gone  for  the 
benefit  of  his  health ;  he  was  yet  in  his  prime,  aged' 
but  45  years  and  26  days. 

His  lady  still  survives  him. 


was  bom  near  Snowhill,  "Worcester  County,  Mary- 
land, Oct.  21,  1812.  His  father's  ancestors  were 
French,  his  mother  a  daughter  of  Peter  and  Cather- 
ine Collier  of  that  place. 

In  the  year  1820,  when  eight  years  of  age,  his 
mother  being  dead,  and  his  grandmother,  Mrs.  Col- 
lier, having  settled  in  St.  Charles,  he  was  brought  to 
Missouri  by  his  uncle,  John  Collier,  and  remained 
with  his  grandmother  at  St.  Charles  until  1823,  when 
he  returned  to  his  father's  residence  in  Maryland  to- 
receive  his  education,  which  being  completed,  he 
returned -to  St.  Louis  in  the  year  1833,  and  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  bar  at  the  age  of  21  years. 


Soon  thereafter  in  1834,  concluding  to  change  his 
Yocation,  he  entered  into  partnership  with  James  T. 
qSweringen,  as  Dry-goods  Merchants,  on  IS^orth 
Main  Street. 

In  1838,  he  associated  with  him,  his  brother  John 
'C  Bredell,  as  Dry-goods  Merchants,  at  the  south- 
west corner  of  Main  and  Market  Streets.  About 
the  year  1850,  Mr.  Bredell  retired  altogether  from 
business,  and  removed  his  residence  to  the  south 
side  of  Lafayette  Park,  where  he  continues  to  reside 
to  the  present  day. 

April  6,  1835,  Mr.  Bredell  was  married  to  Miss 
Angeline  Cornelia,  the  only  daughter  of  the  late 
Samuel  Perry,  Esq.,  of  Potosi,  Washington  County, 
Mo.,  born  Oct.  12,  1818;  she  died  June  28,  1887,  at 
the  age  of  68  years  and  8  months. 

Lieut.  Edward  Bredell,  Jr.,  the  only  child  they 
raised,  born  Aug.  3, 1839,  was  killed  in  the  Confed^ 
erate  service  at  Ashby's  Gap,  Virginia,  IS^ov.  16, 
1864,  at  the  age  of  25  years,  3  months. 

JOHN  c. 

brother  of  Edward,  was  born  at  Snowhill,  Mary- 
land, Feb'y  22,  1815;  he  came  to  St.  Louis  a  young 
man,  about  the  year ,  and  established  a  manu- 
factory of  cotton  batting. 

He  died  unmarried  Jan'y  5,   1853,  at  the  age  of 
38  years. 



The  President  of  the  United  States  of  America, 
and  the  First  Consul  of  the  French  Repubhc,  in  the 
name  of  the  French  people,  desiring  to  remove  all 
source  of  misunderstanding  relative  to  objects  of 
discussion  mentioned  in  the  second  and  fifth  articles 
of  the  convention  of  the  8th  Vendemiaire  An.  9 
(30th  Sept.,  1800)  relating  to  the  rights  claimed  by 
the  United  States,  in  virtue  of  the  treaty,  concluded 
at  Madrid,  the  27th  October,  1795,  between  his 
Catholic  Majesty  and  the  said  United  States ;  and 
willing  to  strengthen  the  union  and  friendship  which 
at  the  time  of  the  said  convention  was  happily  re- 
established between  the  two  nations ;  have  respect- 
ively named  their  plenipotentiaries,  to  wit:  the 
President  of  the  United  States  of  America,  by  and 
"with  the  advice  and  consent  of  the  senate  of  the  said 
states,  Robert  E.  Livingston,  minister  plenipoten- 
tiary of  the  United  States,  and  James  Monroe, 
minister  plenipotentiary  and  envoy  extraordinary  of 
the  said  states,  near  the  government  of  the  French 
Repubhc,  and  the  first  Consul,  in  the  name  of  the 
JFrench  people,  the  French  citizen  Barbe  Marbois, 


minister  of  the  public  treasury,  who,  after  having 
respectively  exchanged  their  full  powers,  have 
agreed  to  the  following  articles : 

Article  1.  Whereas,  by  the  article,  the  third,  of 
the  treaty  concluded  at  St.  Ildefonso,  the  9th  Yende- 
miaire.  An.  9  (1st  October,  1800)  between  the  first 
Consul  of  the  French  Republic  and  his  Catholic 
Majesty,  it  was  agreed  as  follows:  "  His  Catholic 
"  Majesty  promises  and  engages  on  his  part,  to 
"retrocede  to  the  French  Republic,  six  months 
*'  after  the  full  and  entire  execution  of  the  conditions 
"  and  stipulations  herein  relative  to  his  royal  high- 
*'  ness  the  duke  of  Parma,  the  colony  or  province  of 
"  Louisiana,  with  the  same  extent  that  it  now  has 
"  in  the  hands  of  Spain,  and  that  it  had  when 
"  France  possessed  it,  and  such  as  it  should  be  after- 
"  the  treaties  subsequently  entered  into  between 
"Spain  and  other  States."  And  whereas  in  pur- 
suance of  the  treaty,  and  particularly  of  the  third 
article,  the  French  Republic  has  an  incontestible 
title  to  the  domain,  and  to  the  possession  of  the  said 
Territory.  The  first  Consul  of  the  French  Republic 
desiring  to  give  to  the  United  States  a  strong  proof 
of  his  Friendship,  doth  hereby  cede  to  the  United 
States,  in  the  name  of  the  French  RepubUc,  forever- 
and  in  full  sovereignty  the  said  Territory,  with  all 
its  rights  and  appurtenances,  as  fully  and  in  the 
same  manner  as  they  have  been  acquired  by  the 
French  Repubhc  in  virtue  of  the  above  mentioned 
treaty,  concluded  with  his  Catholic  Majesty. 

Article  2.    In  the  cession  made  by  the  preceding 
article  are  included  the  adjacent  Islands  belonging 


to  Louisiana,  all  public  lots  and  squares,  vacant 
lands,  and  all  public  buildings,  fortifications,  bar- 
racks, and  other  edifices,  whiph  are  not  private 
property.  The  archives,  papers  and  documents, 
relative  to  the  domain  and  sovereignty  of  Louisiana, 
and  its  dependencies,  will  be  left  in  the  possession  of 
commissaries  of  the  United  States,  and  copies  will 
be  afterwards  given  in  due  form  to  the  magistrates 
and  municipal  officers,  of  such  of  the  said  papers 
and  documents  as  may  be  necessary  to  them. 

Article  3.  The  inhabitants  of  the  ceded  territory 
shall  be  incorporated  in  the  Union  of  the  United 
States,  and  admitted  as  soon  as  possible,  according 
to  the  principles  of  the  federal  constitution,  to  the 
enjoyment  of  all  the  rights,  advantages  and  immuni- 
ties of  citizens  of  the  United  States ;  and  in  the 
meantime  they  shall  be  maintained  and  protected  in 
the  free  enjoyment  of  their  liberty,  property,  and 
the  religion  which  they  profess. 

Article  4.  There  shall  be  sent  by  the  govern- 
ment of  France,  a  commissary  to  Louisiana,  to  the 
end  that  he  do  every  act  necessary,  as  well  to  re- 
ceive from  the  officers  of*  his  Catholic  Majesty  the 
said  country  and  its  dependencies,  in  the  name  of 
the  French  republic,  if  it  has  not  been  already  done, 
as  to  transmit  it  in  the  name  of  the  French  republic 
to  the  commissary  or  agent  of  the  United  States. 

Article  5.  Immediately  after  the  ratification  of 
the  present  treaty  by  the  President  of  the  United 
States,  and  in  case  that  of  the  First  Consul  shall 
have  been  previously  obtained,  the  commissary  of 
the  French  republic  shall  remit  all  the  military  posts 


of  IsTew  Orleans,  and  other  parts  of  the  ceded  ter- 
ritory, to  the  commissary  or  commissaries  named 
by  the  President  to  take  possession ;  the  troops 
wliether  of  France  or  Spain,  who  may  be  there, 
shall  cease  to  occupy  any  military  post  from  the 
time  of  taking  possession,  and  shall  be  embarked  as 
soon  as  possible,  in  the  course  of  three  months  after 
the  ratification  of  this  treaty. 

Article  6.  The  United  States  promise  to  execute 
such  treaties  and  articles  as  may  have  been  agreed 
between  Spain  and  the  tribes  and  nations  of 
Indians,  until  by  mutual  consent  of  the  United 
States  and  the  said  tribes  or  nations,  other  suitable 
articles  shall  have  been  agreed  upon. 

Article  T.  As  it  is  reciprocally  advantageous  to 
the  commerce  of  France  and  the  United  States  to 
encourage  the  communication  of  both  nations  for 
a  limited  time  in  the  country  ceded  by  the  present 
treaty,  until  general  arrangements  relative  to  the 
commerce  of  both  nations  may  be  agreed  on,  it  has 
been  agreed  between  the  contracting  parties,  that 
the  French  ships  coming  directly  from  France,  or 
any  of  her  colonies,  loaded  only  with  the  produce 
or  manufactures  of  France  or  her  said  colonies,  and 
the  ships  of  Spain,  coming  directly  from  Spain  or 
any  of  her  colonies,  loaded  only  with  the  produce 
or  manufactures  of  Spain  or  her  colonies,  shall  be 
admitted  during  the  space  of  twelve  years  to  the 
ports  of  New  Orleans,  and  in  all  other  legal  ports 
of  entry  within  the  ceded  territory,  in  the  same 
manner  as  the  ships  of  the  United  States,  coming 
directly  from  France  or  Spain,  or  any  of  their  colo- 



nies,  without  being  subject  to  any  other,  or  greater 
duty  on  merchandise,  or  other  or  greater  tonnage 
than  those  paid  by  the  citizens  of  the  United 

During  the  space  of  time  above  mentioned,  no 
otlaer  nation  shall  have  a  right  to  the  same  privi- 
leges in  the  ports  of  the  ceded  territory ;  the  twelve 
years  shall  commence  three  months  after  the  ex- 
change of  ratifications,  if  it  shall  take  place  in 
France,  or  three  months  after  it  shall  have  been 
notified  at  Paris  to  the  French  government,  if  it 
shall  take  place  in  the  United  States  ;  it  is,  however, 
well  understood,  that  the  object  of  the  above  article 
is  to  favor  the  manufactures,  commerce,  freight  and 
navigation  of  France  and  of  Spain,  so  far  as  relates, 
to  the  importations  that  the  French  and  Spanish 
shall  make  into  the  said  ports  of  the  United  States, 
without  in  any  sort  affecting  the  regulations  that  the 
United  States  may  make  concerning  the  exportation 
of  the  produce  and  merchandise  cf  the  United  States, 
or  any  right  they  may  have  to  make  such  regula- 

Article  8.  In  future  and  forever  after  the  expira- 
tion of  the  twelve  years,  the  ships  of  France  shall  be 
treated  upon  the  footing  of  the  most  favored  nations 
in  the  ports  above  mentioned. 

Article  9.  The  particular  convention  signed  this 
day  by  the  respective  ministers,  having  for  its  object 
to  provide  for  the  payment  of  debts  due  to  the 
citizens  of  the  United  States  by  the  French  Republic, 
prior  to  the  30th  Sept.,  1800  (8th  Yendemiaire  year 
9)  is  approved,  and  to  have  its  execution  in  the  same 


manner  as  if  it  had  been  inserted  in  the  present 
treaty,  and  it  shall  be  ratified  in  the  same  form 
and  in  the  same  time,  so  that  the  one  shall  not  be 
ratified,  distinct  from  the  other.  Another  particular 
convention,  signed  at  the  same  date  as  the  present 
treaty,  relative  to  a  definitive  rule  between  the  con- 
tracting parties,  is  in  the  like  manner  approved,  and 
will  be  ratified  in  the  same  form,  and  in  the  same 
time  and  jointly. 

Article  10.  The  present  treaty  shall  be  ratified  in 
good  and  due  form,  and  the  ratifications  shall  be 
exchanged  in  the  space  of  six  months  after  the  date 
of  the  signature  by  the  minister  plenipotentiary,  or 
sooner  if  possible. 

In  faith  whereof,  the  respective  plenipotentiaries 
have  signed  these  articles  in  the  French  and  English 
languages,  declaring  nevertheless,  that  the  present 
treaty  was  originally  agreed  to  in  the  French  lan- 
guage, and  have  thereunto  put  their  seals. 

Done  at  Paris,  the  tenth  day  of  Floreal,  in  the 
eleventh  year  of  the  French  Kepubfic,  the  30th 
April,  1803. 

Robert  R.  Livingston. 
James  Monroe. 
Bakbe  Maebois. 



was  born  in  Prussia,  August  14,  1757,  and  at  the 
breaking  out  of  the  American  Revolution  in  1775, 
he  joined  the  American  Array  from  New  York  as  a 
commissioned  officer  in  the  State  troops,  and'  served 
throughout  the  war,  participating  in  a  number  of 

At  the  close  of  the  war,  and  the  disbandment  of 
the  Continental  Army,  he  was  one  of  the  few  who 
were  retained  in  the  Federal  service  with  the  rank  of 
Lieutenant  from  1777. 

By  Act  of  Congress,  June  3, 1784,  the  First  Regi- 
ment of  U.  S.  Infantry  was  organized,  to  which  he 
was  appointed  with  the  rank  of  Captain,  April  12, 
1785,  promoted  to  Major,  Oct.  20,  1786.  Lieut. 
Colonel,  Feb'y  18,  1793,  and  full  Colonel,  April  1, 

He  died  at  his  Head  Quarters  at  Detroit,  Michi- 
gan, April  11,  1803,  in  his  46th  year,  leaving  a  son 
and  three  daughters,  all  young,  but  who  reached 
maturity  and  all  married,  viz. : 

John  F.  Hamtramck,  Jr.,  born  in  Indiana,  entered 
West  Point  in  1815,  graduated  in  1819,  commis- 
sioned 2nd  Lieut.  Artillery,  July  1,  1819,  resigned 
March  1,  1822.  He  was  twice  married  and  lived  in 
St.  Louis  some  years,  commanded  a  Regiment  from 
Virginia  in  the  Mexican  War. 

Julianne,  married  to  Doct.  Harvey  Lane,  of  Ste. 
Grenevieve . 

Harriet,  to  Capt.  Joseph  Cross,  formerly  U.  S. 
Army  at  Kaskaskia. 

COL.  J.  F.  HAMTBAMCK.  373 

Eebecca,  to  Capt.  Thomas  J.  Harrison,  3rd  Eegi- 
ment,  at  Jefferson  Barracks,  April  26,  1827. 

Col.  Hamtramck's  widow  became  the  wife  of 
Judge  Jesse  B.  Thomas  in  1805.  Gen'l  Wm.  H. 
Harrison  was  the  guardian  of  Col.  Hamtramck's 
children,  all  minors. 

A  son  of  Doct.  Harvey  Lane,  John  F.  Ham- 
tramck  Lane,  born  in  Ste.  Grenevieve  in  1812,  died 
there  July  16,  1826,  aged  14  years.  Doct.  H.  Lane 
had  died  there  a  year  previously  in  1825. 

A  daughter,  Harriet,  is  the  wife  of  Henry  Gr. 
Soulard,  of  St.  Louis. 

Another  was  the  wife  of  Julius  Chenie,  of  St. 
Louis,  both  now  deceased. 

Col.  Hamtramck  was  attached  to  the  1st  U.  S. 
Reg't  from  its  commencement  in  1784,  he  was  with 
G-en'l  Harmer  in  1790,  St.  Clair  in  1791,  Wilkin- 
son 1792,  finally  at  Vincennes  and  Detroit. 

Col.  H.  being  in  Pittsburgh  on  business  in  March, 
1801,  invited  the  officers  of  his  Regiment  then  sta- 
tioned at  that  post  to  dine  with  him  on  March  4th, 
Pres't  Jefferson's  inauguration  day.  At  4  p.  m., 
they  assembled  at  the  garrison,  and  duly  celebrated, 
the  day  in  an  appropriate  manner,  Capt.  Read  of 
the  Artillery  fired  the  salute,  and  Major  Craig, 
Quarter  Master,  prepared  the  fire  works. 
.  Inscription  on  his  monument  at  Detroit : 

"  Sacred  to  the  memory  of  John  F.  Hamtramck, 
"  first  United  States  Regiment  of  Infantry,  and 
"  commander  of  Detroit  and  its  dependancies,  he 
"  departed  this  life  on  11th  April,  1803,  aged  45 
"years,  7  months,  28  days. 


"  True  patriotism  and  a  zealous  attachment  to  lib- 
"  erty,  joined  to  a  laudable  ambition,  led  him  to 
"  military  service  at  an  early  period  of  his  life,  and 
"  an  active  participator  in  all  the  dangers,  diffieul- 
"ties  and  risks  of  the  Revolutionary  war,  and  his 
"  heroism  and  uniform  good  conduct  procured  him 
"the  attention  and  thanks  of  his  friends  and  the 
"  immortal  Washington. 

"  The  United  States  in  him  have  lost  a  valuable 
"  officer,  a  good  citizen  and  member  of  society,  his 
"  loss  to  his  country  is  incalculable,  and  his  friends 
"  will  never  forget  the  memory  of  Hamtramck. 

"  This  humble  anonument  is  placed  over  his 
"remains  by  the  officers  who  had  the  honor  to 
"  serve  under  his  command,  as  a  small  but  grateful 
"tribute  to  merit  and  worth." 


was  born  Aug't  18,  1774,  near  Charlottesville,  Al- 
bemarle County,  Virginia.  His  grand-uncle,  John 
Lewis,  had  been  a  member,  of  the  King's  Council 
before  the  Revolution.  Another  of  his  grand-uncles, 
Fielding  Lewis,  was  a  brother-in-law  of  Greorge 
"Washington,  having  married  a  sister  of  "Wash- 

In  1794,  at  the  age  of  20  years,  he  joined  the 
volunteers  called  out  by  Washington  to  suppress 
the  Whiskey  Insurrection  in  the  western  part  of 
Pennsylvania  •  from  this  he  was  appointed  by  Wash- 
ington   a   Lieiit.   in  the    Regular    Service   of    the 

GAPT.  M.  LEWIS.  375 

United  States,  and  in  1797,  at  the  age  of  23  years, 
was  promoted  to  a  Captaincy. 

At  the  first  inauguration  of  President  Jefferson, 
in  1801,  he  appointed  Capt.  Lewis  his  private  Sec- 
retary, which  position  he  filled  for  two  years  until 
1803.  In  this  year  after  the  promulgation  of  the 
treaty  of  cession,  Congress  made  an  appropriation 
"to  explore  the  Missouri-  River,  cross  the  Stoney 
"  Mountains,  and  descend  some  river  to  the  Pacific 

President  Jefferson,  knowing  well  the  man  from 
his  infancy,  at  once  selected  him  to  the  command  of 
the  expedition,  and  as,  in  the  event  of  an  accident, 
it  was  necessary  that  some  one  should  be  associated 
with  him  in  this  then  very  hazardous  expedition, 
Mr.  William  Clark,  a  younger  brother  of  Col. 
George  Eogers  Clark  of  Revolutionary  history,  was 
appointed,  and  received  the  commission  of  Cap- 

(Hence  called  "expedition  of  Capts.  Lewis  & 

Jefferson's  instructions  to  Capt.  Lewis  are  dated 
"Washington,  July  4,  1803."  Thus  instructed 
Capt.  Lewis  left  Washington  on  the  next  day,  July 
5,  1803,  then  29  years  of  age,  and  proceeded  to 
Pittsburgh  to  fit  out  the  expedition.  The  time 
necessary  for  this  purpose,  the  low  stage  of  water  in 
the  Ohio,  and  other  causes,  so  retarded  the  move- 
ment of  the  expedition,  that  on  its  arrival  at  Caho- 
kia,  opposite  St.  Louis,  the  season  was  too  far- 
advanced  to  ascend  the  Missouri  River  this  season. 

(It  was  during  this  winter  of  1803-4,  that,  while 

376  APPENDIX.    " 

waiting  here  for  the  spring  to  prosecute  his  voyage, 
Capt.  Lewis  Avas  present  at  the  transfer  of  the 
country  to  the  United  States  on  the  9th  of  March, 
1804,  and  that  his  name  is  affixed,  as  one  of  the  wit- 
nesses, to  the  official  document  executed  by  Delas- 
sus  and  Stoddard  to  that  effect.) 

Capt.  Lewis'  party  consisted  originally  of  28  per- 
sons, viz. : 

Nine  young  men  from  Kentucky,  14  U.  S.  sol- 
diers, 2  Canadian  boatmen,  Capts.  Lewis  and  Clark, 
and  a  negro  servant  of  Capt.  Clark.  When  leaving 
here  in  the  spring,  Capt.  Lewis  added  to  his  party 
1  Indian  Interpreter^  1  Hunter  and  ]5  boat  hands, 
the  party  then  numbering  45  in  all. 

The  expedition  left  Wood  river,  opposite  the 
mouth  of  the  Missouri,  where  the  boats  had  win- 
tered, on  the  opening  of  navigation  in  the  spring  of 
1804,  and  reached  the  Mandan  Villages  in  latitude 
47  degrees  21  minutes,  where  they  spent  the  first 
winter  in  a  rude  Fort  erected  for  their  shelter  and 

In  the  spring  of  1805  Capt.  Lewis  dispatched  a 
pirogue  with  13  of  his  boat  hands  to  St.  Louis  with 
dispatches,  &c.,  for  the  government,  and  having 
lost  one  man,  his  party  now  numbered  31  men. 

On  the  7th  of  April  he  resumed  his  movement 
ascending  the  Missouri  River,  and  reached  the  falls 
of  the  same  about  the  middle  of  June.  About  the 
last  of  July,  they  reached  the  three  forks  which 
they  named  Jefferson,  Madison  and  Gallatin,  as- 
cended the  Jefferson  fork,  the  northern  and  largest. 

CAPT.  M.  LEWIS.  377 

to  its  soui'ce,  procured  horses  and  a  guide  from  the 
Shoshonee  Indians  in  August,  passed  through  the 
Mountains,  reaching  the  western  slope  Sept.  22nd — 
built  canoes  and  embarked  in  them  on  the  Koos- 
koosky,  a  branch  of  the  Columbia,  on  October  7th, 
and  reached  the  Pacific  Ocean  JSToy'r  15th.  Here 
they  also  erected  a  fort,  and  passed  the  second 
winter,  on  the  South  bank  of  the  Columbia  River. 
On  the  23rd  of  March,  1806,  they  recommenced 
the  ascent  of  the  river  on  their  return  home,  left 
their  canoes  on  May  2nd,  crossed  the  mountains  as 
in  going  on  horseback,  reached  the  Missouri  river 
August  12th,  and  St.  Louis  Sept.  23rd. 

Absent  on  the  expedition  2  years,  4  months  and 
10  days. 

After    spending   some   little    time   iu    St.    Louis, 

Capts.  Lewis   &  Clark  proceeded  to  Washington, 

where    they     arrived    in   Feb'y,    1807.  '   Congress 

passed   an    act    granting    each  of    them  and  their 

companions  a  donation  of  lands.     Shortly  after  this 

Capt.    Lewis    was    appointed  Governor  of    Upper 

Louisiana,  and  Capt.  Clark,  General  of  the  militia. 

When    Governor    Lewis    returned   to    St.   Louis^ 

'  he   found   the    Territory  distracted  by  feuds  and 

'  quarrels    among     the    ofiicials,    and    the    people 

'greatly    discontented."       Mr.    Jefferson     in    his 

sketch   of    Gov.    Lewis,    says,    "he   took  no  sides 

'with  either  party,  but  administering  even-handed 

'  justice   to  all,  soon  established  a  respect  for  his 

'  person   and   authority,  and  time  wore  down  ani- 

'  mosities,  and  reunited  the  citizens  again  into  one 

'  family." 


In  the  autumn  of  1809,  his  affairs  requiring  his 
presence  in  Washington,  he  left  St.  Louis  in  Sep- 
tember to  proceed  down  the  river  to  'New  Orleans 
and  there  take  a  coasting  vessel  around — ^from  his 
youth  he  had  been  subject  to  occasional  fits  of  low 
spirits  and  despondency,  and  on  his  arrival  at  the 
Chickasaw  Bluffs  (now  Memphis)  somewhat  indis- 
posed, he  changed  his  mind  and  concluded  to  go 
through  by  land.  Mr.  JS^eeley,  U.  S.  agent  for  the 
Chickasaw  Indians,  who  was  to  accompany  him, 
perceived  in  him  occasional  symptoms  of  derange- 
ment of  mind. 

After  passing  the  Tennessee  river  about  a  day's 
journey,  they  stopped  for  the  night  of  October  10th 
at  the  house  of  a  Mr.  Griner.  At  about  3  o'clock 
in  the  morning  of  the  11th,  Mrs.  Griner  was  awak- 
ened by  the  report  of  a  pistol  from  the  room  occu- 
pied by  Gov.  Lewis,  followed  in  a  little  while  by  a 
second.  On  entering  the  room  the  Governor  was 
found  dead  in  his  bed,  with  a  bullet  hole  under  his 
chin  up  to  and  through  his  skull. 

The  place  where  this  occurred  is  near  Gordon, 
the  county  seat  of  Lewis  County  (named  by  the 
Legislature  in  honor  of  Governor  Lewis)  in  Middle 
Tennessee.  .He  was  only  35  years  of  age  (near 
this  spot  the  Legislature  of  Tennessee  erected  in 
the  year  1848,  a  gray  stone  monument  of  native 
rock,  about  25  feet  high,  inclosed  with  an  iron  rail- 
ing, with  suitable  inscriptions  on  the  four  sides) . 

Before  leaving  St.  Louis  on  this  his  last  journey, 
Governor  Lewis,  on  the  19th  day  of  August,  1809, 

GEN.  WM.  CLAKK.  379 

appointed  his  "  three  most  intimate  friends,  William 
"Clark,  Alexander  Stuart,  and  Wm.  C.  Carr,  his 
"lawful  attorneys,  with  full  authority  to  dispose  of  -4- 
"all  or  any  part  of  his  property  real  and  personal, 
"  and  to  pay,  or  receive,  all  debts  due  by  or  to  him 
"&c.,"  executed  in  presence  of  Jeremiah  Connor 
and  Sam'l  Solomon  as  witnesses. 

From  the  fact  of  his  naming  three  attorneys 
clothed  with  such  full  powers  as  are  usually  exer- 
cised by  Executors  only,  it  would  seem  to  indicate 
that  he  might  have  had  some  foi-eboding  that  he 
might  never  return  to  St.  Louis,  even  if  he  then 
entertained  no  idea  of  self  destruction. 

Edward  Hempstead  was  appointed  administrator 
of  his  estate  by  the  General  Court  of  the  Territory 
of  Louisiana  in  1810.  Lewis  had  purchased  several 
pieces  of  land  in  the  vicinity  of  the  village,  among 
them  a  3  V2  arpent  piece  from  John  Mullanphy, 
adjoining  Roys  Mill  tract,  just  above  the  north  end 
of  the  then  village.  The  Belcher  Sugar  refinery 
is  on  part  of  it,  and  Lewis  Street,  named  after 
him,  is  also  on  it. 

In  concluding  this  brief  sketch  of  M.  Lewis,  I 
deem  it  the  proper  place  to  say  a  few  words  of  his 
associate   in  the  expedition,  and  intimate  friend. 

GEN.    WM.    OLAEK, 

was  born  in  Caroline  County,  Yirginia,  Aug't  1, 
1770,  and  was  a  younger  brother  of  Col.  Geo. 
Rogers  Clark  of  Revolutionary  fame.     In  1784  his 


father  moved  to  Kentucky,  and  settled  at  the  Falls 
of  the  Ohio,  now  Louisville. 

In  1788  he  was  appointed  an  Ensign.  In  March, 
1792,  prornqted  to  a  Lieutenancy,  and  appointed 
Adjutant  and  Quarter-Master.  These  positions  he 
resigned  in  July,  1796,  owing  to  ill-health.  In  1803 
he  was  appointed  a  Lieutenant  of  Artillery  with 
orders  to  join  Capt.  Lewis  in  his  expedition  to  the 
Pacific  Ocean.  In  1806  he  was  promoted  to  first 
Lieutenant  of  Artillery.  President  Jefferson  ap- 
pointed him  a  Lieut.  Colonel,  but  the  appointment 
not  being  confirmed  he  resigned  from  the  regular 
service  in  1807,  and  was  appointed  Brigadier  Gen- 
eral of  the  militia  of  the  Territoiy  of  Upper 

In  1813  he  was  appointed  by  President  Madi- 
son, Governor  of  Missouri  Territory,  succeeding 
Governor  Benj.  Howard,  which  position  he  filled  to 
the  satisfaction  of  all  parties,  iintil  the  admission  of 
Missouri  into  the  Union. 

The  ofiice  of  Superintendent  of  Indian  Affairs 
having  been  established  by  Act  of  Congress,  he 
was  appointed  to  the  position  by  President  Monroe 
in  May,  1822,  which  oflace  he  held  for  16  years  until 
his  death  on  Sept.  1,  1838,  at  the  age  of  68  years 
and  one  month. 

As  some  thing  co-incident  in  the  lives  of  these 
two  men,  they  were  both  from  the  same  State, 
Virginia,  both  associated  in  the  conduct  of  the 
expedition  to  the  Pacific,  and  both  became  gov- 
ernors of  the  Territory,  and  so  close  the  intimacy 

GEN.  Z.  M.  PIKE.  381 

between  them,  that  Clark  on  the  birth  of  his  first 
son,  named  him  after  his  old  associate  Meriwether 

Gen'l  Clark  was  twice  married,  his  four  sons 
by  his  first  wife  are  all  deceased.  His  only  pne 
by  his  second,  Jefferson  K.  Clark,  being  the  sole 


was  born  at  Lamberton,  ISTew  Jersey,  Jan'y  5,  1779. 
Son  of  Major  Zebulon  Pike  of  the  Revolutionary 
Army,  who  moved  over  to  Bucks  Co.,  Penn'a. 

March  3,  1799.  Appointed  Ensign  in  the  2nd 
Regiment  of  Infantry. 

April  24,  1800.  1st  Lieut,  same  Regiment, 
1802,  transferred  to  1st  Regiment. 

1806.     Captain  same  Regiment. 

1809.  Major  same  Regiment. 

1810.  Lieut.  Col.  4th  Regiment. 

4th  July,  1812.     Colonel  15th  Regiment. 

Feb'y,  1813.     Brigadier  General. 

Married  in  1801  at  22  years  to  Clarissa  Brown  of 
Kentucky.  Killed  at  York  (Toronto),  Upper 
Canada,  April  27,  1813.     Aged  34  years. 

About  the  time  of  the  transfer  in  1803-4  Lieut. 
Pike  was  in  command  for  a  time  at  Kaskaskia, 
the  first  Military  Post  established  by  the  U.  S.  on 
the  Mississippi  River  after  the  treaty  with  Spain 
in  1795. 


Exploration  to  the  Sources  of  the  Mississippi  River, 
1805  and  1806,  appointed  by  Gen'l  James  Wilkinson, 
*U.  S.  Army,  to  the  command  of  the  party. 
Lieut.  Z.  M.  Pike. 
Interpreter,  Pierre  Eosseau. 
Sergeant,  Henry  Hennerman. 
Corporals,  Wm.  E.  Meek;  Samuel  Bradley. 


Jeremiah  Jackson.  John  Brown. 

John  Boley.  Jacob  Carter. 

Thomas  Douglass.  William  Gordon. 

Solomon  Huddleston.  John  Mountjoy. 

Theodore  Miller.  Hugh  Menaugh. 

Alexander  Roy.  John  Sparks. 

Patrick  Smith.  Freegift  Stout. 

Peter  Bran  den.  David  O  wings. 
David  Whelpley.  22  in  all. 

This  party  left  St.  Louis,  Friday,  Aug't  9,  1805, 
in  a  keel  boat,  on  Sat.,  Feb.  1,  1806,  arrived  at 
Leech  Lake,  extremity  of  navigation,  in  47°  16'  18", 
north  latitude,  and  returned  to  St.  Louis,  all  well, 
April  30,  1806.     Absent  8  months  22  days. 

OAPT.     pike's,     second     EXPEDITION    THROUGH 

Capt.  Z.  M.  Pike. 

Zdeut.  James  B.  Wilkinson. 

Doct.  John  H.  Robinson. 

Sergeants  Joseph  Ballenger,  William  E.  Meek. 

Corporal  Jeremiah  Jackson. 

GEN.  M.  PIKE.  383 


John  Boley.  Theodore  Miller. 

Henry  Kennerman,  Hugh  Menaugh. 

Samuel  Bradley.  John  Mountjoy. 

John  Brown.  Alexander  Roy. 

Jacob  Carter.  John  Sparks. 

Thomas  Douglass.  Patrick  Smith. 

William  Gordon.  Preegift  Stout. 

Solomon  Huddleston.  John  Wilson.     23  in  all. 

Interpreter,  Baronet  Vasquez. 

The  party  left  St.  Louis  July  15,  1806.  As- 
cended the  Missouri  and  Platte  rivers,  crossed  the 
mountains,  and  on  Oct.  27,  reached  the  Arkansas, 
which  they  at  first  supposed  was  the  Red  River. 
Here  Capt.  Pike  divided  his  party. 

Lieut.  Wilkinson  with  Sergeant  Ballenger,  and 
privates  Boley,  Bradley,  Wilson  and  Huddleston, 
and  Interpreter  Baronet  Vasquez,  seven  in  all  de- 
scended the  River  in  canoes  to  ]S^ew-Orleans,  which 
they  reaqhed  in  February,  1807.  While  Pike  and 
Doct.  Robinson  with  the  balance  sixteen  in  all, 
ascended  the  River,  traversed  the  mountains  into 
Mexico  and  Louisiana,  and  reached  ]N^atchitoches  on 
Red  River,  July  1,  1807,  absent  a  year. 

Zeb.  M.  Pike,  Major. 




City  oe  "Washington,  Feby.  11,  1807. 

Sir:  This  will  be  handed  you  by  a  particvilar 
friend  and  acquaintance  of  mine  Mr.  Fleming  Bates, 
late  Judge  of  the  Michigan  Territory  and  receiver 
of  public  monies  at  Detroit. 

Mr.  Bates  has  been  recently  appointed  the  Sec- 
retary of  the  Territory  of  Louisiana,  and  recorder 
of  the  Board  of  Commissioners  for  adjusting  the 
land  claims  in  that  territory  and  is  about  to  estab- 
lish himself  at  St.  Louis,  in  order  to  take  on  him 
the  discharge  of  the  duties  incumbent  to  those 

The  situation  of  Mr.  Bates  as  a  public  officer 
sufficiently  shows  the  estimation  in  which  he  is,  in 
my  opinion,  deservedly  held  by  the  Executive  of 
the  United  States,  and  consequently  renders  any 
further  observations  in  relation  to  his  talents  or 
integrity  unnecessary  on  my  part.  You  will  confer 
an  obligation  on  me  by  making  Mr.  Bates  ac- 
quainted with  the  respectable  inhabitants  of  St. 
Louis  and  its  vicinity,  or  by  rendering  him  any  serv- 
ice which  it  may  be  in  your  power  to  give  him. 

The  papers  you  confided  to  my  c^re  have  been 
laid  before  the  Executive,  but  as  yet  I  have  received 


TIC  answer  on  the  subject ;  nor  do  I  believe  that  any 
definite  answer  will  be  given,  or  measures  taken  in 
relation  to  the  land  claims  of  Louisiana,  until  after 
the  passage  of  a  law  on  that  subject  which  is  now 
under  the  consideration  of  Congress. 

I  shall  probably  come  on  to  St.  Louis  in  the 
course  of  the  next  fall,  for  the  purpose  of  residing 
among  you  ;  in  such  an  event  I  should  wish  timely 
to  procure  a  house  by  rent  or  otherwise  for  my  ac- 
commodation, and  I  have  fixed  my  eye  on  that  of 
Mr.  Gratiot,  provided  we  can  come  on  terms  which 
may  be  mutually  agreeable.  I  would  prefer  renting 
or  leasing  to  purchase ;  in  either  case  the  enclosure 
of  the  garden  must  be  rendered  secure,  and  the  steps 
and  floor  of  the  piazza  repaired  by  the  1st  of  Oc- 
tober next.  I  would  thank  you  to  request  Mr. 
Gratiot  to  write  me  on  this  subject,  and  to  state 
his  terms  distinctly  as  to  price,  payment,  etc.,  in 
order  that  I  may  know  whether  my  resources  will 
enable  me  to  meet  these  or  not,  or  whether  it  will 
become  necessary  that  I  should  make  some  other 
provision  for  my  accommodation. 

My  respectful  compliments  to  your  lady,  Mad'e 
P.  Chouteau,  and  my  friends  of  St.  Louis  and  its 
vicinity,  and  believe  me 

Your  sincere  friend  and 

Obed't  servant, 

Meriwether  Lewis. 

Mon'r  Aug't  Chouteau. 



St.  Louis,  May  27,  1807. 

Sir:  I  had  this  afternoon  the  honor  of  receiv- 
ing- your  polite  intimation  with  respect  to  a  Parade 
of  Volunteers.  It  is  believed  to  be  an  affair,  over 
which  the  Executive  ought  to  have  no  controul. 

I  should  be  gratified  by  your  making  on  this,  and 
all  similar  occasions,  such  dispositions  and  arrange- 
ments, as  will  be  satisfactory  to  yourself  and  to  the 

I  am  Sir,  very  respectfully 

Your  most  Obed't  Servant, 

Fl.  Bates. 
Col.  Aug't  Chouteau. 

Col.  Chouteau. 

Sir:  I  received  last  afternoon  your  friendly  and 
hospitable  Billet  —  and  •  intended  , to  have  had  the 
honor  of  accepting  the  invitation  which  it  con- 
tained, but  the  press  of  business  which  I  ought 
not  for  a  moment  to  postpone,  will  I  hope  be  a 
sufficient  apology  for  my  not  waiting  on  you. 
I  am  Sir, 

Most  respectfully, 

Your  Obed't  Sei'vant, 

Fl.  Bates.* 
July  8, 1807. 

*  Fleming  Bates  died  Dec.  29,  1830,  in  liis  53d  year,  at  Northumber- 
land, Virginia. 

official  corkespondence.  387 

Seorbtaby's  Office, 

St.  Louis,  Aug.  1,  1809. 
'Sir:  I  have  the  honor  to  send  herewith  three 
pamphlets  of  the  acts  of  the  Congress  of  the  United 
States,  also,  a  volume  of  the  Laws  of  this  territory, 
comprising  the  whole,  at  this  time,  in  force,  passed 
subsequently  to  the  cession. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be 

Very  respectfully. 
Your  most  Obed't  Servant, 
Feedeeick  Bates. 
Hon'ble  Aug't  Chouteau, 
Judge  of  the  Court  of 
Common  Pleas,  &c.,  &c. 

St.  Louis,  Sept.  6,  1809. 
Sir:  I  have  th^  honor  to  enclose  you  the  bond 
of  Francis  Deroin,   deposited  this  morning   in   my 
office,  also  a  new  License  and  Bond,  which  you  will 
have  the  goodness  to  be  executed  at  your  leisure. 
I  have  the  honor  to  be. 

Very  respectfully.  Sir, 

Your  Obed't  Servant, 

Feedekiok  Bates. 
Hon.  Augte.  Chouteau. 

St.  Louis,  11th  Sept.,  1809. 
Sir:    I   had  the  honor  to  receive   this    moment 
your  nomination  of  sundry  persons  to  fill  the  vacan- 


cies  occasioned  by  the  resignation  of  Major  San- 
guinet.  I  expect  the  printer  will  supply  me,  in  a 
few  days,  with  blanks,  when  these  appointments 
will  be  made  immediately. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be, 

Very  respectfully 
Sir,  your  most  Obed't  Servant, 

Fredertck  Bates. 
Hon.  Augt.  Chouteau. 

Lieut.  Col.  comd'g  1st  Reg't  Militia. 

/Sir:  One  of  your  Hunters  applied  yesterday  at 
my  office  for  a  license  to  hunt  on  the  Osage  river. 

As  I  did  not  hear  the  name  of  the  man,  I  have  the 
pleasure  to  enclose  yoa  a  blank.  The  name  may 
be  reported  to  me  at  some  future  time,  when  con- 

I  have  the  honor  to  be, 

Yery  respect^lly 
Sir,  your  most  Obed't  Servant, 

Frbdeeick  Bates. 
Sept.  23,  1809. 
The  Hon.  Augte.  Chouteau. 

St.  Louis,  Sept.  4,  1810. 

Sir:  I  enclose  Patent  certificates  'Nos.  78,  79, 
80  and  81  on  the.  commissioners  JSTos.  336,  376,  403 
and  363. 

I  have  been  obhged  to  delay  these  papers  longer 


than  I  could  have  wished,  in  ordei*  to  obtain  certain 
explanations  from  the  Surveyors. 

With  very  great  respect, 
I  have  the  honor  to  be 

Sir,  your  most  Obed't  Servant, 
Frederick  Bates. 
Hon.  Auguste  Chouteau. 

St.  Louis,  April  28,  1813. 

Sir:  I  have  the  honor  to  enclose  a  letter  to  the 
General  Commissioner  of  the  land-office,  enclosing 
the  corrected  plat  and  patent  certificate  for  your 
Mill  Tract. 

Be   so   obliging   as   to  put  a  wafer  in   it  before 
delivery  to  Major  Hempstead.* 
I  have  the  honor  to  be. 
Very  respectfully 

Sir,  your  Obed't  Servant, 

Frederick  Bates. 
Hon'ble  Augt.  Chouteau. 

Missouri  Territory,  Executive  Office, 

Aug.  11,  1819. 
Sir:    I  have  this  moment  the  honor   to   receive 
your  letter  of  yesterday,  enclosing  a  copy  of  a  Treaty 
negotiated  by  yourself  and  Col.  Stephenson,  com- 

*  Edward  Hempstead,  then  acting  commissioner  of  the  General  Land 


missioners  on  the  part  of  the  United  States,  with  the 
Kickapoo  Indians,  on  the  30th  July  last. 
With  great  respect,  I  have  the  honor  to  be, 

Sir,  your  Obe't  Servant, 

Fkedbeick  Bates. 
The  Hon.  Augt.  Chouteau. 


A  large  portion  of  the  people  of  our  City,  at  the 
present  day,  imagine  whenever  they  hear  the  term 
Bellefontaine  made  use  of,  that  it  is  the  name  ex- 
clusively of  the  Cemetery  so  designated,  but  few  of 
them,  perhaps,  being  aware  of  the  fact  that  Belle- 
fontaine proper  is  a  locality  some  ten  miles  distant 
from  the  cemetery,  which  last  received  the  name 
simply  from  the  fact  of  lying  on  the  road  to  Belle- 
fontaine. The  association  that  originated  the  ceme- 
tery, named  it  at  first  the  "Rural  Cemetery  "  and 
subsequently  changed  it  to  "  Bellefontaine,"  per- 
haps as  more  euphonious.  Bellefontaine  lies  on  the 
south  bank  of  the  Missouri  river,  in  St.  Ferdinand 
Township  of  St.  Louis  County,  in  Sec.  10,  Town- 
ship 47  north,  range  7  east,  and  is  just  14  miles  due 
north  from  the  Court  house.  It  was  a  noted  point 
in  the  early  annals  of  St.  Louis,  and  its  history 
and  events  that  there  occurred,  if  detailed  at  length, 
would  fill  quite  a  volume. 

Early  in  the  year  1768,  but  a  few  years  after  the 
birth  of  the  village,  and  while  yet  there  was  no 
legally   established ,  government  in  the  country  on 


this  side  of  the  River,  everything,  being  in 
abeyance,  awaiting  the  appearance  of  those  to 
whom  the  country  had  been  ceded  by  the  French 
King,  Capt.  Rios  of  the  Spanish  service,  with 
some  twenty-five  soldiers,  arrived  from  below,  sent 
up  by  Count  UUoa  to  establish  the  Spanish  author- 
ity in  this  Upper  Louisiana.  Meeting  with  a  very 
unwelcome  reception  from  the  people  of  the  place, 
although,  following  the  example  of  their  country- 
men below,  they  did  not  oppose  his  landing,  his 
first  step  was  to  select  a  suitable  location  for  a  Fort, 
as  protection  from  Indian  inroads  on  the  north,  and 
to  provide  quarters  for  his  men. 

He  selected  this  spot,  and  late  in  the  season  com- 
pleted his  Fort  which  he  named,  "Fort  Prince 
Charles  "  in  honor  of  the  son  of  his  King,  and  heir 
to  the  Throne. 

It  does  not  appear  to  have  been  long  occupied  as 
a  Military  Post  by  the  Spanish,  in  the  year  1769 
Rios  returned  below  with  his  men,  and  Piernas  came 
up  in  1770.  It  was  afterwards  converted  into  a 
Factory,  or  trading  Post  with  the  Indians,  although 
still  called  the  "Fort,"  and  is  mentioned  in  several 
documents  of  the  time  under  that  title.  However 
Governor  Zenon  Trudeau,  on  Sept.  10,  1797, 
granted  to  a  Hezekiah  Lard,  a  concession  of  one 
thousand  arpents  of  land  on  the  Missouri  river, 
through  which  runs  the  ' '  Cold  water ' '  or  Belle- 
fontaine  creek;  on  this  land  Lard  built  a  house,  saw 
and  grist  mill,  and  cleared  a  farm,  and  on  this  land 
was  the  Old  Fort  or  Factory.     Lard  died  in  1799, 


and  in  1803  his  estate  was  sold  at  public  sale,  in  par- 
tition and  six  hundred  arpents  of  the  tract  were  pur- 
chased by  a  William  Massey,  upon  which  was  the 
old  Factory  and  buildings.  This  closes  its  history 
for  the  forty  years  that  the  Country  was  in  pos- 
session of  the  French  and  Spanish.  It  received  the 
name  of  Belle-fontaine  by  the  French  and  Spanish 
traders  from  a  large  spring  at  the  foot  of  the 
Bluffs  near  the  river. 

After  the  transfer  of  the  country  to  the  United 
States  in  1804,  Geri'l  James  Wilkinson,  then  in 
command  of  the  Army  of  the  United  States, 
selected  Bellefontaine  as  the  most  suitable  position 
fpr  the  headquarters  of  the  U.  S.  Military  on  the 
western  waters.  The  U.  S.  troops  were  first  can- 
toned at  Bellefontaine  in  temporary  log-huts  in  the 
years  1805-1806. 

April  20,  1806,  Gen'l  Wilkinson  for  the  U.  S. 
purchased  from  William  Massey,  five  acres  of  land 
with  the  Factory  and  buildings  called  Bellefontaine, 
with  the  use  for  five  years  of  the  ground  then  used 
for  the  cantonment,  with  the  buildings,  gardens, 
woodlands,  &c.  Upon  these  five  acres  G-en'l  Wil- 
kinson erected  the  buildings  for  a  permanent  post. 

July,  1806,  Gren'l  Wilkinson  purchased  the  whole 
tract  of  500  arpents  excepting  the  5  acres  pre- 
viously purchased  for  the  U.  S.  —  and  in  March, 
1809,  conveyed  it  to  the  U.  S.  who  then  owned  the 
whole  tract — a  considerable  portion  of  which  was 
kept  in  cultivation  to  supply  the  wants  of  the  men. 

After  the  establishment  of  Fort  Atkinson,  Couh- 


cil  Bluffs  on  the  Missouri,  Fort  Snelling,  St. 
Peters,  on  the  Mississippi,  and  the  various  other 
military  posts  on  these  two  rivers,  Bellefontaine 
was  no  longer  the  rallying  point  of  the  U.  S.  Mili- 
tary in  the  west  (but  a  few  troops  were  still  kept 
there  for  a  few  years  longer)  and  from  its  inac- 
cessibility in  seasons  of  low  water,  it  was  deemed 
best  to  abandon  it  altogether,  and  establish  the 
headquarters  of  the  U.  S.  in  the  west,  at  a  more 
suitable  and  accessible  point,  for  which  purpose  the 
site  of  the  present  Jefferson  Barracks  was  selected, 
and  on  the  4th  July,  1826,  Col.  Talbot  Chambers 
with  his  four  companies  of  the  1st  Infantry,  the 
last  U.  S.  military  occupants  of  the  Fort,  aban- 
doned the  old  place  forever  and  removed  to  the  new 
site  selected  by  the  U.  S.  (Jefferson  Barracks)  for 
what  was  then  contemplated  to  become  the  chief 
point  for  the  concentration  of  the  U.  S.  Military. 
After  the  removal  of  the  troops  it  remained  in 
charge  of  a  military  store  keeper '"  for  some  ten 

In  1836  Gen'l  Lewis  Cass,  Sec'y  of  War  under 
Yan  Buren,  ordered  it  to  be  sold  at  public  sale.  It 
was  purchased  by  Jamison  Samuel,  Dunham  Spald- 
ing, H.  'N.  Davis  and  E.  L.  Langham,  who  laid  out 
on  it  their  "  Town  of  Bellefontaine,"  but  as  it 
never  came  to  anything  it  was  again  converted  into 
a  farm,  and  was  purchased  by  the  late  Doct.  David 
C.  Tandy  of  this  City,  whose  son,  Eobert  E. 
Tandy,  at  present  resides  on  the  place. 

Old  Major  John  Whistler  of  the  Eevolution. 


The  prospect  from  Bellefontaine  north  is  very 
fine.  Immediately  opposite  on  the  north  side  of 
the  Missouri  River,  Hes  the  south-east  point  of  St. 
Charles  County,  low  and  flat,  of  alluvial  formation, 
extending  some  three  miles  east  to  the  junction  of 
the  two  rivers ;  across  this  flat  point  of  land  at  the 
distance  of  four  miles  due  north,  the  City  of  Alton 
on  the  east  bank  of  the  Mississippi  is  in  full  view, 
the  hig'h  bluffs  on  that  side  pointing  out  the  course 
of  the  river  for  some  distance  above  that  City. 
The  bluffs  on  this  side  are  170  feet  above  the  river, 
ascertained  by  the  old  well  which  had  to  be  exca- 
vated to  that  depth  before  reaching  water. 

The  noted  Spring  from  which  the  place  received 
its  name,  is  near  the  foot  of  the  Bluffs  on  this  side, 
but  the  encroachments  of  the  river  have  swept  it 

The  track  of  the  old  upper  road  to  Bellefontaine, 
can  be  traced  to  this  day  (1880)  through  Belle- 
fontaine and  Calvary  cemeteries,  and  from  Baden, 
at  the  forks  of  the  old  Hall's  ferry  road  to  the 
Spanish  pond,  it  runs  pretty  much  over  the  same 
ground  for  120  years. 


There  yet  remain  here  at  this  day  (1888)  some 
eight  or  ten  dilapidated  old  houses  of  the  early 
times,  and  as  in  a  very  brief  period  they  must 
inevitably  be  removed  to  make  way  for  others,  it 
might  be  a  matter  of  some  little  interest  to  a  por- 

JUDGE  WM.  C.  CARE'S.  395 

tion  of  the  present  generation,  to  take  a  cursory- 
glance  at  these  old  relics  of  by-gone  days,  enabling 
them  at  a  future  period  to  realize  the  fact,  that  they 
were  here  in  time  to  witness  for  tliemselves  some  of 
these  old  remains  of  early  St.  Louis.  And  more 
especially  as  some  of  these  old  ruins  had  been 
erected  and  were  occupied  for  a  time  by  individuals, 
who,  in  their  day  and'  generation,  were  prominent 
in  this  community,  several  of  them  having  filled 
important  public  positions. 

These  old  houses  are  in  chronological  order. 

JUDGE   WM.    C.    CAER'S. 

A  two-story  brick  dwelling  at  the  southeast  corner 
of  Main  and  Spruce  Streets  (now  l^o.  400  South 
Main),  built  by  Judge  Wm.  C.  Carr,  in  1815,  for 
his  own  residence,  the  fifth  brick  house  built  in  St. 
Louis,  and  the  first  one  expressly  for  a  dwelling,  and 
was  occupied  by  the  Judge  for  several  years,  until 
he  removed  to  his  new  place  in  the  country,  in  what 
is  now  Franklin  Avenue. 

In  the  year  1820  it  was  occupied  for  a  short  time 
by  Doct.  Bernard  G.  Farrar,  on  his  return  from 
Kentucky  with  his  second  wife,  the  late  Mrs. 

It  was  next  a  sort  of  Military  Headquarters  and 
Bachelor's  Hall,  being  occupied  in  1821  conjointly 
by  Genl.  Henry  Atkinson,  Major  Thomas  Biddle 
and  Capt.  Tom  Smith,  U.  S.  Army,  and  Major 
Kichard  Graham,  U.  S.  Indian  Agent,  all  four  at 


that  period  unmarried  men,  but  Grraham,  and  he  a 
widower.  Subsequently  by  other  parties,  until 
eventually  it  was  altered  for  a  drinking  saloon,  as  it 
is  yet  so  occupied. 


A  two-story  frame  house,  No.  217  South  Third 
Street,  west  side,  third  house  above  Myrtle,  built  by 
James  Irwin,  a  Carpenter,  in  1815,  who  sold  it  to 
Col.  Saml.  Hammond  in  1818,  who  occupied  it  for 
some  years,  succeeded  by  other  first-class  families,  it 
being  not  only  a  genteel  but  fashionable  locality  for 
many  years. 

In  this  house  in  1827  Col.  John  O' Fallon  was 
married  to  his  second  lady,  Miss  Caroline  Sheets. 


K'os.  617  and  619,  west  side  of  South  4th,  oppo- 
site Plum  Street,  built  by  Col.  Thomas  F.  Riddick 
for  his  residence  in  1818,  then  in  the  country. 
House  36  feet  front  by  18  deep,  two  rooms  above 
and  two  below,  the  window  glass  below  13  by  18 
inches,  sent  for  to  Pittsburg,  extra  large  size. 

At  that  day  there  was  no  Fourth  Street  south  of 
Elm,  all  being  enclosed,  the  house  was  approached 
from  the  east  by  the  road,  now  Plum  Street,  and 
was  for  years  the  southwest  house  of  the  then  vil- 
lage, the  surroundings  originally  several  feet  higher 
were  cut  down  in  grading  the  streets. 

This  old   house  had   a  noted  history  —  for  some 


years  it  was  the  residence  of  Col.  Riddick.  It  was 
then  opened  in  the  summer  of  1823  by  Blanchard 
and  Storrs  as  a  public  resort,  called  the  Vaux  Hall 
Garden,  subsequently  occupied  by  Major  Faysseau, 
U.  S.  Quarter  Master,  and  finally  by  Judge  Luke 
E.  Lawless,  who  died  in  it.  This  locality  was  a 
very  fashionable  quarter. 


A  stone  mason,  built  in  1819-20,  in  a  deep  sink 
hole  at  the  northeast  corner  of  Elm  and  Sixth,  a 
two-story  stone  dwelling,  in  which  he  died  in  1820. 
In  raising  the  street  to  its  present  grade,  it  left  but 
the  upper  story  above  the  street  level,  at  this  day 
occupied  as  a  saloon. 

WM.  Bennett's  mansion  house  hotel. 

Built  in  1816  by  Gen'l  Wm.  Rector,  U.  S.  Sur- 
veyor General  for  Illinois  and  Missouri,  for  his  office 
and  residence,  at  the  northeast  corner  of  3d  and 
Vine.  Enlarged  by  him  early  in  1819  for  WilUam 
Bennett's  Hotel,  who  opened  the  house  in  the  summer 
of  1819,  and  it  was  occupied  as  such  for  many  years, 
during  which  it  has  been  the  scene  of  many  interest- 
ing and  note-worthy  incidents,  sufficient  in  them- 
selves to  fill  a  large  volume. 

Old  Manager  Samuel  Drake's  Theatrical  Company 
from  Cincinnati  and  Louisville,  on  its  first  visit  to 
St.  Louis  in  the  winter  of  1819-20,  performed  in  the 
large  dining  room  of  this  hotel. 


The  Convention  that  framed  the  Constitution  of 
the  State  of  Missouri,  held  its  sittings  in  June,  1820, 
in  the  same  long  dining  room,  and  it  was  for  many- 
years  our  principal  ball  room. 

This  building  was  removed  a  few  years  since,  to 
make  way  for  the  large  business  house  now  occupy- 
ing its  site. 

MAJOR  WM.  Christy's 

Old  stone  residence  in  ISTorth  St.  Louis,  erected 
for  him  in  1818.  This  house,  then  two  miles  out 
in  the  country,  stands  at  present  at  the  northwest 
corner  of  Monroe  and  Second  Streets,  then  not  far 
from  the  river  bank. 

Here  the  Major  and  his  family  lived  for  many 
years,  he  dying  in  it  in  April,  1837,  and  his  widow 
continuing  to  occupy  it  for  a  number  of  years  after- 
wards. It  was  a  fine  house  in  its  day,  but  has  long 
since  been  converted  into  a  manufactory. 

During  its  long  occupancy  by  this  noted  family  of 
the  olden  days,  it  was  much  frequented  by  the  elite 
of  St.  Louis  society,  several  of  the  daughters  and 
family  connections  were  married  in  it,  and  it  was 
frequently  the  scene  of  much  gayety  and  festivity. 

HENRY  Gratiot's 

Old  farm  house,  built  by  him  about  the  year 
1810,  the  first  house  built  on  the  "  Gratiot  League 
Square,"  and  one  of  the  earliest  near  the  village, 
where   he    lived   for   a   number  of  years    after   his 

JOHN  P.  CABANNE'S.  399 

marriage  in  1813.  A  weather  boarded  log  house 
1  1-2  stories  high,  50  feet  long,  by  16  deep,  on  a 
stone  foundation  about  4  feet  high,  with  a  stone 
chimney  at  each  end.  Three  doors  on  the  east 
front,  one  to  each  room,  with  a  shed  over  the 
,  steps  to  each,  in  place  of  the  gallery  which  originally 
extended  along  the  whole  front  of  50  feet ;  the  rear 
gallery  still  remains  in  a  dilapidated  condition. 

It  stands  on  high  ground  overlooking  the  country 
in  each  direction,  about  three-eighths  of  a  mile  west 
of  the  King's  Highway,  which  is  the  east  line  of  the 
"  Gratiot  League  Square,"  and  150  yards  north  of 
Pattison  Avenue  which  leads  to  it. 

A  deep  well  of  water  stands  about  50  yards  north- 
east of  the  house.  A  part  of  the  stone  founda- 
tions of  Gratiot's  old  mill,  are  still  to  be  seen, 
(1881)  a  short  distance  north  of  the  house,  on  the 
slope  of  the  hill  which  descends  to  the  river  Des 
Peres,  and  the  ruins  of  the  old  stone  spring-house, 
in  a  hollow  about  200  yards  east,  as  also  a  num- 
ber of  old  dead  apple-trees  in  the  orchard. 

The  builder  of  this  house  died  at  Barnum's 
Hotel,  Baltimore,  in  April,  1835. 


Brick  country  residence  on  the  King's  Highway, 
in  survey  IS'o.  3052.  Situated  now  (1881)  just 
opposite  the  west  end  of  a  proposed  new  wide  road 
from  Yandeventer  Avenue  to  Forest  Park,  to  be 
called  "Forest  Park  Boulevard."     It  is  140  yards 


south  of  the  west  end  of  Laclede  Avenue,  and  165 
yards  north  of  the  angle  in  the  front  line  of 
King's  Highway. 

In  the  year  1819-20,  Mr.  Cabanne,  who  had 
resided  with  his  young  family  in  the  town  during 
the  twenty  years  he  had  been  engaged  in  mer- 
chandising, being  about  to  relinquish  that  branch 
of  his  business,  and  devote  his  whole  attention  to 
the  fur  business  exclusively,  which  would  necessi-' 
tate  his  absence  from  home  the  most  of  his  time, 
built  for  his  family  (eight  children,  the  oldest  not 
yet  fifteen)  a  residence  in  the  country  immediately 
west  of  the  center  of  our  town,  on  the  eastern 
line  of  the  above  tract,  IS^o.  3052,  the  King's 
Highway  (now  the  eastern  front  line  of  Forest 
Park)  a  brick  residence,  where  the  family  resided 
some  twelve  or  fifteen  years,  until  1833,  when  Mr. 
Cabanne  built  his  city  residence  at  ISTo.  28  Vine 
Street,  in  which  house  he  died  on  Sunday,  June 
27,  1841,  aged  about  68  years. 

This  old  "Cabanne  Mansion"  was  the  first 
brick  house  built  in  the  country  outside  of  the  old 
town,  consequently  the  "Pioneer  Brick."  It  was 
known  to  almost  the  whole  population  of  the 
county  far  and  wide,  and  with  its  quaint  old  wind 
mill  and  out  houses  could  be  seen  from  a  long 
distance  from  all  directions  except  the  west,  where 
the  primeval  forest  hid  it  from  view. 

Occupied  by  that  family,  father  and  son,  for  near 
half  a  century,  noted  for  their  hospitality  and  gen- 
erous mode  of  living,  it  had  been  the  scene  of  many 
a  gay  and  joyous  occasion. 

JOHN  P.  CABANNE'S.  401 

In  it  two  of  the  daughters  of  the  houise  had 
entered  the  marriage  state ;  Adelle,  the  eldest  daugh- 
ter, to  Jno.  B.  Sarpy,  in  1820,  the  first  year  of  its 
occupancy,  and  Juha,  in  1830,  to  Lieut.  Jas.  W- 
Kingsbury,  U.  S.  Army.  The  third  daughter, 
Louisa,  was  also  united  to  an  officer  of  the  Army, 
Lieut.  Albert  G.  Edwards,  at  present  our  Sub- 
Treasurer  at  St.  Louis,  although  not  at  this,  but  at 
their  city  residence,  JSTo.  28  Vine  Street. 

After  Mr.  Cabanne,  Sr.,  had  removed  to  the  city, 
he  conveyed  to  his  eldest  son,  John  Charles,  a  large 
portion  of  this  land  from  the  south  end  including 
the  Mansion,  etc.,  who  made  it  his  residence  until 
the  year  1850,  in  which  year  he  sold  it  to  Alban  H. 
Glasby,  of  Gaty,  McCane  and  Glasby,  who  also 
lived  on  the  place  for  some  years,  and  there  laid  out 
his  Town  of  Hockessin  in  1854,  and  resold  to  Mr. 
Chas.  Cabanne  the  Homestead  and  adjacent  im- 
provements with  a  few  acres  of  land. 

This  old  land-mark,  true,  by  no  means  an  impos- 
ing structure,  but  simply  an  unpretentious  country 
mansion,  yet,  from  its  quaint  style  of  architecture 
and  well  preserved  condition  so  far  from  being  an 
eye-sore,  suggesting  its  removal,  was  an  ornament 
to  the  spot,  and  with  very  little  labor  and  expense  in 
improving  the  surroundings,  could  easily  have  been 
made  an  attractive  spot  and  an  object  of  historical 

To  sum  up  all,  there  was  every  reason  in  the 
world  why  this  old  land-mark  should  have  been  pre- 
served,   and   none    whatever    for    its    unjustifiable 



destruction,  it  can  only  be  partially  excused  by  the 
supposition  that  the  party  who  caused  its  removal 
was  totally  ignorant  of  its  early  history  —  and  the 
writer  of  this  feels  almost  persuaded  that  had  the 
Superintendent  of  the  Park  been  anyway  posted 
in  regard  to  its  early  history  and  associations,  he 
would  not   have   allowed  its  removal. 


Menlber   of   Congress   from   the   Lexington,  Ken- 
tucky, district,  was  nominated  by  President  James 
Madison,   April  17,   1810,  for  Governor  of  Upper 
Xiouisiana  to  succeed  M.  Lewis  deceased. 
1810  Sep.  17.     He  arrived  in  St.  Louis,  and  assumed 

the  duties  of  the  office. 
"     Oct.  31.    He  appointed  Thomas  T.  Crittenden 

of  Ste.  Genevieve,  Attorney  General  of   the 

Territory . 

1811.  Renewed  the  commission  of  Frederick  Bates, 
as  Secretary  of  the  Territory  for  four  years. 

"  Peby.  14.  He  was  married  in  Loudon  County, 
Virginia,  to  Miss  Mary  T.  Mason,  daughter  of 
S.  T.  Mason,  dec'd. 

"  On  Monday  Deer.  2nd,  Governor  Howard 
and  lady  arrived  in  St.  Louis. 

1812.  Gov'r  Howard's  proclamation  dividing  the 
Territory  into  five  counties,  St.  Charles,  St. 
Louis,  Ste.  Genevieve,  Cape  Girardeau,  and 
ISTew  Madrid. 

''  Appointed  by  President  Madison,  a  Brigadier 
General,  in  the  U.  S.  Army. 


1812  llTov'r.  28.  A  dinner  was  given  him  by  a  large 
number  of  citizens  of  St.  Louis,  as  a  mark  of 
their  appreciation  of  his  measures  for  the 
defence  of  the  Territory. 

1813  March  21.  Death  at  Lexington,  Kentucky,  of 
Mrs.  Howard,  wife  of  Gren'l  Benjamin  Howard 
U.  S.  Army. 

^'  Sept.  8.  Being  about  to  set  out  on  an  ex- 
pedition against  the  Indians  of  Ilhnois,  he 
executed  his  will  at  Portage  des  Sioux,  nam- 
ing his  nephew  Benj.  Howard  Payne  of  Lex- 
ington, Kentucky,  as  the  heir  of  his  estate.* 

'"  Sept.  10.  He  set  out  from  Portage  with 
1400  men  on  his  expedition. 

1814  Sept.  18.  Death  at  St.  Louis  of  Genl.  Benj. 
Howard  U.  S.  Army,  late  Governor  of  the 

After  Christy's  addition  of  l^orth  St.  Louis  was 
laid  out  in  1817  the  remains  of  General  Howard 
were  removed  to  the  Protestant  Cemetery  in  the 
north  circle,  now  Grace  Church,  and  covered  with  a 
stone  slab. 

General  Howard  left  no  children,  a  sister  was  the 
wife  of  Edward  C.  Payne,  Sr.,  of  Lexington,  Ken- 
tucky, they  had  six  sons,  and  the  eldest  Benj. 
Howard  Payne,  the  sole  heir  of  his  uncle,  after 
whom  he  was  named,  died  unmarried  in  1821,  leav- 
ing five  brothers,  of  whom  the  fourth,  Thos.  Jef. 
Payne,  acquired  the  interest  of  the  others,  and  came 
to  St.  Louis  about  the  year  1828.     After  a  residence 

*  The  will  recorded  at  Lexington,  Kentucky. 


of  about  forty  years  in  Missouri,  the  latter  part  of 
this  period  in  St.  Charles  County,  he  died  in  St, 
Louis  in  1867,  and  is  interred  in  Bellefontaine  Ceme- 

Mr.  Thos.  J.  Payne  had  acquired  from  various 
parties,  the  large  body  of  land  lying  between  Grand 
Avenue  and  the  King's  highway,  now  embracing 
Shaw's  Botanical  Garden,  Tower  Grove  Park,  etc., 
which  he  was  the  first  to  improve  and  put  in  cultiva- 
tion, and  on  which  he  lived  for  a  number  of  years, 
previous  to  disposing  of  it  to  Mr.  Henry  Shaw. 


was  born  in  Scotland  in  the  year  1750. 

In  1755  hie  father,  a  farmer  and  poor,  came  over 
to  America,  and  settled  in  York  County,  Penn- 

With  a  few  old  books,  then  scarce,  and  a  little 
teaching  he  pursued  his  studies,  and  at  18  years  of 
age,  he  succeeded  in  getting  into  Princeton  Col- 
lege, where  he  taught  two  classes  for  his  support. 
Then  took  charge  of  an  Academy  in  Maryland.  In 
1777  he  joined  the  Army,  crossed  the  mountains  to 
Pittsburgh  in  1781,  read  law  with  Judge  Chase,  and 
in  1788  was  at  the  head  of  the  Pittsburgh  bar,  and 
afterwards  elected  to  the  Legislature. 

On  the  election  of  Governor  McKean,  1800-01, 
he  appointed  him  a  Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court  of 
the  State,  which  he  fiUec  until  his  death  in  1816,  at 
66  years  of  age,  universally  respected  for  his  integ- 
rity and  talents. 


Alleghany  County  was  organized  from  Westmore- 
land and  Washington,  in  September,  1788,  it  in- 
cluded all  the  country  in  Pennsylvania,  north  of  the 
Ohio,  and  west  of  the  Alleghany,  out  of  which  was 
formed  in  1800,  the  counties  of  Beaver,  Butler, 
Mercer,  etc. 


was  Fort  Pitt  until  1784,  when  the  Town  was  laid 
out  and  surveyed.  Town  incorporated  in  1794,  the 
year  of  the  Whisky  Insurrection,  and  the  City  in 


was  JSTew  Geneva,  Payette  County,  on  the  Monon- 

He  was  in  Congress  from  1795  to  1801,  six  years, 
and  appointed  Secretary  of  the  Treasury  by  Jeffer- 
son in  1801,  and  was  succeeded  in  Congress  by  J. 
B.  C.  Lucas  in  1801  and  1803. 


was  born  in  Pittsburg,  then  called  Fort  Pitt,  in 

His  father.  Judge  Hugh  H.  Brackenridge,  author 
of  several  works,  was  an  eminent  Lawyer,  his 
mother  died  when  Henry  was  an  infant  of  eighteen 
months  of  age.  In  1791,  when  he  was  five  years 
old,  his  father  married  again,  the  daughter  of  a 
German  farmer  and  Justice  of  the  Peace  near 

In  1792  or  93,  when  about  six  years  of  age,  his 


father  sent  him  to  Louisiana,  under  the  care  of  John 
B.  C.  Lucas,  a  friend  of  his  father,  then  at  Pitts- 
burgh, who  occasionally  traded  to  Louisiana,  to  be 
placed  in  some  French  f  arnily  where  he  might  learn 
the  French  language.  He  left  him  for  a  short  time 
in  ]S^ew  Madrid,  then  came  by  land  to  Ste.  Gene- 
vieve, Henry  riding  a  pony.  Here  he  left  him  with 
old  Mr.  Beauvais,  in  whose  family  Henry  passed 
over  two  years,  treated  like  one  of  the  children,  he 
became  a  complete  French  boy,  and  almost  forgot 
his  English  language. 

In  1794-5  Lucas  came  for  him,  took  him  up  the 
Ohio  in  a  canoe,  and  left  him  with  Doct.  Saugrain 
in  Galliopolis,  Ohio,  he  was  then  between  8  and  9 
years  old; 'he  stayed  in  Doct.  Saugrain' s  family 
about  one   year. 

In  1795-6,  General  Wilkinson  passing  up  the  Ohio 
river  with  his  family,  at  the  request  of  young  Brack- 
enridge's  father,  took  him  home  in  his  own  boat,  to 
Pittsburgh,  he  being  then  in  his  tenth  year. 

Here  he  remained  at  home  with  his  step-mother, 
who  was  very  kind  to  him,  for  about  three  years, 
taking  lessons  from  his  father  at  home  until  he  was 
thirteen  years  old. 

In  1799  he  went  to  the  Town  Academy  for  the 
next  two  years,  until  1801,  when  fifteen  years  old; 
in  1803  commenced  the  study  of  Law  in  his  father's 
office,  at  17  years,  and  then  went  to  Jefferson  Col- 
lege, Philadelphia,  for  six  months,  boarding  at  Mrs. 
Earl's  with  several  young  men  attending  the 


In  1805-6  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar,  about 
twenty  years  of  age.  After  trying  for  a  time 
Baltimore,  Bedford,  Somerset,  etc.,  he  finally  left 
Pittsburgh  for  St.  Louis  in  April,  1810,  and  arrived 
at  I^ew  Madrid  in  May,  and  went  by  land  to 
Ste.    Grenevieve. 

He  became  acquainted  with  Messrs.  Bradbury 
and  I^uttal,  two  English  naturalists.  Traveled 
over  much  of  the  'New  Louisiana  Territory, 
ascended  the  Missouri  River  to  Fort  Mandan, 
1700  miles,  and  wrote  those  essays  for  the  Repub- 
lican in  1810.  In  November  he  left  for  IS^ew 
Orleans,  where  he  arrived  about  the  first  of 
January,  1811. 

He  spent  two  years  in  traveling  over  the  new 
States,  part  of  the  time  as  Deputy  Attorney  (gen- 
eral, and  part  of  the  time  as  a  District  Judge.  His 
health  becoming  somewhat  impaired,  he  resigned 
and  went  north  again  in  1812-13. 

He  was  in  Baltimore  in  June  1816  and  17,  en- 
gaged in  the  publication  of  some  of  his  works.  In 
1817-18  he  made  a  voyage  to  South  America  by 
order  of  the  American  government,  in  the  U.  S. 
Frigate  Congress,  visiting  Cuba  and  Mexico. 

He  came  again  to  St.  Louis  about  1820  and  was 
here  for  several  years  at  the  time  and  after  we 
became  a  State. 

He  was  a  great  friend  of  Pres't  Jackson, 
who  appointed  him  U.  S.  Judge  for  the  Dis- 
trict of  Florida.  Subsequently  he  settled  himself 
on   a    seat    named   Tarentum,    on    the   Alleghany 


river,  21  miles  above  Pittsburgh.  Here  he  ended 
his  days,  after  serving  his  constituents  in  the  lower 
house  of  Congress. 


Three  miles  from  the  Mississippi  River,  at  the 
western  end  of  Laclede  Avenue,  a  prolongation  of 
Market  Street,  a  little  northwest  of  the  Rock  Spring 
addition,  and  just  east  of  the  old  Rock  Spring 
Catholic  Cemetery,  a  large  spring  gushes  out  from 
beneath  the  rocks,  which  underlie  the  rising  ground 
to  the  west. 

This  is  the  well-known  "Rock  Spring"  of  the 
early  days  of  St.  Louis,  which  in  the  olden  time 
when  far  out  in  the  country  removed  from  the 
Town,  was  celebrated  for  the  beauty  of  its  surround- 
ings, and  was  for  some  years  the  most  attractive 
resort  in  our  neighborhood,  when  beautifully  shaded 
by  large  native  forest  trees,  and  the  scene  of  many 
gay  and  happy  occasions  of  the  young  people  of  the 

This  Spring  was  the  principal  source  of  the  little 
stream  called  in  the  French  days  of  St.  Louis, 
"  la  petite  riviere,''''  and  which  after  meandering 
through  the  valley  of  the  Cul  de  Sac  in  a  direction 
a  little  south  of  east,  fed  by  a  few  other  smaller 
ones,  entered  the  Mississippi  just  below  the  gas 
works  at  the  foot  of  Convent  Street. 

This  little  stream,  which  in  the  early,  days  of  the 
village  was  clear  and  limpid  furnishing  the  largest 


portion  of  the  water  that  then  formed  the  beautiful 
lake,  known  in  its  day  as  "Chouteau's  pond,"  no 
longer  exists,  its  bed  being  superseded  by  the  great 
Mill  Creek  sewer,  now  completed  from  the  river  to 
beyond  Grand  Avenue,  to  be  continued  eventually 
to  its  source. 


"Feanklin,  Tennessee,  Sept.  10,  1813. 

"  A  difference  which  had  been  for  some  months 
'  brewing  between  General  Jackson  and  myself, 
'  produced  on  Saturday,  the  4th  inst.,  in  the  Town 
'  of  Nashville,  the  most  outrageous  affray  ever  wit- 
'  nessed  in  a  civilized  country. 

"  In  communicating  this  affair  to  my  friends  and 
'  fellow- citizens,  I  limit  myself  to  the  statement  of 
'  a  few  leading  facts,  the  truth  of  which  I  am  ready 
'  to  establish  by  judicial  proofs. 

"  1st.  That  myself  and  my  brother,  Jesse  Benton, 
'  arriving  in  ISTashville  on  the  morning  of  the  affray, 
'  and  knowing  of  Genl.  Jackson's  threats,  went 
'  and  took  our  lodgings  in  a  different  house  from 
'  the  one  in  which  he  stayed,  on  purpose  to  avoid 
'  him. 

"  2nd.  That  the  General  and  some,  of  his  friends 
'  came  to  the  house  where  we  had  put  up,  and  com- 
'  menced  the  attack  by  levelling  a  pistol  at  me, 
'  when  I  had  no  weapon  drawn,  and  advancing 
'  upon  me  at  a  quick  pace,  without  giving  me  time 
'  to  draw  one. 

'^  3rd.    That  seeing  this,  my  brother  fired  upon 


General  Jackson,  when  he  had  got  within  eight  or 
ten  feet  of  me. 

'•'•  4:th.  That  four  other  pistols  were  fired  in  quick 
succession,  one  by  General  Jackson  at  me,  two  by 
me  at  the  General,  and  one  by  Col.  Coffee  at  me. 
In  the  course  of  this  firing  General  Jackson  was 
brought  to  the  ground,  but  I  received  no  hurt. 
"  5tTi.  That  daggers  were  then  drawn.  Col. 
Coffee  and  Mr.  Alexander  Donaldson  made  at  me 
and  gave  me  five  slight  wounds.  Captain  Ham- 
mond and  Mr.  Stockley  Hays  engaged  my  brother, 
who  being  still  weak  from  the  effects  of  a  severe 
wound  he  had  lately  received  in  a  duel,  was  not 
able  to  resist  two  men.  They  got  him  down,  and 
while  Capt.  Hammond  beat  him  on  the  head  to 
make  him  lay  still,  Mr.  Hays  attempted  to  stab 
him,  and  wounded  him  in  both  arms  as  he  lay  ou 
his  back  parrying  the  thrusts  with  his  naked 
hands.  From  this  situation  a  generous-hearted 
citizen  of  Nashville,  Mr.  Sumner,  relieved  him. 
Before  he  came  to  the  ground,  my  brother  clapped 
a  pistol  to  the  breast  of  Mr.  Hays  to  blow  him 
through,  but  it  missed  fire. 

"  6th.  My  own  and  my  brother's  pistols  carried 
two  balls  each;  for  it  was  our  intention,  if  driven 
to  our  arms,  to  have  no  child's  play.  The  pistols 
fired  at  me  were  so  near,  that  the  blaze  of  the 
muzzle  of  one  of  them  burnt  the  sleeve  of  my 
coat,  and  the  other  aimed  at  my  head  at  little 
more  than  arm's  length  from  it. 
"  7th.    Capt.  Carroll  was  to  have  taken  part  in 


"the  affray,  but  was  absent  by  the  permission  of 
"  General  Jackson,  as  he  has  since  proved  by  the 
"  General's  certificate  —  a  certificate  which  reflects 
"  I  know  not  whether  less  honor  upon  the  General 
"  or  upon  the  Captain. 

"  StJi.  That  this  attack  was  made  upon  me  in  the 
"  house  where  the  Judge  of  the  Disti'ict,  Mr. 
"  Searcy,  had  his  lodgings !  So  little  are  the  laws 
"and  its  ministers  respected!  Nor  has  the  civil 
"authority  yet  taken  cognizance  of  this  horrible 
"  outrage. 

' '  These  facts  are  sufficient  to  fix  the  public 
"opinion.  For  my  own  part  I  think  it  scandal- 
"  ous  that  such  things  should  take  place  at 
"any  time,  but  particularly  so  at  the  present 
' '  mornent,  when  the  public  service  requires  the  aid 
"of  all  its  citizens.  As  for  the  name  of  courage, 
' '  God  forbid  that  I  should  ever  attempt  to  gain 
"it  by  becoming  a  bully. 

"Those  who  know  me  know  full  well  that  I 
"would  give  a  thousand  times  more  for  the  reput- 
"ation  of  Croghan  in  defending  his  post,  than  I 
"would  for  the  reputation  of  all  the  duehsts 
"and  gladiators  that  ever  appeared  on  the  face 
"  of  the  earth.      ,,  Thomas  Habt  Benton, 

"  Lieut.  Col.  39th 'Infantry.'' 

BY    REV'd  'JNO.    M.    PEOE. 

Daniel  Boone  born  in  Exeter  Township,  Philadel- 
phia County,*  Penn'a,  in  February,  1735,  removed 

*  Afterwards  in  1752  forming  part  of  Berks  County. 


to  North  Carolina  in  1759  when  24  years  old,  then 
to  Kentucky  in  1774  at  the  age  of  39,  thence  to 
Upper  Louisiana  in  1797,  when  62  years  of  age, 
where  he  died  on  Sept.  26,  1820,  immediately  after 
the  organization  of  our  State  of  Missouri,  in  his 
eighty-sixth  year. 

Many  Kentuckians  came  to  St.  Louis  between  the 
years  1794  and  1803.  Boone,  in  a  manner  having 
been  despoiled  of  his  successive  homes  in  Virginia 
and  Kentucky  by  the  grasping  disposition  of  man- 
kind, and  his  own  neglect  to  perfect  his  titles  to  the 
improvements  he  had  made,  and  being  somewhat 
disgusted  with  the  cupidity  of  his  fellowmen, 
resolved,  in  his  old  agej  to  remove  west  of  the 
Mississippi,  where  his  oldest  living  son,  Dan'l  M. 
had  established  himself  the  year  previously  at 
Femme  Osage  in  the  District  of  St.  Charles,  about 
45  miles  west  of  St.  Louis.  So  in  1797,  upon  the 
invitation  of  Lieut.  Gov.  Trudeau,  who  had  prom- 
ised him  a  grant  of  land,  he  came  to  St.  Louis 
where  he  was  welcomed  bv  Grov'r  Trudeau  to  Upper 
Louisiana,  and  went  to  reside  with  his  son  Dan'l 
M.  at  the  village  of  Charette. 

1798,  Jan'y  24.  Gov'r  T.  made  him  a  grant  of 
1000  arpents  of  land  in  Femme  Osage  District; 
which  was  .surveyed  for  him  Jan'y  9,  1800.  He 
was  appointed  by  Gov'r  JDelassus  July  11,  1800, 
Syndic  (Civil  magistrate)  and  commandant  of  that 
settlement  of  Femme  Osage,  which  office  he  held 
at  the  date  of  the  transfer  to  the  U.  S.  March  10, 
1804,  and   was   glad  to   relinquish   when   the  new 


U.  S.  government  was  set  in  operation  by  Gen'l 
Harrison  in  October  of  that  year,  he  then  verg- 
ing on  70  years  and  much  broken  by  a  hfe  of 
privation  and  exposure. 

In  1804  he  removed  to  his  youngest  son's 
N"athan,  with  whom  he  resided  until  1810,  and 
then  to  his  Son  in  Law's  Flanders  Calloway  at  the 
village  of    Charette  some  miles  further  west. 

His  wife  Mrs.  B.  whom  he  had  married  in  Penn'a 
when  both  were  young,  died  in  1813  at  the  age  of 
76  years,  after  which  he  broke  down  rapidly.  He 
was  visited  in  1818  by  the  Eev'd  Mr.  John  M. 
Peck,  at  his  Son  in  Law's  house  at  Charette. 

His  portrait  was  taken  in  the  summer  of  1820,  by 
Chester  Harding,  who  went  from  St.  Louis  ex- 
pressly for  the  purpose,  the  Rev'd  J.  E.  Welch 
supporting  him. 

He  died  a  couple  of  months  after  this,  on  the 
26th  Sept.,  1820,  at  the  residence  of  his  youngest 
Son  Major  ISTathan  Boone,  near  St.  Charles,  in  the 
86th  year  of  his  age. 

Boone  was  a  rnan  of  5  feet  10  inches  in  height 
and  spare,  his  two  oldest  sons  James  and  Israel  had 
been  killed  by  Indians  —  he  left  3  sons,  Dan'l 
Morgan,  Jesse  and  Il^athan  —  four  daughters,  Mrs. 
Callaway  and  three  others. 


In  the  year  1820  there  came  to  our  Town  of  St. 
Louis,  Chester  Harding  from  Kentucky  an  embryo 
portrait  painter.     He  had  been  originally  a  house 


and  sign  painter,  with  a  natural  talent  for  painting 
fancy  picture  signs,  in  imitation  of  the  then  famous 
Woodside  of  Philadelphia.  He  remained  with  us 
for  some  time,  during  which  he  took  the  portraits 
of  exceeding  an  hundred  persons  more  or  less  prom- 
inent in  our  community,  historically  and  iu  private 
life,  amongst  them  that  of  Col.  Dan'l  Boone,  then 
on  his  last  bed,  a  few  months  prior  to  his  death  in 
1820,  at  the  residence  of  his  son  Kathan  Boone  in 
St.  Charles  County. 

Leaving  here  he  painted  at  the  east  for  some 
years,  acquiring  money  and  reputation  in  his  pro- 
fession, went  to  Europe,  studied  the  great  masters 
in  Rome  and  Florence,  then  lived  for  some  years  in 
London,  with  the  reputation  of  an  artist,  acquired 
wealth  at  25  guineas  a  portrait ;  finally  returned  to 
the  United  States,  and  made  his  home  at  Boston, 
where  he  ended  his  days  not  many  years  back,  in 
the  enjoyment  of  an  ample  competence.  One  of 
his  daughters,  the  widow  of  the  late  Judge  John 
M.  Krum,  one  of  our  former  City  Mayors,  deceased 
but  a  few  months  back,  has  resided  here  for  forty- 
five  years. 

Chester  Harding  during  his  sojourn  with  us  in 
1820-21  associated  with  him  as  an  assistant  in  his 
studio,  a  young  man,  John  J.  Douberman,  from 
Philadelphia,  who  had  served  his  time  with  Reuben 
Mears,  a  fancy  chair-painter  of  that  City.  This  D. 
was  qiiite  an  artist  in  that  line  of  painting,  with  a 
happy  faculty  for  catching  the  likeness  of  persons, 
even  more  so  than  Harding  himself,  under  whose 


instructions  he  soon  became  an  expert  portrait 
painter,  although  not  up  to  Harding  in  his  coloring, 
in  which  particular  H.  excelled.  Harding  would 
touch  up  the  first  attempts  of  Douberman,  and  had 
he  remained  longer  with  us,  this  young  man  might 
have  risen  to  become  his  equal  in  that  profession. 
He  died  in  St.  Louis  about  the  year  1830. 


was  born  in  Washington  City,  Dist.  of  Columbia, 
Novr.  29,  1808.  His  ancestors  came  from  ISTorfolk 
County,  England,  in  1662,  and  settled  in  Charles 
County,  Maryland,  near  Port  Tobacco  on  the 

He  came  out  west  to  Louisville  in  1822,  and  to 
St.  Louis  in  1830,  and  established  himself  in 
business,  which  he  carried  on  successfully  for 
many   years. 

In  January,  1845,  Mr.  Barnes  was  married  to 
Miss  Louise,  third  daughter  of  the  late  Julius 
Demun,   Esq. 

He  was  for  over  twenty  years  a  Director  and 
President  of  the  old  State  Bank  of  Missouri,  char- 
tered in   1837. 

Having  acquired  considerable  property,  Mr.  B. 
retired  from  active  pursuits  some  years  back,  with 
an  ample  fortune. 

He  is  now  in  his  eighty-first  year,  living  alone 
with  his   wife,  they  having   no  children. 


THE      MOST      KEV'd      ARCHBISHOP,      LOUIS     WM.      V. 


was  born  at  Cape  Francois,  San  Domingo,  Feb'y 
14,  1766,  and  educated  in  France,  and  studied 
Theology   at  the   Seminary   of   St.    Sulpice. 

The  Revolution  drove  him  from  France  in  1792, 
and  he  fled  to  Spain,  whence  he  went  to  Baltimore 
in  the  U.  S.,  where  he  arrived  in  December,  1794. 

In  1795  he  became  a  priest  of  St.  Sulpice,  and  'in 
1796  President  of  St.  Mary's  Ecclesiastical  Semi- 
nary, Baltimore,  which  in  January,  1805,  he  raised 
to  the   rank   of   a   University. 

In  1809  he  established  the  Sisters  of  Charity 
in  Baltimore,  and  in  1811  founded  what  is  still  the 
mother  house  of  the  order  for  the  United  States 
at  Emmetsburg,    Maryland. 

In  October,  1812,  he  was  appointed  Apostolic 
administrator  of  the  Territory  of  Louisiana,  and 
arrived  in  New  Orleans  at  the  close  of  the  year.  In 
1815  he  went  to  Home,  and  was  there  consecrated 
Bishop  of  Upper  and  Lower  Louisiana  on  Sept. 
24,  1815.  On  his  return  he  brought  with  him  five 
priests  and  twenty-six  young  men  Lazarists.  He 
arrived  in  the  United  States  Sept.  14,  1817,  and 
proceeded  to  St.  Thomas'  Seminary  at  Bardstown, 
Kentucky.  He  reached  Ste.  Genevieve  Deer.  27, 
1817,  accompanied  by  Bishop  Flaget,  to  select  the 
site  for  the  Bishop's  Episcopal  residence  and 
Seminary,  and  on  January  5,  1818,  the  two  Bishops 
reached  St.    Louis. 


Here  he  established  his  Episcopal  residence,  and 
continued  until  1824.  On  March  25th  he  conse- 
erated  Father  Rosatti  Coadjutor  Bishop  of  St. 
Louis,  and  then  went   to  New  Orleans   to  reside. 

In  1815  Bishop  Dubourg  had  founded  the  Society 
for  the  "  Propagation  of  the  Faith,"  and  in  1818 
St.  Mary's  College  and  Seminary  at  the  Barrens  in 
Perry  County.  While  in  Europe  in  1817,  he  had 
applied  to  the  Superior  General  of  the  Order  of  the 
Sacred  Heart,  for  a  colony  of  Ladies  to  establish  a 
house  of  the  order  in  St.  Louis.  In  August,  1818, 
the  Ladies  of  the  order  arrived,  also  Sisters  of 
Loretto,  and  organized  their  schools  at  Florisant. 

In  1820  the  College  of  St.  Louis  attached  to 
the  Cathedral  was  established.  He  also  established 
Missionary  Schools   among   the   Indians. 

In  June,  1826,  Bishop  Dubourg  left  IsTew  Orleans 
for  Montauban  in  the  South  of  France,  to  which 
See  he  had  been  appointed  Bishop,  and  in  February, 
1833,  he  was  made  Archbishop  of  Besancon,  in 
Franche  Comte. 

He  died  in  Deer.,  1833,  aged  near  68  years.  His 
will,  executed  Deer.  5,  1833,  at  Besancon,  is 
recorded  here,  as  he  held  property  which  he  gave  to 
the  Church.  He  was  a  liberal  tolerant  gentleman,  of 
expanded  views,  and  of  untiring  zeal  and  energy. 

In  1818  there  were  seven  Chapels  and  but  four 
Priests  or  Curates  in  Upper  Louisiana.  The 
Chapels  were  St.  Louis,  Ste.  Genevieve,  Florisant, 
and  IS'ew  Madrid,  on  this  side  of  theEiver,  and 
Cahokia,  Kaskaskia  and  Prairie  du  Eocher  in 



Fathers  Mel,  Pratte,  Saulnier,  Dahmen,  De- 
Andreis,  Cellini,  Eosatti,  DelSTeckere,  Acqueroni, 
Ferrari,  Tichitoli,  Days  and  Jean-Jean  officiated 
at  the  Cathedral  in  St.  Louis  during  Bishop 
Dubourg's  time.  Father  DeAndreis  was  Vicar 
General  and  died  in  1820.  Father  DeNeckere 
became  Bishop  of  JSTew  Orleans,  and  died  of  yel- 
low fever  in   1833. 

Revd.  Joseph  Rosatti  was  consecrated  Bishop  of 
Tenagre  and  Coadjutor  Mar.  25,  1824,  and  was 
transferred  to   St.   Louis   March   27,  1827. 


The  corner-fltone  of  the  first  brick  church  was 
laid  by  E.  Revd.  Bishop  Dubourg  on  March  29, 
1818,  and  was  inaugurated  on  Sunday,  January 
9th,  1820,  (Epiphany  falling  on  Thursday,  Jany.  6,) 
by  the  Right  Revd.  Bishop,  who  preached  on  the 
occasion  in  French  and  English.  It  was  com- 
menced when  everything  looked  bright  and  aus- 
picious for  the  future,  business  brisk,  and  money, 
such  as   it  was,  in  abundance. 

The  Commissioners  of  the  Congregation  selected 
to  carry  on  the  work,  were  August  and  Pierre 
Chouteau,  Srs.,  Bernard  Pratte  and  others.  By 
the  time  the  building  was  covered  in,  late  in  1819, 
a  revulsion  in  business  had  occurred,  money  had 
become  scarce,  the  50  Independent  Banks  of  Ken- 
tucky and  other  kindred  institutions  in  the  West, 
Ohio,  Indiana,  Tennessee,  etc.,  that  had  furnished 
nearly  all  of  our  circulating  medium,  to  use  an 
expression  of  the  day,  had  all  "busted  up.^^     The 


building  was  never  finished  interiorly,  and  our  com- 
missioners, who  had  made  themselves  personally 
liable,  were  compelled  to  apply  to  the  State 
authorities  for  rehef  in  the  premises,  or  foot  the 
bills  out  of  their  own  pockets. 

Accordingly  upon  the  application  of  the  three 
above    named    gentlemen, 

"An  Act  of  the  Legislature,"  for  the  relief  of 
"  Auguste  Chouteau  and  others,  commissioners  of 
"the  Eoman  Catholic  Church,  approved  Deer.  17, 
"  1822,"  authorized  them  to  sell  at  public  sale  by  the 
Sheriff,  so  much  of  the  Church  Block  in  "St. 
"  Louis,  as  was  not  used  for  Church  and  Cemetery 
"purposes,  as  would  be  necessary  to  indemnify 
"  them  for  the  amount  they  had  advanced  and  had 
* '  become  responsible  for  in  the  erection  of  the 
"Brick  Church  to  the  extent  of  $4,500." 

Accordingly,  at  the  request  in  writing  of  the  said 
commissioners,  Auguste  Chouteau,  Pierre  Chouteau 
and  Bernard  Pratte,  Sheriff  John  K.  Walker  sold 
at  public  sale,  Sept.  16,  1823,  the  south  part  of 
the  Block,  being  the  Walnut  Street  front,  as  per 
plat  of  division,   made  by  the  parties  interested.* 

Lot  No.    1,  97    by    131    feet,    with    barn, 

stable,  etc.,  for $301 

Lot  1^0.  2,  75  by  131  feet,  with  the  orchard.  201 

Lot  INTo.  3,  70  by  150  feet,  with  the  Pres- 
bytery, kitchen  and  new  brick  house     .     .  501 

Lot  l^o.  4,  48  by  180  feet,  with  the  College.  201 

Total $1,204 

'  Recorded  in  Book  M,  page  48. 


Father  Niel,  the  President  of  the  College,  was 
the  purchaser,  and  on  May  25,  1824,  conveyed  to 
the  three  above  named  parties  the  same,  except 
the  College  building,  which  he  reserved  with  three 
feet  of  ground  around  the  same.* 

Bernard  Pratte,  Auguste  Chouteau  and  Pierre 
Chouteau  re-conveyed  to  Bishop  Joseph  Rosatti, 
July  1,  1828,  for  $4,748.28  with  6  per  cent, 
interest,    the    foregoing    Church    property .f 

The  old  brick  Church  continued  to  be  occupied  as 
such,  until  the  completion  of  the  new  Stone  one  on 
the  Walnut  Street  front  of  the  Block,  which  was 
opened  for  divine  service  in  October,  1834,  when  the 
old  one  was  abandoned  to  the  lessees  of  the  ground 
on  which  it  stood.  '  It  was  then  used  as  a  warehouse 
for  the  next  six  months  until  it  was  destroyed  by 
fire,  on  the  night  of  April  6,  1835. 


After  the  R.  Rev'd  Bishop  Dubourg  had  laid  the 
corner  stone  of  the  first  Brick  Church  in  1818,  and 
during  the  progress  of  its  erection,  he,  assisted  by 
his  Yicar  the  Rev'd  Francis  JS'iel  and  other  Catho- 
lics, took  the  incipient  steps  to  establish  a  College, 
on  a  small  scale  at  first,  suitable  to  the  times  and 
circumstances,  to  be  extended  at  a  future  period,  as 
might  be  found  expedient  or  necessary. 

With  that  view,  and  to  aid  the  undertaking,  the 

*  Book  M,  50. 
t  Book  0,  339. 


following  document  was  drawn  up,  and  received  the 
approval  and  signature  of  all  the  Catholic  house- 
holders of  St.  Louis,  including  a  few,  who  not 
themselves  "  Catholics,"  were  allied  to  Catholic 

We  the  undersigned,  inhabitants  and  property 
holders  of  the  Town  and  parish  of  St.  Louis, 
Territory  of  Missouri,  members  of  the  Roman 
Catholic  religion,  being  informed  that  the  Reverend 
Francis  Kiel,  Vicar  of  this  parish,  by  the  authority 
of  the  right  Rev'd  Bishop  Guillaume  Dubourg,  has 
undertaken  to  erect  at  his  own  cost,  on  a  lot  form- 
ing a  part  of  the  yard  of  the  Presbytery,  a  house 
to  be  used  for  lodging  the  Clergy  of  our  Church, 
and  the  keeping  of  a  school  for  the  education  of 
youth;  considering  the  various  useful  purposes  of 
this  enterprise,  and  desiring  to  protect  it  from  all 
claims  or  molestation  on  the  part  of  persons  badly 
informed,  or  badly  disposed,  as  far  as  necessary,  we 
hereby  express  our  entire  approbation  of  the  build- 
ing of  such  a  house,  and  inasmuch  as  in  our  said 
capacities  we  might  have  a  right  to  dispose  of  the 
lot  forming  part  of  the  Presbytery,  we  warrant 
the  free  use  thereof  for  the  purpose  hereinabove 
mentioned  to  the  clergy  of  our  communion  by 
the   authority  of  our  Bishop. 

Made  and  executed  at  St.  Louis,  Territory  of 
Missouri,  the  30th  October,  1819.* 

Auguste  Chouteau.  Antoine  Chenie. 

Bernard  Pratte.  Jules  Demun. 

*  Book  I,  page  35. 



Jeremiah  Connor. 
Victoire  Gratiot. 

Silvestre  Labbadie. 
Gregoire  Sarpy. 
M.  P.  Leduc. 
Silvestre  Y.  Papin. 
Hypolite  Papin. 
Charles  Bosseron. 
Rene  Paul. 
Pierre  Chouteau. 
Pierre  Provenchere. 
L.  L.  Lemonde. 
Joseph  Bissonnet. 
Gabriel  Paul. 
Thomas  Brady. 
John  Braud. 
Michael  Tesson. 
Francis  C.  Tesson. 
Antoine  Dangen. 
Pierre  Didier. 
Joseph  Bouju. 
Peter  Primm. 
"Veuve  Pescay. 
Veuve  Vincent  Bouis. 
John  B.  D.  Belcour. 
Hubert  Guion. 
Francois  Robidoux. 
Joseph  Robidoux. 
Joseph  X  Salois. 

Vincent  Guion. 
Charles  Billon. 
Joseph  Charless. 
Philip  Eocheblave. 
Manuel  Alva^rez. 
Veuve  Eug'e  Alvarez. 
Hyacinth  Eenard. 
Mel'e  A.  St.  Cyr. 
C.  De  Hodiamont. 
John  Bap.  Bouvet. 
Joseph  Labbadie. 
Joseph  X  Lacroix. 
Jno.  B.  X   Molaire. 
Francois  Derouin. 
Jno.  B.  X  Dumoulin. 
Louis  Brazeau. 
Joseph  X  Philibert. 
Joseph  Vasquez. 
Antoine  Vasquez. 
Pierre  X  Sabourin. 
Jean  Louis  X  Provenche. 
Hyacinthe  X  Lecompt. 
Louis  Tesson  Honore. 
Veuve  X   Ortes. 
Veuve  X  Marli. 
Pierre  X  Duchouquette. 
Alexandre  Bellisime. 
Francois  Valois. 
Batiste  X  Duchouquete. 
Pierre  X  Barribeau. 
Auguste   X  Alvarez. 



Louis  X  Desire. 
Pierre  X  Grueret. 
Alexis  X  Lalande, 
Michel  X  Bertrand. 
Auguste  X  Guibor. 
Antoine   x   Crevier. 
Yeuve  Benito  x  Yasquez 
Antoine  x  Rencontre. 
Jno.  Bap.  X   Gagnon. 
Laurent  X  Lanodiere. 
Francois  Lebeau. 
Charles  Le  Guerrier. 
Antoine  x  Dutremble. 
David  Monestes. 
Felix  X  Fontaine. 
David  De  Launay. 
Joseph  X  Montague. 
Paul   X  Primo. 
Paul  X  Desjardine. 
"Vincent  X  Guitarre. 
Louis  X  Guitarre. 
Jean  x  Latresse. 
Joseph  X  Jovial. 
Francois  X    La  Rivierre. 
Pierre  x  Belleville. 
Francois  X  Caillou. 
John  B.  Hortiz. 
Veuve  Ant.  X  Morin. 
Francois  x  Bouche. 

Francois  x  Clement. 
Jno.  B.  Truteau. 
Joseph  X  Leblond. 
Henry  Gratiot. 
Antoine  x  Bissonnet. 
John  Little. 
.John  B.  Sarpy. 
Joseph  X  Leberge. 
Charles  x  Leberge. 
Francois  x  Fouche. 
Venve  x  Simoneau. 
Barthtelemy  >c  Arnaud. 
Veuve  Laquaisse. 
Joseph  Papin. 
Veuve  Dubreuil. 
Pierre  x  Detailly. 
Vital  x  Beaugenou. 
Lambert  x  Lajoie,  Jr. 
Michel   X  Marly. 
Veuve   X  Charleville. 
Pierre  Chouteau,  Sr. 
Antoine  Soulard. 
James  G.  Soulard. 
Chas.  D.  Delassus. 
Thomas  McGuire. 
Louis  De  Thiers. 
Jno.  B.  Mathurin. 
Francois  X  Ride. 


A    BRIEI'    SKETCH     OP    ITS     EAKLT    DAYS. 

The  United  States  having  selected  the  place  for 
what  was  then  contemplated  to  be  the  chief  point 
for  the  concentration  of  the  U.  S.  Military  in  the 
West,  and  having  purchased  the  title  to  the  land 
from  the  people  of  Carondelet. 

On  Tuesday,  July  4,  1826,  Colonel  Talbot  Cham- 
bers with  his  four  companies  of  the  First  Regiment 
U.  S.  Infantry,  the  last  of  the  U.  S.  Military 
occupants  of  the  old  Post  of  Bellefontaine,  estab- 
lished by  General  Wilkinson  in  1807,  abandoned 
the  old  place  forever,  and  went  down  to  the  new 
site,  then  heavily  timbered,  where  they  pitched 
their  tents,  naming  it  "  Cantonment  Adams, ^''  after 
the  then  President  of  the  United  States,  and  com- 
menced the  labor  of  clearing  the  land  for  the  new 

On  the  17th  September  following  they  were 
joined  by  the  3rd  Eegiment  of  Infantry,  Col. 
Henry  Leavenworth,  from  Green-Bay,  who  named 
their  temporary  encampment  "  Camp  Miller,^''  after 
the  then  Governor  of  the  State  of  Missouri,  a 
former  Colonel  in  the  United  States  service. 

After  the  temporary  log  cabins  for  the  men  were 
completed  and  the  whole  force  established  in  winter 
quarters  about  Christmas  time,  the  place  was  very 
appropriately  named  ^'^  Jefferson  Barracks,''^  in 
honor  of  the  author  of  the  declaration  of  our 
Independence,  whose  death   had   occurred  on   that 


same  July  4,  1826,  that  the  establishment  had  its 

On  the  completion  of  their  winter  quarters  and 
the  garrison  comfortably  housed  therein,  the 
Officers  gave  the  elite  of  St.  Louis  Society  a  fine 
ball  in  their  temporary  Mess-room,  improvised  for 
the  occasion,  which  is  thus  noticed  in  the  Missouri 
Hepublican  of  January  11th,  1827. 

"A  splendid  ball  was  given  in  honor  of  the  8th 
"  January,  to  a  large  company  of  ladies  and  gen- 
"  tlemen  from  the  City,  by  the  officers  of  the  U. 
"  S.  Army  stationed  at  the  Military  Post  (Jeffer- 
"  son  Barracks),  ten  miles  south  of  the  city." 
In  due  time  this  was  reciprocated,  from  the  fol- 
lowing in  the  Hepublican  of  Thursday,  Feb'y  8, 


"  In  return  for  a  like  civility,  and  in  testimony 
"  of  the  high  respect  entertained  for  the  gentleman- 
"  like  and  military  bearing  of  the  Officers  at 
"  Jefferson  Barracks,  an  entertainment  was  given 
"  them  by  the  citizens  of  St.  Louis  on  "Wednesday, 
"  the  31st  January. 

"  The  large  Indian  Council-room  (General 
"  Clark's)  was  selected  for  the  occasion  and  was 
"  decorated  in  a  style  reflecting  much  credit  on 
"  those  who  superintended  its  arrangement. 

"  The  company  assembled  about  8  o'clock  to  the 
"  number  of  200.  The  beauty  of  the  ladies  was 
"  heightened  by  a  taste  and  elegance  of  costume, 
"  and  a  grace  in  the  dance,  that  might  well  draw  an 

4:26  APPENDIX. 

'  exclamation  of  surprise  from  those  who  judge  of 
'  us  merely  by  the  remoteness  of  our  situation,  the 
'  gay  uniforms  of  the  gallant  guests,  the  excellence 
'  of  the  music,  the  brilliancy  of  the  lights,  the  good 
'  humor  and  politeness  that  everywhere  prevailed, 
'  formed  a  toute  ensemble  that  would  have  done 
'  honor  to  any  City,  and  was  a  favorable  evidence 
'  of  the  advance  of  society  west  of  the  Missis- 
'  sippi. 

"  At  half  past  one,  the  company  sat  down  to  one 
'  of  the  most  sumptuous  suppers  we  have  ever 
'  seen.  Every  luxury  that  could  be  procured  was 
'  on  the  table^  and  the  ornaments  were  appropriate 
'  and  surmounted  with  mottoes  complimentary  to 
'  the  guests. 

"  The  repast  being  ended,  a  toast  was  announced 
' '  from  the  head  of  the  table ;  it  was 

"  The  Army  of  the  United  States, 
"  Glory  to  its  Military  capabilities, 
"  Honor  to  its  Civic  Virtues. 

"  The  toast  was  received  with  enthusiasm,  and 
"  the  company  soon  after  adjourned  to  the  Ball 
"  room,  where  the  dancing  was  kept  up  until  the 
"  approach  of  morning." 

1827.  On  the  opening  of  navigation  of  the 
Missouri  river  in  the  spring,  the  force  at  the  Bar- 
racks was  considerably  augmented  by  the  arrival  of 
the  6th  Regiment  U.  S.  Infantry,  from  Fort  At- 
kinson, Council  Bluffs,  on  the  Missouri,  which 
they  had  established  in  the   year  1820,  and  where 


they  had  remained  from  that  period  until  relieved 
this  year,  1827. 

During  this  season  a  large  force  of  Stone  Masons, 
Carpenters  and  others,  were  busily  engaged  in 
erecting  the  permanent  stone  buildings  of  the 
Barracks  for  the  Quarters  of  the  Officers  and  men, 
clearing  and  preparing  the  Parade  ground,  out 
buildings,  &c.,  &c.,  under  the  supervision  of 
Brevet  Brigadier  General  Atkinson,  Senior  Officer 
in  command  of  the  Post. 

From  the  JRepuiWcan,  June  28,  1827. 

"  Major  General  Jacob  Brown,  accompanied  by 
"  his  Aid  Lieut.  Yinton,  of  the  U.  S.  Artillery, 
"■  arrived  at  Jefferson  Barracks  on  June  20,  1827, 
"  on  a  tour  of  inspection  of  the  Military  posts  of  the 
"  United  States. 

"  On  the  22nd  he  reviewed  the  troops  now  there. 

"  Of  the  1st  Reg't  U.  S.  Infantry,  six  companies. 
"       "       3rd     "         "  "  six         " 

"       "       6th     "  "  "         ten         " 

Twenty-two         " 

"  On  Saturday,  the  23rd,  accompanied  by  Gen- 
^'  eral  Atkinson,  he  visited  the  old  Mihtai-y  station 
"  at  Belief  ontaine. 

"  On  Sunday,  the  24:th,  he  attended  Divine 
^'  Service  at  the  Presbyterian  Church  in  St.  Louis, 
^'  on  the  occasion  of  Missouri  Lodge  ISTo.  1  Free 
"  Masons,  observing  the  Anniversary  of  St.  John, 
^'  the  Baptist. 


"  On  Monday,  the  25th,  a  dinner  was  given  him 
"  by  the  Officers  at  the  Barracks,  and  on  Wednes- 
"  day,  the  27th,  he  left  on  the  Steamer  Herald  for 
"  Louisville,  after  a  stay  here  of  seven  days." 

General  Brown  died  in  "Washington  City  on  Sun- 
day, the  24th  of  February,  1828,  just  eight  months 
from  the  day  he  attended  the  Masonic  services  at  the 
Church  in  St.  Louis  on  June  24,  1827.  His  funeral 
took  place  on  Thursday,  the  28th,  to  the  Congres- 
sional Cemetery,  attended  by  the  largest  concourse 
that  had  ever  been  seen  there  on  a  similar  occasion, 
he  pi'ocession  being  a  mile  and  a  half  long. 

The  Secretary  of  War,  James  Barbour,  in  a  Gen- 
eral Order  of  Feb'y  28,  1828,  "  announces  his'  death 
"  to  the  Army,  and  directs  the  Officers  to  wear  the 
"  usual  badge  of  mourning,  crape  on  the  left  arm 
"  and  on  the  hilt  of  the  sword,  for  six  months,  and 
' '  guns  to  be  fired  at  every  Military  Post  at  intervals 
"  of  thirty  minutes  from  the  rising  to  the  setting  of 
"  the  sun,  and  the  IN^ational  Flag  to  be  suspended  at 
"  half  ma,st." 

GENX,.    HEITET   ATKIKSOK,    U.    S.    ARMY, 

died  at  Jefferson  Barracks,  June  14,  1842,  and  was 
buried  there  on  June  16th. 

Owing  to  the  disposition  of  the  United  States 
troops  at  that  time,  there  were  but  few  regular  sol- 
diers then  at  the  Barracks.  The  St.  Louis  Greys 
and  Boone  Infantry,  two  of  our  Volunteer  Com- 
panies, formed  the  Military  escort.  They  went  down 
on  the  Steamer  Lebanon,  with  a  number  of  Ladies. 

FHED'C  L.  BILLON.  429 

^nd  Gentlemen  of  the  City,  others  went  down  by 
land.  At  12  o'clock  M.  the  procession  moved  from 
the  General's  residence  on  the  river  bank  to  the 
"Cemetery,  where  the  last  rites  were  performed  by 
Eev'd  Mr.  Hedges,  Episcopal  Chaplain  at  the 

jRepublican,  June  17,  1842. 


-after  his  return  from  the  Mexican  "War,  was  in  com- 
mand at  the  Barracks  in  Oct.,  1848.  He  died  in  St  • 
Louis  on  the  30th. 

His  funeral,  the  largest  and  most  imposing  that 
rhad  ever  occurred  in  St.  Louis  to  that  time,  took 
place  on  Thursday,  I^ov'r  2nd,  the  Military  escort 
-consisting  of  a  Detachment  of  his  Regiment,  the  first 
Dragoons  mounted,  and  the  7th  and  8th  Regiments 
•of  Regular  Infantry  from  the  Barracks,  with  the 
Volunteer  Companies  of  St.  Louis,  the  Greys, 
Puflileers,  Yagers,  Artillery  and  Dragoons,  from 
■St.  George's  Episcopal  Church,  northwest  corner  of 
Locust  and  Seventh,  Bishop  Hawks  officiating,  to 
the  Episcopal  Cemetery,  where  the  remains  were 

feed'c   l.  billon 

FROM    J.     THOS.    SCHAEF'S  '  ST.  LOUIS.' 

"  Frederic  L.  Billon  has  recorded  the  fact  that  he 
had  no  sooner  arrived  here  in  1818  with  his  father 
i;ban  he  began  to 'think  of  getting  materials  together 


for  a  portrait  of  the  picturesque  old  town,  and  he- 
has  been  employed  upon  that  labor  of  love .  ever 
since,  giving  to  it  all  the  antiquarian's  patient 
research,  until  he  is  almost  as  familiar  with  the 
ancient  population  as  he  w^'S  with  his  own  contem- 
poraries, and  far  more  so  than  with  the  present 
generation.  We  look  upon  Mr.  Billon's  work  as 
almost  unique  of  its  kind,  and  it  is  so  positively  un- 
American.  Who  else  in  all  this  land  has  done  or 
attempted  to  do  such  work  except  Peter  Force,  of 
Washington,  D.  C?  It  must  be  in  his  blood  —  the 
patient,  careful  ■  devotion  to  minute,  microscopic- 
detail  of  the  hereditary  Swiss  watchmaker  —  f or- 
while  Mr.  Billon's  mother  was  French,  and  a  refugee- 
from  insurgent  San  Domingo,  his  father  was  Swiss, 
and  a  watchmaker,  though  born  in  Paris. 

"  Mr.  Billon  was  born  in  the  city  of  Philadelphia,, 
at  the    southeast    corner    of    Third    and   Chestnut: 
Streets,  on  Thursday,  April  23,  1801.     He  lived  in 
and  about  that  locality,  then  the  business  center  of" 
the  city,  for  more  than  seventeen  years.     During 
his  youth  he  went  to  school  for  some  seven  or  eight 
years   to   Peter   Widdows,   an   Irish   gentleman   of^ 
thorough  education,  a  Free  Quaker,  who  taught  his- 
school  in  Church  Alley,  adjoining  Christ's  Episcopal 
Chui'ch,  and  just  opposite  to  another  School,  under 
the  charge  of    Talbot  Hamilton,  formerly   of   the 
British  navy,  who  had  served  with  Nelson  in  the 
Mediterranean.     At   that  day  there   were   but  few 
schools  in  the  large  cities  of  the  United  States  taught; 
by  Americans,   the  popular  belief  then  prevalent: 

FRED'C   L.  BILLON.  431 

among  all  classes  being  that  thorough  information 
could  only  be  ol)tained  from  those  of  foreign 

"  "When  a  school  boy  he  cared  little  for  such  sports 
as  tops,  marbles,  kites,  balls,  &c.,  but  delighted  in 
athletic  recreations,  such  as  running  and  jumping, 
swimming,  skating,  rowing  or  any  amusement  that 
required  activity  of  body  or  limbs,  long  walks,  &c. 
During  his  boyhood  he  was  frequently  indulged  in 
holidays  and  made  many  excursions  into  the  country 
adjacent  to  the  city  in  all  directions,  even  to  the 
adjoining  counties,  from  which  he  became  familiar 
with  the  surroundings  of  Philadelphia  in  almost 
every  direction,  to  the  distance  of  some  thirty  or 
forty  miles  from  the  City. 

' '  During  the  progress  of  the  war  with  England  in 
1812-15,  he  spent  many  evenings  at  home,  reading 
to  his  father,  an  indifferent  English  scholar,  from 
the  papers  of  the  passing  occurrences  of  the  day. 
When  in  1814  the  British  took  Washington  and 
attempted  the  capture  of  Baltimore  by  their  attacks 
on  l^orth  Point  and  Fort  McHenry,  and  ascended 
Chesapeake  Bay  to.  its  head,  although  but  a  lad  of 
fourteen  years,  he  was  one  of  those  detailed  to  work 
on  the  fortifications  erected  southwest  of  the  City, 
below  Gray's  Ferry,  on  the  Baltimore  turnpike- 
road,  and  was  on  several  occasions  a  visitor  at  the 
encampments  of  Yolunteers  at  Kennett's  Square, 
Chester  County ;  at  Camp  Dupont,  on  the  Brandy- 
wine ;  and  at  Marcus  Hook,  Delaware  Co.,  where 
some  ten  thousand  men  were  concentrated. 



"  Leaving  school,  upon  the  conclusion  of  the  war 
in  1815,  at  the  age  of  fourteen  years,  he  assisted  in 
his  father's  business,  that  of  an  importer  of  watches 
and  clocks  from  his  native  country,  Switzerland, 
and  on  the  occasion  of  his  father's  last  visit  to  his 
native  place,  in  the  summer  of  1815,  following  the 
battle  of  Waterloo  and  the  second  abdication  of  the 
&8t  ISJ'apoleon,  he  was  left  in  sole  charge  of  his 
father's  business  during  his  absence  of  some  six  or 
eight  months  in  Europe,  as  also  during  his  father's 
frequent  business  trips  to  ISTew  York  and  South  as 
far  as  Charleston,  South  Carolina. 

"In  the  summer  of  the  year  1818,  business  being 
completely  prostrated  in  all  the  principal  cities  at 
the  East,  and  many  turning  their  attention  to  the 
'  Far  West,'  beyond  the  Mississippi,  his  father 
with  nine  children  to  set  afloat  in  the  world, 
falling  in  with  the  popular  sentiment  of  the  day, 
concluded  to  abandon  the  City  with  which  he  had 
been  identified  for  nearly  a  quarter  of  a  century  and 
seek  a  new  home  for  his  infant  colony  in  the  West 
beyond  the  '■Father  of    Waters.' 

"Accordingly,  on  the  morning  of  Sunday,  August 
30,  1818,  accompanied  by  his  oldest  son,  the  subject 
of  this  sketch,  then  a  young  man  in  his  eighteenth 
year,  they  left  Philadelphia  in  the  mail  stage  for 
Pittsburgh,  three  hundred  miles,  which  place  they 
reached  on  Friday,  Sept.  4th,  in  six  days.  From 
this  point  they  descended  the  Ohio  in  a  keel-boat, 
reaching  Shawneetown,  one  thousand  miles  from 
Pittsburgh,  about  the  middle  of  October.     Thence 

FRED'C  L.  BILLON.  433 

they  proceeded  by  land  through  Illinois  to  Kaskas- 
kia,  crossing  the  Mississippi  to  Ste.  Genevieve  in  a 
canoe  and  thence  to  St.  Louis,  vi^hich  point  they 
reached  on  Wednesday,  Oct.  28th,  having  consumed 
just  sixty  days  on  the  route,  about  the  usual  time 
required  for  the  trip  at  that  day. 

' '  After  spending  the  winter  of  1818-19  in  the  place 
selected  for  their  future  domicile,  and  purchased  the 
old  stone  mansion  of  the  Labbadies,  at  the  northeast 
corner  of  Main  and  Chestnut  Streets,  for  the  recep- 
tion of  his  family  when  he  should  arrive  with  them 
in  the  ensuing  fall,  his  father  set  out  on  his  return 
to  Philadelphia  on  horseback  in  April,  1819,  leav- 
ing Frederic  in  charge  of  his  business,  and  to  attend 
to  the  alterations  and  improvements  necessary  to 
make  his  purchase  habitable.  He  reached  Philadel- 
phia in  May,  remained  there  a  couple  of  months, 
and  left  with  his  family  in  July,  arriving  in  St. 
Louis  in  September,  1819.  The  family  was  domi- 
ciled in  their  new  home  at  the  close  of  the  month. 

"The  summer  of  1819  was  a  noted  one  in  the 
annals  of  St.  Louis,  for  notwithstanding  the  great 
sickness  and  mortality  of  that  particular  year,  in  the 
shape  of  bilious  and  intermittent  fevers,  which 
prevailed  to  a  great  extent  throughout  the  settle- 
ments on  the  western  waters,  it  was  the  year  of 
extensive  Military  operations  on  the  pa^-t  of  the 
United  States,  in  extending  their  out  posts  far 
beyond  their  former  limits,  the  old  frontier  post 
at  Bellefontaine,  on  the  Missouri.  Major  Stephen 
H.  Long's  scientific  expedition  to  the  Yellowstone 



in  the  '  Western  Engineer ; '  Colonel  Henry 
Atkinson's  ascent  of  the  Missouri  with  the  Sixth 
Regiment,  United  States  Infantry,  to  establish 
Fort  Atkinson,  Council  Bluffs ;  Col.  Josiah  Snel- 
ling's  expedition  with  the  Fifth  Regiment  to  estab- 
lish Fort  Snelling  at  St.  Peters,  on  the  Mississippi, 
and  other  movements  of  minor  importance,  requir- 
ing the  use  of  numerous  boats  and  paddle-wheel 
barges,  of  which  a  number  were  lost  in  the  Mis- 
souri, are  vividly  impressed  upon  the  memory  of 
Mr.  Billon,  that  being  his  first  summer  in  the  then 
remote  west. 

"Late  in  the  year  1819  the  first  '^  uniformed'' 
company  of .  Volunteer  Infantry  west  of  the  Missis- 
sippi, styled  the  '  St.  Louis  Guards,'  was  raised 
in  St.  Louis,  of  which  Mr.  Billon  became  a  member 
in  the  following  year,  and  in  1824  received  his 
commission  as  ensign  of  the  same  from  Gen.  Wm. 
H.  Ashley,  Lieut.  Governor. 

"In  1820  he  witnessed  the  excitements  attending 
the  adoption  of  the  State  Constitution  and  the 
establishment  of  the  State  government. 

"  In  September,  1822,  his  father,  Charles  F.  Billon, 
Sr.,  died,  leaving  the  charge  of  his  widow  and 
children  to  his  oldest  son,  F.  L.  Billon,  who  had 
just  attained  his  majority. 

' '  His  first  vote  was  cast  for  the  acceptance  of 
the  city  charter  in  February,  1823,  from  which  date 
he  has  been  a  voter  at  every  City  and  State  elec- 
tion down  to  the  present  day,  as  also  at  every 
Presidential  election  in  the  State  from  the  first  in 

FRED'C  L.  BILLON.  435 

1824,  and  was  an  eye-witness  and  participant  in 
many  interesting  events  and  occurrences  connected 
with  the  Town,  City  and  State  governments  in 
that  early  period  of  St.  Louis'  history. 

"In  the  year  1827,  while  absent  on  business  in 
Philadelphia,  he  was  elected  an  alderman  from  the 
Central  ward  of  the  three  into  which  the  city  was 
then  divided,  and  in  1828  was  re-elected  to  the  same 

"  On  May  20,  1829,  his  brothers  and  sisters  being 
mostly  grown  to  maturity  and  disposed  of,  he  him- 
self entered  the  married  state  with  Miss  E.  L. 
Generelly,  like  himself  a  native  of  Philadelphia,  of 
French  parentage.  "With  this  lady  he  passed  thirty- 
six  years  of  wedded  life  until  her  death,  Feb.  11, 
1865.  He  was  the  father  of  twelve  children,  but 
three  of  whom  survive. 

"  In  the  year  1834,  his  health  being  materially 
impaired  by  his  constant  devotion  to  business,  he, 
by  the  advice  of  his  physician,  the  late  Doct.  Will- 
iam Carr  Lane,  made  a  trip  to  Sante  Fe  and  the 
Rocky  Mountains,  then  not  a  trifling  undertaking, 
requiring  some  ninety  to  one  hundred  days  in  cross- 
ing the  plains  with  wagons  and  ox- teams,  and 
returned  in  the  fall  much  improved  in  health. 

"  In  1851-52  he  was  twice  nominated  by  Mayor 
Luther  M.  Kennett  to  the  position  of  City  comp- 
troller, and  on  each  occasion  unanimously  confirmed 
by  the  board  of  Aldermen. 

"  In  1853  he  was  appointed  the  first  Auditor  and 
general  Book-keeper  of  the  Missouri  Pacific  Railroad, 


jBUing  the  position  for  five  years,  and  then  suc- 
.ceeded,  in  1858,  to  that  of  Secretary  and  Treasurer 
of  the  same  company,  resigning  the  office  at  the 
close  of  the  year  1863,  after  some  eleven  years  in 
the  service  of  the  company.  Since  that  period  he 
has  devoted  much  time  to  literary  matters,  more 
particularly  to  the  task  of  gathering  up  the  data 
and  materials  for  an  early  history  of  the  country 
bordering  the  Mississippi  in  its  entire  course,  in 
the  pursuit  of  which  he  is  still  occupied  at  the  age 
of  eighty-two  years."  J.  T.  S. 





American  Fur  Companj',  Copartnership  formed    .        .         .33 
Amusements 77 

_  Bank  of  St.  Louis 85,86,87,88 

Bates,  Fredk.,  Acting  Governor,  Proclamation    .         .        .45 
Bellefontaine,  Cantonment  of  Troops  at      .         .         .        .24 

Account  of  the  Post 92 

Col.  Wm.  Russell  in  Command  .         .         .         .94 

Early  History  of  .  .  .  390,  391,  392,  393,  394 
Benton,  Thomas  H.,  Duel  with  Charles  Lucas       .  82,  83,  84 

Account  of  diflaculty  with  Gen'l  Jackson  .  409,  410,  411 
Berry,  Major,  Editorial  from  Jos.  Charless  .  .  .  .61 
Boone,  Daniel,  Act  of  Congress  for  Relief  of  .  .  .58 
Brackenridge,  H.  M.,  Letter  to  Joseph  Charless  .         .       36,  37 

■Carondelet,  Population  of 35 

Carroll,  Archbishop,  Death  of 63 

Clark,  Wm.,  Governor,  Proclamation  apportioning  Represent- 
ation in  Territorial  Assembly 42 

Announces  result  of  Election  for  Delegates       .         .     43 

Convenes  Special  Session  Legislature  .         .        .51 

Crane,  A.  T. ,  Postmaster  at  St.  Louis  .         .         .         .54 

Census  of  1818 51 

Census  St.  Louis 1^2 




Christ  Church  Congregation         ......  68 

Location  of  Church 69" 

Chouteau,  August  P.  and  Companions  return  from  Imprison- 
ment at  Santa  Fe 64 

Resolutions  of  House  of  Representatives  relative  to    .  65- 

Cooper  County  Organized 31 

Columbia  River,  Return  of  R.  Stewart,  R.  Crooks,  J.  Miller, 

and  Robt.  McClelland  from 55 

Counties,  Divided  into  Circuits .31 

Duff,  Jno.  M.,  Funeral  Ceremonies      .         .         .         .       92,  9* 

Eagle  Tavern Ill 

Early  Newspapers         .......    104,  IDS' 

Early  Schools  and  Teachers  .         .         .         .  78,  79,  80 

Easton,  Rufus,  elected  Delegate  to  Congress        .         .         .27 

Report  on  his  Election .28- 

Appointed  Postmaster .53 

England,  "War  with 37 

Erin  Benevolent  Society 67 

Enquirer,  St.  Louis 105- 

Farrar,  Doct.,  and  Graham,  Duel 81 

Franklin  County  Organized 31 

Florisant,  Population  of       .         .         .         .         .         .         .  SS' 

Fort  Osage  Commenced 33 

Treaty  with  Osages  held  there  by  Gen.  Clark    .         .  33 

Gazette  Statistics 65' 

Grand  Concert,  St.  Louis    .         .         .     ■    .         .         .         .77 

Graham,  Jas.  A.  and  Farrar,  Duel 81 

Geyer,  Capt.  and  G.  H.  Kennerly,  Duel       .                 .         .82 
Grove  Tavern 114 




Harrisonville,  Celebration  of  4th  July  at      .         .         .        .70- 
Hempstead,  Edward,  elected  Delegate  to  Congress       .         .     42 

Herculaneum,  Population  of 35 

Shot  Tower II5, 

Howard  County  Established 30 

Howard,  Gov.,  Public  Dinners  to         .  .         .       55,  56 

Leaves  Portage  des  Sioux 93 

History  of 402,  403 

Hunt,  "Wilson  P.,  Leaves  St.  Louis  on  Expedition  to  the 


Illinois  Town,  Account  of    . 
Indians,  Census  of,  in  Territory  . 

False  Report  of  Attack  by 

Butchery  of  Inhabitants  at  Wood  River 
loway  Indians,  Depredations  of   . 



Jefferson  Barracks,  Sketch  of  in  Early  Days, 

424,  425,  426,  427,  428 

Jefferson  County  Organized 31 

duly  Fourth,  Early  Celebrations  of       .         .         .        .      69,  71 

Kennedy,  G.  H.  and  Capt.  Geyer,  Duel       .        .         .         .82 

Lawrence  County  Established 30- 

Abolished 31 

Lear,  Tobias,  Death  of 63- 

Lewis,  M.,  OflScial  Correspondence  of  ...        384-5 

Lockhart's  Free  Ferry 128 

Louisiana,  Big  Swamp  of  (so  entitled)  Prediction  of  Joseph 

Charless  as  to     .         .         .         .         .         .       33,  34 

Louisiana,  Treaty  Ceding  to  United  States, 

366,  367,  368,  369,  370,  371 




Louisiana  District,  Laws  Enacted  at  Vincennes    ...       1 

First  Grand  Jury .9 

Acts  of  Congress  relating  to  Public  Lands  .         .31 

Commissioners  of  Public  Lands         . '       .         .         .  *  31 

-Louisiana  Territory,  Laws  Enacted  at  St.  Louis   ...       2 

Law  Appointing  Att'y-Gen'l       .....       2 

Relating  to  Arkansas  District  ....       2 

Appointing  Clerk  of  General  Court  .        .       2 

Establishing  Courts  .....       3 

Incorporation  of  Villages        ....       3 

St.  Louis  &  Ste.  Genevieve  Road     ...       4 

Summary  of  Facts  Relative  to  Organization, 

4,  5,  6,  7,  8 

Acts  of  Congress  Changing  to  Missouri  .       26 

Lucas,  Charles,  Account  of  Duel  with  Thomas  H.  Benton, 

82,  83,  84 

Sketch  of  his  Life 84 

Xucaa,  J.  B.  C,  Addition  to  St  Louis  .         .         .         .         .62 

-McNair,  Alex.,  Register  of  Lands 63 

Mechanics'  Benevolent  Society,  Organization  of  .         ,         .67 

-Meramec  Shawnees  burn  three  Indians  near  Cape  Girardeau     34 

Missouri,  Act  changing  Name  from  Louisiana       .         .         .41 

Bank  of,  incorporated        .         .         .         .         .         .30 

Fur  Company 68,  123 

Gazette 99,  100 

JMissouri  Territory,  List  of  Justices,  Clerks,  Sheriffs,  etc.     .     19 

First  meeting  House  Representatives 

Arrival  of  Gen.  Wm.  Clark 

Act  regulating  Weights  and  Measures 

Old  Courts  Abolished 

Office  of  Attorney-General  Abolished 

Third  U.  S.  Census   .... 




Monks  of  La  Trappe,  Notice  relating  to 
Montgomery  County  Organized   .... 

New  Orleans,  Battle  of 

OflScial  Correspondence 

Prairie  Du  Chien,  Governor  Clark's  Expedition  to 

Pinckney,  Chas.  C. 

Pike  County  Organized 

Pittsburgh,  Early  History 

Post-offlce,  St.  Louis  . 

Public  Lands 

Hector,  Elias,  Col.,  Postmaster  at  St.  Louis 
Eed  Lead,  Manufacture  of  .... 

Rock  Spring 

Sacs,  Foxes,  and  lowas.  Council  with  at  St.  Louis 


.     55 
.     31 

.     60 

386,  390 






31,  32 





St.  Charles,  Celebration  of  Fourth  July  at  .  .70 

St.  Louis  County,  Act  for  Jail  in         .         .         .  .30 

St.  Patrick's  Day,  First  Observance  of  in  St.  Louis     .  68 

Scott,  John,  Report  of  his  election  to  Congress    .  .     28 

Elected  to  Congress  (1816)       .         .  .         .     43 

Shawneetown,  Complaint  Against  Postmaster       .  .     57 

Simpson,  Eob't.,  Postmaster  at  St.  Louis     .         .         .         .53 
State  Constitution,  Account  of  proceedings  in  relation  to  106,  108 

Steamboats,  Early 72,  78 

St.  Louis,  First  Book  printed  in 4 

First  Grand  Jury  meet  at  house  of  E.  Yousti         .       9 

Grand  Jurors  fined 10 

House  rented  for  Prison 10 

Merrimac  Ferry  Licensed 10 


St.  Louis  —  Continued. 

Rufus  Easton  Attorney  General 
Ferry  Licensed  at  St.  Charles    . 
Taxes  and  Licenses  . 
Taverns  Licensed 
Sheriff  fined      .... 

Jos.  Browne  Appointed  Justice  Court  Common  Pleas 
Andrew  Steele  Appointed  Prothonary 
Military  Guard  House  used  as  Prison 
Inquest  on  Body  of  Gauch6  Becquet. 
Additional  Guard  furnished  at  Jail   .         . 
Wm.  Christy  Appointed  Clerk  of  Court  of  Quarter 
Sessions     .... 

Silas  Bent  Appointed  First  Justice  of  the  Common 
Pleas  ...... 

District  Divided  into  Townships 
Population  of  Townships  .... 

Change  of  Sessions  Court  of  Common  Pleas 
New  Road  to  Ste.  Genevieve  Approved 
First  Execution        ..... 

Contumacy  of  Nancy  West         ....         16-17 
Alex^  McNair  Appointed  Sheriff         .         .         .         .18 

Election  of  Trustees  (1808) 20- 

Petition  of  Inhabitants  for  Incorporation    .         .         .21 
Commisioners  appointed    to    Superintend    Election 

of  Trustees 21 

Ferry  Rates  to  East  Shore 22^ 

Election  of  Town  Trustees 22 

Treasurer's  Statement       ......     22 

Market  House  Completed 22 

First  Survey  of  Town 22,  25 

Appearance  of  Town  in  1804 23- 







St.  Louis —  Continued. 

Principal  Roads 

.     23 

Description  of  Streets 

.     23 

Original  Streets 

.     24 

Lucas  and  Cliouteau's  Addition  . 

.     25 

First  Market  House 

.     25 

Bank  of,  Incorporated 

.     29 

County  Court  Established           .         .         .         . 

.     29 

Act  for  Survey  and  Plat 

.     30 

Eesolutions  at  Town  Meeting  (1812)  as  to  War 




Post-Offlce  Established 

.     53 

Location  of 

.     53 

Dinners  to  Gov.  Howard.           .         .         .         . 

55,  56 

Juvenile  Company 

.     69 

Te  Deum  on  account  of  Jackson's  Victory 

.     59 

Judge  Lucas'  Addition  to  . 

.     62 

Baird's  Blacksmith  Shop  used  as  a  Theater 

.     64 

Divine  Services  held  at 

.     64 

€ensus  of  St.  Louis,  1815 

.     66 

St.  Patrick's  Day  in  1820 

.     68 

Celebration  of  4th  July      .... 

.     71 

Theatricals  in 


Thespian  Society      .         .        .         .         . 



.     77 

■Grand  Concert 

.     78 


.     77 

^Schools  and  Teachers        .... 


Early  Duels 


Volunteer  Companies         .... 

.     89 

St.  Louis  Guards 

.       98,  99 

^Editorial  of  Mr.  Charless  on     .         .         . 

.    101,  102 

Mb                                            INDEX 


St.  Louis  —  Continued. 


Early  Newspapers 

.     105- 

Early  Business  Notices 

109,  160 


.   112 

Bench  and  Bar . 

.  161 

Early  Physicians 

.   163 

Old  Land  Marks 

.  394 

Judge  Carr's  Residence 

.  395 

Hammond  Residence 

.  396 

Old  Riddick  Mansion 

.  396- 

Mansion  House  Hotel 

.  397 

Maj.  Wm.  Christy's  Residence 

.  398. 

Henry  Gratiot's  Residence         .         .         .         . 

.  399 

Cabanne  Mansion       ..... 


Old  Brick  Cathedral 

.  418 

Old  Brick  College 


Territorial  Legislature,  Gov.  Howard's  Proclamation 

.     43 

House  of  Representatives  .... 

.     44 

Second  Session,  First  Territorial  Legislature 

.     46 

Second  Legislature,  Second  Session    . 

.     47 

Census  of  1814          

.     47 

Third  Legislature 

.     49 

Legislative  Council 

.     50 

Tippecanoe,  Battle  of 

.     55 

Vaccination  at  St.  Louis 

.   112 

Volunteer  Companies 

89,  91 

Washington's  Birthday,  Celebration  at  St.  Louis  . 

.     72 

Western  Journal 

.   105 

Western  Emigrant 

.   105 

"Western  Engineer" 

.     98 

White  Lead,  Manufacture  of        .         ... 

.     56 

Yellowstone  Expedition,  Objects 

of      .         .         . 

.     97 





Adams,  Calvin 9,  11 

Adams,  John 51 

Adams,  John  Qulncy   .    .    .    .210 

Alexander,  B.  W 77 

Alexander,  Walter  B.      ...  353 

Alcorn,  James 50 

Allen,  Beverly    ...     5,  231,  363 

Allen,  Gerard  B 276 

AUen,  Isaac 147 

Allen,  Capt.  H.  M 250 

Allen,  James  E 49 

•     Allen,  James  0 243 

Allen,  John 11 

Allen,  John  E 9 

Alvarez,  Augusts  A.  .  .  .  .  422 
Alvarez,  Eugenio     .     .   78,  270,  422 

Alvarez,  Manuel 422 

Ames,  Benjamin 348 

Amelin,  Alexis 155 

Anderson,  James 19 

Anderson,  Garret 359 

Anderson,  Paul  &  William  67,  147 
Anderson,  Thomas  L.  ...  205 
Anderson,  Wm.  H.  H.      .     .     ._359 

Andreville,  Andr6 9,  10 

Anduze,  Aristide 81 

Armstrong 115 

Arnand,  Bartholomew  .  .  .423 
Arnold,  James,  Sr.  .  .  153,  285 
Arnold,  Wm.  &  James,  Jr.    .     .  285 

Arthur,  John 1 1 8 

Atchison,  George 185 

Atkinson,  Henry,  Col. 

,  96,  359,  395,  427,  428,  434 


Atwood,  Doct.  N.  B.  343,  353, 354 
Ashley,  Wm.  H.,  Genl.     .     196,  434 

Astor,  Jno.  J 193 

Audrain,  J.  H 114 

Audubon  &  Eozier 121 

Austin,  Horace  .  18,  111,  119,  126 
Austin,  Major  Lorenzo  .  .  .  132 
Austin,  Moses  .  .  85,  86,  89,  177 
Austin,  Stephen  E.      .     .     .  49,  87 

Badgley 121 

Bailey,  Robert        ,147 

Bainbridge,  Capt 260 

Baird,  James      .     .  64,  120,  121,  74 

Baldwin,  Doct 97 

Ball,  John  S 227 

Ballinger,  Jos 382 

Barbour,  James 428 

Barlow,  Jos.  C 166 

Barada,  Antoine 15 

Barclay,  D.  Eobt 364 

Bartlet,  Abner 205 

Barlow,  James        130 

Barnes,  Robert  A.  .     .     .     263,  415 

Barribeau,  Pierre 422 

Barton,  David,  19, 20, 106,  107,  127, 

130,  144,  162,  245,  277 

Barton,  Joshua,  82,  84, 107,  162,  246 

Barton,  Isaac 246 

Basquez,  Benito 9 

Bates,  Edward, 

107,  162,  246,  279,  280 
Bates,  Elias   .     .     .85,  86,  177,  256 
Bates,  Fleming  ....    384,  386 
29  (449-) 




Bates,  Frederick    3,  4,  6,  7,  13,  18, 

20,  28,  32,  45,  199,  226,  227,  255, 

260,  278,  279,  282,  384,  387,  388, 

389,  402 

Beaugenon,  "Vital 423 

Beauvais,  St.  Gemiuin     .    406,  187 

Beavers,  Thos 110 

Beck,  Abraham, 

153,  155,  163,  344,  345 
Beck,  Doct.  Lewis  C.      .     164,  345 

Becquet,  John  B 272 

Becquet,  Gauche 12 

Bedell,  Lieut 96 

Beebe,  Elijah 251 

Beebe,  Elisha 251 

Beland,  John  B 11 

Belcour,  John  B.  D 422 

Bellisime,  Alex'r     .....  422 

Belleville,  Pierre 423 

Bennett,  William    .....  106 
Bent,  Silas, 

13,  14, 1  ,  16,  19,  71,  167,  195,  202 

Benton,  Thos.  H.    82,  89,  105,  10  r, 

162,  216,  245,  281,  409 

Benoit,  Francis  M.      ...    9,  18 

Benoit,  Tbussaint 127 

Berthold,  Bartholomew,  85,  114, 
116,  124,  127,  129,  143,  170,  234 
Berthold,  Frederick  .  .  .  .185 
Berthold,  Pierre  A.  .  .  178,  235 
Berry,  Major  Taylor   .     .      61,  196 

Bertrand,  Michel 423 

Bibbs,  Captain 89 

Biddle,  Major  Thos.     198,  361,  395 
Billon,  Charles,  Sr., 

164,  156,  176,  422,  434 
Billon,  Fred'c  L.     .      429,  430,  434 

Bird,  Abraham 266 

Bissell,  Gen'l  Daniel, 

33,  94,  219,  221,  222,  269,  270 

Bissell,  James 222 

Bissell  Brothers 222 

BisselJ,  Capt.  Lewis    ....  223 
Bissell,  Col.  Kussell    .    .    222,  225 


Bissonnet,  Joseph 422' 

Bissonnet,  Antoine      ....  423- 
Blackburn,  Eev.      ......    64 

Blair,  Mrs 71 

Bliss,  Capt 96 

Block,  Eleazer 163 

Blood,  Capt.  Sullivan  .     .     .     .  31 4 

Boardman,  Capt 96 

Bobb,  John 147 

Boggs,  Lilburn  "W.     .  88,  134,  146 

Bogy,  Joseph 50' 

Bollinger,  Geo.  F 44 

Boly,  John  ....  10,  382,  383 
Bompart,   Louis      ...         .88 

Bond,  Shadrack 70- 

Boone,  Capt.  Daniel, 

67,  411,  412,  414 
Boone,  Capt.  Nathan  .  91,  413,  414 
Bosserou,  Charles  .     .     .    224,  285- 

Boss,  Dan'l  C 154 

Boudon,  Johu 156 

Bouvet,  Jno.  B 422 

Bonis,  Capt 90' 

Bonis,  "Veuve  "Vincent  .  .  .  422 
Bouchg,  Francis  .  .  .  422,  423 
Bouju,  Joseph    .     .     124,  155,  422 

Bowen,  John  S 268 

Boyer,  J.  H 146. 

Boyes,  Jacob  A 70- 

Brackenridge,  Henry  M. 

37,  162,  214,  405 
Brackenridge,  Hugh  H. 

214,  404,  405 
Bradbury,  .     .    36,  37,  407 

Bradley,  Samuel    .     .     .    382,  38a 
Brady,  Thos.  18,  66,  67,  88,  89,  121, 
130,  232,  233,  208,  272,  355,  422 
Brand,  James   .     .    .   180,  422,  146 

Bryan,  Guy 219 

Brandon,  Peter ".  382 

Brazeau,  Joseph 9- 

Brazeau,  Louis 9,  432 

Bredell,  Edward  .  .  .  239,  364 
Bredell,  John  C 365 



.  PAGE 

Bridge,  Samuel 121 

Bright,  John  A 19 

Bright,  Capt.  Josiah  .  99,  142,  287 
Brown,  John  .  .  .15,  382,  383 
Brown,  DeWitt  Clinton  .  .  .347 
Brown,  Gen'l  Jacob  .  62,  427,  428 
Brown,  Reverend    .>....     64 

Brown,  Lleat 96 

Brown,  Lionel 52 

Brown,  Samuel.  ...  51,  350 
Browne,  Joseph,  2,  5, 12, 13, 19,  227 

Bruce,  Amos  J 99 

Bruff,  Major  John 110 

Bullitt,  George   ....      44,  264 

Burchmore,  Geo 159 

Burns,  Calvin 110 

Burr,  Col.  Aaron 203 

Burt,  Nathaniel  ......  362 

Bush,  Joseph 19 

Butler,  Fred'li  A 131 

Byrd,  Stephen 44 

Cabann^,  Charles 202 

CabannS,  John  P., 

88,  152,  234,  399,  422 

Caillou,  Francois 423 

Campbell,  Geo.  W.       .     .     233,  351 

Camp,  Ichabod 223 

Caldwell,  Kinkaid 49 

Carr,  Francis 163 

Carr,  William  C,  21,  38,  44,  45,  72, 
161,  201,  202,  245,  260  195,  395 

Carr,  Joseph  P 276 

Carr,  Walter 201 

Carr,  Walter  B 276 

Calloway,  Flanders 413 

Carman,  Samael 147 

Carroll,  Gen 61 

Carroll,  John,  Archbishop'  .     .     63 

Carroll,  Capt 410 

Carson,  Moses 67 

Carter,  Jacob      ....    382,  383 

Carter,  E.  C 164 

Casner,  George  ....    127,  156 

Castello,  Michael 356 

Cass,  Col.  Lewis 393 

Cassidy,  Henry 49 

Catherwood,  Eobt.  N.      ...    67 
Caulk,  Richard  .     .    10,  14,  15,  44 

Cavender,  George 48 

Cerr«,  Gabriel  S.,  Sr.  .     85,  89,  164 

Chambers,  Adam  B 275 

Chambers,  Charles  ....  198 
Chambers,  Col.  Talbot  .  183,  424 
Chapin,  Capt.  Gurden  .  .  .  23» 
Charless,  Jos.,  Sr.  4,  7,  34,  36,  49, 
67,  72,  133,  229,  230,240,  275,  346, 
347,  364,  422 
Charless,  Edward, 

230,  369,  103,  375,  412,  282,  346. 
Charless,  Joseph,  Jr., 
100,  101,  103,  117,  125,  126,  133,  231 

Charleville,  Veuve 42» 

Cheni6,  Antoine      .     .  181,  211,  421 

Chenig,  Leon      ....    212,  263 

Chouteau,  Aug't,  Sr.,  9,  13,  14,  15, 

18,  20,   22,  24,   25,   28,  38,  40,  45, 

72,   85,   88,  90,  132,  164,  165,  272, 

277,  284,  385,  386,  387,   418,   419, 


Chouteau,  Aug.  A 166 

Chouteau,  Gabriel  S 166 

Chouteau,  Henry  T.    .    .     .     ,167 

Chouteau,  Peter,  Sr.,  20,  44,  89,  127, 

168,  169,   211,   234,  418,  419,  422, 

Chouteau,  Peter,  Jr., 

129,  170,  171,  234 
Chouteau,  Auguste  P., 

18,  27,  69,  152,  166, 170,  261 
Chouteau,  Francis  G.  .  170,  171 
Chouteau,  Paul  L.  .  .  .  170,  171+ 
Chouteau,  Chas.  P.  171, 172,  173 
Chouteau,  Joseph  Gilman  .  .  168 
Chouteau,  Cyprien  ....  170 
Chouteau,  Pharamond  .  .  .  170 
Chouteau,  Charles  &  Frederick.  170 
Chouteau,  Augt.  R 16» 




Chouteau,  Edward  A. .     .         .  166  ■ 

Chouteau,  Henry,  A 168 

Chouteau,  Norbert  Silvestre..    .  168 

Chouteau,  Jos.  Gilman  ^    .     .  168 

Christy,  Major  Wm.,  12,  13,  18,  19, 

38,  40,  71,  101,  107,  114,  119,  195, 

196,  240,  241,  242,  276,  398 

Churchill,  Saml.  B 276 

Chandler,  Jno.  and  C.  .  122,  127 
Claiborne,  Gen.  C.  C.  ...  4 
Clamorgan,  James  .     .  9,  13,  14,  15 

Clarli,  Christopher 51 

CJark,  Gen.  Geo.  E.     .     .    273,  375 

Clark,  Gen.  Wm.,   5,  8,  13,  27,  28, 

29,  33,  42,  43,  72,  101,  118,  123, 

209,  233,  254,  267,  268,  271,  272, 

273,  362,  375,  371,  372,  379,  425 

Clark,  Jno.  O.'F 168 

Clark,  Jonathan 273 

Clark,  JefEerson  K 380 

Clary,  Eobert  E 229 

Clay,  Henry 27 

Clemens,  Jas.,  Jr. 

69,  87,  137,  138,  143,  198,  286 
Clement,  Francois  ....  423 
Clemson,  Capt.E.  B.  33,  86,  81,  263 

Clinton,  Geo 65 

Clinton,  DeWitt 203 

Coburn,  John    .     .     .     .    4,  7,  240 

Coats,  Mrs 71 

Coflfee,  Col 410 

■Collet,  Ann 328 

Collet,  Robert 73 

Collet,  Thomas 150 

Colfax,  Capt 96 

■Collier,  John 292 

■Collier,  George 292 

■Collier,  Catherine 364 

donrad,  D.  H 163 

Connor,  Jeremiah,  12, 13, 14,67, 109, 

112,  194,  345,  422,  379,  346 

Conway,  Henry  W.     .     .     .  99, 150 

Cook,   Major 98 

Cook,  John  D 207,  278 


Cook,  Nathaniel      .     .         .     .     49 

Coons  John 49 

Cooke,  Judge  Wm.  M.     .     .     .  266 

Cooper,  Benj 50 

Cottle,  Ira 51 

Coulter,  David 280 

Cozens,  Horatio  .  .  .  129,  163 
Craig,  Capt.   .        ....         73,  96 

Craig,  Major 40 

Crane,  Capt.  A.  T.  ...      54,155 

Crawford,  Wm.  H 27 

Crittenden,  Thos.  T.    8,  18,  20,  402 

Crevier,  Autoine 423 

Cromwell,  John  ...  85,  180,  288 
Cromwell,  Thomas      .     .     .     .288 

Crooks,   Eamsey 56 

Cross,  Cap.  Joseph,238, 249, 250,  372 

Cross,  Horatio  N 350 

Cummins,  Jas  .  .  54,  230,  346,  355 
Cummings,,J.  C.     .     .     .     103,  104 

Cummings,  Thos 276 

Cuyler,  David  E 155 

Daggett,  John  D.  .  .  .  340,  341 
Daggett,  Wm.  and  James    .     .  341 

Dales,  John 88 

Daly,  Michael  ....  154,  349 
Dangen,  Antoine,  148,  187,  259,  422 

Davis,  Thos.  Terry 1,  5 

Davis,  Charles 18 

Davis,  H.  C 137 

Davis,  H.  N 393 

Davies,  Col.  Joe 274 

Davidson,  John 48 

Dawson,  Eobert 49 

Deane,  Capt.  Jas 197 

Deaver,  Larkln 183 

Deakers,  William 397 

De  Camp,  S.  G.  J 164 

Dejarlois,  Chas 10 

De  Launay,  David  ...  9,  21,  425 
De  Lassus,  Camille  ....  181 
De  Lassus,  Gov'r  Chas.  D., 

157,  412,  423 




Decatur,  Stephen 260 

Depestre    ...  ....  126 

Delaney,  Dennis.     .  .     .  198 

Denny,  Boyd  ; 9 

Dent,  Frederick     .     .     87,  152,  341 
Demun,  Augustus, 

48,  102,  113,  262,  263 
Demun,  Julius, 

18,  126,  262,  263,  415,  421 
De  Montholon,  C.  F.  F.  .     .     .  177 

Desir6,  Louis     .     .  .     .       423 

Deys,  Leo  ...  ....     81 

Desjardins,  Paul    ...  .  423 

Derouin,  Francois  ...  .  422 

De  Hodiamont  .     .         .  .  422 

De  Thiers,  Louis 423 

Detandebaratz,  M.  .     142,   143,  180 

Detailly,  Pierre 423 

Didier,  Pierre     .  .     9,  107,  423 

Dillon,  P.  M.     ...  139,  140,  147 

Dillon,  John  N 168 

Dolan,  M 114,  142 

Donaldson,  Jas.  L.      .     20,  31,  218 
Douglass,  Maj.  Thompson, 

37,  126,232,  382,  383 
Donaldson,  Alex 410 

Douglass,  Wm 349 

Douberman,  Juo.  J.      413,  414,  415 

Dowling,  B 143 

Dowling.John    .     .  .     .        134 

Dowling,  Richard  K.  .     .  320 

Doddridge,  Philip   .    .  .199 

Drake,  Chas.  D 250 

Drake,  Samuel   ....  397 

Drips,  Andrew  .     .  .  .68 

Drouillard,  Geo.  ...  .12 
Duane,  William       ...  .230 

DuBourg,  E.  Rev'dL.  W., 

81,  383,  416,  417,  418,  420,  421 
Dubreuil,  Made.     .    20,  30,  34,  423 

Dubreuil,  Louis  C 206 

Duchouquette,  Batiste  .  .  .  422 
Duchouquette,  Pierre  .  .  432 
Duff,  John  M 92 


Dumaine,  Lucien 312 

Dumoulin,  Jno  B.     .     .     ,    .     .  422 

Dunn,  John 50 

Dnprfi,  Eugene 184 

Durand,  Lieut'. 96 

Durocher,  August  .  .  79,144,152 
Dutremble,  Antoine     ....  '423 

Dyer,  John  N 165 

Dyer,  Thos.  P 202 

Earl,  Mrs 406 

Easton,   Col.  Eufus,  10,  19,  20,  27, 

28,  43,  84,  85,  87,   110,  120,  150, 

162,  202,  204,  246,  277,  278,  279 

Eastan,  Col.  A.  E 205 

Edgar,  James 220 

Edgar,  John 220,  275 

Edwards,  Albert  G 401 

Egliz,  Hyacinthe 9 

Elbridge,  George  ....     59,  65 

Ellis,  Erasmus 52 

Ellis,  Captain 90 

Elliott,  Aaron 202 

Ellison,  Lieut 96 

Emmons,  Benjamin    ....    45 

English,  Eobert 48 

English,  Thomas 67 

Essex,  Thomas  &  Co 159 

Essex,  James  C 329 

Estes,  Thomas  .  .  144,  146,  157 
Everhart, 78 

Falconer  &  Comegys,  112,  116,  118 
Farrar,  Doct.  B.  G.  38,  40,  81, 123, 
125,  128,  132,  168,  169,  163,  164, 
196,  240,  241,  243,  295 
Farrar,  Wm.  C.  and  James  L.  241 
Farris,  Col.  Eobt.  P., 

162,  239,  240,  250 

Faysseux,  Major 397 

Ferguson,  Geo.  W 134 

Fergtfson;  Peter,  Judge  .  .  .  255 
Ferguson,  Wm.  Findley  .  .  .  255 
Fenn,  Doct.  Zeno   .     .     .     164,  342 




Ferrari,  Andreas 81 

Eesch,  Cardinal       35 

Fillmore,  Pres't       280 

Finney,  John 334 

Fitzliugli,  Judge  Dennis  .     .     .  273 

Flaget,  Bishop 416 

Flaugherty,  James       ....    45 

Fletcher,  Thomas  C 256 

Ford,  Patrick  H 106 

Force,  Peter 430 

Forsythe,  Maj.  Thos.       .     .     .226 

Forsythe,  Eobert 226 

Fontaine,  Felix 423 

Foster,  Major 96 

Fouch6,  Francois 423 

Foulck,  Capt.  Willis  ....  92 
Furr,  Samson 132 

Oagnon,  John  B 423 

Gaines,  Genl.  E.  P.      ...  62,  99 

Oallatin,  Abraham 47 

Gallatin,  Albert  .  199,  214,  405 
Gamble,  Archibald  ....  204 
Gamble,  Hamilton  E.  .  .  280,  346 
Gantt,  Doct.  Ed.  S., 

138,  164,  285,  342 
Gantt,  Major  Stoughton  .     .     .  286 

Gantt,  Capt.  John 286 

Gamier,  Joseph  V.,  6,  50,  68,  190, 


Gay,  Mrs 158 

Gebert,  Doct.  P.  M.      151,  164,  343 

Generelly,  Fleury 236 

Geyer,  Henry  S., 

57,  77,  82,  131,    162,  277,  280,  281 
Giddings,  Rev'd  Salmon., 

64,  79,  80,  141,  145 

■Gilhuly,  Bernard 855 

Gilhuly  &  Castello  .  .  .  .157 
Gilhuly  &  Cummins      .     .     .     .  1 57 

Givens,  Capt 96 

Glasby,  Albin  H.  .  .  . ,  .  .401 
Glasgow,  Sr.,  William  .  .  .•  140 
<Jlasgow,  William,  Jr.     .     .        338 


Gordon,  Wm 382,  383 

Gordon,  George 15 

Gourdes,  Henry 212, 

Graham,  James  A.  .  81, 162,  242 
Graham,  Major  Kich'd  .  198,  395 
Graham,  Lieut.  James      ...     97 

Granger,  Gideon 203 

Grant,  Israel  B 143 

Gratiot,  Charles,  Sr.,  10,  11,  19,  35, 
38,  88,  172,  177,  179,  262,  283,  385 
Gratiot,  Mad.  Victoire  .  .  .422 
Gratiot,  Gen'l  Charles  .  172,  173 
Gratiot,  Col.  Henry, 

173,  174,  398,  423 
Gratiot,  John  Pierre   B., 

173,  174,175,  253 
Gratiot,  Judge  Paul  B.  M.  175,  176 
Gratiot,  Doct.  Charles  B.  .  .  176 
Gratiot,  Henry  Terry      .     .     .176 

Gratiot,  Adolph  B 176 

Gratiot,  Paul  Berjamin  .  .  176 
Gray,  Alexander,   Judge., 

162,  278,  279 
Gray,  Capt.  James  S.       ...    95 

Greer,  Eobert  C 184 

Griffin,  John       1,  5 

Griffith,  Isaac  H.  .  .  .  76,  155 
Grimsley,  Col.  Thornton  .  .  160 
Guerette,  Pierre,  Jr.  ...  423 
Guest,  Jonathan  .  149,  150,  286 
Guibord,  Auguste  .  .  212,  423 
Guibord,  Capt.  Henri      .     .     .213 

Guillet,  Urban         55 

Guion,  Hubert        422 

Guion,  Vincent       422 

Guitarre,  Vincent       ....  423 

Guitarre,  Louis       423 

Gulager,  Henry 150 

Guy,  John  E 77,  151 

Guyard,  Capt.     ......     73 

Guyol,  Fran's  M.     .     .     40,  81,  123 

Habb,   Victor 229 

Haile,  Capt 96 




Haines,  Wm 269 

ilaldeman,  Peter    .     .     .    152,  340 

flail,  John 87 

Hall,  George 159 

flail,  Sergeant 105 

flamllton,  Capt 96 

flamllton,  Capt.  Talbot  .  .  .  430 
flammond,  George     ....  146 

flammond,  Capt 410 

flammond.  Col.  Sam'l,  27,   28,   29, 

32,  43,  45,  65,  69,   71,  86,  87,  209, 

367,  396 

flampton,  L 5,  113 

Hamtramck,  Col.  JohnF.  186,  372 
Hamtramck,  John  F.,  Jun'r      .  372 

Hand,  General        209 

Hankinson,  John  .  Ill,  113,  193 
Hanly,  Thomas, 

67,  77,  134,  136, 146,  151 
flardln,  Joseph    ....    50,  52, 

Harney,  Wm.  S 198 

Harding,  Chester  .  .  .  413,  414 
Harris,  Barnabas  ....  46 
Harris,  Oliver    ......  275 

Harris,  William 109 

Harrison,  Gen'l  W.  H. 

1,  5,  20,  203,  217,  373 
Harrison,  Capt.  Thos.  J.       .     .373 

Hart,  George   C 5 

flartnett,  John 351 

Harry,  Jacob 9 

Harry,  John  W 51 

Hastings, 151 

Hawks,  R.  Rev'd  Cicero  .    .     .429 

Hay,    John 171 

Hays,  Stockley 410 

Haydn,    54 

Heath,  John  G 47 

Hebert,  Guillaume 9 

Hedges,  Rev'd  Mr 429 

Hempstead,  Stephen,  Sr.     173,  251 

Hempstead,  Stephen,  Jr.    251,  252 

Hempstead,  Edward      8,  9,  11,  15, 

20,  42,  127,  162,  204,  205,  251,  379 


Hempstead,  Thomas, 

.       -     67^,87,89,251,253,254 
Hempstead,  Charles  S, 

77,  162,  251,  252,  262 
Hempstead,  Edward  Lewis,     .  247 

Henderson,  102 

Hennerman,  Henry    .         382,  383 
Henry,  Isaac  N.  .    .    .         105,211 

Ilerpin,  Jno.  B 139 

Hertzog,  Joseph      ...      56,  157 

Heslep 119 

Hewes,  Capt 98 

Higgins,  William 354 

Hill,  David  B 72 

Hill,  Britton  A 360 

Hodges,  Daniel 15 

Hoffman,  David  B., 

39,  146,  148,  163 
Hoffman,  Doct.  Herm.  L., 

151,  153,  158,  164,  282,  341,  342 

Hogan,  Edward 50 

Holbrook,  John 161 

Holmes,  Oliver 158 

Honey,  John  W.  .    49,  159,  256,  340 

Honors,  Michel 15 

Honors,  Louis  Tesson    .     .     .  422 
Horrell,  Rev'd  Thomas   ...     69 

Horrocks,  Mr 72 

Hortiz,  Jos.  A 9 

Hortiz,  John  B 423 

Howard,  Gen'l  Ben'j.     .     8,  18,  20, 

43,  93,  100,  101,  199,  241,  380,  402 

Huddleston,   Solomon    .    382,  383 

Hull,  Abijah  &  Co 141 

Hull,  James  F 38 

Hull,  Joseph  J 71 

Humphreys,   Major    ....    96 
Hunt,  Capt.  Theodore, 

86,  102,  131,  135,  151,  260 

Hunt,  Wilson  P.     .    9,  36,  68,  111, 

113,   153,   193,  194,  260 

Hunt,  Philemon 284 

Hunt,  Col.  Thomas    .     .    221, 225 
Hunt,  Thomas,   Jr 266 




Hunt,  John  W 358 

Hunter,  James 45 

Hunter,  Joseph 50 

Hunter,  Major  Chas.  W., 

72,  86,  133,  142,  143,  284,  286 

IngersoU,  Charles  J 65 

Ingram,  Arthur     .    .     159, 362,  363 
Irwin,  James    ...     18,  145,  396 

Jackson,  Andrew,  62,  407,  409,  410 

Jackson,  Jeremiah 382 

Jacoby,  H 9 

Jacoby,  John 9,  13 

Janes,  Joseph 147 

Jeanneret,  Chas 141 

Jefferson,  Brest.  Thos., 

203,  214,  218,  227,  375,  380,  403 

Jessup,  Gen'l 96 

Jessup,  Doct 87 

Johnson,   Hugh 362 

Johnson,  Col.  Eioharcl     .     .    .  359 

Jones,  Augustus 207 

Jones,  Geo.   W 208 

Jones,  Judge  John  Rice, 

30,  161,  162,  207,  233,  271,  272 

Jones,  Robert 68 

Journey,  Peter 47 

Jovial,  Joseph 423 

Keemer, 129 

Keemle,  Charles 99 

Keiler,  Lieut ■    .    96 

Keith,  Lieut 95 

Keesacker,  John  .  .  .  .137 
Kendall,  Judathan  .  ...  19 
Kennerly,  James,  69,  75,  89,  128, 
135,  139,  152  266,  267,  286 
Kennerly,  George  H., 

58,  77,  82,  99,  152,  267,  268 
Kennerly,  Wm.  Clark  .  .  .268 
Kennerly,   Samuel      ....  260 

Kenzie,  John 226 

Kerr,  Geo.  "W .202 


Kerr,    Matthew,  18,  88,   113,  116^ 
120,  122,  243,  284,   205 

Kerr,  John 231 

Kearney,  Gen'l  Stephen      .      .  429- 

Ketchum,  Major 96- 

Keys,  Abraham 67 

Kibby,  Timothy    .    70,  72,  137,  232^ 

King,  Rufus 65 

Kingsbury,  James  W.    .    .    .  401 

Kingsley,  Lieut 33 

Kinney,  Mrs 16,    17 

Kirby,  Ephraim 203 

Kimball  &   Ward 148- 

Knapp,  Edward,  Sr.-  ....  356 
Knapp,  George    ....   356,  275- 

Knapp,  Edward,  Jr 356- 

Knapp,  Col.  John 356 

Krum,  John  M 414 

Labbadie,  Silvestre,  9,  33,  123,  179, 
180,  193,  256,  261,  340,  422 

Labbadie,  Joseph 422- 

Labeaume,  Louis  T.  13, 14,  199,  361 
Lacroix,  Joseph       .     .     .    423,  212- 

Lalande,  Alexis  .     . 

Laclede, .     . 

Lalende,  Bernard    . 

Landreville, . 

Lane,  Doc.  W.  Carr 
Lane,  Doc.  Hardage 
Lane,  Doc.  Harvey . 
Lane,  Jno,  F.  T. 
Langham,  Col.  Angus 
Langham,  Elias  T.  . 
Lard,  Hezekiah  .    . 
Lanodiere,  Laurent 
Laveille,  Jos.  C,  151, 
Laville,  J.  F.      .    . 
Latresse,  John    .     . 
Lawless,  Luke  E.    82, 
Larlvierre,  Francois 
Leavenworth,  Col.  H. 
Lajoie,  Lambert 
Laquaisse,  Veuve  . 

15,  423 
.  164 
.  114 
.  422^ 
151,  164,  435 
372,  186- 
.  373- 
.     89 
89,  39& 
.  391 
.  423. 
350,  351 
202,  397 
.  423 
95,  434 
.  42» 
.  42a 






Lebeau,  Francois 423 

Lear,  Tobias 63 

LeBerge,  Charles 423 

LeBerge,  Joseph 423 

LeBlond,  Joseph 423 

LeBourgeois,  Louis  S.  .  .  .  232 
Lecompte,  Hyacinthe  .  .  .  422 
Leduc,  M.  P. .  .  51,  186,  212,  422 
Leduc,  Giles  Joseph   ....  186 

Lee,  Patrick 9,  119 

Le  Favre,  Miss  P.  .  .  .  83,  157 
Leitensdorfer,  Eugene  ...  77 
Lemignon,  Doc.      .     .     .     160,  164 

Le  Guerrier,  Chas 423 

Lemondc,  L.  L 422 

Lett,  Robert  S 140 

Lewis,  John 

Lewis,  Merriwether,  3,  7,  14,  15,  20 

33,  39,  91,  165,  199,  271,  374,  376, 

377,  378,  380,  384,  385 

Lewis,  Fielding 374 

Liggett,  Jos 164 

Lincoln,  Prest •     .  280 

Lindell,  Peter  .  .  130,  137,  288 
Linden,  John  ....  137,  288 
Lindell,  Jesse  G.  .  .  87,  137,  288 
Lisa,  Manuel, 

32,  33,  37,  68,  85,  98,  123,  252 
Little,  John  .     .    140,  256,  340,  423 

Livingston,  Capt 96 

Lockhardt 128 

Logan,  Robert 155 

Long,  John,  Jr 15 

Long,  Gabriel 9 

Long,  Major  Stephen  .     97,  98,  433 

Loper,  James 72,  77 

Lord,  Matthew 10 

Lucas,  John  B,  C.,2,  3,  6,  7,  14,  15, 
16,17,18,24,  31,44,  85,  162,213, 
218,  260,  264,  277,  405,  406 
Lucas,  Charles  .  84,  162,  215,  216 
Lucas,  William  .  .  162,  215,  216 
Lucas,  Robert    ...     40,  93,  214 


McArthur,  John 4* 

McClelland 56 

McCloud,  Robt.      .....  2,10 

MeClure,  Mrs 70 

McClure,  Miss 70^ 

McCune,  John  S 461 

McDermid,  Hugh 49- 

McGee,  James 349' 

McGirk,  Matthias, 

49,  162,  207,  277,  278 
McGunnegle,  Major  James  .    . 
McGunnegle,  Wilson  ....    99 

McGrady,  Israel 

McGuire,  Philip 4& 

McGuire,  Thomas    .    145,  272,  423 

Mcllvaine,  Lieut 96 

McKeever,  Alex. 112 

McKean,  Gov'r 404 

McKellops,  Capt 2ia 

McKenzie,  Normand  ....  113- 

McKenna  &  Co 158 

McKnight,  John, 

18,  66,  85, 121,  130,  272,  355 

McLanahan,  Josiah     .     .     .   11,  19- 

McManus,  Edward      .    .    .80,  168 

McNair  Alexander,   11,  18,  19,  20, 

27,   32,   43,  66,   71,  72,  106,  107, 

108,  124,  127,  135,  208,  245,  267, 


McNair,  David 136 

McQuie,  Wm.  L 131 

Mackay,  James 9,  49- 

Maclot,  John  N., 

35,  115,  147,  177,  179 

Maclot,  Louis  A 178 

Macomb,  General 62 

Madison,  Jas.,  Prest. 

27,  65,  199,  209,  380,  402 
Magenis,  A.L.  ......  163 

Magennis, 3*9 

Magness,  Perry  G 52- 

Mansfield,  Lieut 96 

Mansfield,  James 199' 

I  Marks,  Davis  S 82- 




Marli,  Veuve 422 

Marll,  Michel      .     .   \     .     .     .423 

Mathurin,  Jno.  B 423 

Martin,  Capt 95 

Martin,  John 81 

Martine,  Doct 95 

Mason,  Doct.  Richard,  157, 164,  345 

Mason,  Miss  Mary  T 402 

Mason,  S.  T.      ......  402 

Massey,  William 392 

Masure,  Doct.  A 212 

Masure,  Doct.  Henry  ....  183 
Maury,  Evarist   .     51,  135,  137,  144 

Maxwell,  James 45 

Mears,  Reuben 414 

Meek,  Wm.  E 382 

Meigs,  Return  J 2,6 

Menard,  Col.  Peter  ....  268 
Menaugh,  Hugh  .  .  .  382,  383 
Merry,  Doct.  Sam'l     ....  164 

Meddock  &  Duval 142 

Michaud,  Antoine 189 

Michaud,  Saugrain  .  .  190,  213 
Migneron,  Solomon  ....  155 
Miller,  Gov'r  John      .    72,  201,  361 

Miller,  Joseph 56 

Miller,  Theodore    .     .     .     382,  383 

Milligan,  Richard 347 

Mills,  71 

Molaire,  Jno.  B 422 

Monestes,  David 423 

Monroe,  James,  Pres't,  65,  146,147, 
194,  204,  260,  279,  357,  380 

Moore,  Isadore 49 

Moore,  Joseph ,    .     15 

Montague,  Jos 423 

Morrison,  Brothers  .  .  219,  220 
Morrison,  William      .    .    .     .219 

Morrison,  Robert 220 

Morrison,  Wm.  R 219 

Morrison,  James 220 

Morrison,  Jesse 220 

Morrison,  Samuel 220 

Morrison,  Guy 221 


Morisse,  Julius 344 

Morton,  George 351 

Moses,  Doct.  Gratz      ....  385 
Mountjoy,  John      .    .     .     382,  383 
MuUanphy,  John, 
147,  154, 197, 198,  263,  343,  378,  379      // 

Mullanphy,  Bryan 198 

Mulllkin,  Napoleon      ....  357 

Mulligan,  Hugh 349 

Morin,  Antoine,  -widow    .     .     .  423 

Murphy,  Joseph 49 

Murphy,  Richard 50 

Murphy,  Mr 70 

Musick,  David 44,  92 

Musick,  Thos.  R 15 

Musick,  Capt.  Uri        .     .     347,  348   ' " 
Mussina,  Zachariah    ....  120 

Nagle,  James 362 

Nailor,  John 282,  283 

Nash,  Alexander 140 

Neal,  Reuben  .     .     .     160,  141,  340 

Neeley,  Wm 45,  50 

Nelson,  Doct.  A.,  147, 118, 162,  153, 

160,  164,  286,  341,  342 

Nelson,  Capt.  John    ...     73,  98 

Nevin,  John 87 

Newman,Capt.  Jonas  ....  361 

Newman,  Socrates 326 

Niel,  Rev.  Trancis  .  80,  81,  150,  153 

Norvell,  Joshua 105 

Nugent,  Samuel      .     .     .     .     16, 17 
Nutall,  407 

O'Blenis,  Robert  Mac      ...    77 

O'Fallon,  Col.  John 

55,  123,  266,  273,  274,  396 
O'Fallon,  Doct.  James  .  .  .273 
O'Fallon,  Major  Benj.     ...    97 

O'Hara,  Wm.  M 87,  157 

O'Neil,  Hugh,  Sr 67 

O'Neil,  Hugh,  Jr 355 

Ober,  Samuel  R.      .    .    .    149,  151 
Orfurt,  Capt 96 




'Orles,  Veuve 422 

■Owens,  Capt 91 

•Owings,  David, 382 

Paddock,  Gains,  Sr 283 

Paddock,  Orville 284 

Pain,  J 115 

Paine,  Thomas loo 

Palmer,  Lieut 96 

Papin,  Jos.,  Jr 183,  423 

Papin,  J.  M.,  Sr 9,211 

Tapin,  Alexander  L.  .  '.  .  .  342 
Papin,  Hypolite  L.  .  .  .  184,  422 
Papin,  P.  Millicourt  .  .  .  .184 
Papin,  SylvestreV.     .     .     184,422 

Papin,  Peter  D 185 

Papin,  Theodore  D'Artiny,  156,  125 

Papin,  Sylvestre,  Jr 184 

Papin,  Doct.  Timothy,     .     .     .184 

Tapln,  Theophile 185 

Papin,  Leon  J 185 

Papin,  Alfred  J 185 

Paschall,  Nathaniel,  88,  89,  149,  275 
I'aschall,  Henry  G.  &  Geo.  M.  .  276 

Patterson,  Henry  L 264 

Patterson,  Nathaniel  ....  355 
Paul,  Col.  Ren«  114,  116,  124,  138, 
141,  144,  151,  167,  235,  422 
Paul,  Gen'l  Gabriel  E.  .  236,  237 
Paul,  Capt.  Edmond  .  .  237,  238 
Paul,  Capt.  Gabriel, 

144,  151,  153,  167,  235,  255,  422 
Paul,  Nathan    .     .     .     159,  362,  363 

Payne,  Nathaniel 159 

Jayne,  Thomas  J.   .     .     .     344,  404 

Payne,  Edward  C 403 

JPayne,  Benj.  Howard      .     .     ■  483 

Peale, 97 

Pease,  Joseph  S 212 

Peck,  James  H.      .     .  142,  163,  298 

Peck,  Eev'd  J.  M 80 

&  J.  E.  Welch  .     .     80 

Peebles,  Thomas 134 

^erdreauvllle,    Ken^  .     .     .80,  150 


Perkins,  Capt.  Joseph     .    .     9, 68 
Perry,  Capt.  Samuel, 

50,87,116,218,  238,250,365 
Penrose,  Clement  Biddle, 
31,  38, 40,  85,  101,  216,  217,  214,  218 

Penrose,    Chas.    B 216 

Penrose,  James  H.      .         .     .  216 
Penrose,  Clem.  B.,  Jr.      .    216,  217 

Perras 342 

Pettus,  Wm.  G 147 

Pettus,  Wm.  S 32,  66 

Pettis,  Spencer  ....    279,  361 
Pescay,  Made.  A., 

79,  118,'  124,  127,  134, 141,  256,  422 
Pettibone,   Eufus    .      150,  163,  297 

Pettibone,  Levi 298 

Peugnet,  Louis  D 358 

Peugnet,  Armand        .     .     183,  358 

Peugnet,  Ernest 368 

Phillbert,  Joseph 422 

Philipson,  Jacob,  111,  115,  120,  228 
Philipson,  Joseph, 

15,  89,  102,  135,  229 

Philipson,  Simon 228 

.  .  44 
.  .  191 
381,  382 
.     .  391 

Phillips,  Samuel 
Pike,  Capt.  Zeb.  M 
Pike,  Major  Zeb. 
Plernas,     .     .     . 
Pilcher,  Maj.  Joshua, 

68,  87,  138,  254 
Pinckney,  Chas.  C.      .     .     .   54,  65 

Pittman,  John 44 

Pius  the  Seventh,  Pope  .  .  35 
Polkowski,  Edward  S.  .  .  .  259 
Pope,  Doc.  Chas.  .  .     .  274 

Pope,  Nathaniel 364 

Porter,  140 

Potter,  John  C 148 

Post,  Justus 86 

Pratte,  Bernard,  Sr.   9,  12,  13,  14, 

22,  23,  38,  85,  86,111,  129,  181, 

234,  247,  358,  418,  420,  419,  421 

Pratte,  B.,  Jun'r.    71,  181, 199,  211 

Pratte,  Sylvestre 181 




Preble,  Commodore  ....  260 
Price,  Capt.  E.  H., 

85,  86,  87,  109,  222,  269,  270 

Price,  Frederick 270 

Price,  Chris.  M.  .  .  77,  129,  264 
Primm,  Peter,  15,  18,  112,  126,  422 

Primo,  Paul 423 

Provenchere,  Pierre  ....  422 
Provencli6,  Jean  Louis.  .  .  .  422 
Putnam,  Gen'l  Rufus       .     .     .109 

Quarles,  Pryor 

72,  132,  189,  164,  204,  277,  281 
Quick,  Benjamin 19 

Randolph,  John,  Sen'r  &  Jun'r  282 
Eanken,  Hugh  ....  67,  349 
Eanken,  Robert  .  .  67,  349,  350 
Ranken,  David  ....  849,  350 
Rankin,  James    .     .     .     .    9, 11,  19 

Ramsay,  Charles 275 

Ramsey,  Capt 82 

Ranney,  Johnson 53 

Ravenscroft,  James  • ....  52 
Read,  Doc.  J.  M.  .  .  .  122,  164 
Rector,  Genl.  William, 

32,  69,  86,  397 
Rector,  Col.   Elias 

64,  156,  194,  264 
Rector,  Capt.  Stephen    . .     .77,  99 

Rector,  Thos.  C 246 

Reed,  Capt 96 

Reilhe,  Antoine 209 

Renouard,  H 259 

Renard,  Hlacinthe  ....  422 
Renshaw,  William, 

99,   146,   143,  163,   159 
Rencontre,  Antoine      ....  428 

Reilly,  Henry 363 

Rearick,  George 152 

Randolph,  Doct 168 

Richards,  Mrs.- Jane  .  .  79,  128 
Richards  and  Quarles  ....  144 
Richardson,  Daniel     ....    51 


Riohardson,  James      ....     10 ' 
Riddick,  Thos.  P.,  9,  13,  14,  19,  27, 

31,  48,  45,  68,  69,  72,  73,  89,  137,. 

138,    159,  188,  189,  254,  256,  396 

Rios,  Capt 391 

Ride,  Francois 423 

Ripley,  Genl 62 

Robinson,  Doct.  Jno.  H. 

191,  192,  382- 
Robinson,  Doct.  Gervais      .    .  182 
Robinson,  gaugrain     .     .     192,  193 
Robinson,  Ed.  V.  Hamilton      .  192: 
Robidon,  Joseph     .     .     .     158,  423 
Robidou,  Francois      .     .     158,  422- 
Rocheblave,  Philip      ....  422 

Rochford,  Francis 67 

Rosatti,  Bishop      .     .     .    417,  418' 

Rosseau,  Pierre 382 

Roos,  Stephen 52- 

Roy,  Antoine 21 

Eoy,  Alexis 381,383 

Rozier,  Ferd 233 

Rupley,  Jacob 35 

Russell,  William 197 

Russell,  James 182- 

Russell,  Col.  M 94 

Russell,  J.  D 131 

Ryan,  Laurence 67 

Sabourln,  Pierre 423- 

Salols,  Joseph 422 

Samuel,  Jamison 393 

Samuel,  Giles  and  John  .     .     .  160 
Sanguinet,  Chas.,  Sr., 

19,  166,  287,  288- 
Sanguinet,  Chas.,  Jr.  .     .    142,  287 

Sanguinet,  Mad'e 20 

Sarpy,  Jno.  B., 

99,  162,  182,  183,  401,  423 

Sarpy,  Gregoire 422- 

Sarrade,  John 155 

Saucier,  Francis 70- 

Saugrain,  Doc.  A. 

112,  163,  265,  207,  406- 




^Saulnier,  Eev.  M.  G 91 

Savlgne,  Eev 59 

■  Sawyer,  James, 

78,  79,  131,  133,  136,  138 

Say,  Doc 97 

Schewe,  Rev.  Chris.  F.    ...    75 

:  Scott,  Andrew 45 

Scott,  Hon.  John,      28,  43,  45,  187, 

162,  210,  211,  280,  363 

.  Scott,  Moses  ....  120,  140,  272 

'  Scott,  Lieut 95 

Scott,  Gen'l  Winfleld      ...     62 

Searcy,  Judge 411 

Seba,  Jacob 221 

Septlivres,  Isaac.    .    .    .    115,  125 

•  Sewell,  Joseph 48 

Seymour,  Mr 97 

Shackford,  John 158 

Staler,  Capt 96 

Shannon,  Geo.  W.  .     .     .      46,  271 
iShaw,  Henry      .     .      343,  344,  404 

Shaeffer,  Daniel 281 

Shepard,  Elihu  H 360 

Shrader,  Capt 90 

Shreve,  Capt.  H.  M. 

15,  117,  119,  139 

ShuU,  129 

Shurlds,  Judge  Henry     .     .     .163 

Sibley,  Geo.  C 204 

Simonds,  John 159 

Simoneau,  Veuve 423 

Simpson,  Doc.  Robert,  .  77,  85, 
86,  87,  125,  126,  128,  132, 
133,  139,  164,  241,  244,  341 

Sire,  Jos.  A 180 

Smith,  Henry  H 48 

Smith,  Oliver  C 77 

Smith,  Samuel 81 

.=Smith,  Patrick  ....  380,  383 
Smith,  Brig.  Gen'l  ....  94 
Smith,  Cap't.  Thos.  F.    96,  165,  395 

-Smith,  Gen'l  A.  J 244 

Smith,  Christian 132 

uSmith,  Doc.  Edwin  B.     .    .    .  197 


.  .  243 
135,  138 
263,  244 
.  .  86 
.     .     86 

40,  246,  247 
88,  102 
247,  248 
.  .  353 
,  225,  434 
.  .  96 
.     .  160 

231,  346,  345 
.  .  393 
382,  383 
.  .  48 
.     .  420 

Smith,  Doc.  Ellsworth 
Smith  &  Spicer       .     . 
Smith,  Charles  Bland 
Smith,  John  B.  N.  . 
Smith,  Theophilus  W 
Smith,  William 
Smith,  'William  .     . 
Smith,  Jno.  Brady 
Smith,  J.  J.  &  Co.  . 
Snelling,  Col.  Josiah 
Staniford,  Capt. 
Stark,  William   .     . 
Spalding,  Josiah,  163, 
Spalding,  Dunham 
Sparks,  John 
Spencer,  Robert 
St.  Cir,  Mad'e  A. 
St.  Cyr,  Hyacinthe 

St.  Vrain,  . 

Solomon,  Samuel 
Soulard,  Antoine 
Soulard,  James  G. 
Soulard,  Henry  G. 
South,  Samuel   . 
Steele,  John  .     . 
Steele,  Andrew  . 
Stephenson,  Col. 
Stivers,  Capt.  Chas 
Stewart,  Robert 
Stewart,  D.    .     . 
Stevenson,  Matthew 
Stoddard,  Major  Amos 
Stout,  Freegift   . 
Stokes,  William 

Stimpson, . 

Strader,  Otho  . 
Strader,  John  . 
Strother,  Geo.  F 


Stuart,  Alex'r,  Judge, 

201,  244,  282,  379 
Sullivan,  John  C.     ...      11,128 

Sullivan,  Patrick 81 

Sullivan,  William    .     .  9,  11,  12,  20 

.  117 
19,  378 
9,  186,  423 
225,  423 
186,  373 
.  205 
.  115 
12,  19 
.  289 

.  56 
.  129 
.  269 

382,  383 
.  68 
.  151 
,  3,  6,  7 
.  44 
163,  357,  358 
.  121 




Sumner,  Mr 410 

Sutton,  John  L 852 

Sutton,  James  C 352 

Swerlngen,  Jas.  T.  .  .  241,  363 
Swift,  Lieut 97,  98 

Talbot,  James 51 

Talcott,  Lieut. 96 

Tandy,  Doct.  David  C.    .     .     .  193 

Tandy,  Robert  B 393 

Tannehill,  Wilkins      ....     59 

Taylor,  Clay 132 

Taylor,  Thomas  Mark     .     .     .327 

Taylor,  Wm.  C 267 

Taylor,  Thos.  M 266 

Taylor,  Nathaniel  P 276 

Taylor,  Henry 352 

Tesson,  Michael, 

89,  127,130,  131,  154,  258,  422 

Tesson,  Francis 422 

Tesson,  Edward  P 258 

Tesson,  Pierre 259 

Tharp,  Wm 102 

Tholozan,  John  E 287 

Thomas,  James      .     .     .     .    19,  67 

Thomas,  Richard  S 40 

Thomas,  Judge  Jesse  B.  .  .  373 
Thompson,  John  W.  19,  66,  77,  124 
Thomson,  Henry  A.     .     .     .     .  178 

Thomson,  Chas 269 

Thruston,  Chas.  M 273 

Timon,  James     ....     154,  348 

Tiraon,  John 67,  348 

Timon,  Owen  V 349 

Todsen,  Doc.  Geo.  P. 

142,  154,  164,  342 

Tompkins,  Danl.  D 65 

Tompkins,  George,  18,  118,  129,  270 
Tracy,  Edward    .     .      149,159,843 

Tracy,  Alfred 300 

Tracy,  Edward  N 184 

Tracy,  Augustus 182 

Trudeau,  Zeno  .  .  .  391,  412 
Truteau,  John  B 9,  423 


Tucker,  Judge  N.  B.    245,  278,  282- 
Tucker,  J.  St.  George    .     .     .282 

Turner,  Wm 76,  77 

Turner,  Henry  C 260- 

Tuttle,  153,  154 

Tyler,  Wm.  C 276 

UUoa,  Count 39,1 

Vall6,  Ner6 168- 

Valois,  Francis 422 

Van  Buren,  President  .  254,  393 
Vanderburg,  Henry  .  .  1,  5,  254 
Vanhirtem,  A.  C.  .  .  .  80,  146 
Vasquez,  Veuve  Benito   .     .     .  423 

Vasquez,  Baronet 383- 

Vasquez,  Joseph 422 

Vasquez,  Antoine 422 

Vincent,  Antoine 9- 

Vinton,  Lieut 427 

Von  Phul,  William  ....  265 
Von  Phul,  Henry, 

69,  89,  126,  145,  265 

Voorhees,  John 89 

Vos,  Mr.  and  Mrs 76 

Wahrendorff,  Charles, 

143,  149,  158,  159,  231,  364,  343 

Walker,  Alex'r  S 50' 

Walker,  Doc.  David  V.,  18,  101, 
125,  128,  132,  164,  196,  240,  241,  276 

Walker,  John  K 419 

Walsh,  Edward 263 

Walsh,  Patrick   ....     286,  287 

Walters,  Joab 52- 

Ward,  John    ....       50,  68,  69 

Warner,  Jabez 71,  77 

Wash,  Judge  Robert, 
18,20,  69,  77,  123,  162,  196,  241,  242 
Washburne,  Tabor      ....    71 
Washington,  Geo.  .     .     .     374,  375 

Waugh,  James  C 184 

Wayne,  Gen'l  Anthony  .  .  .  195 
Watson,  James 201 




Webster,  Rezin      .    .     16,  71,  ill 

Welch,  Rev'd  J.  E 413 

West,  Nancy  1 16,  17 

Wetmore,  Alphonso    ....    96 
Wheeler,  Amos, 

156,  164,  163,  231,  347 

Wheeler,  Edward  T 351 

Wheeler,  Henry  M 351 

Whelpley,  David 352 

Wherry,  Capt.  Mackey,  33,  90;  223 

Wherry,  Jos.  A 224 

Wherry,  Mackey  M 224 

Wherry,  Boone 224 

White,  Frederick     .     .     .    156,  163 

White,  Joseph  &  Co 152 

Whiteley,  Capt 19 

Whistler,  Major  John      .     .     .393 

Widdows,  Peter 430 

Wiggin,  Joseph 154 

Wiggins,  Stephen  R.  .     .     139,145 

Wiggins,  Sam'l  R 159 

Wiggins,  William 322 

Wiggins,  Samuel  B 323 

Wilcox,  Capt •     .    96 

Wilcox,  Jeremiah  .     .     .     183,  259 

Wilgus,  James 352 

Wilkinson,  Gen'l  James,  2,  4,  5,  6, 
12,  20,  190,  222,  227,  392,  406 


Wilkinson,  Benjamin, 

15,  89,  109,  269 
Wilkinson,  Walter  ....  86 
Wilkinson,  Lieut.  James  B.     .  382- 

Willi,  Samuel 347 

Williams,  Thompson  ....  148 
Williams,  Doct.  Joseph   .     .     .  164 

Wilson,  Jno.  D 254 

Wilson,  Major  George      .      40,  261 

Wilson,  Nicholas 48- 

Wilson,  John 383 

Wilson,  John  H 194 

Wilt,  Abraham 261 

Wilt,  Christian, 

77,  85,  86,  102,  121,  153,  253,  261 
Wilt,  Andrew     .     .     153,  253,  261 

Winthrop,  John  S 168 

Wood  and  Dunn 117 

Woods,  Andrew 68 

Wright,  Major  Thos.  .     .      87,  196 
Wright,  D.  B 163 

Yelzer,  Frederick 122 

Yousti,  Emelien      ....     9,  20 
Young,  John 325- 

Zenoui,  John  B 63. 


Portrait  of  Fred.  L.  Billon. 

Henry  Gratiot's  Country  Residence  (1810)v 

First  Market  House  (1812). 

\Vm.  C.  Carr's  Residence  (1815). 

Thos.  F.  Riddick's  Residence  (1818). 

Maj.  Wm.   Christy's  Residence  (1818). 

.JoH>j  P.  Cabanne's  Country  Homestead  (1819). 

Bk^nett's  Mansion  House  Hotel  (1819). 

Missouri  Hotel  (1820). 

KiiiST  Bkick  Church  and  College  (1820).